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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, October 08, 1913, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1913-10-08/ed-1/seq-2/

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An Ideal Field of Celery at Kalamazo
Adapted to Th
(By L M. BENNINGTON.)
We are learning that celery can be
frown in almost any locality. It re
quires a great deal of moisture, and in
semi-arid regions this must be sup
plied, by artificial irrigation. The land
best adapted to celery, however, is
muck or heavy soil of a cold nature.
The best manure to use is hog manure.
When the plants aie two Inches or
more high, or about the 1st to the
20th of June In the latitude of the
middle states, they should be trans
fr^CHrJFWT^^
- /
?Large Shipments of Luscious
Fruit Bring Big Prices.
-, -
|Ffve Thousand Cara of Elberta Va
j ri?ty, Worth $1,500,000, Markoted
Last Season-Largest Crop
In History.
(By J. C. SMALL)
Texas, last season, marketed 5,000
fears of Elberta penches worth $1,600,- !
too. It was the largest crop in the !
jfcistory of the fruit industry of that
^section. The crop was handled in an '
{admirable way, both in the orchard,
land on the cars, and by careful dis- I
jtribution found the best markets. |
sQood prices prevailed throughout the
Interior of a Peach-Packing Shed at i
Bullard, Texas.
?eason. starting with $1.05 a bushel
4UI July 5, and closing with 65 cents
<n July 25. The first full car ship-1
anent came from Billiard, and sold at j
?the season's top price in Philadelphia.
The forwardness of this district in j
Irait production is attributed to the
high elevation and the warm charac-?
ter of the rich, red soil of the section. I
There is no doubt that these influ- j
?enees have their effects. High lands >
are earlier and red soils are warmer. |
"But the peaches sent to Philadelphia
.were hastened to maturity as much by
?good care and cultivation as they were
by the soil and altitude.
To prove this, the fact is cited that
after these first peaches had been
gathered and marketed at fancy
prices, some of the other growers
were just beginning their harvest and
"were content with lower prices.
Besides being early with their El
.herta crop, the enterprising orchard
lists of this section are able to com
mand a premium price because of the
?high color of their fruit It is no more j
?trouble to raise a peach that ripens ?
July 5 than it ls to raise one that j
ripens two weeks later, and it is Just |
as easy to raise the big red and yel
low ones as it ls to raise the small
.colorless fruit Texas orchardlsts
-claim that there is a good profit in
peaches at fifty cents a bushel. The
price of one dollar, with ten to fif
teen cents a bushel added for quality,
is something attractive and these
prices are sought by the red-land
grower.
Both commercial orchards and farm
-orchards have proven very successful
in Texas. While the big orchards
wider careful management have yield
ed Iar?e profits In years of good
crops and good prices, the small or
chards, closely attended, well culti
vated and sprayed, have paid the
largest profits and have proven the
most successful. The returns from
the small orchards, acre for acre, are
as large in the years of big crops as
from tbe big orchards, and in short
years the loss does not fall so heavily j
uren the man with the small acreage,
because he has other crops io depend
on and other sources of income. He
can_Faise tomatoes and Irish potatoes j
He can raise a crop of cabbage, gath- J
er them in early May and plant the
ER TO GROW CELERY
o, Mich., Where the Soil ls Peculiarly
la Vegetable.
planted to the row where they are to
stand. These rows should be four feet
apart, and the plants stand sis inches
apart In the row. The old method of
making a deep trench is practiced lit
tle now, and the plants are set In a
slight depression made by furrowing
out with a single shovel plow. This
leaves the plants a little below the
level, and the dirt may be worked to
them the first few times they are cul
tivated.
same land to cotton. This mixed
farming system, which enables the
fruit growers to raise a little truck,
and the truck grower to raise a little
fruit, makes this country an especial
ly attractive place for the small
farmer, who Is often much more suc
cessful than the large grower, be
cause he is able to give personal atp
tention to his crops and help them
when they need help.
Some one must continue to raise
early peaches and early tomatoes and
early garden truck for the hungry
cities. Nowhere can these crops more
easily or more economically be pro
duced than in this fertile section of
the country. If the farm of twenty,
forty or sixty acres is more profitable
than the orchard of 500 or 1,000 acres,
the responsibility of fruit and fruck
production will fall upon thej* small
grower and the large interests will
give him the field. There is a tendency
in this direction. No effort is being
made to replace the mammoth or
chards, which a few years ago were
the vogue, but there are just as many
bearing trees and the fruit produc
tion is as large as in previous years.
It is plain that the industry is falling
Into more competent hands. The ten
or twenty acre orchard on a farm
that has field and garden crops, live
stock and poultry, pays a better profit
on the Investment than the large
acreage devoted entirely to fruits.
DIPPING FOR SCABBY SHEEP
Kentucky Station Makes Experiments
to Determine Value of Sulphur
to Tobacco Dip.
The Kentucky station, in co-opera
tion with the bureau of animal in
dustry, United States department of
agriculture, has made a series of ex
periments to determine whether or
not it is necessary to use sulphur
with tobacco dips in the dipping of
scabby sheep in order to effect a
cure.
The addition of sulphur Increases
the cost. Therefore, If the sulphur
could be omitted and the dip still be
effective, it would In the aggregate
save a large sum of money yearly to
the users of tobacco dips. The results
of these experiments, which were con
firmed by those of subsequent dip
ping tests by the bureau of animal
Industry on the western ranges un
der field conditions, indicated no bene
fit from the addition of sulphur to the
nlcotin solutions used (0.05 to 0.07
per cent nicotln).
Dock the lambs under two weeks of
age.
Every time you go to the sheep pas
ture, count the sheep.
Cleanliness of the horse's skin pre*
vents diseases from scratches.
In the case of sheep, great atten
tion must be given to details.
The oat fields this year make it plain
why steam threshers are popular.
You ought to be ashamed if there
is a poor road alongside your farm.
In,some cases lt ls well to draw
some of the milk to relieve the pain.
A little carelessness may result in
the loss of a part or a whole litter
of pigs.
In washing dairy utensils, use sal
soda in hot water. Give last rinsing
with cold water.
Sow two or three acres of good corn
I.md to field peas. Great for the sows
with young pigs.
Plant waste snots to some crop.
Iver? toct of soil on the farm should
ur: G to profit.
SILO OF IMPOR?ANC
Barn and Brick Silo of West
(By H. ATWOOD.) ,
On a dairy farm a silo is almost a
prime aecessity. Silage is succulent,
adds variety to the ration, is relished
by the animals and promotes a more
healthful condition of the digestive
system than when dry feed only is
supplied. For a silo to be satisfactory
the walls must be air tight and suffi
ciently rigid to withstand the pressure
to which they are subjected when the
silo ls filled with heavy green material.
For ordinary silos filled with corn
silage this pressure increases eleven
pounds per square foot for each foot
In depth of the 6ilo.
Corn for the silo should be cut
just before lt becomes fully mature.
At that time there is still enough juice
in the stalks so that the cut or
shredded material packs in the silo
firmly and yet there is not that earlier
superabundance of juice whose pres
ence tends to produce a very sour ot
acid silage.
In building a reinforced brick silo at
the experimental Btation of West Vir
ginia, an excavation was made about
four feet deep to the underlying rock
in ord?r to secure a solid foundation.
Then a cylindrical brick wall was laid
up four inches thick, cement mortar
being used. As the wall was laid 20d
wire nails, which previously had been
annealed by heating them, were im
bedded in the mortar with the ends
projecting from the wall about two
inches into the silo. Two nails were
used for each square foot of surface.
After the wall had stood a few days,
woven wire fencing was cut into
pieces of the proper length to go
around the silo, and the projecting
ends of the nails were clinched over
the wires so as to hold the fencing
PREPARING SOIL FOR OKRA
For Commercial Purposes lt ls Usual
ly Grown on Warm, Sandy Loams
-Deep Rooted Plant.
Okra will do well on any soil on
which cotton gives good results. Like |
cotton, it is partial to warm, rich :
loams For commercial purposes, says j
a southern exchange, it is usua-ly .
grown on warm, sandy loams, though
good okra can be grown on any well- j
prepared soil. It should not be plant- !
ed, however, on poor land, as the pods .
are likely to be small and stringy.
As this is a deep-rooted plant, the .
preparation should be deep and thor- j
ough. A good preparation for cotton !
will be found suitable for okra. The .
rows may be laid off three and one- j
half to four and one-half feet apart,
depending on the variety, and the
seed planted rather thickly in the
drill. When the plants are four or !
five inches high they are usually j
thinned to one or two feet apart. It is i
advisable to keep the soil well stirred, I
particularly when the plants are
Bmall, as a rapid and continuous
growth should be secured for plants
stunted by weeds or lack of moisture
will produce pods of inferior size and
quality. If no seeds are permitted to
ripen on the stalks, they will continue
to produce pods for a long period of
time.
The crop draws rather heavily upon
the nitrogenous matter in the soil;
hence stable manure and leguminous
crops should be brought into use. It
would be advantageous to use quick
acting commercial fertilizers, 1,000 to
1,200 pounds of one analyzing about
eight per cent, phosphoric acid, four
per cent, nitrogen and four per cent
potash, depending upon the condition
and previous treatment of the soil. All
fertilizers should be incorporated with
the soil.
The pods are gathered while they
are still soft, and before the seeds are
half grown. If they are all taken off
at the right stage of maturity, and
none allowed to ripen in the stalks,
not even culls, the plants will bear for
a long period of time.
HORSE WITH SORE SHOULDER
Too Little Attention ls Paid to the Flt
and Cleanliness of the Animal's
Collar.
It is cruel to work a horse' that has
a sore shoulder. Yet we see many a
horse pulling against a raw shoulder.
Too little attention is paid to the fit
of the collar. The hired men often
sling on any collar that is handy,
whether it was bought for that partic
ular horse or not.
Consider the cleanliness of the collar
and the shoulders. A sweaty rough
ness accumulates on a collar in a short
time. Keep this off. Keep the mane
out from under the collar. Pathe the
shoulders frequently to keep the skin
free from salty, irritating sweat D:
as you would be done by.
E ON DAIRY FARRAS.
Virginia Experiment Station.
I close to the trick wall. Only fencing
with straight horizontal wires should
be used for this purpose, for if it is
not drawn close to the wall in all
places an unnecessary amount of ce
ment is required for the plastering.
Two thicknesses of wire fencing
were put on for one-half the depth
of the silo and only one thickness on
the remainder. Each strip was lapped
about two inches over the lower one.
The. top course projected four inches
above the top of the wall, and thus
was stapled to the plate, fastening the
roof securely to the structure.
After the wire was in place the in
side of the silo was plastered with ce
ment mortar, thus covering the wire.
The mortar consisted of one part
cement and three parts sand. Four
openings were provided for removing
the silage. The door frames are of
cast iron, one inch in thickness with
a projection which laps a couple of
inches over the brick work on the in
side of the silo. The doors are made of
two thicknesses of seven-inch flooring
with roofing paper between, and they
are held in place by being bolted to
four by four inch pieces of timber
which extend across the door frames
on the outside.
It ls believed that this method of
construction possesses many advant
ages wherp a permanent structure ls
desired. The wire fencing, being
protected by the coating of cement,
has no tendency to rust, and the life
of the silo should be almost indefinite
In every agricultural community the
services of a brick-mason can be se
cured easily, the job of laying up the
four-inch wall is a short one, and the
farmer himself can put on the wire
and do the plastering.
NO NECESSITY FOR STOOPING
Michigan Man Invents Implement for
Cutting and Gathering Pea Vines
in Bunches.
An interesting addition to the con
tinuously growing list of farming im
plements has been patented by a Mich
igan man. It is for the cutting and
gathering of pea vines and not only
enables the farmer to work more rap
idly but saves him the back-breaking
exercise of stooping over for hours at
a time. On a long handle is a curved
rake-like head with a cutting blade on
the lower ends of the tines. Slidably
r
Pea Vine Cutter.
mounted on the handle is another
head, curved in the opposite direction,
60 that when the two come together
they form a wire basket. The farmer
opens the basket-like arrangement and
sets it down over a clump of pea
vines. He then shoves the movable
handle down until the blade severs
the vines and there is a bunch of vines
already cut and ready to deposit in
basket or cart.
CARE OF THE BLOOMING ROSE
Fowers Should Be Cut in Early Morn
ing and Placed in Deep Receptacle
Full of Water.
Never allow a rose to wither on the
stalk or form a seed pod.
When cutting rose buds cut back to
a strong leaf bud and another rose
will reward you. Use a good, sharp,
knife and give a clean, slanting cut
While you are about lt-cutting
roses-bear in mind the future shoot,
that is, so lt adds to the beauty and
symmetry of the brsh.
Cut roses early in the morning and
place them in a deep receptacle full
of water until you are ready to form
bouquets or use them for decoration.
If you want them to last long keep
them out of the sunshine and out of
draughts. Cut off the stems every
morning and add salt to the water,
which must be changed daily.
Ready for Fall Shoppers
We desire to announce to.our Edgefield friends that
we are ready for them to call and inspect our fall
stock. While in the Northern markets during the
summer our buyers bought verv largely for every de
partment.
Our Try goods department is filled with all of the new fabrics
and weaves. All of the popular shades in dress goods of all j
kinds now on display. We are also headquarters for staple
merchandise.
Our shoe department is brim full of the best that the leading
manufacturers make. All of the popular leathers in the new
shapes. We can shoe the whole family for a reasonable sum.
See our clothing before you buy. We can fit any size boy or
man in the most stylish garments that are made. Our pricea
are very low too.
Miliinery department:-This has always been one
the leading ieatures of our store. Nothirfg in Augus
ta can surpass us. We hr^e the nobby ready-to-wear
hats and shapes that can be trimmed.
Augusta Bee Hive
916 and 918 Broad St., Augusta, Ga. Abe Cohen, Proprietor.
Monuments and Tombstones.
I represent the Spartanburg Marble and Granite
works in this section and shall be pleased to show you
designs and quote prices on all kinds of work. Write
me a card if you are interested and I will call to see you.
John R. Tompkins, Edgefield, S. Carolina
Barrett & Company
-Cotton Factors
Your cotton solicited,
It will receive our personal
attention.
Augusta, Ga.
CopyricM 1S*09, by C. E. Zimmeioan Co.-No. 10
No matter what your walk
in life, or what your station
may be, you have an opportu
nity to be the possessor of a
bank account, and it only re
mains for you to realize the
importance of this, one thing,
to render you independent.
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; B. E. Nicholson' Vice
pres.; E. J. Miras, Cashier; J. H. Allen, assistent Cashier
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, J. Wm. Thurmond, Thos. H.
Rainsford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C.
C. Fuller, J. H. Allen
Furniture, Furniture
When in need of any kind of furniture call
on us. We carry a full assortment of bed
room suits, tables, rockers, dining chairs,
springs, mattresses, etc. Be sure to see us
before making your purchases.
Jones & Son.

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