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?OATS ANO BARLEY STUBBLE
(Land Shouid Be Plowed In August to
j Allow Sufficient Time Cor the
Weeds to Rot
j H the oats and barley land Is to be
id rill ed to grain in the fall, it should be
?plowed In August to 'gire time for the
?weeds to rot and the ground to settle,
[says a writer in the Baltimore Ameri
can. If the ground ls dry and so hard
(as to make it Impossible to plow, put
?three horses in the sulky cultivator. A.
; better implement ls the steel cutaway
idisk. Set the teeth to run deep and
?cut the ground over. By harrowing
the field lengthwise and then across,
?most of the weeds can be turned under
?and the hard surface broken up, mak
ing it much easier to plow as soon as
the August rains set in. The stubble
land weeds should be plowed under and
:not burnt, as these, when rotted, add
ito the fertility of the Boil and tend to
?make it capable of holding more mois
ture. Long sl*\lk or strawy manure
should either be spread evenly over
(the field and plowed under or used as
la top dressing after the grain ls
I drilled in. if the manure is rotted and
?fine, spread it on top of the plowed
ground and harrow lt in as Boon as
/'spread. The quickest and most eco
.nomical method is to use a spreader,
ias it can then be spread evenly and
[Just the right quantity to the acre.
One of the great advantages ia the use
of the spreader is in cutting up the
'lumps and strawy portions as it is be
ing spread. Two men with a two-horse
; spreader will haul and spread more
manure than four men will spread
from wagon or cart. The manure
(should not be put out in little piles, but
?spread direct from the wagon and har
rowed into the top soil before it dries.
There is then no loss of fertility.
V Al CA I CJL U?EI
: Adult Male of the Alfalfa Weevil,
(stripe down the back. It Uves over
?winter in sheltered places much the
'same as chinch bugs and in the early
; spring lays its eggs in the alfalfa
i stems. The larvae from these eggs
j do the damage by feeding upon the
;buds for a period of about six weeks
Control methods recommended by
the Utah station include keeping the
[alfalfa growing rapidly in the spring
!by disking or spring toothing, remov
ing the first crop as soon as serious
I injury occurs, followed with thorough
'spring tooth and brush dragging, and
! rotation of alfalfa every four or five
?years. As with chinch bugs lt is ad
misible to keep out of the way places
. clean of sheltering grass and refuse
?and securing the co-open;*ion of whole
(Communities in fighting the pest
Horses for Deep Plowing.
Deep plowing is essential to good
(farming to increase fertility and mois
ture for better crops. Heavy draft
.horses, says the Live Stock Journal,
?are the first essential for deep plow
ling and big loads. Deep and shallow
'plowing has had a long time con
'troversy and the deep plowing has
?won the victory for better farming
?by the scientific experts at the agricul
tural colleges, and farmers who have
[good draft-horse teams plow deep,
and the farmers with light scrub
i teams must still skim along and put
mp with light crops until they can get
'tho heavy draft teams that can pull
a big 16-inch plow down to the beam
that will produce big crops.
A Stitch In Time.
Don't forget to fix the fences. A
[trip around the pasture and field
?fences now and then will often save
trouble, strength, and the time of hav
ing to drive the cattle back into the
?pasture. Animals are almost human
'when it comes to going where some
lone does not want them. Remove the
?suggestion, therefore, by not allowing
?any sags in the wire or any loose or
.decayed posts In the Une. A well
kept fence is an Indication of a good
?farmer.-C. P. Bull, Associate In Farm
Crops, University Farm, St Paul
Feeding Effects Wool.
Proper and intelligent feeding adds
?to the quality of every kind of live
I stock or product the feeder may have
ito put on the market Even the wool
'that comes from the back of the sheep
?is good, bad or Indifferent, according
ito thc manner In which it has been
Keeping Grain Land Busy.
The waste land lying idle after the
t wheat rye, oats, potatoes and corn
.are harvested is craving for some
thing to produce. A good seeding of
winter vetch, crimson or rape will im
prove the soil and give early pas
Open June 30, 1913
The South's finest and most
modern hotel. Fireproof. '$06
Rooms with running water and
private toilet $1.00 per day.
Rooms with connecting bath
$1.50 per day.
Rooms with private bath $2.00
per day and up.
Finest Ratnskellar, Cafe and
Private Dining Rooms in the
J. B. POUND, Pres.
J. F. LETTON, Mgr.
"OKAS. G. DAY, Ass't Mg*.
Ideal Pressing Club
NEAT CLEANING AND
Light Saw, Lai.he and Shin
gle Mills. Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
canes, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
(jins iind Press Repairs.
Go to see
Before insuring-.^elsewhere. We
represent the beat old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near Monetta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
n- ar Eureka.
! 00 acres near Ropers.
::<.>0 acres near Celestia or
DJ.vis' mills in Greenwood
ami Saluda counties.
5:j acres near Edgefield C.
2*>n aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tract* near meeting
Stre< :. and other tracts near
Monett? and Bateaburg.i
A. H. TOMPKINS,
Edgefield, S. C.
For Weakness and Loss of Appetite
The Old Standard general strengthening tonie,
GROVE'S TASTELESS chfllTONIC, drires ont
.Malaria and builds up thc system. A true tonio
and *<re Appetizer. For adulta and children. 50c
EGGS FROM TUE FARM
Should Be Gathered Often and
Kept in Dry Place.
?tn Handling, Marketing and Shipping
? They Should Not Be Exposed to
Draughts and should Be
(By N. E. CHAPMAN.)
. The common causes of loss may be
classed under several heads: Small
eggs, dirty eggs, breakage, shrunken
and rotten eggs, moldy and flavored
eggs. Eggs must weigh two ounces
or over to be classed as No. ls Light
er eggs should be consumed on the
farm, rather than be sold at a re
duced price. Like eggs too small,
eggs abnormally large or misshaped
should be used at home, for such win
be easily crushed in the case, and
are always classed as "seconds."
About five eggs out of each hun-'
dred marketed are classed as "dlr
Out of Every Dozen Eggs That Leave
the Farm, but Ten Are Flt to Bo
Delivered to Customer.
ties." These ar?, stained, smeared,
muddy, or covered with filth. The
odor of whatever soils the egg win
soon penetrate the shell and flavor
the contents. Market eggs should
never be washed, as they take odors
more rapidly and soon are stale. Eggs
may be washed, however, for use at
home. Eggs carried to market in
bran/are generally classed as "dir
ties." The bran adheres to tba
shell, and ls difficult to remove.
! It is estimated that eight per cent
of the eggs are broken in moving
.from producer to consumer. Check
i'ed, dented or leaking eggs soon sour,
?and must be marketed at greatly re
Iduced prices. If checked or broken
on the way to market, they should be
taken home for use in the family.
Eggs should be gathered often and
kept in a cool, dry place until the
?first opportunity for marketing.
Broody hens should be taken from
the nests at once, and confined by
'themselves, unless needed for hatch
ing purposes. After the hatching sea
son ia over, all roosters should be
sold or confined, and not allowed to
Tun with the laying flock during the
summer. Hens will lay more eggs,
and be in better health without the
'male birds. Infertile eggs* are far su
perior for preserving, shippijJK and
Sixty-five per cent of the contents
of a fresh egg is water; and because
of a porous shell this evaporates rap
idly under most conditions, resulting
in loss of weight and value. As soon
as the newly-laid egg cools, an air
cell appears, which increases tn size
as the contents shrink from evapora
tion. Shrunken eggs may be detect
ed by "candling," or by gently shak
ing when held to the ear. When the
'"gurgle" of the contents is distinct,
the egg is questionable. The mem
brane of such eggs is often ruptured
In handling and shipping, resulting in
.'"frothy" eggs, of poor quality. In
:the summer, eggB should receive the
!same care and consideration as sweet
?milk and cream, and be marketed
?daily, if possible. They should not be
! exposed to draughts of wann air.
Have Only Uniform, Standard-Bred,
and should be protected from the
rays of the sun and moisture, in
handling, marketing and shipping.
Moisture is the main cause of rot
ten eggs. Nests on the ground or
in wet straw, together with damp cel
lars and moist "fillers" in egg cases,
are mainly responsible for this con
dition. A fresh egg will absorb
odors as rapidly as fresh milk.
Mustiness or moldy growth in egg
cases or fillers will taint the egg and
lower its quality. Eggs should not
be stored in musty cellars, or ia
rooms with fruit, vegetables or fish.
The chickens. should never be allow
ed to drink filthy water, be fed musty
grair . or strong-flavored vegetables,
as on ms and garlic, nor given access
to decaying meat or substances that
will flavor the product and impair
Cowpeas may be cut with the mow- '
er, and after getting at least a full
day's sun the vines are raked up and
generally lie another day in the wind
row. They are then bunched up in
small bunches and after another day
or two put into larger bunches and
let stand as long as weather permits, '
wken they are drawn to the barn. I
We have them ir
ers who have use
Our sales have
John Deeie Disc
we sell. Buy on<
PPt OFESSIO IST A.L.
DR. J. S-BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
James A. Dobey,
i Dental Surgeon
Johnston, S. C.
OFFICE OVER JOHNSTON DRUG CO.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
In anticipation of the large
-ivery department, especially e
floor we extend the ladies a cc
RUGS-We are showing a
squares of all kinds that we ha
are usually sold for.
FURNITURE-In furniture i
Complete bed-room suits, chif
of dining chairs and rockers,
leading factories which enable
of mattresses and bed springs
TRUNKS-We are showing
we have ever shown. Any si:
cheapest to the best grade.
STOVES AND RANGES-N
stove and replace it with a ne
new one. You cculd not mai
more than to buy a new stove.
In our harness department n
and sizes of single and double
All are direct from the best ha
to come and inspect them.
In this depaaiment we hav<
Our MITCHELL and CHAS
strength ard durability, capab
ye u money if 3 ou need a wagt
see our buggies before making
customers who are using oar ]
Try one of them.
We never let our stock of <
supply any size or grade of cc
department. Our hearses, foi
lever us?d a Jol
er??i3$ie Disc Plc
needs one of th<
i 2-horse and 3-hori
id these plows how t
increased from yea
Plows which shows
give. We guaran
e and use it and if 3
return the plow.
harvest for the Fall of 1913 Vj
?very department on our secor
rdial invitation. In house fui
larger assortment of attractr
ve ever shown. The prices ?
ve are showing everything th
Foniers, wardrobes, tables, etc
We have bought THREE Ci
rs us to make attractive prices.
. Try our "Blue Ribbon'* spr
a more complete assortment o
ze trunk from the smallest to
ow is the season when people
w one. See our stock of stov<
;e a purchase for the home t
Saddles And Harness
othing bas been overlooked,
buggy and carnage harness ai
mess makers and are thoroug]
Buggies And Wagons
1 always shown the best the le
E wagons have made a reputs
.le of withstanding the worst rc
m. We also invite our friend
X a selection of a new one. W
V10YER and OXFORD bugg
:offins and caskets run low, c
)ffin or casket. We solicit a si
- both white and colored peo]
ld Mer. I
Seed rye, seed barley, seed oats,
seed wheat, vetch.
L. T. May.
"THORNHILL" wagons re
quire less horse power, less atten
tion, less up-keep expense and haul
Wilson <fc Cantelou.
Every "THORNHILL" ' wagon
is made by the most improved meth
ods, in the most modern plant in,
the world, and quality reigns su
preme. Wilson & Cantelou.
"Satisfaction, your money back
or a new wagon"-that's the gist^f
the guarantee that goes with every
Wilson & Cantelon.
re made heavy purchases for
id floor, and to out seconch
-nishings our stock is strong. .
ve patterns tn rugs and art
ire lower than these goods
iat is needed in the home.
. See out large assortment
Lrs of furniture direct from the
We also have a large stock
f trunks and suit cases thaa
i the largest, and from the
disccrd the old burned-out
3S and ranges before buying a
hat would please your wife
having purchased all grade
id also heavy wagon harness,
tily dependable. We ask yo
:ading factories have made
ition in Edgefield county fo
>ads. Doubtless we can sav
ls and tha public generally t
e have scores and scores o
ies and are entirety satisfied
onsequently we can alway
iure of your patronage in th"'
pie, answer all calls promptl