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Parents and Teachers are
Responsible for the Use
less Killing of our Birds,
They Should be Protect
ed-They Destroy Injur
Bird protection is a subject which
should engage the attention of par
ents iud school teachers, who
should teach children the wrong in
robbing bird's nests, of shooting
song birds and birds that are useful
in the destruction of weed seed,
harmful animal, and insect life.
Shot guns and small caliber rifles
are entirely too numerous. Parents
put them into the hands of their
boys and turn them loose without
thought or care as to what use they
will make of them. In town and
country we find them roaming
about, taking a shot at everything
that flies, from a butterfly to an
eade. They go in squads and woe
to any bird in sight. We have
driven (tried to do so) them from
nearby shade trees, taking aim at
mocking birds, blue jays; in fact
anything; fortunately for the birds,
often missing their aim, but just as
unfortunate for human beings, a
wild g-'-ng shot striking a window
or side of a nearby house and en
Two years ago we were very
much delighted to rind a mocking
bird family bad built a home in one
of our shade trees, in a short while
we noticed the bird was setting and
watched anxiously for the first
sound that would tell of the arrival
of the baby birds, hoping that this
would prove* a permanent restiru
place. We soon discovered our se
cret was out, some boys across the !
street were watching too, 8o anx
ious they gave themselves away.
"We told them they would not be
allowed to molest the birds, they
sullenly refuted our right to say
anything, "the birds are free and
the tree is on the side wa'.k and they
had as much right as we to do as
they pleased." They were sustain
ed by their parents, and became
very insolent, finally aggressive.
The threat to report them to the
proper authorities for malicious mis
chief had no effect, so there was
nothing to do but stand guard un
til the little ones could fly. This
we did by turns-receiving touch
jeerinp ard "sass" from them. This
is the class of boys in the city who
carry target lilies with the consent
of their parents, evidently never
taught it is wrong to kill birds or
Nature study is being tuught in
nearly all schools, and along with
this all children should be taught
the wrong of disturbing breeding
birds and of stealing their eggs:
that every boy and girl can do
something toward protecting the
birds and that much of the harm
that has been done through the use
less slaughter of birds may be un
done by protection and encourage
ment. Teach them it is a duty to
care for the helpless, who are only
helpless to care for themselves but
are of vast help to man in protect
ing his interests in the held, orchard
Boys should not be allowed to
have guns until they have been
taught the proper time and manner
of using them.-Farm and Ranch.
est in live stock raising in the ter
ritory along the Southern railway
and the services of its experts are
available without charge of any
kind to any farmer or other person
interested in live stool:.
Boo ki et of Value to Farmers.
Atlanta, Ga.. June 2ti.-In the
effort to encourage Southern farm
ers to raise more hogs, the Southern
railway, through its Live Stock De
Darlment, has issued a booklet en
titled, ''Hog Production and Con
ditions forjJSuccess in the South,"
a copy of which will be furnished
on request by F. L. Word, Live
Stock Agent, Atlanta, Ga.
The booklet coutains much prac
tical and valuable information as to
care and feeding of hogs, selection
of breeds, treatment of diseases,
and cuttiug and curing meat.
Chapters on each subject have been
supplied by experts.
That the South consumes more
pork and raises less than any other
part of the United States despite
the fact that pork can be produced
more cheaply in the South than in
the North and West, is a well
known fact and a condition that
greatly impedes the progress of the
section. The long open season and
the great variety of food crops
athis command give the Southern
farmer the opportunity to make
more money raising hogs than is
possible in any other territory.
The Live Stock Department of
the Southern railway devotes its
efforts entirely to stimulating inter
Importance of Field Workers
Studying Heridity in
One of the foundation principles
of organized charity is the need of
knowledge. We arc continually
told that to give mc ney to beggars
on the street is almost a crime, be
cause we do not know anything
about the character of the person
to whom we give, and, instead of
lelieving poverty, we are only in
It is just as fundamentally true
that we need to know the ancestry
of the people that we are trying to
help, as it is that we need to
know the kind of house they live
A considerable percentage of the
persons who come before the char
ity organization societies are people
of bad ancestry. The people them
selves may look well and may pre
sent, even to the skilled social
worker, every outward appearance
of being needy and deserving, of be
ing cases where a little help would
tide them over and enable them to ?
oome out all right and yet who are
so handicapped by inherited traits
that they never can live a normal
life. The Society may spend hun
dreds of dollars in improving their j
condition for the time being, and a
few weeks later they would be
found in the same desolation, be
cause they have not intelligence!
enough to make good use of what
is doue for them.
Recent studies in human heredity
have shown that there are whole
families that are so defective in
mentality that they are constantly
needing care and attention. They
are wards of societv. All attempts
to rescu?1 these people by the usual
means are merely palliative. The
money is as thoroughly wasted as is
that which is given a fakir on the
street. The only rational way of
meeting this problem is to study the
ancestry of these people and learn
the condition of the entire family,
and then act in accordance with
Field workers who are trained toi
recognize mental deficiency, either
in the individual that they observe
orin others concerning whose lives
they are able to learn from living
representatives, can solve many of
these problems and furnish infor
mation that will result in untold
Dr. Davenport says: "Tin* three
or four per cent, of our population
-is a fearful drag on our civilization.
Shall we, as intelligent people,
proud of our control of nature in
other respects do nothing but vote
more taxes or be satisfied with great
gifts and bequests that philanthrop
ists have made for the support of I
the delinquent, defective and de
pendent classes? Shall we not I
rather take the steps that scientific
study dictates as necessary to dry
up the springs that feed the torrent
of defective degenerate protolasm?
If one-half of one per cent, of the
thirty million dellars annually spent
on hospitals, twenty millions on in
sane asylums, twenty millions fori
almshouses, thirteen millions on
prisons, and five millions on the
feeble-minded, deaf and blind were
spent on the study of the bad germ
plasm that makes necessary the an
nual expenditure of nearly one hun-j
dred millions in the care of its I
product, we might hope to learn
just how it is being reproduced and
the best way to diminish'its further
"A new plague that rendered four
per cent, of our population, chiefly
at the most productive age, not on-1
ly incompetent but a burden cost
ing one hundred million dollars)
yearly to support, would instantly
attract universal attention and mil
lions would be forthcoming for its
study as they have been for the
study of cancer. But we have be
come so used to crime, disease and
degeneracy that we take them as ]
necessary evils. That they were, inj
the world's ignorance, is granted;
but that they must remaiu so, is de
That organization or that indi
vidu:! who shall take up the study)
of this phase of our social and char
itable problems will be one of the
greatest benefactors of the age. The
time is ripe; the path has been
blazed. We know enough now of
the laws of heredity to enable us to
interpret the results of our studies.
No greater contribution could bel
made to our charity organization
societies than to enable them to!
place field workers for the securing j
of this information. Five thousand
dollars would keep three field
workers for a year in any of our
large cities. They would secure
elaborate information on from a
hundred and fifty to three hundred
cases. This information would
throw lighten from three to ten
times as many individuals, that will
sooner or later come to the notice
of the society, and who with this
information, could be at once dis
posed of intelligently and rationally
and in a way that would solve the
There is no question that this is
to be the next step towards the so
lution of our social problems. The
only question is, Who is f^oing to
be the first in this kind of work?
From The Training School.
DR. J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
Johnston, S. C.
OFFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
A. H. Cori ey,;
Appointments at Trenton
Cures Old Sores, Other Remedies Won't Cure.
The worst cases, no matter of how lone standing,
are cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieves
Pain and Heals at the same time. 25c. 50c, $1.00
Go to see
Before insuringjel3ewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Piles Cured in 6 to 14 Days
Your druggist will refund money if PAZO
OINTMENT fails to cure any case of Itching,
Blind, Bleedingor Protruding Piles in 6 to 14 days.
The drat application gives Ease and Rest. 50c.
f CLEMSON AGRICUI
Enrollment Over 800 -Value ol
a Third-Over 90 Te*
trical Engineering: Civil Engineerin
Short Courses. \
weeks winter course in cotton gradii
/^l-^i.. Cost per session of
VjOoL. heat, light, water,
uniforms, 133.45.J i Tuition, if able t
session for the one year agricultural
all expenses, $10.
Scholarship and Entrance Examin?
four-year agricultural and textile sc
tural scholarships. Value of scholai
tion. j (Students who have attended
lege or university, are not eligible f
no other eligible applicants.
IScholarship and entrance examina
Superintendent of Education cn July
NEXT SESSION OPENS
Write at once to W. 1
Clemson College, S. C., for C?talo
may bs ero
Round Trip Excursion Rates
From Edsefield S. C., Via South
ern Railway Premier Carrier of
$18.80 Baltimore, Md. and return,
account Ninth Annual Conven
tion, associated advertising" clubs
of America, June 8-13, 1913.
Tickets? sold June 5, 6 and 7,
with final limit returning June
?la.80 Monteagle and Sewanee,
Tenn, and return, account open
ing week, July 3-10, bible course
July 10-30 missionary meeting
July 25, Aug. 30. Tickets sold
July 1, 3. 10, 15, 20, 81, Aug. 4
and 14 with final limit returning
Sept. 5, 1913.
$15.00 Nashville, Tenn, and return
account World-wide i?aracca
Philathea Union June 21-25.
Tickets sold June 10, 20 and 21
final limit returning July 3, 1913.
$12.80 Sewanee, Tenn, and return
account Summer School, June
21, August 30; tickets sold June
17 and 19 good returning July 2,
1913. Extension until Sept. 15,
by depositing ticket and payment
fee one dollar.
ii 13.40 Ashland and Charlottes
ville, Va. and return account
summer school, University of
Virginia June 24, August 7, 1913.
Tickets sold June 21 to 28 inclu
sive good returning fifteen days
from, but not including, date of
110.50 Knoxville, Tenn, and return
account summer school of the
South, University of Tennessee
June 24, Aug. 1; tickets sold
June 22, 23, 24, 28, 20, July 5,
6, 12, 19, 19, 1913, good return
ing fifteen days from, but not
including, date of sale. Exten
$10.05 Jacksonville, Fla. and re
turn account Southeastern Dis
trict Convention, Fraternal Or
der of Eagles, June 17-21. Tick
ets sold June 15, 16 and 17 with
final limit returning Juue 25,
$7.45 Waynesville, N. C. and re
turn account Laymen* Missions*
arv Movement, M. E. Church
South, June 25, July 10. Tickets
sold June 23 to 28 inclusive with
final limit returning July 13,
$19.45 Cincinnati, O. and return
account Supreme Lodge of the
World, Loyal of Moose, July 28,
August 1, 1913. Tickets on sale
July 20, 27 and 28, 1913, with
final limit returning August 5,
$7.10 Black Mountain, N. C. and
Ridge Crest, N. C. account Re
ligious Assemblies June, July and
August, 1913. Tickets on sale
June 5, 6, 16 and 17, July 3, 7, 8,
15, 18, 25, 28 and 30, August 1,
5, 8. il, 12 and 18, 1913, with
final limit returning fifteen days
from, but not including, date of
Pullman sleeping car and dining
car service on through trains, .'.on
venient through and local train ser
vice. For detailed information,
call on hearest agent, or,
S. H. Hardwick, PT M., H. F. Ca
Cary, GPA., Washington, D. C.
W. E. McGee, AG PA., Columbia,
Alex. H. Acker. TPA., 729 Broad
St., Augusta, Ga.
Ice Cream Delivered in
We are now prepared to fill or
ders for ice cream delivered in any
Quantities at your residence. Or
ders sent in Saturday for Sunday
will be delivered Sunday morning.
We can furnish all of the popular
flavors. Give us a trial.
Timmons & Morgan.
F Property Over a Million and
ichers and Officers.
, Agricultural, (seven courses).
Chemistry; Mechanical aud Elec
g; Textile Industry; Architectural
3ne-Year course ir. agriculture; 2
rear course in textile industry; four
ng; four-weeks winter course for
nine months, including all fees,
board, laundry, and two complete
o pay, $40 extra. Total cost ! per
course, 117.55; four-waeks^course
itions: The college maintains 167
holarships, and 51 one-year agricul
?ships $100 per session and free tui
Clemson College, or any other col
or the scholarships unless there are
itions will be held by the County
11th, at 9 a, m.
SEPTEMBER 13, 1913.
f. RIGGS, President.
g, Blanks, etc. If you delay, you
Guauo! Guano! j
We handle Southern States
Phosphate & Fertilizers
P. & F, A. D. Bone
Augusta High Grade, Acid of ali Grades.
These goods are now in the ware
house ready for delivery,
t Jones And Son.
Monuments and Tombstones.
I represent the Spartanburcr Marble and Granite
works tn this section and shall be pleased to show you
designs and quote pricer on all kinds of work. Write
me a card if you are interested and I will call to see you.
John R. Tompkins, Edgefield, S. Carolina
The J. WiBIie Levy Comp'y
Is ready with your spring clothes and
hats. Men's suits in Linens, Mohairs and
worsteds-hats in Panamas, Straws and
Felts--underwear and ties.
Everything That Boys Wear
Most complete Ready-to-Wear Wom
en's department in the South.
Order By Parcels POST.J
INo matter what your walk
in life, or what your station
may be, you have an opportu
nity to be the possessor of a
bank account, and it only re
mains for you to realize the
importance of this one thing,
to render you independent.
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pre*.; W. W. Adams, Vice
pres.; E. J. Mims, Cashier: J. H. Allen, assistant Cashier
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, W. W. ?dans, J. Wm.
Thurmond, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson,
A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, J. H. Allen
/ new modern hotel representing a Five Million Dollar
investment on the sight of the former Hoffman House.
Broadway, 24th Street, Fifth Avenue.
THE ACME OF ARCHITECTURAL PERFECTION.
LOCATED AT THE HUB OF NEW YORK'S GREATEST BUSINESS,
OVERLOOKING MADISON SQUARE.
Accomodations for 1,000, offering maximum luxury and comfort at
mucw lower rates than offered in any other hotel in America, con
sistent wiih highest class service.
A Good Room at $1.50 Per Day.
A Good Room with bath $2.00 Per Day.
Handsome apartments of any number of rooms at proportionate
rates. The management is a guarantee of the highest refinement
and protection to ladies and families.
Telephones, Madison-3440-3560 DANIEL P RITCHEY.