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CLOSET IS OF NO ADVANTAGE
.Actual Test Demonstrates Poultry Do
Better Without Curtain-Found to
In the curtain-front tyne of poultry
house used at the Maine experiment
station a feature of the original plan
on which considerable stress was laid
was the canvas curtain in front of the
This curtain, together with the back
wall of the house and the droppings
board under the roosts formed a closet
in which the birds were shut up at
night during cold weather. When the
curtain front house was first devised it
was thought essential to provide such
a closet to conserve the body heat of
the birds during the cold nights when
the temperature might go well below
zero. Experience has shown, how
ever, that this was a mistake. Act
ual test shows that the roosting clos
et is of no advantage, even In such a
severe climate as that of Orono. On
the contrary, the birds certainly thrive
better without the roost curtain than
with iL It has been a general ob
servation among users of the curtain
front type of house that when the
roost curtains are used the birds are
particularly susceptible to colds. It is
not hard tc understand why this
should be so. The air In a roosting
closet when it is opened in the morn
ing is plainly bad. The fact that it is
warm in no way offsets physiologically
the evils of its lack of oxygen and ex
cess of carbon dioxid, ammoniacal va
pors and other exhalations from the
bodies of the birds.
For some time past it bas been felt
that the roosting closet was at least
unnecessary, if not in fact a positive
evil, says a writer in the Baltimore
American. Consequently the time of
beginning to close the roost curtain in
the fall has been each year longer de
layed. Finally, in the fall of 1910, it
was decided not to use these curtains
at all during the winter. Consequent
ly they were taken out of the house,
or spiked to the roof, as the case
might be. The winter of 1910-11 was
a severe one. On several occasions the
temperature dropped to 30 degrees be
low zero. Yet during this winter the
mortality was exceptionally low and
the egg production exceptionally high.
In view of this experience the sta
tion has decided to discontinue the
use of the roost curtain. It would
s- "im to be generally understood or at
MAKING ROOSTS MITE-PROOF
Uprights Set in Quart Cans of Water
With Kerosene on Top Prevents
Progress of Parasites.
CB y L. H. COBB, in the Farm and Fire
Anyone who has tried to clean out
the mites from roosts that are built
In to the hen-house will appreciate the
6imple plan given below. I make my
sets of roosts six feet high, with three
two-by-two-inch roosts. The uprights
are set in quart cans of water with a
half inch of kerosene on top. Mites
cannot get on this roost unless car
ried there by the hens, and it can be
easily taken through any door and
It takes 28 days for a duck egg tc
. . *
Do not disregard breeds and keep
anything that is a fowl.
. . ?
Tho merits of the scratching shed
are shown during bad weather.
. . .
' No one farm ls large enough for
more than one variety of fowls.
. ? .
Pay well for a well-bred male, bul
do not accept a scrub as a gift.
. * *
Have a clean, warm, dry place with
.straw or litter for the roosting quar
. . .
The average farmer who growB
large crops of gram on his farm is
the poorest feeder.
. . .
Coarse sand and gravel will reduce
ithe amount of grit needed by the
ifowls, but cannot take its place.
. * .
The ducklings will grow ;;o large In
'ten days that the chicken hen cannot
hover a dozen-then you may as well
if you can put two or three brocds
with one hen.
. . .
Keep plenty of water before the
ducks. Sudden death among the
ducks can often be attributed to a
lack of water.
SHOWED INSTINCT OF SWANS
Sirt?s Had Learned the Trick of Ring
ing a Bell to Get Their Supply
Daring a recent visit to the cathed
ra? city of Wells, in Somersetshire, a
Scotsman correspondent was witness
of a carious incident. The Episcopal
palace is surrounded, just as in olden
rimes, hy a wall and a moat, the haunt
of swans, ducks, and other aquatic
hirds. Tho moat is crossed at the en
trance to the palace grounds by a
drawbridge with a battlemented gate
way with towers, in one of which is
the gatekeeper's lodge. From a
bracket fixed in the wall of one of
these towerB overlooking the moat a
bell is suspended, with a cord at
Ono afternoon about five o'clock,
while watching the movements of the
various birds in the water, the corre
spondent heard the ringing of a bell,
and, on looking to see whence the
sound came, he observed that one of
the swans was vigorously pulling the
cord evidently to attract attention. As
no immediate notice was taken of its
efforts, the impatient bird continued
to ring the bell violently until there
appeared at the window of the tower
the wife of the gatekeeper, who threw
put a quantity of food to the expectant
On making inquiries as to the origin
of this interesting episode, the corre
spondent was told that a number of
years ago a daughter of the bishop of
Wells, being much Interested In the
birds inhabiting the moat, taught the
swans to ring the bell at feeding-time,
at five o'clock in the afternoon. This
practice has been continued by succes
sive families of swans down to the
present day, and it would seem, there
fore, as if the birds transmitted to
their offspring the knowledge that
when the cord was pulled the bell
would ring and that food would follow.
DEMAND FOR FURS ENORMOUS
That tho World's Supply WIM In Time
Be Exhausted May Be Consid
The fur trade in the far north is
still on very much the 6ame basis as
when Cartier and Champlain first
traded beads and knickknacks with
the wondering chiefs of Quebec. A
million and a half dollars' worth of
merchandise goes north from Edmon
ton, Canada, every spring to be ex
changed for the two and a half mil
lions of fur that come back in mid
summer and autumn. So far as the
fur trade in America is concerned,
the traders claim that there ls no
perceptible falling off as yet; that, In
fact, more fur ls being brought to
market each year. But in Russia, Ger
many, Japan and Australia there is
a general decrease in the supply. In
the past 20 years the world's catch of
the 12 most important furs has fall
en off from five per cent, to 700 per
cent., while the demand for the more
expensive varieties has multiplied
enormously. The ceaseless effort to
satisfy this demand can have but one
end, and it is only logical to expect
that even the great game preserves of
the Canadian north and Alaska will
in time be hunted bare.
The belief that all foreigners are
inferior to one's own people is not pe
culiar to the so-called civilized na
tions. Professor Sumner of Yale
used to call this national egotism
"ethnocentrism," and cited an instance
of it from a message sent south by a
native Greenlander, extolling his land
and its inhabitants as greatly su
perior to the countries and races of
white men. In the Journal of Re
ligious Psychology the anthropologist
Crantz is quoted as saying:
"The Greenlanders consider them
selves as the only civilized nation in
the world. They are far superior in
their own estimation to the Euro
peans, who supply an inexhaustible
subject of raillery for their social par
ties. They do not appreciate the atr
titude of arrogant superiority adopted
by many white men in their inter
course with so-called savages."
Organization of Transportation.
The propose d_ imposition of a tax
on the importation of bananas has
served to draw attention to the re
markable organization of the business
of transporting bananas. The fruit is
packed while green and rushed thou
sands of miles in a few days before
lt ripens. So carefully is this busi
ness of transportation organized that
millions of bananas are brought from
the tropics and sold so cheaply as to
be within reach of all. As a precau
tion against loss due to the ripening
of the fruit because of a delay in
transportation, every fruit vessel is
equipped with a wireless plant. If a
fruit vessel be delayed, a wireless call
is quickly sent out for help, and as
sistance is rushed to the disabled ves
sel, so that the shipment ia expedited
in every way.
Singers' Little Ways.
Caruso tells us that he knows a
prima donna who occupies herself
in trimm'lg hats on the days when
she sin*,.., -'.ieving that this provides
a distrac ti?,-i and rests her nerves.
Another crosses herself repeatedly be
fore taking her cue, and one famous
singer known throughout Europe is in
the habit of kissing her mother good
bye and receiving her blessing be
fere going on to sing.
A well-known pianist used to carry
a black cat about with her wherever
she played. Doubtless there,, are
many who are similarly superstitious,
though they may not readily own tc
it--Manchester Evening News.
My Jack will stand the season at!
my farm. Fee ?12.50 to insure foal, j
This is due as soon as mare proves I
. J. R. STROTHER,
Edgefield, S. 0.
J will p -$35 in cashjor the ap
pr'-hension and evidence to convict,
the party or parties!who about j
he 15th of December took a
>air of shafts from a buggy in my
-hop yard and who on the night ol'
January 31 took a wheel from a
buggy in my yard. I am determined
:o apprehend and punish the guilty
Dirties if possible.
W. EL Powell.
Notice of Final Dis
To All Whom These Presents May j
Whereas, R. M. Johnson has1
made application unto this Court ?j
for Final Discharge as Executor in ! ?
re the Estate of Geo. W. Johnson
deceased, on this the 13th day of
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, South Carolina, on
the 18th day of April 1914 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order of Dis
charge should not be granted.
W. T. Kinnaird,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
March 13, 1914-ot.
The State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
Ry W. T. Kinnaird, Probate Judge.
Whereas, L. M. Johnson, made I
.mit to me, to grant him letters of j
Administration of the Estate of and
.ffects of G. C.?Johnson.
These Are Therefore to cite and
idmonish all and singular the kin
ked and creditors of the said G. C.
lobnson deceased, that they be andi
ippear before me, in the Court of j
Prnbate, to be held at Edgefield S.
C., on April 9th, 1914, next, after)
publication thereof, at il o'clo?fc_in
he forenoon, to show cause, if any
i hey have, why the said Adminis
tration should not be granted.
Given under my H ind this 23rd
day of March A." D., 1914.
W. T. Kinnaird,
P J. E. C. S. C.
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
Ideal Pressing Club
NEAT CLEANING AND
We can please the most fastidious
person. All kinds of repairing and
dyeing. We make a specialty of
cleaning and pressing-ladies coat
suits and skirts-and do the work
nicely. We appreciate your patron
age. Guarantee satisfaction.
FRANK MAYNARD, Prop.,
Edgefield, South Carolina.
ADAMS' BIG BOLL
Two years ago I purchased some
improved cotton seed from a Geor
?ia farmer who had bred it up, pay
kg $1.18 cents per pound for the
seed. It is large, deeprooted, re
sisting drought storm and rust.
Have made GG4 pounds per acre of
lint on thin land by using only 200
pounds of standard guano. On same
grade of land |with my next best
variety only made 300 pounds of
lint. Seed cotton from 32 well de
veloped bolls weighs a pound. Will
stand drought three weeks longer
than other varieties.
I have a limited quantity of seed
that 1 will sell for $5.00 per bushel.
Send in vour orders at once.
R. F. ADAMS,
R. F. D. No. 2, Batesburg, S. C.
ants h *
We desire to notify our farmer friends that we are ready to supply them
with fertilizers in all of the popular brands and formulas. We sell the cele
These goods have been used by farmers of this county for many years and
have given satisfaction.
We also have contracted for a large supply of ingredients f< r mixing tei
tilizers at home. Bear in mind that we can rill yonr orders for any kind of
plant food, the dependable kind. Come in to see us.
W. W. Adams, &
Screen The House.
NOW is the time to protect your ho^e against
the pestry disease-breeding fly, by putting in
Screen Windows and ^ ?ors. We have all sizes of
both and can fit any size opening. Windows at
40, 50, 60 and 75 cents, and doors at $1.25, $1.50,
$2.00 and $2.50.
Remember that one doctor's bill will screen your
Full stock of Ice Cream Freezers, all sizes. See
our Water Coolers. We have numerous other
seasonable articles for the home.
Stewart & Kernaghan.
Furniture, Furniture, Furniture
and Farmers Hardware.
Our two stores, No. 972 Broad and No. 1,286 Broad
Street, stand wide open to our Edgefield friends.
In our up-town store in addition to a full stock of
furniture we carry a large supply of farmers hardware
that we are selling at close prices. Mr. Wyatt H. Ham
mond of Colliers is a member of the salesforce at our
upper store and will always be pleased to see his Edge
We can supply anything you need in furniture.
Call to see us when in need of anything for the h^use.
If we haven't what you want in stock we will order it
E. M. ANDREWS FURNITURE COMPANY
972 Broad, Phone 445. 12S9 Broad, Phone 2311