Newspaper Page Text
(By TOA M. SHEPLER.)
It is odd the strange markings we
get when crossing most of the varie
ties of fowls known. Crossing the
male of one breed with the hens of
another will in every instance I have
known, produce a differently marked
chick from that of the chicks pro
duced by crossing the hens of the
first breed with males of the second.
For instance, crossing a Barred Rock
male with hens of a certain game
breed, you get all Barred chicks, but
cross the rooster of the game breed
to Barred Rock hens, and you get all
black. Sometimes In crossing one of
our other common breeds with that
of another will produce penciled fowls
if the rooster of the first breed is
mated with second, and spotted roos
ter of second breed is mated with
hens of the first. Not only this, but
the shape of the first may be bulky,
while that of the second is long and
gangly. Ducks, too, show strange
markings when crossed, sometimes
the cross looking exactly as 6cme of
our oddly marked ducks that, as far
as we know, do not enter at all into
the past breeding: of either cross,
ace, in mating a black topped knot
jster with a white hen, breed of
ich then unknown to me, I produced
white fowl showing but one black
pot, the top knot eliminated. I used
>nese chicks, mate and female, and
interbred them. Result, always a
white chick with a black spot some
where on its coat-nevei twice In the
Some people would like to line
ihreed, but scarcely knew how to be
gin. Line breeding proper is simply
.started with, say, a finely marked
hen of the standard breed required,
and a male of same requirement,
neither in any way related. Both
picked from vigorous flocks. In sec
ond year, the pullets of this mating
are bred b-.ck te their sire, and the
j best marked and nearest to the stand
j ard cockerel, back to the mother.
This should be kept up until the fourth
year, each year, breeding back the
last year stock selected as your breed
ers to this first pair-should they live
so long, and usually they will if cared
for right. After the fourth year you
have now two distinct lines from
which you can select your breeders
at will, keeping, of course, the breed
ers well marked BO that you may as
far out as far as possible to in the
relationship. This is for small yards.
Should the farmer start line breeding,
with plenty of room at his command
for separate pens and yards, he can
start in with from five to ten hens
and males as a beginning. From the
breeding stock hatched in this graded
flock he should make a specialty of
breeding stock of both sexes for sale.
Protelna. which is a product of soy
beans, is now taking the place of
meat in many western poultry yards.
Soy beans are rich in protein. Peo
ple often ask what are the meat
foods ut ed in the poultry business.
How mt h must I feed them, and how
often? Well, there are meat scraps,
which may be flesh or liver boiled,
and cut iu small bits. Some of lt
is horse meat, some the bits of meat
left about any beef shop, pork, beef,
mutton. Some of lt again is the re
fuse of chickens about the poultry
killing houses. Next is meat meal
dried blood, dried fish, fresh cut bone
skim and buttermilk. Meat scraps
contain highest per cent, of protein
Some poultry keepers feed the animal
foods, unless it may be milk, but
three times a week, giving each fow
two tablespoonfuls at a meal. Others
give this amount, or half of it, every
day in the mash. Milk can safely be
fed every day. Some poultry keep
ers, going in heavily for winter eggs,
keep meat scrap in hoppers alwaya
before the hens.
NOTES ON PRACTICAL FARM MANAGEMENT.
Corn Left In the Shock.
(By W. MILTON KELLY.)
My experience with handling corn
fodder during the past ten years has
convinced me that the husker and
shredder is a very valuable tool on
all dairy farms where more corn
fodder is raised than can be preserved
in the silo, or, on farms where there
ls no silo.
The value of good shredded stover
will compare favorably with timothy
hay, and the various experimental
farms report very satisfactory results
while feeding it to young stock, beef
(cattle, sheep and horses.
Many farmers have made a failure
?of keeping the shredded fodder In
good condition tor feeding, while oth
ers seem to have no difficulty In keep
ing lt for weeks, when they can faed
Some claim that it will keep nicely
by running it In the mow with a layer
of straw and then a layer of fodder,
gradually filling the mow with the
We have found lt rather an uncer
tain feed to keep, and after trying
every method that we could think of
we now make a practice of shredding
the fodder and then running lt through
the ensilage cutter into the silo and
keep well wet down and packed, and
find that the cows like it about as
well as they do the ensilage put up In
the ordinary manner.
When this method ls to be practiced
it is best to leave some of the best
eared corn in the shock until the silos
have settled und the top ensilage fed
off, and then refill them In November
with the shredded stover.
3ough treatment invariably makes a
jxnean disposltioned horse.
. . .
That food that contains the most of
(Constituents of bone and muscle is the
?best food for raising colts.
. . .
Sweet clover ls not a rival of red
dover or alfalfa, and ls not needed
where these plants do well.
Cc a acre of alfalfa will furnish
,-iJro forage for hogs than two acres
id clo- er, as lt grows faster and keeps
Ba gi wins as fast as the hogs tat lt
e . .
Fresh sir and sunshine are Important
as well as food. Hens kept In a close,
stuffy house without sufficient air and
sunshine never lay the maximum num
ber of eggs.
True economy in farm matters ls a
wise use of resources.
. . .
The farmer who breeds up a good
herd of dual-purpose cattle ia going
to be at the front of the row Borne
All who have never tried lt are ab
solutely sure they could make a big
success of raising chickens, and do it
. e e
If the roof of the sheep barn leaks
better fix it up now before the snow
comes. Sheep will not thrive on mud
A dog and a cow seldom agree, so
never give them a chance to disagree.
Keep the dogs and cows away from
Ditches dug around the hardy plants
in the yard, to carry off the water, will
often save their lives. Plants can
stand a good deal of abuse, but If com
pelled to remain In Ice very long, are
opt to succumb.
WRAPS FOR EVENING
INFINITE VARIETY FROM WHICH
Both In Material and Design the
Choice ls Left to the Individual
Desire-Fine One In Plain
and Brocaded Velour.
Certainly no one will have any
cause to complain of any lack of va
riety in evening wrap3 this winter,
writes Lillian Young in the Washing
ton Star. They are as original and
show as much individuality as the
gowns, which ia saying a great deal.
There is no restriction as to material
and, as to design, the three-quarter
and full length effects are about equal
The shorter hip length models,
while still in vogue, have been aban
doned for winter wear, though lt is
predicted by authorities that Dame
Fashion will pick up the thread of
their existence and make them popu
lar again next spring.
The smart and serviceable wrap
sketched herewith showB the unabat
ed favor accorded the use of differ
ent materials in one design. In most
of the latest wraps such combinations
are decidedly in evidence, not only in
varying weaves, but in contrasting
The model under discussion will
serve as a dressy street wrap and as
nn evening wrap, and will work out
well in almost any color scheme. In
this particular instance black brocad
ed velour and plain black velour are
combined with cuffs and neck facing
of white moufflon or fox.
The upper part of brocade has wide
sleeves cut in one with the body, and
the cut-away effect of the front ls the
result of the method in which the
plain velour lower portion of the wrap
ls attached. This ls brought up to the
bust Une in a diagonal line from the
waist at either side, and from there
lt rounds away across the back on a
level with the hips.
Each front section ls laid In three
even plaits caught under the fur col* !
lar and hang from there in gracefully
draped folds to the knees.
The lower edge must be close flt
Serviceable Wrap In Plain and Bro
ting. This ls regulated by the front
drapery at the line of closing.
Special attention is given to linings.
They can be as elaborate as personal
taste dictates, In evening shades to
match one's gown or in a color that
corresponds to the wrap itself.
Colored Hose Best
Colored stockings with buttoned
boots are the autumn's fancy, and
many women find colored hose much
better for the fee* than black hose.1
In these days of narrow skirts the
stocking, even above the buttoned
boot top, is much in evidence, for
lt ls impossible to raise the skirt In
crossing a street, or sit on a low chair
without showing a little at least of
the limb above the boot top. Silver
gray and smoke gray silk stockings
are in favor also, and certain shades
of deep, rich red. Few women wear
blue stockings, and green stockings
are a little too pronounced in hue to
be popular with any but those who go
In for extremes. With the dressy eve
ning boot of patent leather, with high
French heel and buttoned top of kid,
flesh-colored stockings or those of pal
est buff are fancied.
The latest half concealing, half re
vealing veil is of very pale flesh pink
tulle that ls traced over with fina
black silk in a sort of shadowy design.
French women are charmed with these
veils, and, indeed, they are becoming?
as they lend a sort of delicate pinkish
glow to the skin and make the eyes
look large and dark.
Mrs. Walter Vincent
Of Pleasant Hill, N. C.,
writes: "For three sum
mers, I suffered from
pains in my back and
sides, and weak sinking
spells. Three bottles of
Cardui, the woman's
tonic, relieved me entire
ly. I feel like another
The Woman's Tonic
for over 50 years,
Cardui has been helping
to relieve women's un
necessary pains and
building weak women up
to health and strength.
It will do the same for
you, If given a fair trial.
So, don't wait, but begin
taking Cardui today, for
its use cannot harm you,
and should surely do you
"After four in our family had died
i of consumption I waa taken with
a frightful cough and lung trouble,
but my life was saved ana I gained
87 pounds through using
W. R. Patterson, Wellington, Tex.
PRICE 60? and $1.00 AT ALL DRUGGISTS.
fin-TH nw mn
No Present like it for
any one in any home
at any price.
Give it to whom you will, }ou
will find all the family look
ing for it. It is more than 52
numbers filled with delight
ful reading-it is an influence
for all that is best in home
?md American life.
52 times ajear - not ?Z
Cut this out and send it with $2.00
for The Companion for 1914, and
we will send FR F.F. nil the issues
for the remaining weeks of 1913
and The Companion Practical
Home Calendar for 1914.
TUE YOUTH'S COMPANION
144 Berkeley Street
-riptions Received at this Offico
?<i Onr FtmL'y Combination Offer Ebewker*
NOTICE TO FARMERS:
The Charlotte Semi-Weekly Ob
server is the only newspaper in the
South that allows farmers to adver
tise free of charge, and The Semi
Weekly Observer prints all the news
that's fit to print. Do you want
anything? Have you anything to
sell. Send your advertisement and
?twill be published three times free
of charge and you will get the paper
two weeks FREE. Address,
The Charlotte Semi-Weekly Observer,
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
Cures OM Sores. Other Remedias Won't Care.
Hie wont catea, no matter of how long; at anding;
ore cured br the wonderful, old reliable Dr.
Porter'? Antiseptic Healing; OIL It feilere?
Palo mod Heal? at the wac lim?. 25c, SOC, Sl.OG
Preven?s Worry and Fear
AT THE LAST MOMENT it was
necessary to postpone the visit to
L relatives in a distant city. Any
thing short of a full explanation would
cause worry and fear. What could be done?
The Long Distance Bell Telephone solved
the problem. A personal talk cleared up the sit
uation, dispelled worry and completed plans for a
visit at a later date.
In every day, personal affairs the Long Dis
tance Bell Telephone can save you worry, incon
venience and loss of time. Why not try it?
By the way, have you a Eell Telephone?
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
If not interested. But you are obliged to be interested where mon
ey is to be saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for y our
self and livestock We are now in our warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern warehouse in Augusta with Moer
space of 24,800 squa.e feet ard it is literally packed with Groceries
and feeds from ce.lar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in a position to name very close
\ pnces If you really want the worth of your money see or write us
ARRI!HGTO!\ BROS. & CO.
50,000 acres of improved and unimproved land* at piices that will sell
iem. These lands are situated in *W ire-Mms- Meortria" the beal farm
a wet ion in the suie. No terracing and in? 'nitration.
202^ aere*, 65 under cultivation, 85 acre" fenced, mostly wire, 55
eared, not broke Near three churches, gund school; or, one public
ad and nearing ?Hollier. (-rood 4-rmun frame h-?u**, two fire plac ? s,
.od barn and good well. IU miles* to two good markets Rents for
Huu cash per year. ?Viii sell for 415 per acre f.ish
175 acr- s, one and one half mile- from Lumber Oitv, Ga.; 90 acres
eared, stumped ai'd under cultivation; extra goi d 4-room house, tw?i
e place?; if? ?od bim; irood well ilso ? pring mi pl ice 130 pecan cre?-n
ree years o d and all under good Wire fence. KW quick sale will take
Lb |ier acre.
rhese lands have i/ood ol ty sub-soil and *e have a number of otheis
liiih we can not de-cibe in ihM spice II' liiere do not xu it yon lei ll s
.ar from you and *e will give you further information If not as rep
.>ented will i?ty ,v??ur railroad lare.
A. J. Wismer & Co.
I ,umher Citv. Georj/i;?,
?. J. NORRIS, Agent
Byefield, South Carolin*
Representing the HOME INSURANCE
COMPANY, of New York, and the old
HARTFORD, of Hartford, Connecticut.
The HOME has a greater Capital and
Surplus combined than any other
The HARTFORD is the leading com
pany ot the World, doing a greater
Fire r.wsiness than any other Co.
See Insurance Reports
J v THE STRENGTH Ot r,iHK i/ T4?
E, J. Norris,
Wth AND LIEF. INSUkAM >