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WHY POULTRY IS VALUABLE
Canadian Expert Gives Eight Reasons
in Reply to This Pertinent Ques
Why is poultry valuable to the
farmer? is a question asked by hun
dreds of tillers of the soil who usu
ally keep but a few chickens, and
these a mixture of all breeds. Profes
sor Gilbert of Ottawa, Canada, gives
?the following reasons in answer to
lthis pertinent question:
1. Because he ought, by their means
Ito convert a great deal of the
?waste of his farm into money in
.'the shape of eggs and chickens for
2. Because, with intelligent man
agement they ought to be all-year rev
enue producers, with the exception of
?possibly two months dunns the
3. Because the poultry will yield
?him a quicker return for the capital
invested than any of the other de
partments of agriculture.
4. Because the manure )t the poul
?try house will make a valuable com
A Mixed Flock.
iposite for use in either vegetable gar
den or orchard. The birds themselves,
if allowed, will destroy all injurious
5. Because, while cereals and fruits
can only be successfully grown in cer
tain sections, poultry can be raised
for table use or layers of eggs in any
and every part of the country and at
6. Because poultry raising is an em
ployment in which the farmer's wife
.can engage and leave him free to at
tend to other departments of farm
7. Because it will bring the best re
sults in the shape of new-laid eggs
during the winter season, when the
'farmer has the most time on his
8. Because to start poultry on the
j farm requires very little capital
IDONTS FOR THE POULTRYMEN
[idaho Instructor In Poultry Industry
Give? Several Excellent Hints
for Poultry Success.
j (By LILLIAN BLANCHARD. Instruct/*
! in Poultry Industry, Pullman. Waa h.)
Don't allow vermin among little
Don't allow chicks to become chilled.
? Don't feed unbalanced rations.
I-'Don't overcrowd the chicks.
Don't neglect to teed an abundance
jot green stuff.
; Don't neglect to cull continually.
Don't feed spoiled grain.
3 Don't hatch chicks late if you ex
pect fall and winter layers.
Don't hatch more chicks than you
jean care for.
j Don't set dirty or old eggs.
Don't allow sitting hens on the lay
Don't allow the male birds to run
.with the hens after the hatching sea
son is over.
Don't allow too many females with
the male bird during the mating eea
Don't expect results without work,
Molting !s Natural.
I The molting of fowls is a natural
?process and not a disease, and no med
ical treatment ls necessary or desir
able. Feed molting fowls just as you
would feed them at any other time,
only remembering that molting ie
done during hot weather and less !
carbonaceous food should be given
than when the weather is cool. Oats,
wheat, cut clover or alfalfa or any
leguminous fe-?ds may be used more
because the weather is warm than
that fowls are molting. Any sort of
green food Is good; so are beets, tur
nips, bulbs or tubers of any sort that
they will eat They should have lit
tle corn or other heat-producing food.
Sign of Distress.
When chickens have droopy wings
ft is a sign that they have vermin and
ITy a . cloth-covered ventilating; j
space in the south side of your poul- i
try house this winter.
FEED THE SHEEP REGULARLY
Value of Regular Practice Has Been
Demonstrated Wi th Two Flocks
One Turned Out Thrifty.
Sheep should be ted regularly in the
winter. In fact, as much depends on
the regularity of feeding aB on th?
feeding itself. Those who are familiar
with the characteristic of sheep
know that they always become rest
less about feeding tine.
The value of regalar feeding has
been demonstrated by experiments
with two Socks. One was fed daily at
six o'clock in the morning and again in
the evening, while the other was fed
at different times during the day. The
result was that the flock fed regular
ly turned out in a thrifty condition in
the following spring, while the others
were thin and sickly.
Many of the latter flock had died
during the winter. Fully eight per cent
of the lambs had either died at birth
or made only a stunted growth.
FEED FOR THE FARM HORSES
By Selecting Only Good Hay the Dan
ger of Heaves ls Avoided
Natural Grain Is Oats.
(Br C L. BARNES. Colorado Agricultural
The feed for the farm horse should
be of as good quality as that given
to higher priced animals used in the
cities or on the race track. The ques
tion of mode of feeding ls an import
ant factor In keeping the farm horse
healthy. Most of the hay should be
fed at night when the horse has
plenty of time to eat The hay should
be of good quality. All mouldy or
musty hay should be rejected as un
fit for feed. By selecting only good
hay the danger of heaves is avoided.
The most natural grain for the horse
Is oats. The oats should he well ma
tured and not mouldy. Bran has
very little nourishment in lt but
serves as a bowel regulator. If a
quart of bran is fed each animal
with the oats the danger of colic is
Whenever possible one should make
lt a practice to feed the farm horse
after it has had 30 minutes or an
hour to rest before trying to digest Its
concentrated food. In other words
let the farm horse eat a little hay
while warm and after lt has entirety
dried off, water and grain. During c
resting period feed more bran than
oats. Then tLore will be less danger
of azotoria after the horse is put
back to work.
A well-regulated barn of modern
type is equipped with watering trough
In the barn. If possible all horses
should have an opportunity of drink
ing pure water at any time while In
the barn, If the horse ls not too warm.
Some ranchers find lt a paying prop
osition to set a pail of water in for
each horse before retiring. This gives
the horse an opportunity to have wa
ter when lt needs lt the most while
eating the dry hay.
Cause of Rickets.
Worms, malnutrition, inadequate
feeding, lack of lime salts in the feed
are common causes of rickets In pigs.
Stop feeding corn and substitute slop
of middlings ground screened oats,
flaxseed meal and milk and add one
ounce of lime water to the quart of
slop or give a dram of precipitated
phosphate of lime in feed twice daily.
If worms are seen In the droppings
give sulphate of iron in the slop for
five mornings In succession at the
rate of one dram for eac?i one hon.
dreu pounds of pigs and If necessary
repeat the treatment In a couple of
weeks. Every day rub affected Joints
with iodine ointment.
Colts should have a regular grain
. . .
It is poor economy to feed timothy
hay to sheep.
. . .
Nine-tenths of the objection to the
mule is prejudice.
. ? .
Hogs appreciate kindness and are
not so stupid as they look.
. . .
Less hay and some grain is more
economical and will make a better
. . ?
Feed the finishing pigs all they win
eat. If the appetite is keen, the diges
tion ls good.
REPAIRING" OLD TIES!
CONTINENTAL RAILROADS HAVE
A PICKLING PROCESS.
Growing Scarcity of Wood and the
Amount of Building Going On Hat
Made Necessary Something
of This Kind.
The forests are going. The demand
for wooden sleepers is growing in all
civilized lands. It is necessary to in
crease the length of time the old
wooden ties can be used, and to solve
this problem, experiments have been
made on some continental railroads |
with hardwood tie plates, set Into the
old ties in such a way as to prevent
mechanical wear and tear on the rall,
while improved pickling methods ren
der the soft wood of the sleeper prac
tically immune to attacks of fungi or
dampness. The hard wood, and thia
is also taken to mean a wood mass
powerfully compressed hydraulically,
m the shape of pads, either wedge
ahaped or circular with a bevel is set
into the seat which has been cut in
the sleeper, which ls filled with a hot
tarry mass, and turned by suitable
force until its longer side ls at right
angles to the center line of the sleep
er. This distributes the cementing
material, and makes lt fill any exist
ing small gaps. Thus no water can
penetrate the joint, while at the same
time an elastic Intermediate layer ls
provided. The pads are Interchange
able, and easily replaced with new.
TRAINS HAD TO BE LONGER
Economic Conditions Forced Railroads |
to Measures Which Have Proved
The measure of train efficiency ls
th'- trainload-the tons handled per
crew. The average train carried in
1902 296 tons of freight; in 1912. 409
tons. The tremendous economy rep
resented by these figures came from
increasing the freight-moving capacity
per train by means of Improvements
In train and road equipment The
average capacity per car rose from 28
tons In 1902 to 42 tons in 1911 (lat
est figures) ; the average tractive pow
er per locomotive from 20,481 pounds
in 1902 to 27,949 pounds in 1911. Re
sult: longer trains with greatly aug
mented trainload, By eliminating
curves and grades the performance
of the car per day was still further
Increased. To bear the swift ponder
ous pounding heavier roadbed and
rails and stronger bridges were pro
vided and had to be maintained.
These Improvements have paid their
way in savings and explain why ex
penses other than wages have In
creased at a reduced rate and at a
rate so much lower than that in labor
cost, with advancing wages, reduced
hours and full-crew laws.-Leslie's
Railroad Women In Europe.
A signal woman baa been employ
ed on the line between More be th and
Hampton, near tho Somerset border of
Devon, for the last 23 years, and an
other at Lee Crossing, near Min eh ear,
says the London Tit-Bits. Bot women
are employed on the railways tn other
places besides the west country. Rose
mount station on the Caledonian
raliway, and Longford, Essex, have
station mistresses. At Brays ton es,
on tae Furness railway, sad at
Dovenby station, Cumberland, there
are women who not only manage the
signals, but issue tickets and do all
the work in connection witlt the trains.
More women, probably, are employed
on the railways in Russia than ia any
other European country.
World's Great Railroad Tunnels.
The world's greatest tunnels are to
be found fn Europe, and a brief sum
mary of these In the Engineer shows
that the greatest is the Simpl?n which
Ifi 12V? mfles In length. Two, the st.
Gothard and Lotschberg. are over 9 1-3
miles In length. The Mont Cents is a
little ever seven miles tn length. The
Arlberg, in Austria, is 6% miles long.
There are four tunnels between flvo
and six miles In length, five between
four and five miles in length, seven
between three and four miles, and 18'
tunnels that are over two miles long. '
The longest tunnel in this country,
the Hoosac, is four and one-third miles
Economic waste applies to car roofs
as well as to the finances of the gov
ernment. There is no difference ex
cept in the amounts involved. Eco
nomic waste as relating to the car roof
implies a loss which affects moro than
just the road which purchases and
becomes the owner of such roofs.
While naturally an individual or a cor
poratlon should avoid waste as a mat
ter of Eelf-protection, it should also
avoid economic waste which has its
effect on every part of the body poli
tic. Possibly the fact Is sometimes
overlooked that those things which af
fect the country at large affect each
individual in the country as welL
Make Greater Yields and Profits for Farmers
Produces larger crops-enriches the soil-makes it
ir,?re productive for future crops.
Farmers cannot be too careful in selecting their fertilizers. They should insist that Phosphoric
Acid, Ammonia, and Potash are in such form that it is solu'-'e and available at all times. Upon
these three ingredients depend the life and size of your crops.
Planters "Cotton and Truck Fertilizer"....7-5-5
Planters "Soluble Guano".8-3-3
Planters "Standard Fertilizer"..9-2-2
Planters "Special Cotton Fertilizer".84-4
Your soil needs-Planters Fertilizers. Ask our agert or write us for irifcmnarion and rices,
See that our trade-mark in on every bag it'a our guarantee-refuse inferior brands.
PLANTERS FERTILIZER & PHOSPHATE CO.. Charleston, S. C.
We use only the best a C. Phosphate, Fish Scrap. Blood Tankaffe, Cerman Potash, eta
The Menanee of the Problem Is the Negro.
Question "Settling Itself"?
"The Negro question 'S settling itself," they tell u3, and The Progressive
Farmer almost alone along the bigger Southern journals today scientifically probing
to the bottom of the whole great problem to see how it is being "settled." ;
Did you know, for example, that from 1870 to iq io the number of mulattoes
in this country increased from 584,049 to 2,050,686 or over 251 per cent-whereas
che number of full-blooded negroes increased only from 4,295,960 to 7,777,077, or
81 per cent?
In other words, there are not even twice as many full-blooded negroes as
there were in 1870, but there are nearly FOUR TIMES as many mulattoes. The
Progressive Farmer of February 21st will present some amazing figures and some
notable utterances by Rev. A. H. Shannon, Prof. J. T. Brooks, Senator B. K.
Tillman and others-<?out this"~wTwf?"l)ig, sinister7^aths\>rH^stf*
g un? to be pleasant reading, but it's mighty necessary reading and in many re
spects astounding reading, and ought to arouse the whole South to action concern
ing the perils that confront us.
Look out for it. Many other equally notable scientific articles on "The
Negro ard Southern Farm Life" will follow.
Send ten cents for a ten week's subscription including a copy of this issue.
Or better still, send $1 for a whole year's subscription. We'll give you
your money back-with interest-if you are not satisfied. Isn't that fair?
The Progressive Farmer
Raleigh, North Carolina.
WW&Z W>% 99
cs;? c> ?*3?
Phone Your Orders
It is'not necessary for you to come
to our store to buy. Just call up on
the phone and we will take your
order and deliver it promptly, and
you will find both quality and quan
tity just as good as if you had per
sonally selected the goods. We are
anxious to have you as a customer
and are sure we will hold you as s jch
after the first purchase.
L. T. MAY
Edgefield, South Carolina.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble ,. Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Bells
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Our favorite Coffee, 30c per pound,