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USING THE VERTICAL DRAINS
Whether They Work Successfully or
Not Depends Largely on Under
ground Water-How Operated.
Vertical drains eau often be used
where the cost of tiling is prohibitive
for small amount of land. Wheth
er these drains work well or not de
pends largely on the underground wa
ter which in some cases will rise when
the impervious sheet above is pierced.
This is not often the case when tbe
drain is carried to as low a wate?
table as 12 or 15 feet.
It is quite common to pad several
sheets of impervious material which
A VERTICAL DRAIN.
These Drains May Serve as Outlets
for Horizontal Laterals, With or
Without These Laterals, They May
Drain Pot-Holes Thoroughly.
which require to be successively
pierced to free the upper soil of water
logging. After the first one has been
penetrated the water may rise and
again subside when the secoud or
third sheets are pierced.
In seepage lands we maj' have a
stratum of hard soil confining water at
!a depth injurious to crops and re
gaining water, the accumulations of
'years, and these may be wasting into
spring holes and wallows in man}
places, yet the water has not sufli
'deni flow to clear itself.
in such cases, even if the water
rises crom below, relief often comes by
:openiLg up the hardpan and drawing
off the wa;.'r in a tile or open ditch.
It will often be found that the wa
ter which ruins and is coming in
very slowly but lies in an underground
basin formed by hard pan at a differ
ent level from the surface soil, per
haps crossing the underflow with
ridges at almost a right angle to the
flow and these must If possible, be
cut through if a vertical drain fails to
REEL CART FOR BARB WIRE
Device Made of Old Cultivator Truck
With Shovel Beams Removed
Works Quite Rapidly.
With this device two men can reel
np barb wire nearly as fast as they
can walk. One man guides the truck
backwards to make the wire wind
evenly on the spool, says a Kansas
writer in the Farmers' Mail and
.'Breeze. The crauking pulls the truck
Barb Wire Reel Cart.
along and rolls the wire ou tight. The
truck is an old walking cultivator
with shovel beams removed.
The frame is made of two by fours
bolter together with a U-bolt to fas
ten the front to the tongue. The
frame is wide enough to have a collar
at each end of the spool with set
screws. The screws are tightened up
against the crank shaft so the reel
AMOUNT OF FEED FOR COWS
.Brief and Simple Rules Given by Ne
braska Experiment Station
Great Aid for Dairymen.
The Nebraska station gives the fol
lowing brief and simple rules as an
aid in determiniw., 'he amount of feed
required by each cow:
1st. Feed all the roughage, such as
. alfalfa, corn silage, etc., that the cow
will eat up clean.
2d. Feed approximately one pound
of grain for every threo pounds of
milk produced per day.
3d. Give the cows as much feed as
they will consume without gaining in
4th. Feed some succulent feed, such
as corn silage or roots, to make the
ration more palatable.
5th. Be prepared to supplement the
pastures by feeding silage when the
dry season sets in.
Mineral Matter for Sheep.
Scientists tell us that there is often
more mineral matter removed irom a
fleece of wool than is contained in the
sheep's entire body from which the
wool is clipped; hence the necessity
of a ration with plenty of mineral
matter in order to supply material
lor this superior wool growing.
KNEW WHAT. HE WAS DOING
Possibly Harry Poliock Had the
Right Idea When He Expended
Money In Beautifying.
Some portion of Broadway sets its
sartorial clock by Harry Pollock, the
connoisseur in white hopes. If he ap
pears in checks his followers do not
rest until they are also set forth at
right angles. It isn't that Pollock is
proud of his good looks. He thinks
rood clothes are an asset.
When he and Shep Friedman visited
London some years ago."' said Walter
St. Denis, "they had to go as cow
chaperons oa a very poorly ventilated
steamer. But their trunks went on
one of the fast liners."
They had no money whatever. But
they registered at ll-.? Cecil. Then
Friedman hurried out and touch a
friend for $10. He gave Poliok five ot
"At 7 o'clock," said Friedman,
smacking his lips slightly, "I will meet
you here. Then we will again have a
regular cooked dinner."
Pollock took his five and began to
beautify. He was manicured, chi
ropoded, shaved, shined, and Florida
watered. A roseate vision greeted
Friedtnan when lie entered the Cecil's
lobby zt 7 t'nat night. Pollock was
evening-dressed and silk-hatted and
white-gloved. But he had no more
money ?han a hollyhock. Friedman
just gasped when he learned this.
"This is the id.-a," said Pollock, airi
ly. "We'll eat on your $5. Then-all
fixed up as 1 an-I can go out and get
more!v - Pittsburg Chronicle-Tele
DIDN'T FIND IT INTERESTING
Settler Had No Hesitation in Declar
ing Encyclopedia Had Its Dry
Dudley Field .Malone, the new col
lector of the port of New York, said to
'Tra too new to my job to talk about
it yet. If I talked about it I might,
like the mountaineer, give away my
"A man was hunting in Pike county
and up around Porters lake he visited
a settler's house.
"He noticed a volume of a good
encyclopedia on a shelf above the gun,
" 'It must be a handy thing away off
hero to have an encyclopedia.'
" 'Yep,' said the mountaineer. 'Yep,
she's handy. I only got the first book.'
"'Why haven't you got the others?
" 1 ain't finished this one yet, so 1
ain't ready for another. I bought this
one off'n an agent about eight yearE
ago. He come round six months aft
erwards and says, says he: ."Here's
yer second volume, mister."
.What?" says I. "Why. I ain't fin
ised the first volume yet. You jest dig
'"He dug, too. Nine year ago it
was. I ain't more'n half through her
yet. The wife, she's about quarter
through. It took a lot o' brains to
write this book, but it's my opinion,
all the same, and I don't mind tellin'
ye, that I think she's got her dry
streaks, like most everything else.' "
To Retain English Thatch Roof.
A strong appeal is made to lovers of
English rural scenery, landowners,
stock breeders and others in favor ot
retaining the thatch roof for rural
cottages and farms. It is remarked
that there are few, if any, lovelier arti
ficial things than a thatched English
cottage or farmstead, and none that
have become more completely a part
of the tradition and the spirit of Eng
lish landscape, of the rura! scenery
which has for centuries inspired the
work ot the greatest artists and poets.
The thatch of these buildings, it is
regretted, is to a largo extent giving
place to iron roofs in many parts of
the country, and the aim is to pre
serve thatched roofing where possible.
One of ch?? supporters ol' the movement
quotes a famous live stock auctioneer,
who said he had never seen stock do
so well as when brought up under the
thatch roof, as it is warm in winter
and cool in summer-very important
factors in bringing a young anima!
along, moro or less, under a moderate
One Rule of Nature.
Every few years we must slow up a
bit-stor producing as much as we
can, otherwise all markets would be
swamped with unsold products.
Food is the one thing-if we except
radium-which never becomes toe
plentiful. People increase in number
a little faster than the supply ol
hhigs to eat.
"'eason: Science has not multiplied
tho . Mtput of the soil in the same fev
erish way that It has- increased manu
facturing possibilities. An acre doe?
bett'-r than it did on New Year's day,
1800. bet not nearly ?o much better
as almost every other thing that you
can think of. So our farmers arc
busy all the time, and yet food is nev
er too plentiful.
Hard Luck Experiences.
Two New Yorkers of some experi
ence in ?ravel other than by the rapid
transit lines of the metropolis were
telling hard luck stories.
"About the worst I ever got up
against,' said one, "was buying from
a Connecticut Yankee what was rep
resented to be a pullet, and, by gravy,
it turned out to be a hen so old she
couldn't hr/ fresh eggs."
"Hard lines, hard lines," sighed the
other, who had a red nose, "but think
of me being marooned for a whole
month in a Kansas town which waa
so teeotally temperance that even the
cows had gone dry at the laat elec
Home-R. lissi oit.
Still tho wonder grows that a greater
number of farmers do not raise
.nore horses and mules. Several
days ago Mr. VV. E. Winn sold a
home-raised colt to his brother, Mr.
F. E. Winn, for $200. Those who
saw the fine young mare say she
was a great, bargain at that, price.
The Winn brothers can afford to
keep brood mares, because they al
ways grow an abundance of corn at
home to si nplv the farm.
Go to see
jj Before insuringelsewhere. We
I' represent the best old line com
Marling Sz Byrd
At tile Fanners Bank. Edgefield
125 acres land cear Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near M o netta, Sa
330 acre- in Aiken ?ounty,
IUP acres near Ropers.
MOO acres near Celestia or
Davis'' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda eonnties.
.'>u acres near Edgefield C.
.250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tracts near meeting
Street, and oilier tracts near
Munetta and Batesbnrg.
A. 8. TOMPKINS,
Bellefield, S. v .
is the best all-round medicine
lerer used," writes J.A.
Steelman, of Pattonville, Texas.
"I suffered terribly with liver
troubles, and could get no relief.
The doctors said I had con
sumption. I could not work at
all. FinaHy i tried
S?| and to my surprise, 1 got better,
and am to-day as well as any
man." Th ed ford's Black
Draught is a general, cathartic,
vegetable liver medicine, that
has been regulating irregulari
ties of the liver, stomach and
bowels, for over 70 years. Get
a package today. Insist on the
Southern Railway Schedule
Effective Sunday, March 1st,
1914, Schedule of train No. 8, Au
gusta to Columbia, will be as fol
Lv Augusta 7:10 am
Lv Warrenville 7:40 a m
Lv U nw ii ?vi ie. 7:44 a m
Lv Trenton 8:15 a m
Lv Edgetield 7:50 a ni
Lv .'. hov M 8:29 a m
Lv Ward 8:41 a. m
Lv Batesburg 9:15 a m
Lv Lejsville 9:20 a m
Lv Lexington 10:00 a m
Ar Columbia 10:30 a m.
Corresponding changes ai interme
diate stations. For additional in
formation, communicate with,
District Pasaencrenr Agent,
722 Broad Street,
Ulf Fm dre
11/ (li y?'
j jj jjf
j Veternary Surgeon
j I am prepared lo treat stock for all
diseases at reasonabl ? prices. My head
* office and hospital a--e at Johnton at
Jordan and Amaker's stable. Every
2nd Monday I will bi found at H. C.
Watson's stables at Edgefield.
DR. J. M. LOVE.
Jan. 7, 1914-3mos.
?iis io y
; j F.S
SK THE BOY WHO
: WILL TELL YOU THAT HE 1
[JIZER TO GROW THE CORN WI
LIZERS COST LESS THAN LA:
GrHT KIND, AND ENOUGH, YO
)NEY. IT ISN T WHAT THE A3
3E OF THE BAG BUI rVHAT Tl
SIDE THAT COUNT. ALL S. ?
.OM MATERIALS WHICH FEED
:OM SEED TIME TO HARVEST ,
We Do Not Use :
In mixing our fertilizers to be i
irces of ammonia (nitrogen) are
rough the soil with the first rain,
?sser and truck.
sh, B!ood and Oiher
e the main sources of ammonia us
it plant food. Cotton seed meal n
ita direct to us, if your dealer does
^oods. Money-purse and fertilizer
i, free, on request. All S. S
iranteed to be in A-l mechanical c
"der Early and Avoid Car
fUTHERN STATES PHOSPH
AUGUSTA, GA. SAVANI
By th? Constitution and Rules
of 'lie Democratic Party, the Dcm
ocratir Cl nhs ol' Edgcfield County
ar-< required to meet on the fourth
S ,i ii 111 ay <>f April, being: the 25th
l'v of siid monti), for the purpose
if reorganizing:, electing officers,
and electing1 delegates to the County
Convention to be held on the Fir.-t
Monday in May. Each Club is
entitled to one delegate for every
twenty-five members, and one del
egate for a majority fraction there
of. All of the clubs fare urged ;o
meet, reorganize and elect dele
gates to the County Convention.
B. E. NICHOLSON,
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops the
Cough and Headache and works off the Cold.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature on eacn box. 2Sc
r's is ike stand
J j. i
.Rovjsier Guano C
i WON THE PRIZEf
JSEDS.S. BRANDS OF FER-i
HCH WON THE MONEY. FER- ?
BOR. WHEN YOU USE THE .
'U SAVE LABOR AND MAKE
STALYSIS SAYS ON THE OUT-,
IE MATERIALS ARE ON THE;
5. FERTILIZERS ARE MADE j
THE CROP PROGRESSIVELY;
\ND INSURE SUCCESS.
Nitrate of Soda
used on cotton and corn. Other1
! better. Nitrate of soda sifts
It should be used only for top
;ed in S.S. goods. They are the
lixtures furnished when desired.
;n't handle S.
. goods are
.'.'minmai uuaiu mi
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble , Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.