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PLAN TOWNS FOR WORKERS
Great Britain and Germany Are Ahead
of the United States in This
Henry Vivian, founder of the British
co-partnership tenants' housing coun
cil, told the City club of Chicago
of the great need for replacing tene
ments with comfortable, sanitary and
livable abodes for working people. He
pointed to the manner in which cot
tages are being provided for the work
ers of London and Liverpool on the
outskirts of those cities where suf
ficient light and air may be had.
Some of the housing ideas now used
In England for the welfare of workers
have been borrowed from the Ger
mans, wb . studiously lay out their
towns in such fashion that the great
majority of the residents are happily
accommodated. Mr. Vivian called Ger
many "the country which invented
In view of the increasing impor
tance attached to this problem the ex
position of city building, organized by
the city of Dusseldorf on the Rhine,
is of more than passing interest, as
the Scientific American points out.
The idea of the exposition has been
suggested by the decision of the city
to call for a general competition for
the building of Qreater Dusseldorf, the
outcome of extensive Incorporations
of neighboring communities. Dussel
dorf, the old and quiet town of art
and gardens, has, with surprising
rapidity, become an industrial center
of nearly 400,000 Inhabitants.
It was intended to exhibit such
plans of modern city builders as would
be received in connection with this
competition, but 5n order to avoid any
one-sided presentation of the subject
the municipality invited all the more
important communities of the western
provinces of Germany to participate in
a city exposition embracing all fields
of communal life. This invitation was
sent out to all townships having more
'than 10,000 inhabitants in Rhenania.
Westphalia and Hessen-Nassau, as
well as to some firms more directly |
connected with communal life. The
Dusseldorf exposition thus is a joint
intercommunal enterprise of the towns
and cities of western Germany, which
in its conception is entirely new.
About 600 exhibitors are sb wing near
ly 4,000 different objects grouped un
der city building, sanitary arrange
ments, hospital management, civil en
gineering and industry.
With its historical and modern town
pictures, its models and photographs
of remarkable monuments and build
ings, old and recent, its reproductions
relating to the designing of streets
and drainage plants, gas and water
supply, the exposition is nothing short
of an illustrated history ot German
towns, and is bound especially to ap
peal to those concerned with the char
acter of modern towns and their mani
fold tasks from a social, educational
and sanitary point of view.
Flowers in a Mill Yard.
In the large interior yard of a New
England foundry, in the center of an
area bare of verdure, surrounded by
the usual piles of pig iron scrap and
flasks, with their backing of bare
brick walls, is a great circular bed
full of foliage and flowering plants.
The effect is almost to startle the vis
itor, the contrast is so great. The gar
den is a striking illustration of the
tendency to make the environment of
the shop more and more attractive,
says the Iron Age. Good light and
pure air and conditions sanitary in
every way come first in putting into
practice the theory that labor cannot
be efficient where surroundings are
cot conducive to good health and gfcod
spirits. Partly for this reason manu
facturing plants began to be moved
from the city to the country, and it
has been demonstrated that the rea
son is even more Important than was
at first supposed. The Influence ' of
restful scenes framed by shop win
dows rather tends to output than to
lagging effort. For a kindred reason
mill engineers are giving greater at
tention to the color schemes of the in
terior of shops and factories.
The old-fashioned village life ls rap
idly fading in the United States. Back
In New England, away from large
cities, some of the quaint charm still
surrounds the primitive groups of vil
lage houses and the ever-present vil
lage "square." also a feature of all
English villages. For the population
village life means much more than
city life. Our Illustration presents a
view of the village of Braunton, said
to have been founded by St. Brannock,
an Italian missionary who went there
to labor A. D. 300. All those farming for
miles about live In the village, not upon
the land. Thus a village population
easily represents a larger area than
that of the larger cities. Early vil
lages in this country were founded for
"Worried?" a iked the friend.
"Terribly." rolled the grand opera
manger. "The >rima donna won't do
.anything .but k ck, and the premiere
danseuse insist? on making a 'hoi
COCOA AND CHOCOLATE
TWO READILY DIGESTED, HIGHLY
Have Real Food Value and Shouto
Take the Place of Tea or Coffee
for Children - Few With
Whom They Disagree.
Of the several beverages used at
meals cocoa and chocolate are the two
that have food value. Cocoa is th6
fruit of the cocoa tree, which grows in
abundance in the tropical countries.
Chocolate is made from cocoa beans
by the addition of sugar and some
Cocoa grows in the form of a bean
and several rows of these beans aro
held together in a single pod. When re
moved from the pod the beans are al
lowed to undergo a process of fermen
tation, called "sweating," and are then
exposed to the sun to dry in order t<
develop their fine flavor. Roughly
speaking, cocoa contains 22 per cent
of protein mattel"-that is, vegetable
meat; 29 per cent, of fat and nearly 39
per cent, of starch.
Together with the Bugar and milk
used In the preparation of the bever
age it becomes a highly nutritious aa
well as palatable drink, far superior to
either tea or coffee. Tea and coffee
are wholly devoid of all nutritive sub
stances. They are used entirely for
the flavor, and, moreover, they are
stimulants, and as such are frequently
harmful, while cocoa and chocolate
are practically free from any stimulat
ing effects. From what has been said
it ls easy to see that though relatively
cocoa and chocolate are dearer than
tea or coffee, yet aa foods they are
A very cheap form of cocoa ls that
made from cocoa shells. It Is prepared
In the usual way, and is nutritious as
well as cheap and wholesome. Cocoa
is adapted for the use of most people.
1 There are some with whom the bever
age does not agree well, and causes In
digestion. But this is the exception
rather than the rule. Children take
cocoa with benefit, and for them it
should always take the place of tea or
Vacuum Clothes Washer.
A vacuum clothes' washer le the
newest Invention to save labor In the
laundry. It operates on the vacuum
suction principle, supposedly releasing
the washwoman from the necessity of
rubbing the garments. All the clothes
to be washed are merely put in the
clothes boiler with Bhaved soap or
washing powder and water, and the
vacuum washer. When the water
reaches the boiling point lt is drawn
automatically from the bottom of the
boiler and forced up in a stream
through the clothes.
The vacuum washer ls made of
zinc which is polished, so that it will
neither rust nor corrode. It ls in fun
nel shape, and is made In ono elze
only. This, however, will flt any boil
er. It measures twelve and a half
Inches high and ten inches wide at
the mouth, and weighs two and a half
pounds. The price ls $2.50 without the
wash boiler, which must be purchased
sepl^ately. Any articles may be
washed with this device, from fine lin
gerie to the heaviest linens.
Rub thfe yolk of a hard-boiled egg
smooth with a tablespoonful of olive
oil, thert add a teaspoonful of salt, one
of cayenne, one of sugar and one of
made mustard, rubbing each in sepa
rately before another 1B added. Then
stir In half a pound of well grated
cheese. The cheese here used should
be old as possible without being
"high." After all these ingredients
are well worked together add a table
spoonful of onion vinegar and serve
with shredded lettuce or other green
Beef and Onion Pie.
Take 1% pounds lean beef about the
size at walnuts, stew gently in a small
amount of water till tender, season to
taste with salt and pepper, line the
sides of a good-sized pudding dish with
plain pastry, half AU it with sliced
onions, put meat on top, draining it
free from gravy; cover with buttered
paper and bake In a moderate oven
1% hours. When done beat the gravy
that was drained from meat, pour it
over the Are and serve at once.
To Clean Feathers.
Into a strong paper bag put about
one cupful of plain household flour and
half the quantity of powdered borax.
Shake well to thoroughly mix. Then
put the feathers in the bag and shake
gently.till clean. If very dirty, repeat
this process. This ia much more satis
factojy than using soap and water, as
lt saves recurllng.
Handkerchiefs and white clotheB
that have become yellow from use of
too much soap, or any other cause,
may be whitened in the following man
ner: Af"*r washing let them soak over
night in a tub of clear water, to which
ls added a teaspoonful of cream of tar
tar. When Ironed they will be a pure
For the Fire.
The nex* time your fire has almost
gone out try throwing a little granu
lated BUgar on it. which will have the
same effect as kerosene, but Ls not at
When Ironing Towels.
If you brush the fringe on your tow
els and tablecloths with a whiskbroom
before Ironing them, it will make them
light and fluffy.
RUNNING OF THE CHUTE
By NATHANIEL DICKENSON.
It waa with the bitterness of gall
that her captain swung the Marcus
Baldwin into the wharves of Blank
City.- Disappearing around the bend
below were the twin stacks of the
Queen of the River. Yes. the Marcus
Baldwin had been fairly beaten. To
the passengers and crew this had
been but a friendly race of boats, but
to the captains it had meant infinitely
Three miles below this landing was
the Chute and the locks through
which the steamers were lowered past
IL To the one first landing at Blank
ville, then, it meant first reaching the
city, a mlle below, owing to the long
delay at the locks. At the city a cer
tain young lady had said to these
two young captains but a week before
that he who first arrived on the re
turn trip could marry her.
Upstream there had been no race at
all, for the boats, being passenger
carriers, were booked to arrive and
leave on schedule days. So of the
down trip until that last day. Then,
with their destination within the hun
dred-mile mark and some half dozen
landings to make, it had been touch
and go; the Marcus Baldwin ahead
at one landing, the Queen of the Riv
er, by some turn of the wheel, at the
next Then had come that last long
stretch of some 20 miles, when the
Marena Baldwin,, ahead at the last
landing, had been overtaken at the
crucial point by her rival and the
dark featured De Witte had almost
danced In his exultation as his boat
crept by the other, while Banks had
eaten his soul out In sullen silence.
. And now the race was as good as lost
to him-and the giri. So, at least, he
reasoned, with the Queen of the River
as good as a the locks.
And he had given up hope as, her
freight aboard, the lines of the Mar
cus Baldwin were cast off and she
gathered way out into the stream.
Yet, the very fact that she was again
In motion fanned the dying Bpark.
Was there no hope? Had he left no
stone unturned? The Queen of the
River's engines might break down!
What If, her engines disabled, the
freshet current In the river should
carry her through the Chute? Yet,
boats had gone through that safely.
And with this thought Captain
Banks grew of a sudden quite dizzy,
for what had been done might be done
again, he reasoned. Ordinarily a good
ten feet of water ran in the Chute.
With the river at its pr?sent height
he could fairly count or. finding 15.
For a width of 100 feet the Chute was
clear of rocks, and the water ran In
great olly seas. Yes. it was possible,
yet the risk I A wrecked steamer,
lives lost, maybe! But when a man
loves as Banks did he throws cost to
A quarter of an hour later the Mar
cus Baldwin rounded the bend above
the Chute. Below her lay the locks.
Half way through these, Banka saw
the tall st?c?rs and upper structure of
the Queen of the River; a half hour
and she would be through them.
It needed but this to steady him in
his growing resolve.
"Wilson," he aald quietly to the
pilot, "I will take the wheel now; you
may go on bow."
With a six-mile current hurrying
her on and her engines forcing her
through lt at a 12-knot clip, the Mar
cus Baldwin swept on. As she neared
the Chute, Banka could see that the
atrong wind from the aouth had stir
red thia into a maelstrom of frothing
waters. Yet, there was not time to
turn now, even if he had BO wished.
On past the lock slip swept the steam
er. For a moment it seemed she hesi
tated on the brink of the yawning
Chute, paaaengera ahrlnking from her
forward decks In horror, then she
bowed majestically and plunged for
Before she had gone 100 yards she
sheered herself halfway across the
channel, ?Bting horribly the while.
With the energy of despair Banks
spun the wheel to meet her. Her
bow rose for the moment on a huge
created comber, and the rudder once
more controlling, she shot back across
the Chute, burying her stern to the
lower deck and sending the spray
clear over her Again Banks met her
erratic fllgt.., but to have her zig-aag
back across the storming current this
time, missing the white hill of a
8pray-drowned rock by the width of
This could not last Again she rose
for the charge. In the flash of a
glance Banka saw the crowded decks
of the rival ateamer in the laBt of the
locks as she drove by. Down plunged
the bows of his own hoat again, at
an angle which nearly broached her,
too, and in which passengers, crew
and even captain thought her last mo
ment had come in the shocking roar
of waters and blinding apray. Then
she rose, Blowly at first, and then as
a dog, shaking the water from her,
and swept into the calm water below
the rapids. Far astern, hopelesaly out
of the race, Banks Baw the Queen of
the River pulling out of the last of
the locks. .
And the captain'a reward?
A month later there waa a wedding.
(Copyright, by Dally Story Pub. Co.)
"The man I meet so often la the
library is a pedicurist"
"Then I suppose he is after tiie
works of Foote and Bunyan.'*
"Does your wife play bridge?'
"Yes, but then I generally bold
rood ooker bands."
Studebaker Automobiles I
I desire to inform the public that I have accepted
the agency for the celebrated Studebaker automo
biles, than which there are no better cars on the
market for the money.
Thev manufacture four or five sizes and stvles of
cars, but the mest popular are the two passenger
runabout and the four and seven passenger touring
cars. The manufacturers pride themselves upon
putting quality into their cars, just as they do in
their farm wagons. The word Studebaker stands
for merit and quality. Drop me a card if you con
template purchasing an automobile and I will call to
I G. D. MINIS, Clark's Hill, S. C
No better buggy made than the
Brookway. Have you ever used
one? Let us show you our stock.
Wilson & Cantelou.
The late models that are out in
the American lady corsets to fit all
figures, Rived Bros has and sells
When you want a good buggy
try a Tyson & Jones. They have
stood the test of Edgefield roads
Wilson ifc Cantelou.
A beautiful assortment of mat
ting art squares. They are cheap
er and more appropriate for the
summer season than the heavy
vool art squares. Buy one for
your front hall and you will not
Ramsev & Jones.
We can supply you with roof
paint, a good quality, in red and
black at 50 and lo cents per gallon.
Just as good quality as that which
Penn <fc Holstein.
A lot of odds and ends in summer
goods that can be found at Rives
Bros at a price-Adv.
A full supply of mineral water
always on hand. Can furnish either
Harris or Glenn Springs water.
Penn & Holstein.
For farm wagons there is noth
ing better made in this country
than the celebrated Studebaker
wagoBS. Ask the man who uses
one what his opinion is. Use a
Studebaker once and you will always
Wilson & Cantelou.
Boys dress and work shirts in all
Treat your eyes fairly. Do not
deny them the help of a pair of
glasses if they need it. Remember
you will need them for a long time.
Geo. F. Mims.
Men's and boys summer under
wear sold by Rives Bros.
Gun metal, patent leather, tan,
in lace or button, at cost.
Come in and look at a pair of
oxfords at cost.
Shoes of every style and quality
that are made of solid leather can be
found on sale at
IS YOUR CREDIT GOOD?
The Representatives of The ?
Merchants' Credit Co
Are Arranging for the Publication of a
FOR THIS DISTRICT AS A BASIS OF CREDIT
By this system each individual is placed on record
showing how many places they secure credit and
with what degree of promptness they pay their bills.
The book will show, not the financial standing, but
the credit standing? of everybody, man or wo
man, who trades on time, and as it is not a financial
rating the poor man who pays his bills promptly will
secure a higher rating than the man of means who
I NOW IS THE TIME TO PAY THE
OLD ACCOUNT AND SECURE A
Good Credit Rating,