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OLD BRIDGE CAUSEWAY
BITTER CONTEST OF GENERA
TION AGO IS RECALLED.
.Campaign for Elimination of Grade
Crossings, and Removal of Rall
; road Tracks From Mall Cause
of Great Fight
When you walk along the railroad
.embankment, its slopes matted with
h one y suckle
vines and its base
secured by a low
retaining wall of
connects the via
duct crossing the
head of the Wash
and the new rail
road bridge, and
which bisects Po
tomac park, di
viding the im
from that which
is now being im
proved, you may or may not meditate
upon the fact that these tracks cross
ing the reclaimed land of the Potomac
. river were a tense and interesting
question a generation ago. It was a
question which was involved with that
of tho illegal railroad occupancy of
the Mall, of the large reservation at
the intersection of Maryland and Vir
ginia avenues and of certain streets
land reservations in South Washington
?as storage depots and shifting yards.
; The matter of the location of the
(railroad tracks over the new-made
;park land, raised from the river at
?great cost, was associated intimately
with the questions of the demolition
.of the Long bridge and Its replace
iznent with a modern structure and
?with the elimination of grade cross
ings in the city. The Long bridge was
lin possession of the Baltimore and
(Potomac Railroad company by virtue
kif an act of congress approved June
'21, 1870-an act which authorized the
i railroad company tb take possession
lof and extend its tracks across the
?bridge under the condition that the
company "maintain in good condition
the said bridge for railway and or
The campaign for the elimination
.of grade crossings in Washington, the
?removal of the railroad tracks and
I terminal from the Mall and the tear
ing away of the Long bridge and the
building of a bridge which wopld not
?dam the Potomac river and cause dis
astrous flooding of the city at periods
?of high water was one of the great
campaigns conducted by the people of
'Washington and the friends in con
gress of the national city. The older
people of Washington recall the bit
terness o? that long contest. That
campaign is too big a question to be
?more than touche ii upon in an after
noon ramble, but a man may consider
a single feature of it while looking
lat the vine-grown embankment under
'which are two openings-one on the
"Washington channel side and one on
Ithe Virginia channel side-r-which ad
imit of safe and easy passage between
the northwest and southeast sections
lof Washington's remarkable river
The first Long bridge was built in
11809, the act of congress authorizing
.the construction of a bridge from the
.end of Maryland avenue to Alexan
ders island having been approved by
.President Jefferson February 5, 1S08.
i The bridge was built by a private
? company, which was authorized to
charge tolls. The compa:iy waa call
ed the Washington Briuge Company,
and the sale of stock up to the sum
of $200,000 was authorized. In the
?list of the inc or po ra to rs. office is and
(Stockholders may be found the names
lof many of the representative men
(of early Washington. The north and
leouth ends of the bridge were burned
?in August, 1814, and the bridge was
(destroyed by a freshet February 22,
?1831. By an act of congress approved
July 14, 1832, the United States
bought the rights and property of the !
Washington Bridge company and di- !
rected the reconstruction of the
j Up to that time the bridge had been
[a structure built on piles from shore
[to shore. Various acts of congress
! may be consulted, and there was a
great deal of indecision as to what
type of bridge should be built There
Were numerous plans and a number
.of changes of plans, but in 1834 con
gress decided to rebuild the bridge
somewhat after the model of the old
er structure, but to construct a cause
way 1,660 feet long "on the shoal or
shoals over which the present bridge
passes, by filling up by a solid em
bankment, in part, if convenient, of
earth obtained by dredging the river
channel." That was the origin of the
Long bridge causeway.
j Why Sandy Took the Little One.
UA Scottish farmer's son had the
Isfurtune to fall in love with two
?young ladies at once. The one was a
[large, bouncing girl of generous pro
! portions, the other was small and
jslim. In these circumstances he aaked
fhis father's advice.
"Well," said the father, wisely,
'"there's sae muckle machinery used
lin farmin' nowadays that a big, active
.wife is no'o' much use; so I advise
tye to tak' the little ane-she'll eat less
T hate a barber that talks politics
ail the time, dont you?"
"Can't say I do. I'd rather have hi:r
talk politics than hair tonic."
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Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
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Rooms with connecting bath
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Rooms with private bath $2.00
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Finest Ratnskellar, Cafe and
Private Dining Rooms in the
J. B. POUND, Pres.
J. F. LETTON, Mgr.
".HAS. G. DAY, Ass't Mg*
320 acre Coleman farm in edge
of Trenton, 10 acres in town,
200 acres fine sandy soil in culti
vation which lies and produces
splendidly, 100 acres in woods;
20 acres in pasture, some young
timber, 10 acres fine asparagus
in bearing. Ha3 splendid two
story 8-room residence, 2 large
barns, stables, 7 tenant houses,
2 wells, 2 springs, fine place for
a fish pond; good 3tream where
considerable power could be de
veloped. The proposed trolley
will probably pass through this
property. Now is the time to
buy it. Really the bargain of
th..- hour. Price only $4o.00 per
acre, easy terms.
Johnston, S. C.
for list of my farms for sale.
! Ask fi
Diarrhoea Quickly Cured.
"I was taken with diarrhoea and
Mr. Yorks, the merchant here, per
suaded me to try a bottle of Chara- ]
berlain's colic, cholera and diar
rhoea rem dy. After taking one
dose of it 1 waa cured. It also cored
others that I gave it to," writes M j
E Gebhart, Oriole, Pa. That is not|
at all unusual. An ordinary attack
of diarrhoea can almost invariably
be cured by one or two doses of
this remedy. For saleby all dealers.
Wrth Democratic Administration
the People Rule.
Privileged Interests Will No Longer
Be Allowed to Direct Legislation
for Their Special Interests
President's Position Right
It begins to loot as though "Prof."
Woodrow WilBon knew what he waa
talking about when he denounced the
lobby. When th? gang's confidential
agent turns state's evidence and tells
a story of ten years' Interference with
law making-a story backed by let
ters, telegrams, returned checks and
receipted bills, even the most con
firmed standpatter must admit that
the president's condemnation of the
pernicious activity of the lobby waa
not a whit too strong.
If Colonel Mulhall's story ls true, a
group of privileged manufacturers
who claim a vested right In federal
taxation, banded together to enforce
their claims. They paid money, di
rectly, and indirectly, to a long line of
Republican congressmen. They were
on terms of confidential intimacy with
stand-pat senators, and with a former
vice-president of the United States.
They were the power behind the
throne throughout the Roosevelt and
Taft administrations. They backed
the infamous robbery of the Aldrich
tariff, and lobbied for a tariff com
mission as a mqans of heading off any
honest revision. They spent large
sums of money to help their 'friends"
and hurt their enemies; and neither
in helping nor hurting did they pay
much attention to the ethics of politi
cal controversy. .
The lobby has fallen on evil days.
The new political leaders-Under
wood, and Kern, and above all Wilson
-are men whom a trust agent cannot
even approach. Thia ls sad enongh
for the privileged interests which
have managed this nation's affairs so
long. To have that misfortune capped
by inside " exposure of lobby methods
is downright disaster.
The lobby's extremity is the peo
Need of Currency Legislation.
In urging currency legislation upon
congress at this session, President
Wilson is showing himself capable of
taking a look ahead.
The Aldrlch-Vreeland law, a make
shift patchwork designed to provide
emergency currency in time of panic,
expires by limitation In 1914-next
year. Unless congress Inaugurates a
better plan the country then will go
back to the system prevailing in 1907,
when practically every bank tn the
United States suspended payment at
the same time.
To allow that to happen woulds be'.j
to put the fortunes of the administra
tion and of the country In the hands
of the Wall street clique that made
profit out of the needless crash of six
years ago. President Wilson ls well
advised in taking time by the fore
lock and insisting on the reform of
currency and the emancipation of
credit. At any cost of personal dl?
comforL congress must take the same
wise view; and pass a law that will
put lt out of the power of money kings
to have "stringencies" and panics to
Party Leaders Should Get Busy.
Unlike the tariff, the currency ls not
primarily in the hands ot the house.
But, in the circumstances, the house
must take up the question first The
senate is occupied with the tariff, and
will not have time for anything else
until the tariff is disposed of. So that
If the guess of six weeks or two
months for the passage of the tariff
bill through the senate proves cor
rect September 1, assuming that the
house meanwhile has agreed upon and
passed a currency bill, will find cur
rency reform still quite a distance
The present ls thinking time for all
party leaders, whether Democratic,
Republican or Bull Moose, and re
gardless of where they stand on the
question of tariff revision.
Roosevelt's Real Position.
Mr. Roosevelt probably thinks he ls
an advocate of real popular govern
ment, but in fact he is the champion
of a bureaucracy, and that is very
close to centralized and personal gov
ernment. Five or ten years are as a
moment In the life of a nation, and
full discussion and cautious experi
mentation are of the very essence of
popular government. The American
people will not lay aside democracy
and representative government in or
der to realize the Ideal Roosevelt bor
rowed from Beaconsfleld's novels of
Monarch and Multitude.
Emphatically One-Man Party.
The Progressives, says Chairman
Ellis, don't permit a few men to get
off somewhere in a closed room and
fix up thlngB for them. You bet t?ey
don't One man does all the fixing
for the Progressive party.
So long as the senate committee In
vestigated senators and representa
tives lt failed to discover that "numer
ous and insidious" lobby; but when lt
began hearing evidence from men out
side of congress. It quickly arrived at
?onie quite startling facts. There are
now many Republican members of the
senate and houBewho are compeUad
to "explain" things, and quite a large
number of men outside of congress
who seem to be involved in unsavory
scandals. To use a slang expression,
there ls something doing.
- Many de
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veekiy edition of tl
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?t reports and the n
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2. J. Watson,
e the paper