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JUST WH?T HENS EAT
Meat (s Usually in Form of Bugs
Considerable Studying and Experi
menting Necessary to Find Out
What Fowls Need and How
Much They Should Have.
(By KATHERINE ATHERTON
The hen has three reasons for eat
ing: to repair the tissues of her
body, to keep herself warm, and to
make eggs. It therefore follows that
her diet must be varied and plentiful.
If we open the crop of a hen that
has been allowed to eat just what she
pleased we will find that she has pro
vided herself with three kinds of food
-grain, green stuff and meat. The
last named ls usually in the form of
bugs and worms.
We must, *hen, furnish our hens
with food of these classes. Moreover,
the quantity must be about right of
each. If they are not given enough,
they will have to use it all for body
building and heat production, and will
have nothing left over to make eggs
with. If we feed too much of some
kinds the surplus will go to fat. and
the hens will get too lazy to lay.
It takes considerable studying and
experimenting to find out just what
the hens need, and how much they
ought to have, but we mu.st learn as
soon as we eau, or we will find our
Oats sprouted to supply green food
when none ls growing in the open.
The arrangement of the trays
shows sowing at week intervals.
Then trays can be slipped out and
placed in the poultry house as
poultry is not so profitable as lt ought
to be. The feeding question is one
, of the most important in the whole
Experts tell us that a hen needs
about six ounces of food a day. A
flock of ten, then, will need about
three and three-fourths aounds a day,
or a trifle over twenty-six pounds a
Of this amount two-thirds by weight
should consist of grains. The grain
should be a mixture of equal parts of
wheat, cracked cora and cits. A few
handfuls of sunflower seed, cane seed
or buckwheat should be added for va
riety. They are to the hen what pie
ls to the boy-and you know what
The other third should be a "mash."
which is a mixture of bran and other
finely ground feeds, usually fed dry.
Some poultrymen moisten th ' mash,
but the majority claim that it is bet
ter to feed it dry, and let the he a
moisten it in her crop by drinking
what water she wants. If fed dry
there Is less danger from certain
hinds of disease.
A good formula for a mash is as
follows: One-half bushel bf brun. 4
quarts alfalfa meal. 2 quarts each of
ground oats and corn meal, 1 table
spoonful of charcoal, 1 pint of beef
scrap, 1 tablespoonful of salt and 1
teaspoonful of pepper.
This furnishes both meat and green
food in about the right quantities.
Where these elements are given in
other ways the alfalfa meal and beef
scrap may be omitted from the mash.
These ingredients should be thor
oughly mixed together, and the mash
kept where the hens can get it any
time they want it. It is a bulky food,
but not a fattening one, so there is
no danger of their eating too much.
The bran is one of thc best "condition
powders" poultry* can have. It keeps
the system vigorous and healthy aud
furnishes a large part of the egg-mak
The grain food should always be
thrown into a deep little of straw or
chaff, where the birds will have
to "scratch for a living." If you have
ever watched an old hen digging about
in the yard you will know that it is
as natural for her to dig as it is to
Grit and lime, usually given in the
form of oyster shells, are two other
necessary elements. They should be
kept before the fowls all the time. A
very convenient hopper for feeding
the mash, grit and shells may be made
like the illustration, the compartment
for the mash being much larger than
MAID OF THE PALISADE
By BELLE KANARIS MANIATES
. Through the Virginian forest in the
lengthening shadows of a midsummer
day rode a man, stern-faced and gaunt.
Presently he came to a clearing where
upon a slope of green was 3et a houso
more pretentious than one would ex
pect to find in so primeval a time
and place. This oasis of modernity
was encircled by a palisade. As he
drew near, the gate was unbarred by/
a brawny serva ut, to whom th? man
tossed the bridle as he dismounted.
As he went toward this house, a
slender, girlish form with eyes of corn
flower blue and a skin of snow ?.nd
roses came out to greet him. His
stern features softened as he stooped
to kiss her.
"Myla, my child," he murmured ten
derly as they went up the steps to
It was for her, his motherless daugh
ter. hi? all, that he had built this pali
saded palace in the forest and h^d
guarded it so jt-'ously from every' in
A nun-like life lived the fair Myla,
who was known far and wide as the
"Beautiful Maid of the Palisade."
Pate stepped in the very next day.
when the stern Master Mollins again
journeyed away on his red-brown
horse. Myla accompanied him to the
towering pine which marked the
boundary of her freedom. Then with
a good-bye, she turned and retraced
her steps. A road to the right te-red
her. She strayed aimlessly from her
beaten path and wandered at will.
She soon paid the price. A lout of
a fellow stepped from behind a tree.
"And so the Maid of the Palisade is
freed at last," he cried with a leer,
planting himself in her path.
Myla cried out in fright. The man
stepped nearer. And theo came a
knight to the rescue in the person of
one Capt. Philip Darcy, who knocked
the fellow senseless. Then he turned
to Myla, and her eyes, admiring, trust
ing, met his own. They walked to
gether through the deep woods, and
she chatted to him freely of her close
ly guarded life.
"And you are content to live this
hermit life?" he asked earnestly.
i am very happy," she assured
him, "and no danger has ever come
to me until today. ? was well pun
ished for my disobedience ia not re
turning directly home."
"Are you sorry." asked the captain
in low, vibrant tones, "that you turned
from your path?"
"No." she answered sweetly and shy
ly. "I am glad!"
He walked home with her, but she
bade him leave her before they reach
ed sight of the stern warder at the
"I shall come tomorrow," said the
young captain gravely, "when your
father is here."
Hearts moved quickly in those days,
and the captain returned the next day
a wooer, but Master Gregory Mollins
ruthlessly repulsed his advances and
bade him begone never to return.
'if it must be that my daughter wed
some day. when she ls much older, I
will never give her to a soldier," he
Love would have laughed at pali
sades, but war claimed the young cap
tain's services and he must needs ride
Faith and hope thrived in Myla's
heart, but when the war was ended
and a long time elapsed with no word
from the young soldier, she began to
fade like a flower too much In the
sun. When a fever contagion wus car
ried by a servant to the palisaded for
est-house. Myla proved a ready victim.
A physician was summoned from
Jamestown, and the crisis was passed
successfully, but Myla remained weak
"I have done all in my power," the
doctor frankly informed the agonized
father, "but this is a condition that
baffles my knowledge. There la a
young doctor lately come to James
town whom I should like to bring here
Master Mollins consented, but he
chanced to be asleep when the young
surgeon called. When he awoke, he
learned that the new doctor had made
his visit and departed. Ha went to
the sick room. There was a look of
the old Myla in the face upon the
pillow. The nurse followed him into
"The new doctor seemed to put ne?
life and strength into her with the
mere touch of his hand upon ber
wrist," she informed him.
Tlie father eagerly awaited the com
ing f Myla's savior the next morning:
He met him at the door.
"You!" he thundered, looking into
the grave eyes of Philip Darcy. "What
latrine-) is this? How dare you pre
tend io be a di^or!"
"I am a doctor," replied the young
man q ietly. "I was a surgeon in the
army. : settled here in Jamestown to
be oea> 1er. I can save her life."
In si; :oe the father led bim to tho
sick room. Myla looked up, her eyes
full of life and joy.
"Path- :." she cried. "He has saved
my life i vice." and she told him of
their firs; meeting.
Master \Iollins bowed to fate.
"You have won her," he acknowl
edged with a. sigh.
"You ha -- i not loBt your daughter,"
said Phil;:) earnestly. "You have
gained a son."
"Do you suppose a father ant] hil
son ever compete for the favor of thc
same chorus girl?"
"Well, I've seen lt done in m?sica'
comedy and French farce."
PREVENT HEN SITTING DOWN
California Man Invents Apparatus
That Will Effectually Break
Up Broody Fowl.
As every poultry farmer know3,
there are times when he does not
want his hens to set and there are
some hens he does not want to set at
any time. To insure obedience by
the stupid birds a California man has
Invented the apparatus presented
here. A breast plate has two wire
legs extending down from it. On
either end of the plate are straps.
whichj>ass under the chicken's wings
and buckle over it3 back. The legs
stick out in front and do not in the
Balks Setting Hens.
least lnterf?r? with the fowl's free
dom of movement, but to prevent her
from setting, although she can lay
eggs and is expected to do so If she
wants to remain popular. When a
hen persists in setting the eggs are
sometimes hard to find, and when
they are found are unfit for any oth
TO PREVENT DREADED ROUP
Disease Results From Cold in Head
and IE Easily Broken Up if
Taken in Time.
This is the season for colds. If left
unattended a cold will, within com
paratively short space of time, develop
into either roup or bronchitis. While
the two diseases are widely different
yet they are both the result of colds,
and while the latter is not nearlyjfc?!
disastrous as the former yet many
birds die of it. A cold is 7ery easily
broken up if taken in time- and thus
the life of many valuable specimens
Purchase a five-cent oil can and fiH
with coal oil. At the first sign ot a
cold catch the bird and by pushing the
bottom of the can inject one douche ol
oil into each nostril and into the roo!
of the mouth. If taken In time this
one application is sufficient to cure thc
bird. Should a cure not be effected re
peat twice daily. Result, the entire
absence of roup the most dreaded di
sease. In addition to the caol oil
place a small quantity of permangan
ate of potash in the drinking water.
Market eggs at least twice each
Warmth and comfort are the feed
Don't forget that lice and mites af
fect the egg yield.
It requires about four geese to
make a pound of feathers.
Be sure that the male at the head
of a flock of poultry ls purebred.
The more the hen exercises the
more eggs she will lay. So keep her
Dry-picked turkey feathers com
mand a better price in market than
February is generaally the begin
ning of the laying season Cor both
ducks and geese.
Ducks seldom become broody;
geese are apt to become broody after
laying the first litter.
The hens need strenuous exercise
these days to keop them from becom
ing sluggish p.nd inactive.
The secret of getting winter eggs
is early-hatched pullets, well grown,
well sheltered and well fed.
Eggs from yearling duckB batch
well, but geese must be about three
years old to show strong fertility.
A few drops of little liquid sulphur
In bucket of water ls Ono for chick
ens in dry weather, once or twice a
A little cotton seed meal mixed
with mash ls fine to produce glossy
feathers and helps to supply the meat
Geese cannot be profitably hatched
and reared arti?cally, while incuba
tors and brooders have revolutionised
the duck business.
Green cut bone will make hens lay
In winter. Get a bone cutter and
grind them yourself, If you cannot j
buy them already ground.
The older the gander the more Tie
ious he ls apt to become during breed
ing season; the drake seldom shows
temper, being of a more timid nature, i
lng the nee(
ways All ore
See our line of
Screen doors and
Ice cream freezers
---T---TT ? -rriTi
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OPFICB OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
j Johnston, S. C
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a large stock i
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Collier, S. C.
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