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GET RIGHT START I
(By IRA P. WATSON.)
! The reason so many fail in starting
Rn the poultry business is that they
?do not start right. No man would
fbegia to breed trotting stock with
irait horses, but would get the very
est trotting stock to start with; and'
0 man who wanted to start a dalry
or butter vould get Hereford or Dur
am cattle; he would choose Guern
seys or Jerseys. Yet nine men out
of ten In starting poultry to get eggs,
twill begin with fancy birds that have
(been bred for the show room regard
less of utility. Some men say that
(success appends upon the feeding, but
(that is not so. No amount of feed
(will make a draft horse a good run
ner. Similarly one may feed the hen
lanything and everything, but unless
she is bred to lay, she will never give
200 eggs in a year. Sunshine and
plenty of fresh air, with proper feed
ing and years of practice of the right
?method of breeding for eggs, will in
crease egg production very greatly.
(The birds must have plenty of exer
cise, no matter what method one uses.
1 have found it best in the winder to
~^ks*?p my birds out of the snow and
off the cold ground and to have them
busy in their houses. Wheat and oats
fed in the sheaf are daily before them,
so that they .-nay be kept busy. Cab
bage and be- ts are among the best
green wint.r feeds and these are al
ways at hand. The most important
item, however, in securing eggs is in
the ability of the hen to lay. I have
klone a good deal to develop a strain
?of heavy layers.
Being a breeder and developer of
isome of the very best Jersey cattle, I
Idetermined to see what I could do In
?developing a strain of laying hens.
Wishing to start with the best that
(l could get, I wrote to some of the
ibest breeders of fancy poultry for
?prices on their highest egg produc
ling hens. The universal reply was
?that the breeder did not aim for eggs,
(hut for the show room, ar.d the state
ment was sometimes made that heavy
laying lowers the vitality of the hen.
Knowing that this ls not so with Jer
isey cattle, I was determined to prove
'its falsity with hens. I bought the
Ibest stock that I could find and kept
ta record of what the fowls lay in a
|year. The first year they laid 120
[eggs on an average.
By carefully studying out a system
?of breeding and feeding I have de
veloped a strain of Rhode Island Reds
?that has averaged 240 eggs in a flock
(of 50 hens, and one in this flock laid
1291 eggs, or 24%dozen in a year.
(These eggs were very large, weighing
Itwo pounds to the dozen. This is
?half a pound more a dozen than the
taverage weight The total weight of
eggs was 48M: pounds in a year. This
is nearly seven times the hen's own
weight. Of ordinary sized eggs 32%
dozen would be needed to weigh this
48% pounds. At the 27 cents a doz
en average, the returns from this hen
would be $6.55 Allowing $1.50 for
feed would leave $5.05 gain. Such
teggs from this hen as were used for
?hatching brought out large, strong,
jvigourous chicks, with the shape and
'vigor of their mother, showing great
prepotency. The hen is an exception
Ally strong and vigorous one, always
?the first off the roost in the morning
land always on the go; I have a fine
:pen of her pullets, which I think will
,make some great records, and I also
have some exceptionally fine cockrels
-from her, enough to mate all my hens
:this season. They also resemble their
The $1.50 for feed, mentioned above,
lis more than the feed actually cost
,me, as the system for feeding which
'I have practiced ha3 reduced the cost
and yet doubled the production of
eggs. At 27 cents a dozen for eggs,
the flock averaged $5.40 returns, or
'43.90 profit fer each hen, thus making
the total $195. for the flock of 50. I
made much more than this, however,
hecause I sold a large number of set
tings at prices varying from $2 to
-$5 a setting. All these figures have
teen with my strain of Rhode Ia
N POULTRY BREEDING
ie for the Table.
lan Reds. I have also developed a
strain of Silver Wyandottes that has
produced an average of 210 eggs a hes
in a year. It must not be thought that
a strain of such record making hens
can be developed in a year or two.
Many years of patience, breeding and
selection are necessary. The system
I have 1B original, and has worked
wonders In developing egg production.
It must not be thought either that all
of my hens produced 240 eggs a year
each. I do not breed from any hens
that lay less than ISO eggs and yet
this figure is nearly three times the
, average egg production of .the Ameri
can hen as recorded in the last census.
Stop a moment and think what lt
.would mean if every man in the Uni
ted States would increase egg pro
duction two dozen eggs a year.
It is always cheapest in the end to
buy the very best stock, even though
the first cost is a little high to start
The most important point in any Une
of business is to start right. The be
ginner should get a setting or two
or a few pullets and a cockerel of the
best strain. The cost will not be very
great, and he will have the work and
experience of the former breeder to
build on. I have nothing to say
against fancy birds. They are all
right in their place. The fancy breed
ers are doing good work, and if one
is starting to breed fancy strains for
the show room, he should start with
the very best that he can get, but K
he wants eggs and utility fowls, he
should go to the man who bas de
veloped a great strain of layers. I
have gathered from 150 hens in Dec-'
ember 187 dozen eggs. The average
price was 45 cents per dozen, $85.15,
allowing $18. for feed, leaving $66.15.
This ls a very good yield for Decem
ber. Seventy-five of them are April
hatched pullets and 75 yearling hens.
If you want winter eggs keep tho
Reds. Mr. William Loydd of Massa
chusetts reports that he got 240 eggs
from one pullet hatched from eggs got
ten of me and at the market price the
eggs were worth $7.38. They are early
to mature r.iid heavy winter layers and
one of their strongest arguments tc
me is that I know of no breeder who
has ever dropped Reds for other
Of course, one may have preference
as to breed. Men are not all consti
tuted alike. Some men may like
barred Plymouth Rocks, others White
Wyandottes, another Rhode Island
Reds, and so on. The beginner should
start with the best strain of the breed
he likes the beat. Whatever his ob
ject may be he should take advantage
of the former breeders' experience to
the fullest extent and improve upon
Have you a good barn? Make lt a
. . .
Turn the poor nubbins of corn Into
. . .
There is no profit in grazing cows
on frost-bitten pasture.
. . .
Powis that are being fattened for
market do not need any exercise.
. > . . .
When you begin to stable the cows,
get the calves and yearlings in, too.
. . *
Bordeaux mixture is the most ef
fective o.ient to use in combating
e e e
The production of winter Iambs ia
a business that demands the skill of a
. * *
Both the winter and the summer silo
are revolutionizing the dairy business.
Many farmers would as Boon think of
producing milk without cows as with
out a silo.
AU persons owning property of
any kind whatsoever, or in any
capacity, as husband, guardian, ex
ecutor, administrator or trustees,
are required to make returns of tn*
same to the Auditor ander oath
within the time mentioned below
and the Auditoris required by law
to add a penalty of 50 per cent u
all property that is not returned on
or before the 20th day of Februa
ry in any year.
All male citizens between the
ases of 21 and 60 years, exempted by
law, are deemed taxable pol?n. Tin
fifty per cent penalty will be adde?
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax pay
ers, I or my representative, will be
j ii tho following appointed place
I ?n tue <11T"S mentioned to receive
Kop is, VY iii II ?e/I rr Jan. 7lh.
Meriwether, I hu rod ay Jan. 8th.
Collier, Frida;., Jan. Oth.
Ked Hill, Saturday Jan. 10';?
Clark's Hill, Monday Jan.'12Lh.
Modoc Tuesday, Jan 13th.
Parksville, Wednesday, 14th.
Plum Branch, Thursday, Jan
.Morgan's Store, Friday, Jan.
Liberty Hill, Saturday, Jan
Cleora, Monday, Jan. 19th.
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday, Jan.
Meeting Street, Wednesday, Jan.
Johnstons, Thursday, Jan. 22nd.
Heriit Store, Friday Jan. 23.
Trenton, Saturday, Jan. 24th.
All real estate must be returned
this year. Taxpayers will please
bear this in mind and make full re
The office will be open to receive
returns from the first day of Jan
iii! the 20t'i day of Feb. as pre
scribed by law.
J. R. Timrnerman,
Auditor, E. C. S. U.
Dec. 16, 1913.
State of South Carolina-Count.\
of Edgefield-Court of Common
Mrs. Mary K Barr, et al, Plain
iffu against Jessie Et tshton, et al.
Pursuant to the decree in this
eaute, I will sell at public outcry to
? he highest bidder before the court
nouse, town of Edgefield and state
o South Carolina, on nales day 1^
February 1914, the same being |ine
2nd day of said month the follow
ing described realty to wit:
"Two tracts of land as follows:
One tract containing two hundred
m I ninety acres more or less, sit
? ?ate and bein ir in Edgefield ano
Saluda counties in the state nf South
'arolina and known as the Elsinore
md Bush land, and bounded b\
ands of James Satcher, A M Milch
.ll and Burrell Nicholson; and th.
?ihi-r tract of land contains om
lundred and fifty-one acres mort
r less, situate in Edtrefield couut.u
late of South Carolina, and knowi
w the Snipes land, and bounded bj
ands of EL Yonce, Wm. Hare,
lames Temple and others."
Terms of sale cash. Purchaser to
-ay for papers. If purchaser does
?ot Comply with the tenn? of sale
within one hour after sale, I will
euell same at former purchaser's
isk, unies* satisfactory arrange
nents can be made with plaintiff's
ittorney and the Master.
S. M. Smith,
Master (fi. C. S. C.
Notice of Final Dis
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, B. E. Nicholson has
nade application unto this Court
for Final Discharge as Administra
or in re the Estate of B. W. Bel
?is deceased, on this the 12th day
of Januars, 1914.
These Are Therefore, lo cite an\
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, ti? show cause be
fore nie at my office ai Edgefield
Court House. South Carolina, on
the 141 h ?lay ot February 1914 at
ll o'clock a m., whj said order of
Discharge should not be granted.
W. T. Kinnaird,
J P. C., E. C., S. C.
Jan. 12, 1914.
I have decided to move my placs
of business after first January, and
ask all persons indebted to Adams
Warehouse Co. to come and settle
up oil or before January first, that
I may be able to balance up booka
and turn over to the Company.
Will state to my customers and
friend- I will continue in same line
of hu s i ness as heretofore.
M. A. Taylor.
Edgefield, S. C., Deo. S3, 1918.
South Carolina Plans to Win Back
Southern Record Lost
tic plans are already under way in
Georgia, South Carolina and other
Southern states for the 1914 corn club
contests. These contests have in
creased the South's com production
by millions of dollars during the past
H. G. Hastings, chairman of the ag
ricultural committee of the Atlanta
Chamber of Commerce, has renewed
for 1914 his annual offer of corn club
prizes in South Carolina and nine
other Southern states. Mr. Hastings
offers $1,200 in prizes. Of this amount
$100 goes to South Carolina in three
prizes of $50, $30 and $20 each. These
prizes are awarded under the direction
of the United States government of
ficials in charge of the farm demon
Word comes that the South Caro
lina boys are going to make a power
ful effort this year to regain the South
ern record, which they held in
but which was taken away from them
In 1913 by Alabama. The South Car
olina record of 228 bushels, held by
Jerry Moore, was beaten by 232 bush
els, raised by Walker Lee Dunson of
An interesting echo from last year's
contest comes from Arkansas, where
the $50 prize, offered by Mr. Hastings,
was won by a 14-year-old girl, Miss
Delphine Moore, who competed acainst
2,400 boys, because there was no girls'
club in the state.
The corn club work has made won
derful advances throughout the South.
The fathers of the corn club boys, who
first looked on the movement as a
fad, have at last come to realize its
great practical value and are now just
as much interested as their sons.
"WRITTEN SO YOU CAN UNDERSTAND IT**
A CREAT Continu od Story of the WorU'o
? PTO BI-i which you may begin reading
at any time, and which will hold your
interest forerer. You are Irring in the best
year, of the most wonderful age, of what is
doubtless the greatest world in the universe.
A resident ox Mars would gladly pay
fcl f?fii? FOR ONE YEAR'S
te this magaaUeJn order U keep informed of
our progress in Engineering and Mechanics.
Are you reading it ? Two millions of your
neighbors are. and it is the favorite maga
sine in thousands of th? best American
homes. It appeals to all classes-old and
young-mea sod women.
The "Shep Votes" Department (30 pages)
gires easy ways to do things-bow to make
oserai arti cl oe tor home and shop, repairs, eta.
"Amateur Mechanics" (10 pages) tells how to
make Mission furniture, wlreleu o.tflta, boats,
engines, magic, and ail tbs things a boy loves
flJO PCR YEAR. SINSLK COPTES IS CENTS
Aik roar Nrwwto?ar to ihow 70a mm ot
WRITE FOR FREE SAMPLE COPY TODAY
POPULAR MECHANICS CO.
318 W. Waahlagtoo Sc, CHICAGO
King of Externals
Stands supreme under
every test. Feel se
cure, keep Gowans in
thc home. Gowans al
ways conquers Croup
and Pneumonia and
your doctor assents.
Gowans Preparation wns used on
my child when it was desperately
iii with Pneumonia. Immediately
after the second application my
physician called and finding so
great an improvement ordered its
con ti nu nv cc. The child reco vered
?24 East St. Allegheny, Pa.
BUY TO-DAY! HAVE IT IN THE HOME
All Dsvftilstfa SI. 50*. 25c.
COWAN MEDICAL CO..
.urtnttid, ul noai; rifvndid br foti fntfiltt
j NMiine is hereby given that on
irc.-.; tue itu tiny ot Fe'miarj
; iT'-x, I will tn:tke a final settlement
helor* tli<- Probate Judge <*f HMire
li' '<! County, at his offiee at Efl tri?
' ? <l (.. I! . S. C., at eleven oYlook
M the morning of saki da\, MS
i riiarrlian of Jowph H. tfonknight;
ami will al the same time and plane
apply m the Probate Judye tor a
final discharge from the office and
d?tes ?if Guardian of the said
Joseph II. Bouknight.
G M. Smith,
Jan. o, 1914. Guardian.
To Preven . lilood Poisoning
spply at once the wonderful old reliable DR.
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a sur
gical dressing tbat relieves pain sod heals st
the same time. Not a liniment. 25c. 50c ll.00.
mers all over the
South are satisfied
with results obtained
from our fertilizers.
Ask our agent.
We selected and registered
this trade-mark and it ap
pears on the toft of all our
fertilizers. It ii your guar
antee of 100% quality and
protection against inferior
This Giant Lizard-a fcnd animal,
weighing 25 fj 30 too?, lived in
South Carolina during the forma
tion cf our phosphate beds.
* CHARLESTON, S.C.
Perkins Sash and Dcor
High Grade Millwork
-k : oecialtv
n f s H i ' Work,
Estimates on Request.
.a rA, GA:
Deep Pi ving Season
We have .i.
Ol VIT tn ;
f.ji !? ..; >t
h r tv.
oiiv ?b ti
Repair^ " ;il
wing-. . x' . - <
;is "tinr-, t?o|?s extra
Jones & Son.
(Prickly Ash, Poke Root and Potassium)
Prompt Powerful Permanent
Its beneficia' cf- Stubborn cases Good results am
fects are usually yield to P. P. P. 1-sting-it cures
fdt very quickly when other niedi- you to stay cured
cines are useless
P. P. P.
Makes rich, red, pure blood-cleanses the entire
system-clears the brain-strengthens digestion and nerves.
A positive specific for Blood Poison and skin diseases.
Drives out Rheumatism and Stops the Pain; ends Malaria;
is a wonderful tonic and body-builder. Thousands endorse it.
F. V. UPPMAN CO. D??^t. SAVANNAH, GA.
Grow More Cotton to the Acre.
Plant Simpkins' Prolifie S*ed.
The earliest Cotton in ilie World. Ninety days from
planum.- ii> bule Very prolific and a grood linter.
We sell the only genuine- Mr Simpkin*' own s ed- di
rect fruin hi> farm.
Price $1 25 per bushel. 25 bushels at $1.15
LIBERAL DISCOUNT IF ORDERED BEFORE
On every order sent us before Jan. 1st take 10c oft thia
price. Ordei now-the time is nhort.
W. H. MIXS0N SEED CO., - CHARLESTON
Sole D 8 ri bu to-a for South Care lia a