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HOW TO BUILD A SILO
Should Bs Lined With Cement
Mortar When of Lumber.
Concrete Foundation Extending Six
Feet Into Ground May Be Made
With 2x4's Placed on Top
Outside Left Exposed.
In reply to a fanner asking for
plans for a silo and who has on hand
pine, white oak and chestnut lumber
for Hs construction. Hoard's Dairyman
makes the following reply:
It ls our opinion that if lt is most
desirable to build a silo of the lum
ber on hand it would be well to plan
on lining it with cement mortar. A
concrete foundation extending six feet
into the ground and two feet above
End View.-This illustration shows
tho half-inch board which is nailed to
the 2x4's, and they may be any width;
the beveled laths and how the cement
is put over them.
may be made. Thea place on the top
of this foundation 2x4's iii teen inches
apart from center to center. On the
inside of the 2x4'a nail half-inch lum
ber horizontally to them. Over this
. sheeting nail beveled laths, which
may be made from half-inch lumber
obtained at a saw mill.
The accompanying illustration shows
the relation of the sheeting, laths and
cement mortar. The dovetailed open
ing formed by the laths as shown
holds the cement lining very solidly.
The cement mortar should be mixed
one part cement to three parts of
sharp sand; it will be necessary to
put on two coats. The second coat is
put on before the first is thoroughly
dry. After the second coat is dry, or
nearly so, a wash consisting of pure
cement and water made to the thick
ness of cream, should be applied with
a brush to the silo. This wash will
close up the pores of the plaster and ;
prevent it from taking up any mois
ture from the silage, also prevent air
from entering the B?O.
The outside of the silo, or the 2X4'B,
may be left exposed, or they may be
covered with siding, or sheeting, as
the fancy of the builder decides, lt
would be possible to use paper and
several thicknesses of lumber, and
make a very good silo, setting up the
2x4's, as described, but we believe it
is better and fully as cheap to line the
silo with cement plaster.
ROOT CHOPS FOR DAIRY COW
Where Large Quantities of Turnips
Are Fed Directly After Milking
No Bad Flavor Results.
No matter what some people tell
you, turnips and other roots make
fine milk-producing feed. Turnips
will not affect the flavor of milk if
fed at the right time.
If turnips are fed in large quanti
ties, and two or three hours before
milking, they are likely to give the
mi"< an unpleasant taste, but if fed
directly after milking, no flavor
whatever will be noticed.
A peck of turnips to each animal
per day is sufficient in most cases.
A good plan is to feed directly after
hay in the early morning, and once
a day is often enough.
A little salt scatered over the
turnips, which should be chopped in
quarters or smaler, add to their
Hoots make a very valuable addi
tion to the winter ration, because
they add to the variety of the feed,
and no animal on the farm appreci
ates variety more than the dairy cow.
In Wisconsin, Iowa, and other
western dalry states the root crop
ia becoming a very important part of
the crop of the farm.
Drainage of Wet Lands.
For management of wet lands the
usual advice is to tile drain them, but
an intelligent German farmer now
living in this country suggests that ft
sometimes pays better to make artifi
cial ponds. In Germany, he says, an
acre of fish ponds is often reck
oned worth more than an acre of
The dams can be built with farm la
bor at small expense, and the ponds
add considerably to the beauty of the
scenery. Very often, also, the ponds
can be used to some extent for irri
gation, and irrigation will work won
Soil for Peas.
Give peas rich ground and a new
location each season. Work the
ground thoroughly. Plowing the
ground in the fall is an advantage.
The up-to-date farmer is always
busy laying his plans for the next
eeason'o work, no matter whether lt
ls summer or winter jost ahead.
SECONDARY AND NOT A PRIMARY
MOTIVE IN HIGHER REALMS
OF HUMAN ACTIVITY.
AN eminent professor of psychol
ogy in a leading university has
just been discussing the Influ
ence of fear as an incentive to
human' action. The conclusion has
been drawn that lt must remain as a
powerful factor in the evolution of
W'thia certain limitations fear must
ever be an active element in its re
lations to conduct and character. Bnt
those limitations are very narrow.
Pear must be a secondary and not a
primary motive In the higher realms
of human activity. In the lowest
realms it is purely instinctive and has
been given us for preservation from
physical danger. The fear of pain
and disease has resulted In the splen
did efforts which have been made to
lull the oae and overcome the other.
But in the moral sphere it must give
place to higher -\n? holier impulses.
Children in their education must not
be driven with the "big stick" to learn
and obey. There may be rare excep
tions, but the exceptions prove the
rule. The fear of the results of mis
conduct must and do hold many men
In obedience to the law of their being
and of society. But it ia a low spe
cies of fear. The history of civiliza
tion proves how te-rible and degrad
ing has been the fear both of nature
and of God which has held barbaric
people in the thrall of superstition.
The whole trend of Christian teach
ing has been to emancipate them from
its influence. It will not do In our ad
vanced civilization to bring back all
the terrifying descriptions of unspeak
able physical torture to hold men in
the path of virtue.
Love Meanr, Power.
The fear which causes men to grovel
and to call upon the rocks and moun
tains to hide the face of its possessor
from the God of heaven and earth,
which Ruskin so eloquently delineates,
we are to avoid. But the filial fear
which is prompted by the very love
itself of the highest and holiest which
God can inspire must be experienced.
The profoundest psychology is con
tained in the language of St. Paul In
dealing with the whole subject of fear.
He says: "God hath not given us the
spirit of fear, but of power and of love
and of a sound mind."
Fear in the moral and spiritual as
pect robs a man of power. It means
weakness, timidity, instability, Inac
tion. To be girded with unwearied
and unconquerable force, to be nerv
ous, muscular, brawny, strong, to have
"the wrestling thews that throw the
worTd," we must away with "sad doubt
and anxious fear."
This spirit of power must be ander
the sway of the spirit of love. That
ls the overwhelmingly dominant prin
ciple of the higher life. Even in what
we may term the lower liie, lt must
be lov*;, not fear, which controls men
and leads to the end In view. The love
I of gain lu?"es some men on. The love
of power, a mighty ambition, is the
master impulse in others. The love
of adventure, which conquers every
"Hill Difficulty" and opens up new
continents and islands, urges on the
eager discoverer. It is love, therefore,
not fear, which thus moves the world
God ls Love.
It is love iu the religious life which
is to be supreme. "Fear hath tor
ment; perfect love casteth out fear."
It ls to proclaim the gospel of love
that the heralds of the cross are to go
forth. They are to deliver those who
all iheir lifetime have been in the
bondage of fear.
The spirit of a sound mind follows
the spirit of love and power when
emancipated from the sp'rit of fear.
Ask the mental and the Christian the
rapeutist what retards the recovery
to saneness and soundness of those
who seek his help. It is the spirit of
fear. He has to encounter an almost
Innumerable host of "phobias" or fears
which have harassed and weakened
and thrown out of poise those who are
praying for deliverance-fear to walk,
fear to eat, fear to work, fear to
sleep, fear of heat, fear of cold, fear
of distance, fear of misfortune, fear of
living, fear of dying, fear of a thou
sand thinga besides. Fear is the fell
foe of a sound mind. Out of fear
into love, into power.
Rooted and grounded In love so that
no base fear shall find a resting or an
accompanying place-love of God, who
himself ls love; love of the world he
has made; love of all the forces he
baa placed in lt for the happiness of
his children; love of man, whom he
has created In hiB own image; love
of Christ Jesus, who lived and died
that this love might flood cur entire
being-this ls Christianity. Let lt
drive out forever the spirit of fearl
Some of the greatest thinkers,
poets, philosophers and musicians,
were born under consumptive tenden
cies. Take Keats, for example, and
Byron. Metbusalah lived 895 >ears.
A man to-day who lives twenty-five
years lives longer than Methusalah,
for he did nothing but beget sons and
daughters.-Rev. J. W. Taylor. Meth
odist, St Paul, Minn.
My youth was fraught with fear be
cause God was depicted to me as one
who wreaked vengeance. How terri
ble ls the thought that God compels
disaster to fall upon man that he may
be made to realize God's power.
Rev. W. W. McArtirur. Baptist. Den
(Conducted by the Woman's Christian
PERNICIOUS EFFECT ON BGD?
Beer Drinking Produces Disease of
Stomach apd Digestive Tract
and of Nervous System.
My connection with large medical
Institutions for many years past has
given rae, I think, an excellent oppor
tunity to observe the effect of beer
drinking and the use of other alco
holic liquors In many cases. I can
say as a result of my own observation
j that beer drinking has a very perni
cious effect upon nearly every organ
of the body. It produces disease of
the stomach and digestive tract, ct
the heart and circulating system. r2
the kidneys and liver, and of the nerv
ous system. In addition to this it les
sens the vigor and vita' resistance of
the whole boiy, makes the beer drink
er very much more susceptible to in
fection such as pneumonia and other
acute infections, and also lessens his
ability to recover from illnesses of
any kind. An untold amount of mis
ery and disease would be avoided if
the use ot* beer and other intoxicat
ing liquors could be wiped off the face
of the earth-Dr. W. H. Riley, Battle
Creek Sanitarium, Hattie Creek, Mich.
NO FOOD VALUE IN ALCOHOL
Dr. Evana, Former Chief Health Offi
cer of Chicago, Says Liquor Has
Only Fuel Worth.
Dr. M. E. Evans, former chief health
ofUcer of Chicago, now on the Chi
cago Daily Tribune staff, In an arti
cle -ecently contributed to that pa
"A man with the alcohol habit ls a
sick man. however much he may think
to the contrary. He Is mentally sick.
He may have Inherited a mental make
up which makes it strongly probable
that he will be a drunkard, or it may
be tho fault of bad social training.
Usually, however, the disease devel
ops as the result of what it feeds
on. The man's mentality becomes per
verted through chronic alcoholic poi
"Alcohol has fuel value, but no food
value. Its poisonous qualities over
shadow its fuel value. It has no toxin
neutralizing power. It ls no longer
used by well-informed people for
snake bites, or consumption, or blood
poisoning. There is mighty little, If
there Is any, place for alcohol la med
GOOD OF TOTAL ABSTINENCE
In Supporting Temperance Cause Po
liceman Says Never Had Ab
stainer Under Arrest
Two boys were seated tn a railway
station talking, and a minister across
the room waa listening.
"Say, John, they tell me you have
signed the total abstinence' pledge:"
"Yes, Harry, I signed the pledge,
and joined the Loyal Temperance Le
"What put that into your head?"
"Well, I think it will help me over
come any temptation to drink or use
tobacco, and I notice that the best
people are abstainers."
A policeman stood near with a pris
oner in handcuffs. The minister turn
ed to him and sa'd:
"Sir. what have you to say about
"Well," said the policeman, "all I
have to say la, I never took a total
abstainer to prison in my life, nor to
the house of correction."
Showing Trend of Times.
A Minneapolis saloonkeeper recent
ly advertised in a liquor journal for
a bartender in which he said. "Bar
tender wanted. Must be sober. No
boozer need apply." Suppose employ
ers in other trades should adopt the
same nile, what would be the effect
on the cash register of the saloon
keeper? The truth is, the rule of to
tal abstinence ls becoming popular
among employers all over the country,
and the man who is a boozer 1B find
ing it more and more difficult to se
cure a position, or to hold it if he does
The estimated wholesale market
value of liquors as reckoned by the
United States census bureau is $440,
It is a startling fact that this entire
production of liquor ls so much waste.
In evory branch and detail of the busi
ness of the manufacture and Bale ot
Intoxicating liquors there IB absoluto
destruction, without a single redeem
ing or qualifying feature. The raw
material used is wasted, the labor ex
pended upon lt ls wasted, the money
spent by the people for the liquor Is
Raises Lifo Limit
I am thoroughly In sympathy with
the temperance movement and be
hove that the non^uso of alcohol will
bo a tremendoua factor in promoting
the health and raising the life limit
of the people.-Dr. A. S. Warthln,
Pathological Laboratory, University
Make and Protect Men.
Men support the aaloon to make
money and to protect money; we op
pose the aaloon to make men and
tweiuiness and the moat open communi
cation and the noblest Bufferings and tho
most exemplary faithfulness and the
severest truth and tho heartiest counsel
and tiie greatest union of mind of which
brave men and women are capable.
Wash, scrape and parboil a half
dozen parsnips. Split a young chick
en down the back and lay in a drip
ping pan. skin side up. Arrange the
sliced parsnips around the chicken,
sprinkle with salt and pepper, dot
with bite of butter, cover with thin
slices Nf 3alt pork, add enough hot
wai. * prevent burning, and bake
untii . vegetable and chicken is ten
Fry slices of thick, meaty tomatoes
in olive oil, season with onion juice
and salt, with a dash of cayeurro.
Serve with lamb chops or veal cro
A thick slice of tomato, sprinkled
with chopped onion and Borved with
French dressing is a good and pretty
Cocoanut Drop Cakes--Soften a
half cup of butter, but do not melt it,
add a cup of light brown sugar, a cup
of sour milk, a teaspoonful each of
clnnomon and cloves, and soda, two
cups of flour; beat all together thor
oughly, then add a half cup of
shredded cocoanut Drop by small
spoonfuls on buttered sheets and
bake In a moderate oven. Add more
flour if the oakes do not keep their
English Muffins.-Dissolve an yeast
cake in a quart of lukewarm milk,
add a teaspoonful of salt and add
enough flour to make a good batter;
set to rise. When light stir in a half
cup of melted butter, and when well
blended and light again, pour into
muffin pans and rise. When very
light, bake. Serve toasted. Butter
generously and serve hot
. Marmalade Pudding.-Mix a cup of
flour with the same amount of stale
crumbs and beef suet chopped fine,
one egg, a half teaspoonful of salt,
and a cup of marmalade, orange or
any other kind; turn into a buttered
bowl, tie up in a cloth and steam
three hours. Serve with hard sauce.
For a little word of love:
Speak lt, then, and as tho euramina
Ollds the lofty peafts above.
So the joy of those who hear lt
Sends its radiance down llfe'a way.
And the world ls brighter, better.
For the loving words we say.
-Et A. Rexlord.
WAYS OF SERVING THE OYSTER.
Before the oyster is out of market,
let us try a few new ways of serving
Oysters a ia Gordon.-Bring a cup
of cream to the boiling point, add a
third of a cup of bread crumbs, a dash
of paprika, a pinch of salt, a grating of
nutmeg, a tablespoonful of butter and
a cup of chopped oysters. Cook un
til the oysters aro well cooked
Oysters a la Long Branchs-Dram
a pint of oysters. Cook a cupful of
finely cut celery in the oyster liquor
until transparent adding water if
needed. When the celery is cooked,
add a tablespoonful of butter, the
juice of half a lemon, a grating of the
peel and three tablespoonfuls of or
ange or any fruit juice. Bring to the
boiling point cook the oysters until
the edges curl, and serve on toast
French Way of Cooking Oysters?
Make a sauce of a tablespoonful of
butter, two of flour and a cup of to
mato juice. Add a tablespoonful of
chopped onion, two tablespoonfuls of
ange or any fruit juice. Bring to the
Cover and cook until the oysters
Waldorf Oysters.-Put three table
spoonfuls of olive oi! In a saucepan,
and a small onion sliced, a shredded
green pepper; fry slowly until done,
then add a pint of oyster?, or more, a
dash of salt, red pepper and two table
spoonfuls of currant jelly. Cook fivo
minuies, then add a tablespoon fol of
tomato catsup, Ltoil up and serve
A weather-beaten woman, drossed
in new and stylish clothing, was
marching up the street one Sunday
morning, when down carno a sudden
shower, relates Harper's Bazar. The
woman had no umbrella, but quick as
a flash she caught up ber dress skirt
and threw lt over her bat
"You'll get your ankles all wet
Maria," said her husband, who was
coming along in the rear.
"Oh, never mind the ankles," called
out the woman as she hurried along.
"I've had them the l&vt sixty years
and I Qnl'y got the hat yesterday."
We handle Southern States
Phosphate & Fertilizers
P. &F; A, D. Bone
Augusta High Grade, Acid of all Grades.
These goods are now in the ware
house ready for delivery.
t Jones And Son- j
Monuments and Tombstones.
I represent the Spartanburg Marble and Granite
works in this section and shall be pleased to show you
designs and quote price* on all kinds of work. Write
me a card if you are interested and I will call to se*; you.
John R. Tompkins, Edgef?eld, S. Carolina
The J. Willie Levy Comp'y i
is ready with your spring clothes and
hats. Men's suits in Linens, Mohairs and
worsteds-hats in Panamas, Straws and
Felts-underwear and ties.
Everything That Boys Wear
Most complete Ready-to-Wear Wom
en's department tn the South.
Order By Parcels POST.
A ?new modern hotel representing a Five Million Dollar
investment on the sight of the former Hoffman House.
Broadway, 24th Street, Fifth Avenue.
THE ACME OP ARCHITECTURAL PERFECTION.
LOCATED AT THE HUB OP NEW YORK'S ?GREATEST BUSINESS,
OVERLOOKING MADISON SQUARE.
Accoraodationa for 1,000, offering maximum luxury and comfort at
mucw lower rates than offered in any other hotel in America, con
sistent wi}h highest class service.
A Good Room at $1.50 Per Day.
A Good Room with bath $2.00 Per Day.
Handsome apartments of any number of rooms at proportionate
ratee. The management is a guarantee of the highest refinement
and protection to ladies and families.
Patapseo, Mastodok, and other famous
Georgia Chemical Works, of Augusta
have an established position which is unequaled by
any other goods on the market. 38 years of exper
ience and careful study of the fertilizer question back
up eyery bag of these goods. No such reassurance
as this can be furnished by others. Then why exper
iment with the uncertain.
FOR PRICES, TERMS, Etc., Call On
THE EDGEF?ELD MERCANTILE CO,
Early Arrive a
We are daily opening up ?new Spring goods and in
vite the ladies to call and see our early arrivals, partic
Laces, Embroideries and
We are showing a very strong line of these goods
at low prices.
?I. W. PEAK