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SEED COTTON SUPPLY
Growers Should Save Stock From
Their Own Fields.
By Growing Only One Variety In
Neighborhood Many Problems
Would Be Greatly Simplified
-Easier to Fight Enemies.
Of course, the proper time to se
lect the cotton seed was last fall,
while the bolls were still on the
$:alks. If we have not selected the
seed when we should we will have to
do the next thing now-buy the best
seed we can get.
I like to know the seed that I buy,
says a Mississippi writer in the Farm
Progress. I want to know where lt
was grown, on what kind of soil, its
behavior under different climatic con
ditions and the pedigree of the seed
if it can be fnund.
And when I buy from a seedhouse
I want that house to be a reputable
Cotton Square Showing Egg Puncture
of Boll Weevil.
one. If their business methods, gen- i
eral reputation and rating for intel
ligence among seed specialists is
high, then I feel that I have some
thing of a guarantee on the seed that
J am about to put in the ground.
A man who must buy cotton seed
every year is not exercising good
farm judgment. It is generally under
stood now that the time to select cot
ton seed is in the fall while the plant
is still standing in the fields. You
can see what it is like then. If it is
big-boiled, short-jointed, vigorous
and well-formed, you pict the bolls
and carefully save them. If this ia
done year after year, it takes but a
little while to get the seed bred up
to a high standard.
It takes patience and care to keep
them that way, of course. The se
lections have to be made over and
over again every year, the ginning of
the seed cotton always has to be
?watched and personal attention must
be given to every detail of the whole
But it pays in the long run. Any
man who selects his own seed or buys
from a reputable seedhouse will in
crease his yield over the returns from
Cotton Square Showing Larvae of Boll
Weevil in Position.
the old. slip-shod methods. The main
thing, after all, is to grow more cot
ton to the acre, and that ls just what
;the selection of seed will bring about.
Price does not always give a fair
(indication of the value of the seed
offered in the markets. Pedigree la
the main thing for the buyer to con
sider. You cannot tell by looking at
the seed whether lt will be satisfac
itory or not. You are more or less at
[the mercy bf the dealer.
If you have a pet variety of cotton.
?ne not common in your neighbor
hood, you will have to be careful
?about planting lt anyway at all close
to fields of other varieties. The South
?Carolina agricultural experiment sta
tion, conducted under federal super
vision, discovered that cotton varie
ties in adjoining rows will mix through
the medium of the bees and the
Fresh blooming plants easily pollin
ate other plants at considerable dis
tances. The pollination between rows
of different varieties was found to be
as high as 30 per cent, in one sea
By growing only one variety of cot
ton in a single neighborhood a good
many of the cotton problems would
be greatly simplified. It would be
easier to fight the cotton anthracnose
and other specific cotton enemies
?under such an arrangement. The
seeds would not be mixed at thu gin,
as so often happens, and the creating
of hybrid plants would be lessened.
Determining Age of Female.
To tell a pullet from a hen, look at
the parface of the under part of the
(wing; In a pullet this shows minute,
Tose-colored veins, which are not
seen in a bird over twelve months old.
A pullet, too. has smooth legs, and
shows long, silky hairs in the plu
mage, which are not seen la a bird
pver a year old.
crop. In improving extremely sandy
soils that have been exhausted by a
consideable period of cropping, lt
should be recognized that If any rapid
improvement is to be made, it will be
necessary to turn under practically
the entire crop of legumes even if by
so doing the use of the land for one
or two years seems to be lost The
cost of such improvement should, of
course, be added to the initial cost of
the land in estimating its value.
Nearly three times as much humus
will be added by turning under a crop
of clover as from the manuro which
would result from feeding it since
about two-thirds of the organic matter
in feed is decomposed in the animal.
After such lands have been brought
to a fairly good condition of fertility,
it will be practicable to maintain their
nitrogen and humus supply by the
growth of legumes in short rotation,
even when the clover or other legume
Is cut for feed, provided the manure
coming from such feeding is returned
without loss to the soil.
FRIEND OF COTTON GROWERS
Immense Loss Sustained in Texas Be
cause Quail and Prairie Chicken
Are Almost Exterminated.
The cotton growers of Texas are los
ing $40,000,000 to $50,000,000 a year
by reason of the ravages of the boll
weevil; and all because ihe quail and
the prairie chicken, the natural ene
mies of that bug, have been practically
exterminated in that great state.
b cotton boll weevil is moving like
a great army to the eastward and to
the northward, and scientists sent to
study tho situation tell us it will go
to the Atlantic ocean before it stops,
and as far north as cotton is grown,
unless all killing of birds is prohib
The wheat growers of the United
States are losing over $100,000,000 a
year by reason of the ravages of the
Because the quail, the natural ene
my of that bug, has been almost exter
The farmers of the middle and east
ern states are paying out $15,000,000 a
year for paris green to put on their po
Because the quail, the natural ene
my of that hug, has been killed off.
Each of the great apple producing
states are paying $1,000,000 to $3,000,
000 a year for spraying apple trees, to
keep down the coddling moth.
Because the woodpeckers, the sap
suckers, the robins, the bluejays, the
bluebirds, the orioles, the tanagers and
other birds that formerly preyed on
that insect have been killed off.
Here are a few records as to the val
ue of certain, bug eaters:
A quail killed In a cotton field in
Texas had in his craw the remains ot
127 cotton boll weevils.
Another killed in a potato field In
Pennsylvania had In his craw the re
mains of 101 potato bugs.
Another killed in a Kansas wheat
field had in its crop the remains of
over 1,200 chinch bugs.
STOP LEAKS IN FARM WORK
System of Coordinated Effort Should
Be Worked Out gnd See Where
Savings Can Be Made.
One of the great things on the farm
is to see that the leaks are looked af
ter, not only stopping one leak, but
also the taking of a geueral survey of
all the departments of farm work, en
deavoring to make a saving wherever
there is a loss. Most of us are familiar
with the story of the Holland boy who
discovered a leak in the dyke and
stuck his thumb in it to keep the sea
from breaking through and flooding
the land below. The story goes that
the leak grew in size and the lad was
forced to put in his fist, then his arm.
then his body. As we recall it now, at
that point the story ends and nothing
was told us regarding the later re
pairs or about the funeral of the boy.
From this fable we gather an Idea
regarding the' farmers who are in the
habit of discovering leaks in farm
work, and for awhile the farmer en
deavors to stop up the leak, then he
may discover that there is another
leak and forget about the first and
what may be burled therein. It ls bet
ter to not look at one of the leaks, but
to Investigate the entire system of
farm practice to see if there is not an
opportunity to stop more than one leak
if they may be found. Some system
of coordinated effort should be worked
out. Such actions save a great deal
of energy that is now expended in
useless and ineffective spurts. The
point is, endeavor to stop not only the
main leak and then get lost in that ef
fort, but look over the entire field of
work and see where savings can be
made in all lines.
Starting With Poultry.
If not accustomed to poultry, begin
with a small number. Learn to make
a success with a few, then go on with
a larger number. In a majority of
cases those who have made the big
gest success in the poultry world and
are yet In the business worked up
from a small beginning.
A World's Record.
There are forty Insect enemies of
the boll weevil and the government
has Introduced six- of these parasites
on the cotton lands of the south and
will In a few months turn loose six
more species. The government au
thorities have hope that weevils maz
in time be entirely eliminated.
God's Purpose Always Best,
Though lt ls Hard Som?
times to Understand lt.
Cyclone and blizzard, fire and flood
have lately devastated cities and vil
lages and left large portions of pros
perous country life in ruins. Human
life bad been flooded away and the
fairest domestic scenes desolated.
The suffering and loss none can ade
Such multiple disasters raise ques
tions in the mind about God's rels
tion to the universe and his interest
in human life. The old, old difficulty
presents itself to our thought, can
God be good and permit such crushing
sorrows and irreparable losses to be
fall us. or if he is good ls his power
i limited so he cannot prevent these
catastrophies? It is easy to sing of
God's goodness and praise him for the
light and the embroidery of spring
and summer and the harvests of the
autumn time. But what about earth
quakes and volcanoes, cloudbursts,
tornadoes and lightning bolts, and
overwhelming floods? Where is God
and what is his relation to such oc
currences? Permit me to offer a few
lines of thought which have brought
me relief and lit up many a dark hour
and helped me to reason why God
does not interfere to prevent such
Vitalize Our Inventive Faculties.
We are ever at school ' and God is
our teacher. We are left to work out
our own material salvation as the pu
pil is to work out the problem m
mathematics. Disaster has often giv
en birth to inventions for public
safety. Our discoveries are leading us
to dominion over nature and bringing
Its mighty forces within our control.
! With the steam engine, telegraph,
j telephone and wireless we are annihil
ating time and space, with the swift
ocean liners the sea is no more as
the fathers knew it, and electric light
is almost donig away with the night.
Statistics have been gathered which
point to much progress toward pro
j tection from lightning. It is shown
I that the bolt strikes more frequently
in the country than in the city, that
it strikes barns oftener than human
dwellings, and that white colors seem
to be more attractive to it that the
darker hues, and that it will never
: enter a bad conductor if there is a
j good one to be found.
Modern science has cut in two the
death rate from such diseases as con
sumption, smallpox and typhoid. See
how anaesthetics have relieved pain
j and witness the triumphs of modern
' surgical skill.
So we are working out our own sal
vation. That God could interfere I do ?
not doubt, but for reasons good and j
j wise he does not. By many a fall a
child learns to rise and realize itself
on its feet and after that feat it soon
j learns to walk. God could interfere
with the material forces and prevent
disaster, but if he did man would
j never come to mastery and dominion
! in nature, nor to the full exercise of
1 his Inventive genius.
They Educe Our Sympathies.
The word sympathy is the Greek
; word for "suffering with." The root
idea in sympathy is to suffer with
others, to share their losses and sor
rows. If suffering and sorrow were
I unknown there would not be anything
i to call out our sympathies and so a
' large area of human nature would re
j main uncultivated. The sun melts
! away the ice and tugs at the roots of
j trees and educes the spring buds, so
j sorrows thaw out human nature and
i tug at the roots of our life and bring
I our sympathies to fruition. We learn
to weep with those that weep and
that is a trait of Christian character
Included in the apostolic counsels.
Job said, "Did not I weep for him that
was in trouble? Was not my soul
grieved for the poor?" Sympathy is
a wonderful soul-power and these sad
calamities call it into noblest exer
The response at such times has al
ways been electrical. Famines In
Russia and India, fires and floods in
any land stir human souls every
where and fan Into a flame the fires
of sympathy ever buraing on the al
tars of human hearts in all lands.
The brotherhood of the race and the
kinship of humankind is quickly
evinced in the hour of horrible dis
aster. It is a great gift to be able to
weep-not for-but with the sorrow
ing. There ls infinite healing in It
Jesus wept with the mourning sisters.
Such *ears have often relieved the
heartache and brought tranquillity to
the troubled soul. A callous-hearted
husband who had never seen anyone
near to him suffer, watched his wife
suffer like a martur for weeks and his
sympathies were stirred as never be
fore, and the suffering wife said, "It
was worth it all because it made a
new man of my husband." In the
midst of the stress of life then, is a
tendency to selfishness, but multiple
disasters move us to compassion and
keep the heart sympathetic and kind
and this warming makes things go
more pleasantly in many a home, of
fice, and workshop In the daily round
of life. Every' sufferer through flood
or fire or whatever else will be richer
In sympathy In all the years to come.
Perfection la sympathy comes through
Step by Stop.
From the moment that the day
breaks and the Sun of Righteousness
dawns upon the 'soul, light is strewn
upon life's way; so that the righteous
man advances step by step in the
tight Progressiveness ls tho law of
spiritual growth.-J. W. Bardsley.
No doubt you are, if
you suffer from ag y of the
numerous ailments to
which an women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some of the symp
toms, and you must nd
yourself of them in order
to feel well. Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you to
The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking C a r d u i,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ana
the pain In my back and
bead nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
tryCarduL" Get a bottle
For Cotton Weigher
I hereby announce that I am a
candidate for re-election to the po
rtion of public, cotton weigher for
he town of Edgefield, and promise
he peuple that if ?riven the place
igain, I will endeavor to do my
duty as conscientiously in the fu
ture as in the past.
J. Gr. Byrd.
I hereby announce that I am a
candidate for the position of Cot
ton Weigher for the town of Edge
field. I pledge myself if elected
to render honest, faithful service.
I will appreciate the support of
the farmers who market cottou at
John R. Bryan.
Edgefield, S. C.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills. Engines, Botle *,
S upplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Open June 30, 1913
The South's finest and most
modern hotel. Fireproof. 306
Rooms with running water and
private toilet $1.00 per day.
Rooms with connecting bath
$1.50 per day.
Rooms with private bata $2.00
per day and up.
Finest Rathskellar, Cafe and
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J. B. POUND, Pres.
J. F. LETTON, Mgr.
l_ CHAS. G. DAY, Attft Hg* \
Boys dre* and work shirts in all j
Thc O?d Standard, General Tonic. Drives out Malaria,
Enriches the Blood and Builds up the Whole System.
FOR GROW PEOPLE AND CHILDREN.
It is a combination of QUININE and IRON in a tasteless form that wonder
fully strengthens and fortines the system to withstand the depressing effect of
the hot summer. GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC has no equal foi Malaria,
Chills and Fever, Weakness, general debility and loss of appetite. Gives life and
vigor to Nursing Mothers and Pale, Sickly Children. Removes Biliousness with
out purging. Relieves nervous depression and low spirits. Arouses the liver to
action and purifies the blood. A True Tonic and Sure Appetizer. A Complete
Strengthener. Guaranteed by your Druggist. We mean it. 50 cents.
E. J. NORRIS, Agent
Edgefield, South Carolina
Representing the HOME INSURANCE
COMPANY, of New York, and the old
HARTFORD, of Hartford, Connecticut.
The HC .JE has a greater Capital and
Surplus combined than any other
The HARTFORD is the leading com
pany of the World, doing a greater
Fire business than any other Co.
See Insurance Reports
"HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTAR."
E. J. Norris,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
Save Time and Money
W Tour horses may be attacked with colic at any
moment. Death may resuK. In any event, yon will
lose tkeir services for several days during this
busy season unless prompt, effocUve treatment U
should be lci?pi on hand for thin
emergency. I' will euri- every cuse
Qui.:lc treatment, ls best. Save your
hones; don't lose their aervlCM.
This is a stn .? larc] remedy tested
through many years.
"Your Money Back If It Fails"
Stock Book Free
W. E. LYNCH & CO., L. T. MAY, JONES & SON. TIMMONS & MORGAN,
Edgefield, and S. T. HUGHES. Trenton
If not interested. But you are obliged to be interested where mon
ey is to be saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for your
self and livestock. We are DOW in our warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern warehouse in Augusta with floor
space of 24,800 squa.e feet and it is literally packed with Groceries
and feeds from cellar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in' a position to name very close
prices. If you really want the worth of your money see or write us
BROS. & CO,
Fire Pro of Ro of in
What could be better for town or country buildings than a roofing
that won't burn-won't leak-that is lightning proof-lasts as long
as the building itself, and never needs repairs ?
Cortright Metal Shingles meet every one of these requirements.
Beware of imitations-None genuine without the words ' Cortright
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For Sale 6i'
Stewart & Kernaghan