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DEVELOPMENT OF N7
Belmont, the Sire of Egmont, Who ?
(By G. M. ilOMMEL.)
The development of types of light
horses has been notable in Am?rica
in colonial days the Narragansett
pacer was a famous type, and later
came the Morgan, the standard bred,
and the saddle horse. The specializa
tion of these light types is a national
trait, and in spite of importations from
abroad we have still clung to the
native types and have developed them.
In respect to the draft horse, on the
other hand, we have, with only one ex
ception-the Conestoga draft horse
relied entirely on the transplanting of
foreign breeds for our supply. Since
the Conestoga horse has vanished
completely, leaving no discernible
traces on the native stock, we have no
r.ative materiel from which to build
up breeds ot dr??ft horses.
In the matter o? light horses, how
ever, we are especially fortunate In
having types which have been de
veloped from stock brought to the
country during a period covering some
three hundred years, little of which
was cold-blooded. This stock and the
descendants from it have left a pro
geny which contains probably a smaller
amount of cold blood than that of any
European country. Prom lt have de
scended the types and breeds men
tioned, and in it tho country has un
equalled possibilities for further de
The last century was as momentous
in the development of horse breeding
in the United States as in material,
financial and practical development.
Messenger, imported in 1788, and Jus
tin Morgan, foaled in 1789, were juBt
beginning to make an impression on
the horse stock when the eighteenth
century closed. Lady Suffolk, 2:29^,
trotted the first mlle under 2:30, at
the Beacon course in Hoboken on
October 13, 1845; Alix made her rec
ord of 2:03% at Galesburg, September
19, 1894, and Lou Dillon finally got
within the two-minute mark at Mern- |
phis nine years later-only three
years after the nineteenth century j
Denmark, the foundation side of the '
breed of American saddle horses, was
foaled in 1839, and Hambletonian 10,
the foundation sire of standardbreds,
Just ten years later. The Morgans,
therefore, had some fifty years* start
over the Hambletoniansg and Den
marks, and it is not surprising that
fifty ye:.rs ago they shared with the
thoroughbreds the first place in popu
With the development of speed In !
the light harness race horse the supe- I
rior qualities of the descendants of ?
Hambletonian 10, and his sons be
came recognized, and for a time the
tendancy to concentrate this blood i
Kentucky Beauties-Horses Which
Show What "Saddle" Blood Can
Do in the Production of High-Class
thieatened to swamp every other
strain, especially the Morgan and Clay
blood, both of which possessed beauty
of conformation, action and quality,
but with few exceptions failed to show
the inherent speed possibilities shown
by the Hambletonians. The Clay
blood can not be found now in its
.purity, and until recently the indica
tions were strong that the Morgan
was similarly fated.
That the Hambletonian Une was es
pecially strong in its speed-producing
.powers ls on admitted fact. That lt
has been the most powerful factor In
the development of the light-harness
'trotter, as a race horse, ls a truism.
The development of the trade in fine
market classes of light horses la the
United States and the presence of
these faults in the native horse led
largely to the Importation of Hackney.
French and German coach horses.
From 1870 to 1890 these horses, es
pecially the Hackneys, were given
.very opportunity to ?bow their mettle
JIVE TYPE OF HORSE
?ired Johnnie Mack, the Sire of Lord
in the stud as well as in the market
and Bhow ring. Yet the American
horses, selected by shrewd buyers,
was able to compete successfully with
name of the foreign breed, but finally
standing on his merits as the Ameri
These horses came from all over
the country, wherever trotters were
bred; but the New England states,
v Kentucky and the corn belt states
were the main source of supply. In
many cases they were properly called
accidents-that is, they were not bred
for the market or show ring as car
riage horses, but for the race track.
Failing in the latter qualification and
possessing good conformation, style,
action and quality, they were not ap
preciated by the man who was breed
I lng solely for speed, and were readily
sold to be developed for the market.
Farmers and breeders did not suffi
ciently appreciate the value of the
horse for anything but speed produc
tion. In the case of the Morgan the
6ame thing was true in another way.
Everyone knew the qualities of con
formation, style and endurance which
the breed had, but few realized that
in the long run those qualities were
worth more money than speed records.
Then Morgan breeders began to think
' that the Morgan could be made a race
horse, and the speed craze struck
thea also. When the especial value
of the Hambeltonian and George
Wilkes' lines for speed production
; breeders resorted to crosses with
. them, and the change in breeding
1 methods. As a result we have the
Morgan situation of today-a few real
Morgans fostered by breeders who
were loyal to breed standards and who
were not carried away by the fashion
of the hour; and a very great many
which trace to Justin Morgan and
are registered as Morgans, but are
Morgans only In n?me.
Unlimited range is good for the pig.
. . .
Aim to get alfalfa started on your
farm. Also have a silo.
? . .
The average broiler will shrink
about half a pound in dressing.
. . .
If barley is available It is best to
feed lt for fattening. Chickens like lt
. . .
Skim the milk as soon after milk
ing as possible, and cool the cream at
. . .
One corn tassel is said to produce
enough pollen to fertilize 200 bushels
. . .
Arguments setting forth the advan
tages of diversified farming are hard
. . .
Remember that the value of the ma
nure can be increased by a wiBe selec
tion of feeds.
. . .
Where large amounts of corn are fed
in hot weather look out for apoplexy
and sudden deaths.
. . .
A sudden change In the calf's diet
is often the cause of troubles that re
. . .
Good stock, plenty of range, and
freedom from lice and filth are the
secrets of success with turkeys.
. . .
The demand for good dairy cows is
on the up-grade and even the most
optimistic cannot see the limit.
e o o
When figuring the value of the pure
bred dalry cow remember that the
price of her calf is an item of Impor
. . .
The dairy farmer ls often judged
by the amount of clover or alfalfa that
he raises and his attitude towards
these two crops.
. . .
Another advantage In marketing
butter fat is the fact that it can be de
?vered more economically than any
other farm product
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near Monetta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
100 acres near Roper*.
300 acres near Celestia or
Davis' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda counties.
50 acres near Edgefield C.
250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tract* near meeting
Street, and other tracts near
Monetta and Batesburg.J
A. S. TOMPKINS,
Edgefield, S. C.
Go to see
Before msuringfelsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
qle , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWJg
Gins and Press Repairs.
Open June 30, 1913
The South's finest and most
modern hotel. Fireproof. 306
Rooms with running water and
private toilet $1.00 per day.
Rooms with connecting bath
$1.50 per day.
Rooms with private bath $2.00
per day and up.
Finest Rathskellar, Cafe and
Private Dining Rooms in the
J. B. POUND Pres.
J. F. LETTON, Mgr.
^HAS. G. DAY, Ass't Mgt.
Ideal Pressing Club
NEAT CLEANING AND
We can please the most fastidious
person. All kinds of repairing and
dyeing. We make a specialty of
cleaning and pressing-ladies coat
suits and skirts-and do the work
nicely. We appreciate your patron
age. Guarantee satisfaction.
FRANK MAYNARD, Prop.,
Beaver Dam Street,
Edgefield, South Carolina.
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stop* IH*
Cough and Headache and woaka off Ute Cold.
Drugxiacs refund money if lt (alla to core.
E. WTGRGVB'S aigaataro OG MC* box. Bb
The Work of Different Plant
? A ivader makes this inquiry:
> "Weare told that the must irapor
I taut plant fcods are nitrogen,
I phosphoric acid ?ind potash Will
c you please mee them through a
> stalk of corn and state the role nf
i each in the making of that stalk
\ and grain in as plain language as
I possible, *nd send me bv return
> The writer of this inquiry did
I not seem to think that it is worth a
! two-cent stamp to give time and la
t bor to this question.
\ Nitrogen is the essential part of
j the living matter in plants, the only
i material that carries life. This is
? the substance that does all the work
i of plant building and is called pro
i toplasm. The material !or build
1 ing new plant cells-for all growth
i is made by the formation and in
? crease of little box-like forms call
I ed cells, is furnished in the water
i the plant gets from the soil and the
? carbon it gets through its green
i leaves. The water and the carbon
combine in the leaves to make
starch as building material for the
living matter, and so far as we
know, all the so-called carbohy
drates in the plant start as starch,
and from this all the sugars, oils,
and acid, etc., in the plant are
In order that this starch shall be
formed it is necessary that a due
supply of potash is present, since
starch seims to be made only in the
presence of potash.
The conveying of starch to vari
ous parts where growth is going on
seems to be the office of the phos
phorus, which is also stored in seed
and roots as starch, and in some
seeds is changed in oil or non?fer
The vital energy of the plant de
pends on the nitrogen, and the for
mation of the seed and crop on the
phosphoric acid and potash. Hence
j the need of a well-balanced fertilizer.
Weean get the nitrogen from the
air through the legume crops, and
most of our red clay soils have an
inexhaustible store of potash that
an occasioual liming and the in
crease of humus in the soil, will re
lease, and therefore the farmer on
such soils, if he faims right, will
only have to buy the phosphorus
in some carrier.-Progressive Far
USEFUL AS HAY RACK LIFTER
Arkansas Farmer Has Automatio Un
loader for Heavy Wagon Bodies
How lt ls Constructed.
I have an automatio unloader for j
heavy hay rackB and other wagon bod
ies that any one can operate who
knows how to drive a team, writes F.
Hathaway of Fort Smith, Ark., in the
Hay Rack Lifter.
Farmers' Mail and Breeze. Figure 1
shows one section of the frame as lt
appears before the unloading, while
Fig. 2 shows the position of the frame
with the rack on it The posts A are
4 by 4's set firmly into the ground
These posts should be set about 6%
feet apart crosswise.
The length and height of the frames
depend upon the racks used, BB ara
the lifting braces, which must be well
made and securely bolted to the posts,
yet not so tight as to hinder them
from moving freely in the loading oi
unloading of rack. The pieces C are
2 by 6s bolted to the lifting bracea
At their forward ends two short pieces
of 2 by 4s (E) are bolted that strike
against the rack as it ls being d-iven
between the frameB, thus bringing up
the lifting frames and raising the rack
off the wagon.
Two crosspieces of 2 by 4s (D) are
bolted lengthwise to the post to give
the frames rigidity. Two hooks (F)
are bolted at the forward end of D to
stop the forward movement of the lift
ing frame. These are placed a little
past the center so as to lock the frame
while up. Two pawls notched at one
end are bolted underneath the rack
frame with the notched ends against
the rear bolster of the wagon. Thia
prevents the rack slipping back as lt
rises from the wagon.
Silage Too Bulky for Swine.
Swine raisers are advised against
feeding young swine extensively on
silage, in a recent bulletin from the
Iowa station. It is too fibrous and
low in digestible nutrients to prove
satisfactory for growing and fasta*
The hog has a digestive apparatus
suited largely to concentrated feeds.
Old sows will eat some silage; how
ever, If fed to them lt should consti
tute only a small portion o? thad
Perkins Sash and Door
High Grade Millwork
Hardwood work a Specialty
Rough and Finishing Work.
Estimates on Request.
Fall Goods Ready
We have made large purchases for the fall season, and
invite our friends to call to see us. Many of the new goods
have arrived and there are others yet on the way.
We have never before been in a better position to serve
our friends than we are this fall. Come in and let us show
you through every department.
J. W. PEAK.
E. J. NORRIS, Agent
Edgefield, South Carolina
Representing the HOME INSURANCE
COMPANY, of New York, and the old
HARTFORD, of Hartford, Connecticut.
The HOME has a greater Capital and
Surplus combined than any other
The HARTFORD is the leading com
pany of the World, doing a greater
Fire business than any other Co.
See Insurance Reports
"HAS fH? STRENGTH OF GIBRALTAR."
E. J. Norris,
FIRE AND LIFE INSURANCE.
Wholesale and Retail
Tin plate, galvanized corrugated iron shingles, rubber roofing,
etc. Galvanized iron cornice and sheet metal work, skylights, etc
Stoves, ranges, mantels, tiling, grates, paints, oils, varnishes, etc
1009 Broad St., AUGUSTA, GA
50,000acres of improved and unimproved landsat prices that will sell
them. These lands are situated in "Wire-Grass Georgia" the best farm
ing section in the state. No terracing and no irrigation.
202? acres, 65 under cultivation, 85 acre* fenced, mostly wire, 55
cleared, not broke. Near three churches, good school; on one public
road and nearing another. Good 4-room frame house, two fire pl&cis,
good barn and good well. 10 miles to two good markets. Rents for
$300 cash per year. Will sell for $15 per acre cash.
175 acres, one and one half railee from Lumber City, Ga.; 90 acres
cleared, stumped and under cultivation; extra good 4-room house, two
fire places; good barn; good well also spring on place. 130 pecan trees
three years old and all under good wire fence. For quiok sale will take
$25 per acre.
These lands have good clay sub-soil anti we have a number of others
which we can not describe, in this space. If theae do not suit yon let us
hear from you and we will give you further information. If not aa rep
rseented will pay your railroad tare.
A. J. Wismer & Co.
Lumber City, Georgia.