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TEST OF COOK'S SKILL
PROPER PREPARATION OF THE
SWEET POTATO AN ART.
At Least an Hour in the Oven Is Nec
essary Properly to Bake Potato
So mo Useful Hints and
If yon would know the sweet pota
to In all its sweetness and goodness,
yon must leisurely tour the sunny
south in "sweet tater time," when the
entire clan of sweet ls in its glory and
prime. While the Jerseys are a very
superior class, they lach the variety
found in the southern family. Color
?nd flavor range from the sleek,
smooth red-coated sweet to the thin
skinned pale yellow and less sweet
variety which will be sold you as
white potato in some markets of the
south unless you ask for Irish pota*
toes. The great coarse yam that
looks Eke an overgrown sweet, and
sometimes weighs five or six pounds,
ts not a sweet potato at all. However,
lt ls a good substitute for the potato;
is mealy and dry, and contains a large
amount of starch. It is not sweet, and
ls a wholesome food, though most peo
ple have to cultivate a taste for it
To bring out the delicate flavor of
the sweet potato is an art Most cooks
spoil it by cooking too quickly. At
least an hour in the oven is essential
to properly bake a sweet potato.
To Boil Sweet Potatoes-Wash the
potatoes well without breaking the
skins. Clip the roots that adhere, put
them in a kettle of boiling water and
let them cook until they can be easily
pierced to the center with a fork,
without being actually soft Drain
off the water and set the kettle
back on the stove, or in the oven, with
a cloth thrown over the top and let
steam about five minutes, so they will
be mealy. Peel them at once, and
serve plain with roast pork or beef.
When served with fried or broiled fish,
accompany them with a drawn butter
sauce, or cut them in thick slices, but
ter well and set the dish iii the oven
a few minutes.
A Fast Day Dish.-This is a popular
creole breakfast dish served on
fast days: Take rather large, smooth
potatoes, peel them and fry in round
slices and fry In deep, hot fat, same as
Saratoga chips, until a fine brown.
Serve in a hot dish with plenty of
butter poured over them.
Aunt Laura's Way-Boil the pota
toes as directed, then peel them and
cut in rather thick lengthwise slices.
.Lay them in a deep dish and pour over
each layer of slices a sauce made ac
cording to these directions: Take a
.cup each of sugar and butter and hah'
a cup of hot water and boil until this
'is thick. Some like a little grating of
nutmeg; others a small piece of stick
""Caramel Sweet Potatc/es-Boil the po
.tatoes until just done; drain, peel and
cut in halves lengthwise and fry a
Heh brown in lard and butter mixed.
'?Sprinkle generously, while frying, with
Sweet Potato Biscuit-Take one
square of dry, mealy sweet potatoes
boiled and grated, half cup lard, half
a cake of compressed yeast dissolved
Tn half a cup of lukewarm water; mix
with milk or water to a batter, and let
?rise twice. Bake the same as tea bis
cuit and break open ani butter hot
Cut about a pound of fat ham into
as thin slices as possible. Put a fry
ing pan over the fire and let it become
smoking bot, then put in the slices
-af ham and fry for two or three min
ut?e. Then duet them with dry flour
and continue to cook until the flour is
arown. During this time have mixed
?ne tablespoonful each of vinegar and
dry mustard together. When the
.Soured meat is brown, add the mus
tard and vinegar, together with suffi
cient boiling water to cover the ham.
Boil gently for a minute and serve.
"Eggs may be cooked with the ham in
place of the flour and water.
Baked Dried Peat.
Take green whole peas and soak
.over night. In the morning pour wa
ter off. rinse by pouring boiling water
over them, then put a small piece of
pork in the bean pot and put peas
-in it, cover with water and put in oven
to bake. Keep them well watered and
-covered while biking. We like them
very much, a.?i? for an economy meal
?try these with a good Johnny peas in
?t, cover with water and put in oven
tear"y in morning they will be ready for
Cook enough cold cooked beef ?
mutton to make a quart, add one-half
-cup of dry bread crumbs, one table
spoon of chopped parsley, one tea
spoon of sait, one-eighth teaspoon of
black pepper. Dissolve one-half tea
spoon extract of beef in one-half cup
af boiling water, when thoroughly dis
solved'add to the meat and then two
well-beaten eggs. Mold into small
balls, dip in egg and cracker and fry
in hot fat. Serve with brown sauce.
To Clean Knives.
A good knife cleaning board is made
.ay taking a piece of board ten inches
Song and six inches wide. Tack on to
this ptece of Brussels carpet and
sprinkle with fine emery. KnlveB
Tubbed on this will clean well and
.with little labor.
To Moisten Citron.
Before il icing citron, lay lt in a
small strainer and place on top of the
iteakettln for a few minutes. The
jtteaxn will soften the citron and make
Jit easier to cut.-National Magazine.
Alfalfe is rich in
TO PROMOTE ALFALFA.
Burlington to Run Combination
Trains Through Southern Iowa and
Northern Missouri-600 Alfalfa
Lectures to Be Given In Two
Weeks' Campaign-700 Automo
biles to Be Used in the Work.
The Chicago, Burlington and Quincy
railroad will run an alfalfa combina
tion railway and automobile train for
a two weeks' campaign, making about
60 stops in southern Iowa and north
ern Missouri, beginning July 28, 1913,
j from Des Moines.
I Tbe plan, as worked out by the Bur
I lington in co-operation with the Agri
cultural Extension Department of the
International Harvester Company of
New Jersey and the agricultural col
leges, ls far in advance of any agri
cultural extension, work ever carried
Will Stop at Sixty Points.
Local committees at each of the 60
points on the railroad will arrange for
flv6 to ten automobiles to carry the
speakers in all directions into the coun
try to farm homes, school houso? and
inland towns within a radius of from
four to ten miles, where alfalfa lec
tures will be given.
During the campaign over 600 al
falfa lectures will be delivered by
the party to as many audiences, and
from 500 to 700 automobiles will be
brought Into the service of this great
These campaigns are conducted on
a strictly co-operative basis.
The people will provide:
1st. A guarantee of at least five to
ten automobiles at each railroad stop
to carry the speakers to the points
in the country where meetings are to
2nd. Halls suitable for the central
meeting in towns where train stops.
3rd. Any c mmunity desiring a
campaign must send in a request to
the railroad, agricultural college co
operating, or to the Agricultural Ex
tension Department, signed by a rep
resentative number of farmers and
The railroad will provide:
Sleeping cars and dining service for
the alfalfa campaign party, and bag
gage and exhibit cars, literature, etc.
The Agricultural Extension Dept.
2nd. Assistance in organizing and
3rd. Edueati^al charts and other
tins"/ literature, etc.
4th. Follow-up men, when possible,
to assist the farmers in getting a start
Hearty co-operation on the part of
the people is absolutely necci-sary to
make these campaigns successful.
SAVE THE ALFALFA LEAVES.
Sixty Per Cent, of the Feeding Value
of Alfalfa in the Leaves-Hay
Should be Cut at Right Time
and Cured so as to Preserve
Of the entire alfalfa plant, accord
ing to Kansas bulletin 155, the stalk
comprises 60 per cent, and the leaf
40 per cent., whereas the quantity of
the protein in the stalk is oi>Iy 40 per
ceit., while the protein in the leaf is
60 per cent. Moreover only 20 per
cent, of the fat is to be found in the
stalk, while 80 per cent, ls in the leaf.
It is, therefore, very important that
alfalfa be harvested at the proper
time, and carefully handled so that
all the leaves will be saved.
When possible to do so it ls br A to
cut alfalfa late in the afternoon or
evening. Dew or rain on the freshly
cut alfalfa will not injure iL Where a
tedder is used, it should be started In
the morning as soon as most of the
dew is off and before there is any dan
ger of knocking off the leaves. It is
often advisable to go over it more
Alfalfa hay is harvested and cured
in much the same way as clover, ex
Save the Alfalfa Leaves
Leaf I 80
cept that it should be cut as soon as
the young sprouts or shoota start to
grow at the base of the plant
When alfalfa is left too long without
cutting, the leaves fall off and the
stems become woody, and the yield of
the next crop is greatly reduced.
MONEY IN ALFALFA.
J. Otis Humphrey, judge U. S. Dis
trict court, Springfield, Illinois: "You
can grow alfalfa anywhere in/the corn
belt and the crop is worth $50 an
Joseph Wing of Ohio: "Alfalfa will
pay any farmer 6 per cent on $500
an acre land."
DR. J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
Johnston, S. C.
OFFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
We are offering Wilber
and Columbus Wagons for
the next sixty days at very
much reduced prices and on
easy terms. .
Mowers and mower re
pairs. We handle the im
proved McCormick mowe/s
and repairs and sell on easy
terms. We also have the
Disc and peg harrows on
We buy cotton-seed for
the Planters Cotton Oil Com
pany of Augusta and always
pay the highest market prices
and keep hulls and meal al
ways on hand and will make
Adams Warehouse Co.
July 29, 16i3.
Lumber For Sale.
My saw mill is located five
miles north o? Edgefield in a
fine body of native forest
pine Bills for sawing so
licited. Will deliver lumber
in Edgefield. Price reason
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bark, Edgefield
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
For Weakness and LOGS of Appetite
""be Old Standard general strengthening tonic,
GROVE'S TASTELESS chin TONIC, drives out
Malaria and builds up the system. A true tonic
and si'-e Appetizer. For adults and children. 50c.
MAKE SALADS OF ALL KINDS
Many Tasty and Savory Dishes Are
Easily Prepared at a Very
I may have told of the clever little
housewife who used to make a veal
pot pie with "plenty of gravy and sink
ers and not much meat." Take a leaf
out of her book and feed your family
on stews with vegetables and light,
delicate dumplings and well seasoned
gravy, and see if this will not suit
them as well as meat in coarse abund
ance. Try Italian combinations of
macaroni and cheese or noodles and
cheese enriched with a meat gravy.
Make savory rice dishes in which the
meat is a neglible quantity and is yet
sufficient to render the compound ap-,
pe tiring, introduce salads of all kinds,
with French dressing or mayonnaise,
or one of the good bolled dressings.
Tum to the generous choice of vege
tables that come to us in the summer.
Fill tomatoes or peppers or cucum
bers or egg plant or potatoes with a
well seasoned stuffing which contains
no meat or only enough to give zest to
the food. Compose scallops along the
?ame line and vegetable stews of a
Do you think I am contradicting my
self when I tell you in one breath to
simplify life and in the next urge you
to study variety? The two pieces of
counsel do not interfere with one an
other. The time and strength you
save by reducing the work of keeping
your house clean and In order is not
all spent in cookery, even if you have
novelties on your table. They need
not require much care or labor and the
change of menu, like the change you
achieve by altering your room and its
furnishings, will give you something
different that will be an equivalent to
fresh surroundings. Try lt and see if
I am not in the right
HINTS FOR THE HOME SEWER
Some Useful Suggestions for Those
Who Try to Do Their Own
The soft wash silk shirt waist ls
made more or less plain, according to
the figure that its wearer possesses.
For those who are plump the plainest
models are chosen. But shoulders are
long and so are sleeves.
The neck of these waists is finished
with a turnover collar and tie. The
collar is soft and rather high at the
back. Cuffs are turned back, and link
buttons are worn with some of them.
By the way of a little frivolity, ja
bots of net or lace provide a finishing
touch which seems superfluous with
the four-in-hand tie, but is neverthe
less in evidence.
When made up for a slender figure
these waists are set to a yoke in the
back and fulled into the shoulder seam
tront. The collars are widened.
Soft waists of crepe cloth are made
plain with long sleeves and wide sailor
collars, as well as in the regulation
designs Just described. Turn-back
cuffs are often finished with crystal
buttons. These waists are opened at
Flavored vinegars are welcome addi
tions lo the spring salad. One which
ls useful for potato or meat salads,
which are'improved by the addition of
a little onion flavor, ie made by grat
ing two large Spanish onions and let
ting them stand with two teaspoonfuls
of sugar for an hour or so and then
adding a quart of vinegar. Bottle this
and shake the bottles every day for
a couple of weeks, then strain the
vinegar through cheesecloth and bottle
it in small bottles, corks and keep in )
a cool- dry place until it is wanted.
It is better to bottle it permanently
In small bottles, so that when only a
little of it ie wanted only a little need i
Eggs Stuffed With Cheese.
Stuffed eggs are always welcome,
but never more so than when the
Btuffing contains cheese. Boil the eggs
hard, then remove the yolks; mash
them well and add an equal quantity
of grated cheese-the yellower and
snappier the beti er. Add paprika and
salt, also a very little mustard if de
sired. Moisten with melted butter,
cream or olive oil, according to one's
preference. A few drops of onion
Juice may also be added. Spinach
makes an agreeable garnish for thiB
To Remove a Broken Screw.
To remove a screw with one side of
the head broken off, place the screw
driver against one side of the head,
and with a small block press firmly
against the screw driver, at the same
time turning the screw driver and the
block. The screw will come out almost
as easily as if the head was intact
Stir together and bring to a boil one
quart granulated sugar and one cup
water. Add one box gelatin, dissolved
in one cup cold water, and boil ten
minutes. Add juice of a lemon and
orange and cook ten minutes more.
Cut in squares and roll in pulverized
sugar. A substitute for candy.
To Stop a Leak.
To stop a leak, mix whiting and yel
low soap into a thick paste with a lit
tle water. Apply this to the place
where the leakage is and it will be
instantly stopped. A visit from the
plumber will still be necessary, but
there is no special hurry for more radi
To preserve the color of green vege
tables, put them on to cook in boiling
water into which a pinch of salt has
Monuments and Tombstones
I represent the Spartan burg Marble and Granite
works in this section and shall be pleased to show you
designs and a nte price* on all kinds of work. Write
me a card if you are interested and I will call to see you.
John R. Tompkins, Edgefield, S. Carolina
Barrett & Company
Your cotton solicited
It will receive our personal
Summerland College For
NEXT SESSION BEGINS SEPT 16th, 1913.
Offers a liberal education under positive Chris
tian influences. Expenses very moderate.
Rocms furnished with everything needed : bed,
dresser, washstand, chairs, rugs, linen, electric
lights, steam heat hot and cold Writer.
For further information address
P. E. MONROE, President, Barenburg or Leesville, S. C.
Copyright 1909, by
No matter what your walk
in life, or what your station
may be, you have an opportu
nity to be the possessor *of a
bank account, and it emly re
mains for you to realize the
importance of this one thing,
to render you indedendent.
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; B. E. Nicholson3 Vice
pres.; E. J. Mims, Cashier: J. H. Allen, assistant Cashier
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, J. Wm. Thurmond, Thos. H.
Rainsford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C.
C. Fuller, J. H. Allen
fr Albemarle-Hoffman ^
A new modern hotel representing a Five Million Dollar
investment on the sight of the former Hoffman House.
Broadway, 24th Street, Fifth Avenue.
THE ACME OF ARCHITECTURAL PERFECTION.
LOCATED AT THE HUB OF NEW YORK'S GREATEST BUSINESS,
OVERLOOKING MADISON SQUARE.
Accomodations for 1,000, offering maximum luxury and comfort at
mucw lower rates than offered in any other hotel in America, con
sistent wi}h highest class service.
A Good Room at $1.50 Per Day.
A Good Room with bath $2.00 Per Day.
Handsome apartments of any number of rooms at proportionate
rates. The management is a guarantee of the highest refinement
and protection to ladies and families.
^^dephones, Madison-3440-3560 DANIEL P RITCHEY^^^