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Object of the Work and Resulta
Obtained-Some of the
GOING TO THE FARM HOMES
(Thirteen Campaigns Have Been Car
ried on in Michigan, Ohio and llli
? nois-Holden's Plan Meets Warm
Reception With the Farmers.
Prof. P. G. Holden, director of the
Agricultural Extension Department of
the International Harvester Company
of New Jersey, has planned and put
Into operation a new method of ex
tending agricultural knowledge.
"Holden was the originator of agri
cultural demonstration trains; of ag
ricultural short courses, and many
other effective plans, through the
agency of which millions of dollars
have been added to the agricultural
Wealth of this country.
The latest plan of Holden is to
place alfalfa upon every farm. There
are three prominent features in his
(1) The introduction of a compara
tively new crop into the Corn
Belt, Southern and Eastern
X2) Going direct to the homes of the
farmers, where meetings are
held in the fields, and success
and failure discussed according
to local conditions.
'(3) The use of that .most modern ve
Purpose of Campaign.
The primary purpose of the cam
paign is to show the American farmer
that alfalfa is the most profitable crop
the can grow; that it can be grown
iproStably upon every farm; that it en
riches the soil; increases farm values;
stimulates live stock growing and dai
:rying; produces double that of other
[bay crops, and is better feed.
Thirteen campaigns have thus far
been successfully conducted In Mlch
ilgan, Ohio and Illinois.
Some of the Results.
Results of the Kent county (Mich.)
t(l) Six thousand farmers visited at
their homes during a five-day
"(2) Thirty-two meetings held.
i(3) Three hundred and seventy-five
miles traveled by the Alfalfa Au
|(4) One hundred and thirty-six alfalfa
talks made by the Holden staff
of alfalfa lecturers.
1(5) Many applications for similar cam
paigns from all parts of the
j United States.
The Kent county campaign has been
followed by campaigns in Allegan,
Barry, Grand Traverse and St. Clair
counties, Michigan ; Van Wert, Marion,
Fulton, Williams and Champaign coun
ties, Ohio; and Sangamon, DuPage
,and Kane counties, Illinois.
, Great Meeting in Ohio.
At one meeting in Ohio upon the
"farm of Joseph E. Wing, near Mechan
Icsburg, nearly 4,000 people gathered
[from all parts of Ohio and adjoining
etates to learn more about alfalfa. At
this great meeting the Ohio State Al
falfa Growers' association was organ
ized. Over 300 automoiles made up
the alfalfa train. It is recorded as
the greatest agricultural assemblage
tin the history of Ohio. Other Ohio
?counties where the work has been
taken up report success on every
Sangamon and Kane counties, Illi
nois, have both conducted great cam
rpaigns. At one meeting in Williams
ville, 111., over 1,200 farmers came to
ihear the alfalfa lecturers.
In all of these campaigns which
.were conducted within a period of
about two months nearly 50,000 farm
ers have been reached with the gos
jpel of alfalfa.
As a result also of the campaign
.work it is conservatively estimated
that 200,000 acres of alfalfa will be
seeded during this and the coming
Such is the result of the Initial work
of campaigning for alfalfa, but vastly
more than this tangible result has
been accomplished. Every farmer
throughout the region where the work
was conducted is talking about al
falfa. The co-operation of the schools
in the territory is a very important
and effective feature. School officials,
from the highest to the lowest, have
never failed to appreciate the oppor
Professor Holden has expressed
himself as considering it the most
wonderful experience and the most
beneficial trip from the farm stand
point that ho has ever taken.
But this is not all-wherever the
farmers of any community are inter
ested in the growing of alfalfa, when
possible a follow-up man, thorough in
his knowledge of alfalfa culture, will
be sent out to assist them In getting
a start He will live with the
(armers and aid them ba solving
!he problems at home. He will
ro from farm to farm upon ro
piest and otudy success and failure.
Before the coming of 1914 cam
paigns will have been conducted in
avery part of the United States and
Canada, Interest is growing so rap
idly that many counties have organized
campaigns and undertaken the work
pithout assistance from the outside.
j FARMERS ADVISED Ai
Filling a Silo 01
During the past twelve months cat
tle buyers have been active in Louis
iana, Mississipp' Vlabama, Georgia
and Florida, pur. asing cattle to be
shipped to the middle western mar
kets as either canners or stockers.
The prices paid for canners during
this period have been so high that
thousands of cows and heifers have
gone to the shambles which should
have been retained on the farms for
breeding purposes. This is especially
noticeable when the receipts of south
ern cattle at the St. Louis market
for the last 12 months are compared
with those for any previous period of
similar length. The receipts of Ala
bama, Mississippi and Louisiana cat
tle at that market have almost dou
bled during this period.
Since the first of Ft iry buyers
from the farms and ranches of the
west have been scouring the gulf
states in search of breeding stock. A
few years ago this class of cattle
would have been scorned by the westr
ern ranchman as breeding stock, but
with the shortage of cows for breed
ing purposes the ranchers are glad to
get these cheap cows, to which they
will breed good beef bulls. The half
breeds resulting from this mating
make fairly desirable beef animals.
Several thousand cattle have already
been sent from these states to Texas,
Oklahoma and Kansas, and some of
them are said to have been shipped
as far as Montana.
Recently there were perhaps more
cattle unloaded at one time In Bir
mingham, Ala., for feed, water and
rest while en route to the western
ranges than have ever been seen in
that place before In one day. Georgia
and Florida are sending oat thousands
of these native southern cattle at the
present time at prices ranging fix m
$15 to $23 a head for mature animals.
A shipment of 40 carloads of cattle
was recently made from Osceola
county. Florida in one day. They
were shipped to Kansas via Oklahoma
City. The cattle were dipped in ar
senical solution before loading, to free
them of ticks, and were to be dipped
again on arrival at Oklahoma City be
fore going above the federal quaran
Some people of the south seem glad
that these cattle are being shipped
out, as the number of scrub cattle ls
being reduced and the south will get
better cattle as a result They do
not look far enough ahead, however,
or they would see that if the short
age f cattle is such as to cause buy
ers to come from the far west to buy
these scrub cattle for breeding pur
poses, the chances of southern farm
ers refilling their pastures with good
cattle are Indeed small, for where are
these good breeding cattle to come
from at a reasonable price? The best
and most profitable way of getting
good cattle throughout the south is
to breed up the native cattle by the
BEST BREED FOR FARM USE
Some Excellent Points That May As
sist Farmer In Making Selection
-Some Rapid Growers.
The Wyandotte 1B smaller than the
Plymouth Rock, but an equally rapid
grower. It is generally claimed that
the White Wyandotte will stand push
ing for rapid growth the best of any
As layers the Wyandotte seem to
rank about with the Plymouth Rocks,
but being somewhat more active and
having less tendency to overfatness
they should be credited with a slight
The Rhode Island Red breed consti
! tutes the latest addition to the list of
; popular American breeds of chickens.
; This ijjri&tj differs from the majority
3AINST SELLING COWS
n a Dairy Farm.
f use of pure-bred bulls, and by castrat
ing ail scrub bulls at an early age.
The south is especially ?dapted to
raising cattle, because of the long
grazing season, the enormous areas
of cheap land, much of which Is now
lying idle, the great variety of pas
ture grasses and legumes which grow
luxuriantly on all soils, and because
of the mild winters.
If the western ranchman can afford
to pay southern farmers good prices
for cows, pay the high freight rates
to the west, stand the losses which
naturally occur during shipping thin
cattle such long distances, also bear
the losses due to a change of climatic
conditions, and then make money on
them, why can not the southern farm
er who already owns the soils, keep
this stock on the farm and secure the
increased profits? He can if he will
free his cattle of ticks, increase the
efficiency of his pastures by planting
mixtures of lespedeza, bur clover,
white clover or perhaps melllotus,
alsike clover, and redtop over his pas
ture lands; and by raising more hays
and forage crops for wintering his
stock and finishing them for market
The surplus cattle can then be fat
tened by feeding cottonseed cake on
grass, or grazing fields of velvet
beans while feeding some concen
trate; or they can be finished in the
dry lot during the winter months. For
winter feeding no roughage has prov
en more valuable than silage, as the
addition of it to a feeding ration inva
riably increases the size of'the dally
gains and reduces their cost, thereby
making greater profits. The quality
and the quantity of silage which can
be produced on some of thea- cheap
lands cannot be surpassed by the high"
priced lands of the corn belt, whereas
the cost of producing lt ls far less be
cause of the cheap labor.
The farmers of the south are there
fore urged to discontinue this whole
sale shipping of their female cattle
to other states, to free the pastures of
the cattle tick, "and to increase the
number and quality of their cattle by
the use of pure-bred beef bulls. The
progeny will not only grow faster and
make larger and better cattle, but will
be far more profitable to raise and to
feed than are the natives. The soils
will be Increased in fertility by the
manure, which gives such profitable
returns when applied to the cotton
crop and puts vegetable matter into
the soil. The amount of commercial
fertilizer necessary to produce a crop
will be reduced and a more bountiful
yield will be produced.
Literature regarding methods of
feeding cattle in the south and eradi
cating the cattle ticks may be ob
tained from the Bureau of Cattle In
dustry, Department of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C. Southern farmers
are also advised to consult the depart
ment's county farm demonstation
of breeds In claiming for themselves
an origin based solely on practical
They are partly of Asiatic blood, but
In their selection, which extends over
a period of 50 years, attention has
been paid to rapid growth and egg
production, so that the breed today
more nearly resembles the Leghorns
than does either the Plymouth Rock
One fundamental difference still ex
ists that shows the Asiatic origil of
The Rhode Island Reds do not re
produce themselves with certainty as
to shade of color or style of comb,
but in practical points they may be
considered a distinct and well-estab
TEXAS RAVAGED BY WEEVILS
More Damage Expected This Year
Than Has Been Done of Late_
Every County Pestered.
More damage will result this year
to cotton from the boll wevll than
has been occasioned by that pest dur
ing the last four years In Texas. Dis
trict demonstration agents employed
jointly by the United States depart
ment of agriculture and the agricul
tural and mechanical college of Texas
say that every ootton county in the
state ls being ravaged by the weevils.
The weevils are especially bad in
Central and South Texas, in the tim
bered regions. The agents say the
weevils will bring about a loss of
thousands upon thousands of dollars
to cotton growers unless the insects
are stamped out.
Open June 30, 1913
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Rooms with private bath $2.0
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TOAS. G. DAY, Asa't Mgr.
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I am now offering the cele
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Modoc, S. C
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Edgefield, South Carolina
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