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GOOD CAME OF DUCKS
?Fowl Cannot Eat Gummy Food
Without Wasting lt.
Plenty of Grit Must Be Available at
All Times, but lt Must Not 3e
Mixed With Food - Green
Stuff ls Also Essential.
(By A. GALLIGHER,)
A ration that is all right for ducks
fi^ny he all wrong ior chickens, and
vice versa. For instance: Whole grain
ls not as good for ducks as a mixture
of ground grains and cooked vegeta
Whole corn may be fed occasionally,
but it should be soaked for several
hours before feeding.
Dry oats and wheat make very poor
duck feed, but both are good when
cooked and mixed with corn meal or
boiled potatoes and bran.
It hardly pays to feed wheat to
ducks unless it is unsalable. Since
thorough cooking renders musty
grain harmless it may be fed to ducks
with good results. When cooked po
tatoes are used they should not be
mixed with the ground grain until
after the latter has been thoroughly
moistened with either milk or water.
If the dry meal is added to the
mashed potatoes a tough, sticky mass
will be the result. Don't make the
Indian Runner Duck.
feed sloppy; just moist enough to
cling together without being gummy.
A duck cannot eat gummy feed with
out wasting it.
Other vegetables, such as turnips,
beets, rutabagas, etc., are sometimes
used instead of potatoes. Pumpkirs.
when thoroughly cooked, make a very
good basis for the mash. The seeds
should always be removed.
When no vegetables are to be had
we use equal parts of boiled oats,
corn meal, wheat bran, and middlings
or second flour with a little powdered
charcoal added. Some people (who
ought to know better) put sand and
oyster shell in their duck feed. When
this is done the ducks are'often forced
to consume more grit than they re
Of course ducks muat have plenty
of grit at all time, but lt should not
be mixed with the food. We place
shallow boxes of grit close to the feed
troughs. Oyster shell and coal cinders
in some of the boxes, and clean, coarse
sand in others.
Ducks will eat grit after every meal
if it is within reach.
They usually drink and rinse their
beaks while eating, therefore water
should be placed near the fed
troughs. Also green food is necessary
the year round. Some sort of green
stuff should be given at least once a
day in winter.
If cabbage ls plentiful, a little may
be added to the mash each time. It
should be chopped raw. As bulk is
one of the important elements In a
duck's ration, lt ls a good plan to
provide an abundance of green stuff
io? winter use. We usually sow a
patch of rye early in the fall for win
ter and eary spring use.
If it gei.s a good start In the fall it
rwill stay green all winter, if protected
-with a little straw or other covering.
The grain of rye is unfit for poultry
feed. Unless ducks are well fed in the
winter they will ?iot begin laying very
early in the spring, and when they do
begin their eggs will not be as large,
nor as fertile as they otherwise would.
There Is usually some shed or build
ing that can be converted into a duck
house at small expense.
If the roof Is good the rest is easy.
If the weather boarding is not suffi
cipr.tly close to keep out draughts In
cold weather cover the outside with
tarred paytor or strip with lath.
A board floor is better than an earth
floor, because the ducks often stir
up the ground in a very disagreeable
manner where there is the least sign
In cold weather ducks should be
kept in the house, because their feet
are so tender that when they come In
contact with the ground they Buffer
greatly, and hobble along as though
their backs were broken.
Provide plenty of clean bedding, and
change it frequently. Straw or litter
should be kept on the floors all the
time. If bedding material ls plentiful
put it on several inches thick. It will
help to keep the ducks comfortable,
and also keep the floors clean, thus
serving a double purpose. Never pick
ducks in cold weather, nor during the
GRINDS ROOTS FOR POULTRY
Machine Intended Mainly for Chop
ping Cabbage Will Be Found of
Convenience for Fowls.
The grinder is intended mainly for
chopping cabbage when making sauer
kraut, but it is also of much service
in grinding vegetables and roots to
be cooked for poultry, says the Popu
The base, A. is made of a plank, at
least one foot wide and four feet
long, with a nine and one-fourth by
nine and one-half inch hole cut in the
.center. The grinding part, or cylin
der is made of wood three inches in
diameter and nine inches long, with
eight-penny nails, spaced three-six
teenths inches apart, driven partly
into it and then cut off so as to leave
one-fourth inch projecting. The
cylinder is turned by means of a
crank attached to the end of the
A hopper, B, is constructed four
by nine and one-half inches insida
measurement at the bottom and as
large as necessary at the top. A
space is provided at the bottom as
shown to receive the concave C, which
consistB of a one-inch board, three to
four inches wide and nine inches long,
with nails driven in and cut off aa de
scribed in the cylinder.
The hopper is securely fastened on
the top of the baseboard and over the
cylinder. The concave is slipped Into
place and held with wedges or by driv
ing two nails in just far enough to
fasten it temporarily. The concave
can be adjusted for grinding the dif
ferent vegetable products, or replaced
at any time with a new one.
the ends of the base are supported
on ?boxes, or legs may be provided if
desired. When grinding cabbage, cut
the heads into quarters and remove
the hearts. Press the cabbage on the
cylinder and turu the crank. Fine bits
of cabbage, suitable for sauer kraut
will be the result.
SUCCESS IN RAISING TURKEYS
First Consideration Is Desirable Loca
tion and Suitable Range-Few
What do I consider the most impor
tant essentials to be a successful tur
key raiser? First important consider
ation desirable location and good
range; next, sound, healthy fowls of
standard breed to begin with, for no
one can succeed without sound, heal
thy birds to start with. Third, careful
feeding. Fourth, keep free from lice.
Last, but not least, dry roomy coop
so they can be kept out of sudden
showers. These equipments, coupled
with sound judgment and proper care
of poults, should make anyone success
ful in raising turkeys, says a wt.ter in
The way I manage mine after years
of experience, I gather the eggs daily,
keep in a place neither too cool nor
too hot; turn eggs ever day. When
the hen gets ready to set make a coop
In some dry place, placing 15 or 16
eggs in nest; bring hen up late in
evening, place on nest, keep fastened
up two or three days, turn out so she
can get something to eat and drink.
Watch to see if she goes on same nest.
When eggs hatch leave poults in nest
36 hours. Move hen and poults to
large roomy coop inclosed in pen to
keep anything from running over
them. Dust hen and little ones with
some good insect powder to kill lice.
Feed them egg bread first few days.
Give them plenty of fresh water.
When they are a few days old give
them lettuce and onion tops chopped
fine with bread crumbs. Also give
them a little chicken feed consisting
of grain, small seeds, grit and oyster
shells. Keep fastened In coop until
strong enough to keep up with hen;
turn out in the morning, but see that
they come home at night to roost.
Sprinkle a little black pepper occa
sionally in their food, but be sure not
to overfeed, as it brings trouble aud
disaster ia its tnln.
Rules for Poultrymen.
It is urged that all farmers and
poultrymen adhere strictly to th?
following rules In handling theit
poultry and eggs:
1. Keep the nests clean; provide
one nest for every four heus.
2. Gather the egge twice dally.
3. Keep the eggs In a cool, dry
room or cellar.
4. Market the egsg at least twice a
5. Sell, kill or confine all male
birds as soon as the hatching season
Cleanliness ls Profitable.
Cleanliness in the poultry pens puta
many dollars ~ato the pockets ot the
poultryman. ., , _.
HER DREAM CAME TRUE
BY FLORA DELL.
Agues Martin stood looking at a
dainty waist displayed on a form in
the shop window, lt was dainty and
fine, and with the delicate fold of the
blue silk at the throat appeared to her
the perfection of workmanship. She
could only spare a few minutes; the
big clock affixed to a pole at the curb
stone told her th?t in fifteen minutes
she would be expected to report for
duty, and take up her work as a tiny
cog in the wheel of the enormous ma
chinery in the printing establishment
of Hoffer & Hoffer.
She took a liugering, parting look
and then hurried on; a heavy damp
ness in the air lent a depressing effect
and served to add to the low ebb of
her spirits. If she could only have a
pretty waist once and dress up like
other girls! A sign at a nearby thea
ter caught her eye, but without think
ing further of forbidden pleasures, she
hurried on to her destination. Remov
ing her wraps in the stuffy dressing
room, she moved quickly to her place
at the machinery, where each day, in
tiresome monotony, she contributed
her small portion of the making of a
Four o'clock came and Agnes
paused a few moments to brush the
damp nair from her forehead and re
lax from her strained position. Just
then the head of the department
called to her: "'Agnes Martin, some
one wants io speak to you' down
Who could it be? Smoothing out her
plain but cleau shirtwaist, she hurried
"Hello, Cousin Agnes!"
It was big Cousin Bob from the
west; she had not seen him for fire
years-had almost forgotten she had
a cousin; it was as though he had
dropped from the clouds.
"Well, little girl, you haven't forgot
ten me. have you? I have persuaded
them to let you off: get your hat and
we will have supper somewhere down,
Agnes hurried, after an embarrassed
expression of thanks, her heart beat
ing high with the unexpected pleasure,
and she soon returned dressed for the
street. Her suit was plain and neat,
but inexpensive. He gave her a
sweeping, critical glance as they
"Can't we go to the theater some
where after supper? You could phone
home-I mean to the boarding house."
he stammered, remembering that she
had been an orphan for several years.
"Oh. Bob. I couldn't go this way^"
Bhe faltered, looking down at her plr?.ln
"Well, there is no need to-aren't
there any stores?" ^.j
Her heart began to thump painfully j
-they were very near the store where [
she had admired the pretty waist. He
halted before the window. ' This looks
rather nice; let's go in here," he said.
Trembling, but happily expectant,
she followed him.
"Show us some wai?ts," he said to
the saleslady, "something really fancy,
like that one in the window."
AgneB grew alternately hot and cold
as a duplicate of the coveted waist
was spread before her and proved to
be just her size^.
"Now, you want some white gloves
and some kind of a pretty hat." She
could not help smiling at his keen
sense of fitness. I
Finally, the purchases made to his
satisfaction, he hurried her off to the
rest room to prepare for the evening's
Agnes hurried away Dear old Bob!
So he had never forgotten his little
cousin and had come back like a real
When she reappeared, her admiring
cousin gave a long, low whistle.
"Well, well. Agnes, you certainly do
She smiled happily.
"And now for some supper and a
They entered a brilliantly lighted
cafe. It was Agnes' first experience.
It seemed like a wonderful enchanted
palace. Thc? excitement brought a rich
color to her cheeks and a sparkle to
her eyes. He talked on and on. In
the happy whirl of her excitement, she
gathered that he had been quite suc
cessful-was going to locate in the
east-in fact, this was just the begin
ning, of their good times together.
The orchestra started to play a
soft, sweet melody at the farther end
of the room. Agnes smiled amusedly
and the bright light in her eyes deep
ened. It was playing "When Dreams
Ivory for Billiard Balls.
The experience of the workers who
turn ivory for billiard balls has
shown that as it dries, ivory shrinks.
In the case of the tusk the shrinkage
i s greater in width thau it is in
The tusks of the cow elephant have
been found best adapted to the mak
ing of billiard balls. The tusk of
the female 1B not so curved as that
of the male, and the fine "nerve pass
age" is not so clearly seen.
Billiard balls are turned in the
rough, and kept in a warm room for a
long time, sometimes as long as two
years. Then, after shrinking, they
are turned again and to the "true."
Bacon-I see it ls stated that the
watermelon crop of Mexico was very
large this year. *
Egbert-Do you suppose that is
what started that internal trouble
King of Externals
Accepted by the Mothers
of America as the one and
oniy external preparation
that positively and quickly
CURES all forms of In
flammation or Congestion
Coughs, Colds, Pleurisy.
Si nco Gowans Preparation hus
been introduced here it bus gain&i
a strong foot-bold in many ot our
best families whom I know are giv
ing yon advertisement ri/rbt along
without solicitation. It always
ma kps good. Weidling <fc Son,
Tiffin, Ohio. Druggists.
BUY TO-DAY! HAVE IT IN THE HOME
All DrwMfete. SI. 50c. 25?.
GOWAN MEDICAL CO..
Suaranlotl and noatj ?fundad o> row 0 jjgm
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
The colored teachers rural school
ssooiailoii will meet at Macedonia
burch in the town of Edgefield,
S. C. on the third Saturday of
Vnril next, being the lHth day of
?id mom' at IO o'clock a. m.
All teachers, ministers and others
vho are friends to education are
wizen tl y requested to be present.!
? ble and ?> experienced teachers will j
ddress the meeting on the subject
A VV Nicholson, Pres.,
M J Strother, Sec.
John A Simkius,
Kural School Supervisor
7ebs*er'? NEW INTERNATIONAL Dictionary,
(G. &C. Merriam Co., Springfield, Mast.)
surpasses ?Le old Internationa! as ranch as that
book exceeded ita predecessor. Cn the old
foundation a new superstructure has been built.
The reconstruction has been carried on through
many ye^rs by a large force of trained workers,
under the supervision of Dr. W. T. Harris,
former United States Commissioner of Educa
tion, and reenforced by many eminent special
ists. The dei initions have been rearranged and
::nplified. The number of terms definen has
>cen more than doubled. The etymology,
ynonyms, pronunciation, hare received on
:pcring scholarly labor. The ?anguage of
?li-iiih literature for over seven centuries, the
ienuimlcgy of the arts and sciences, and the
cvery-da- speech of stree!, shop, and house
hold, sn presented wilh illness and clearness.
In size of vocabulary, ia richness of /enerd
information, aad in convenience of confla
tion, the book sela a rcw mark in lexicography.
400,000 word* and phrase*. -
Wm?: t? lb? pot Ul ben far Specimen P?rei.
It is a very serious matter to ask
for one medicine and have the
wrong one given you. For thia
reason we urge you in buying to
be careful to get the genuine
IThe reputation of this old, relia- fl
ble medicine, for constipation, in- 1
digestion and liver trouble, is firm- |
ly established. It docs not imitate
other medicines. It is better than
others, or it would not be the fa
vorite liver powder, with a larger
sale than all others combined.
SOLD IN TOWN F2
Drive Sick Headaches Away.
Sick headaches, sour gassy stom
? h, indigestion, billiousness disap
pear quickly after you take Dr.
King's New Life Pills. They purif.v
the blood and put new life and
vigor in the sytem. Try them and
you will be well satisfied. Every pil1
helps; every box guaranteed. Price
25c. Recommended by Penn &
Holstein, W E Lynch & Co.
i Guano! Guan?!
We handle Southern States
Phosphate & Fertilizers
P. &F. A.D. Bone
Augusta High Grade, Acid of all Grades.
These goods are now in the ware
house ready for delivery.
. Jonss And Son? j
^II ?iiB-mmm iBi-wi nfBiiiiiiii? IIIIIMMI.m iiiiiiMiiimwmiwiiBiimni?'^
The J. Willie Levy Comp'y
Is ready with your spring clothes and
hats. Men's suits in Linens, Mohairs and
worsteds-hats in Panamas, Straws and
Felts--underwear and ties.
Everything Thai if?oys Wear
Most complete Ready-to-Wear Wom
en's department in the South.
Order By Parcels POST
A new modern hotel representing a Five Million Dollar
investment on the sight of the former Hoffman House.
Broadway, 24th Street, Fifth Avenue.
THE ACME OF ARCHITECTURAL PERFECTION.
LOCATED AT THE HUB OF NEW YORK'S GREATEST BUSINESS,
OVERLOOKING MADISON SQUARE.
Accomodation for 1,000, offering maximum luxury and comfort at
mucw lower rates than offered in any other hotel in America, con
sistent wnh highest class service.
A Good Roora at $1.50 Per Day.
A Good Room with bath $2.00 Per Day.
Handsome apartments of any number of rooms at proportionate
rates. The management is a guarantee of the highest refinement
and protection to ladies and families.
Telephones, Madison-3440-3560 ^ANIEL^RTTCREY. JJ
Patapsco, Mastodok, and o?her famous
Georgia Chemical Works, of Augusta
have an established position which is unequaled by
any other goods on the market. 38 years of exper
ience and careful study cf the fertilizer question back
up every bag of these goods. No such reassurance
as this can be furnished by others. Then why exper
iment with the uncertain.
-FOR PRICES, TERMS, Etc., Call On
THE EDGEFIELD MERCANTILE CO.
We are daily opening up ?new Spring goods and in
vite the ladies to call and see our early arrivals, partic
Laces, Embroideries and
We are showing a very strong line of these goods
at low prices.
"After four in our family had died
of consumption 1 was taken with
a frightful cough and lung trouble,
but my lifo was saved and I gained
87 pouiuls through using
W. R. Patterson, Wellington, Tex.
PRICE 50c and $1.00 AT ALL DRUGGISTS.
Seed Iri-h Potatoes.
We are now prepared to fill your
order for seed Irish potatoes such as
Hliss Triumph, Irish Cobbler,
etc., of all kinds. We soil only the
Eastern grown potatoes that are
thoroughly reliable in every respeot.
Penn & Holstein.
Piles Cured in 6 to 14 Days
Your dru SK ?st will refund money if PAZO
OINTMENT fails to cure any caae of Itching.
Blind, Bleeding or Protruding Piles in 6 to 14 days.
Tbc brat application gire? Ease and ReuL 50c.