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Alfalfa should be grown
on every farm. Make
a beginning-start now.
(ALFALFA ENRICHES THE LAND
IBesldes Producing More Abundant
Harvests Alfalfa Adds Plant Food
to the Soil for the Use of
i Other Crops.
Alfalfa enriches the soil. The roots
of the alfalfa plant penetrate 12 to
?35 feet Into the soil-far beyond the
reach of corn, wheat, oats and
other shallow rooting plants. In
.this way potash, phosphorus and oth
er elements of plant food ar? drawn
"up from below through the roots of
'the alfalfa plant and stored In the
?upper soil for the use of other crops.
The experiment set forth in the ac
! companying chart was made in Can
jada, where it was found that alfalfa
Alfalfa Enriches the Land
'.sod yielded 61.5 bushels of wheat per
acre, as compared with 42 bushels on
Barley yielded 30 bushels per acre
ion alfalfa sod, and only 20 bushels on
Itimothy sod. Canada ia not a corn
(country, yet tho experiments show
[similar reBults. Alfalfa sod yielded
124 bushels per acre of corn, as corn
spared with 18 bushels on timothy sod.
fThls is only one of many such experi
Iments which give the same results,
?proving alfalfa to be a Boil enriching
;ALFA?.FA WOST VALUABLE CROP.
[Per Aero Value Five Times More
Than Clover-Some Wisconsin
Census Figures Which Talk
According to the 1910 census of the
?kay crop, the state of Wisconsin grew
?18,000 acres of alfalfa, which averaged
;2.8 tons per acre for the entire state,
.and the average acre value of the
crop was $31.00. During the same
?year the combined acreage of timothy
.and clover averaged 1.6 tons per acre,
?valued at $14.00. It costs no more to
grow an acre of alfalfa than it does
'to grow an acre of timothy or clover.
?The average cost of growing an acre
>ot clover or timothy is approximately
'$10.00. Thus the farmer would clear
?$4.00 per acre in growing these crops,
'whereas if he grew alfalfa he would
?make a profit of $21.00 per acre, or
Alfalfa Mo?l Valuable
Wisconsin Hay Crop, 1910
Acreage Av. Yield Per A.
Alfalfa 18.000 2.8 Tons $31
Timothy 767,000 1.4 " 14
Clover 119.500 1.7 '* 14
and ,t 1.600.000 1.6 " 14
lover five time? the income received
i from any one of the other hay crops.
?The latest reports from Wisconsin
?show nearly ?0,000 acres seeded to al
falfa with "n average of about four
?tons to the acre.
ALFALFA RICH IN PROTEIN
"With 12.3 Per Cent of Digestible
Protein, Alfalfa Surpasses Even
Wheat Bran in Feeding Value.
Alfalfa has high feeding value, as
[shown by the chart below, taken
[from California Bul. No. 132. Thi3 1B
jdue to its digestibility and its composi
;tion. Alfalfa is rich in digestible pro
tein which ls the bone and muscle
fbuilding element It is also rich in ni
IN INGESTIBLE PROTEIN
trogen, the component of protein,
?but protein is the costly food element.
It is absolutely neoessary for the pro
duction of milk and for young grow
ling animals. Pigs will starve on corn
elone. All animals must have frame
building food as well as fat producing
food, such as corn.
Alfalfa with corn makes a perfectly
balanced ration, supplying the animal
fwrth an abundance of bone, flesh and
.lat giving material. _
FRUST GROWERS AND
Poultry farming; and fruit culture
ls attractive in some way6, but its
actual advantages are not as great as
many suppose, as each business re
quires practical expen mc?. So far as
the fruit crop is concerned, the sys
tem is essentially that of pasturing
the orchard in grass with hens in
place of sheep or hogs. Cattle and
horses should not be pastured in or
chards, as the tramping ?of the stock
compacts the sod tx> much. A pas
ture system of any kind is generally
considered no. equal to orchard culti
vation with green crops plowed un
There ls a great difference of opin
ion on this point Many experienced
orchardists say that the proper meth
od to follow is to grow hoed crops
in the orchard when trees are young,
having the ground well fertilized each
year, and as soon, as the trees come
into full bearing seed down to grass
and clover and pasture with sheep or
pigb. Sheep should be chosen, as
they are not destructive, and if grain
fed will keep the ground in.good con
dition. Appi-.s, ptuches, plums and
damsons grow by this system, the
trees carefully pruned, sprayed in sea
son and wormed spring and fal!, will
bear abundantly most every season.
[ PROTECT MANURE FROM RAIN I
lt Also Should Be Kept Moist Because
Much Plant Is Lost When Al
lowed to Become Dry.
The following answer was made by
Dr. G. S. Fraps, state chemist at the
Texas college station, to an inquiry
concerning the collection and preser
vation of manure:
The manure should be kept In a
shed and protected from the rain and
as compact as possible. It also should
be kept moist. If it dries out there
is a loss of plant food. There will
be a loss anyhow If the manure ls
kept for one year, but the best thing
I can suggest ls to keep lt as I have
suggested above. The manure will
be worth about $3 per ton, and it de
pends on the cost of gathering wheth
er it will pay to save it. A better
way where a dairy is maintained Is
to provide a large lot for the cows to
run in and grow a crop in that lot
every alternate year. Much more of
the fertilizer value may be gained in
this way. The use of preservatives
on manure is too expensive for the
returns it pays.
Reduce the feed of the sows for a
short time before farrowing, and give
them a thin slop for the first two or
three feeds after farrowing. Increase
the feed as the pigs get older, and the
sows need it.
Chickens and an orchard are in
Weeds cut down in their youth
never go to seed.
Good time to cut clover green for
the pigB next year.
Fallen fruit should be removed from
under the trees often.
Milk is plentiful now and the hens
should have their share.
Spraying the cows will discourage
the flies, and keep up the milk supply.
The leaf eating insects are busy in
the orchard now. Give them Paris
One or two plantings of sweet corn
will 'tarry you along until a very late
Get in the second garden crops. Do
not let the soil lie idle the rest o?
Bits of camphor gum scattered
about [liants will prevent damage by
ProviJe all the poultry with plenty
of grit, and clean, fresh drinking wa
ter twice a day.
Watch out for the cabbage root mag
got. Fit a piece of tarred paper about
the base oi the plants; lt will help.
Do not let the young turkeys run on
the wheat, field until the grain ls quite
ripe. They may gorge themselves to
While it is all right for a farmer to
buy a motor car if he can afford it, he
shouldn't mortgage his farm in order
to do so.
Burn all the old berry crates, for In
these days only the fresh, clean boxes
will bring the price worth while aa
There are exceptions to this 6-yBtetn
-but it has been found to work welL
Poultry In an orchard saves some
expense for cultivation and fertilizer,
but the saving is partly offset by the
cost of buildings, fencing, division
yards and damage to fruit. The great
est advantages are on the rough rocky
land, that cannot be cultivated with
profit. Portable colony bouses, as
practiced by the poultry farmers of
I southern Rhode Island, have become
popular among the small fruit growers
of New England, says a writer in the
Fruit growers who have extensive
orchards have, as a rule, found it best
to buy good tillable land that can be
worked with the improved Implements
for the benefit of the trees alone. The
fruit and poultry co m bi nation is best
suited to the general farmer, In con
nection with his other crops, or to the
man of few acres living near a good
markot for poultry and fruit products,
i Fruit culture is, and ean be made,
a very profitable business by those
who will give it the requisite thought
and work demanded.
Like all other lines of business, lt
requires strict attention to details
and this cannot be left to outside
MULE FOR HEAVY FARM WORK
Animal No More Vicious Than Horse
If Properly Trained When Young
The mule ls an animal that is looked
upon with disfavor by a great niany,
but as a matter of fact a span of mules
is about the most valuable thing that
can be found ou a farm. They have
greater endurance than horses, are
easily kept and can be worked under
conditions that are sometimes impos
sible with horses.
During the summer, when the t?o*
are swarming and the heat of the sun
is oppressive, the farmer is frequently
delayed with his work by the Inability
of the horses to stand heat, while a
Excellent Type of Mule.
span of mules may be kept patiently
plodding away without the flieB or
the heat worrying them In the least
It is during such a time as this that
the mules will show their real worth,
says a writer in the Farm Progress.
A mule will grow sleek and fat upon
less feed than a horse. Of course a
little better ration should be fed, for
it is hardly right to underfeed any
I believe that poor training by his
master has given the mule his repu
tation for viciousness. A mule's tem
p?rame .? ls such that he reseats any
mistreatment more readily than a
horse. If the trainer uses good judg
ment and proper treatment with the
mule while it is young, there ts no
cause for Its developing any bad hab
ita Many mules are as gentle and
safe as any horse.
The mule ls noted for its long life.
It is a rarity to see a mule that has
died from a natural cause. His consti
tution is so strong and vigorous as to
be almost proof against many dis
eases. The average length of Ufe of
the mule is almost double that of the
The mule is especially desirable for
the farmer who has rough or hilly
land to till, as he ls more sure-footed
than a horse and can be worked upon
ground whore lt would be difficult to
take a horse.
Insure Good Currants.
Small fruit ls not always chargeable
to a poor variety, but is sometimes
due to poor culture and no pruning.
Carrants are borne largely on wood
three or four years old. Older wood
anould be pruned out and enough
young wood also to prevent crowding.
This may be done early in the spring
or in the autumn. Cultivate and add
barnyard manure to the plants occa
NOW HER FRIENDS
HARDLY KNOW HER
Bot This Does Not Bother Mrs.
Burton, Under the
Houston, Texas.-In an interesting
letter from this city, Mrs. S. C. Burton
writes as follows : "I think it is my duty
to tell you what your medicine, Cardui,
the woman's tonic, has done for me.
I was down sick with womanly trouble,
and my moiner advised several differenl
treatments, but they didn't seem to do
ne any good. 1 lingered along for three
jr four months, and for three weeks. J
?.as in bed, so sick I couldn't bear fot
any one to walk across the floor.
My husband advised me to try Cardui,
the woman's tonic. I have taken two
bottles of Cardui, am feeling fine, gained
15 pounds and do all of my housework.
Friends hardly know me, I am so well."
If you suffer from any of the ailments
SO common to women, don't allow the
trouble to become chronic. Begin taking
Cardui to-day. It is purely vegetable,
its ingredients acting in a gentle, natural
way on the weakened womanly constitu
tion. You run no risk in trying Cardui.
It has been helping weak women back to
health and strength for more than 50
years. It will help you. At all dealers.
Write to: Chattanooga Medicine Co., Ladies'
Advisory Dept.. Chattanooga, Tenn., for Special
Instructions on your case andM-paze book, "Hom*
treatment for Womea." seat ia ptain wrapper. ?69-8
We are offering Wilber
and Columbus Wagons for
the next sixty days at very
much reduced prices and on
Mowers and mower re
pairs. We handle the im
proved McCormick mower s
and repairs and sell on easy
terms. We also have the
Disc and peg harrows on
We buy cot'eon-seed for
the Planters Cotton Oil Corn
pan} of Augusta and always
pav the highest market prices
and keep hulls and% meal al
ways on hand and will make
Adams Warehouse Co.
July 29, 16i3.
FOR THIS D
By this system
showing how ma
with what degre<
The book will sh<
the credit stai
man, who trades
rating the poor n
secure a higher r
NOW IS T
DR. J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Resirfence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
Johnston, S. C.
OFFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
'represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Strengthen Weak Kidneys.
Don't suffer longer with weak
kidneys. You can get prompt re
lief by taking Electric Bitters, that
wonderful remedy praised by wo
men everywhere. Start with a
bottle to-day, you will, soon feel
like a new woman with ambition to
work, without fear of pain. Mr.
John Dowling of San Francisco,
writes:-Gratitude for the wonder
ful effect of electric bitters prompts
me to write. It cured my wife
when all else failed." Good for
the liver as well. Nothing better
for indigestion or biliousness. Price
50c. and *1.00, at Penn ?fe Holstein's
and W. E. Lynch & Co.
The Best Pain Killer
Bucklen's Arnica Salve when ap
plied to a cut, bruise, sprain, burn
or scald, or other injury of the skin
will immediately remove all pain.
E. E. Chamberlain of Clinton Me.
says:-"Tt robs cuts and other in
juries of their terrors. As a heal
ing remedy its equal don't exist."
Will do good for you. Only 25c.
at Penn <fc Holstein's and W. E.
Lvnch & Co.
s Representatives of 1
riging for the Publicai
ISTRICT AS A BASIS
i each individual is ]
,ny places they sec
3 of promptness the;
3w, not the financia
tiding* of everybo
on time, and as it i
ian who pays his bil
ating than the ma
HE TIME TO
TJNT AND S
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
I Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Edge field Pressing
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
We can supply you with roof
paint, a good quality, in red and
black at 60 and 75 cents per gallon.
.Just as good quality as that which
Penn <fe Holstein.
A full supply of mineral water
always on hand. Can furnish either
Harris or Glenn SpringB water.
Penn & Holstein.
For farm wagons there is noth
ing better made in this country
than the celebrated Studebaker
wagons. Ask the man who uses
or.e what his opinion is. Use a
Studebaker once and you will always
Wilson & Cantelou.
No better buggy made than the
Brookway. Have you ever used
one? Let us show you our stock.
Wilson <fc Cantelou.
A beautiful assortment of mat
ting art squares. They are cheap
er and more appropriate for the
summer season than the heavy
wool art squares! Buy one for
your front hall and you will not
Ramsey & Jones.
Boys drest and work shirts in all
Treat your eyes fairly. Do not
deny them the help of a pair of
glasses if they need it. Remember
you will need them for a long time.
Geo. F. Mims.
Gun metal, patent leather, tan,
in lace or button, at cost.
Come in and look at a pair of
oxfords at cost.
Shoes of every style and qualit
that are made of solid leather can
found on sale at
tion of a
placed on record
ure credit and
y pay their bills.
1 standing, but
dy, man or wo
s not a financial
ls promptly will
n of means who