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I ANGORA GOAT RAISIN
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment o? Agriculture.)
The raising of Angora goats in the
United States is now a demonstrated
success. The industry is indeed so
well established here that growers
need not be inconvenienced by the ac
tion of South Africa in prohibiting I
the exportation of Angoras, for the
quantity of good blood in this country
ls already sufficient to meet all re- j
quirementB. In the opinion of experts ;
the best American fleeces now equal
any grown in South Africa or Asia
Minor, the original home of the An
Although nearly every state in the
Union now possesses Its flocks, the
Southwest and the Northwest are es
pecially well adapted to the indus
try, in particular the large areas re
cently logged off in the Northwest.
There the Angora not only thrives
himself but helps to clear away the
brush which if allowed to grow un
checked, might easily become a dan
gerous fire trap. Thus it is often said
that the Angora works and pays for
its board at the same time.
It is paying more and more, for the
Taine of the fleece or mohair ?3 in
creasing steadily. Formerly the use
of mohair depended so largely upon
the prevailing fashion that its jrice
?mried widely from year to year. This
condition, however, is rapidly chang
ing as new uses for mohair are con
tinually found, from automobile tops
and table covers to dr^ss goods and
curled false hair, and today the grow
er is assured of a reasonably steady
market. The price, of course, varies
mtv cousiaeration in all calculations.
This practise of clipping twice a
year is In many ways a drawback to
the industry since it tends to lower
the average grade of American mo
hair. Mohair, aB good as any, can be
and is grown in this country, but the
average quality is not today consid
ered to be as good as the foreign.
About two million pounds are annual
ly Imported. Ordinarily this ls blend
ed and spun with the domestic prod
uct. Six inches is the shortest length
of fleece usually desired and, because
of shearing twice a year, much Texas
and New Mexico mohair falls below
this standard. Where the fleece is al
lowed to grow for 12 months, the aver
age length is ten inches and in the
best flocks it is not rnusual to get fif
teen to twenty inches. Romeo, the
sweepstakes buck at the El Paso show
In 1910, is an example of what is
possible. His fleece weighed IS
pounds, measured 20vi inches in
length and sold for $115. Such fleece
is not, of course, the product of or
dinary commercial conditions. It im
plies a considerable amount of care
and personal attention.
The birth rate is approximately G5
per cent but in well managed flocks
this has risen on occasions as high
as 120 per cent. Since the kids are
not hardy, it is obvious that this
means skill and industry during the
breeding season. The management of
Angoras does not differ greatly from
that of sheep.
While the Angora goat needs atten
tion it is adaptable, and as far as tem
perature is concerned, should flourish
In any part of the United States. In
Montana the flocks face the heavy
snowfalls with equanimity as long as
a dry place is provided for them at
night and though' the heat in the
Southwest frequently makes it neces
sary to shear twice a year in order
To prevent shedding, it does not oth
erwise affect the health of the flocks. ,
Dampness, however, is more injurious j
than either cold or heat. High land is I
the native home of all goats, and they
invariably seek it when left to them
selves. Pure water is also an essen
Otherwise the Angora Is not particu
lar. It will feed with cattle and sheep,
and, though in some danger of being
kicked, with horses also. As a matter
of fact, however, the goat prefers a
certain amount of rough pasture and
is particularly happy when cleaning
up brush land. There is one instance
of a flock of COO being allowed free
grazing in a California forest, reserve
in order to keep the strips bf cleared
land, known as fire breaks, free from
weeds and vegetation. So'tlers In
the Northwest find the Angora' most
serviceable in browsing off the brash
IG QUITE PROFITABLE
: and Does.
on their new landa, and one interur
ban railway company purchased a
flock to keep its right of way clear
and attractive. On very rough land
the danger of injury to the fleece
must, however, be kept in mind.
As has already been said, the An
gora can be bred sufficiently pure for
practical purposes from the stock al
ready in this country and there is
no need of further importations for
breeding purposes. Some years ago,
however, this was not believed to be
the case and in 1881 the sultan of Tur
key endeavored to preserve for his
dominions the monopoly of the mohair
trade by prohibiting the exportation
of the live animal. His example was
followed by South Africa, but it waa
too late. Some of the best blood was
already in America and today other
countries are buying of us, flocks hav
ing been shipped recently to Brazil
and the Argentine.
Various associations have already
been formed for the development of
the industry in this country and the
quantity of the annual product is in
creasing rapidly. In 1913 it is esti
mated that 5,000,000 pounds of mohair
were grown in the United States.
Fuller details of the management and
care of flocks are to be found in
Farmers' Bulletin 573, "The Angora
Goat" which will be sent free on ap
plication to the department of agricul
INOCULATING ALFALFA SEED
Sole Duty of Bacteria ls in Gathering
Nitrogen From Air and Turn
r..^ iu me seeu nave rio power to
assist in the germination of the seed,
iu increasing the stand or in correct
ing detrimental influences that may
be operating in the soil. Their sole
duty is in gathering nitrogen from the
air and turning it over to the plants
on whose roots they grow.
If the soil is deficient in nitrogenous
fertilizers, therefore, they will enable
the legume to make a good growth
and yield. If the soil, on the other
hand, is rsour or contains alkali, then
these bacteria will be of little use.
Again If poor seed is used, or too
much or too little seed is sown the
bacteria will not remedy these trou
These bacteria need not bo used if
the legumes already growiug in any
particular soil show the nodules on
the roots. This can be determined by
careful examination of the roots for
the nodules cn them. New ground
is frequently deficient in these bac
teria and they should be applied arti
ficially. The Idaho Experiment sta
tion will furnish any farmer of Idaho
the proper bacteria at five cents per
acre, which represents about the cost
CULTURE OF THE MUSHROOM
Particular Work That Many Have
Tried and Failed-Caves or Cel
lars Are Best Suited.
While there is no mystery about
growing mushrooms, lt is such par
ticular work that many have tried
and failed. After the beds are planted
it is almost entirely a question of
right conditions of tempprature and
moisture. Knowledge of what is
wanted and a careful touch are re
The preparation of the beds also
requires skill which comes from ex
perience in handling manure. Sev
eral weeks are needed to properly mix
and rot the material and it must be
done in warm weather, or in a warm
room. Caves or cellars are right
places for this work and the winter
is the best time. It is easier to keep
them warm enough than to keep them
cool enough in summer.
Time to Plant Trees.
Many trees planted in the spring
^re lost from the usual dry spell in the
summer. Thus fall planting has many
advantages. Rootlets will be devel
oped and the trees ready to grow rap
idly the following spring.
Strawberries should be picked an
soon as they ripen, ns they are a very
perishable fruit. The plants must bo
looked over every day and ripe berrie"
(Prickly Ash, Poke Root and Potassium)
Prompt Powerful Permanent
Its beneficia.' cf- Stubborn cases Good results arc
fects are usually yield to P. P. P. lasting-it cures
felt very quickly when other medi- you to stay cured
cines arc useless
F> O ?>
? A . A .
Makes rich, red, pure blood-cleanses the entire
system-clears the brain - strengthens digestion and nerves.
A positive specific for Blood Poison and skin diseases.
Drives out Rheumatism and Stops the Pain; ends Malaria;
is a wonderful tonic and body-builder. Thousands endorse it.
F. V. LIPPMAN CO. n?^? SAVANNAH, GA.
Pleasure and Protection
"One of the best reasons why I would not be
without telephone service," writes a Georgia far
mer, "is the pleasure it gives my wife and the
knowledge that while I am away, she has the pro
tection that the telephone gives."
On the farm the telephone dispels lonelinest
and is the means of bringing help in any emer
gency that may arise.
If you haven't a telephone on your farm see
the nearest Bell Telephone Manager or write for
our free booklet and learn how little this service
FARMERS* LINE DEPARTMENT
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
where we have the rr-o?? modern warehouse in Augusta with ??coi
space of 24,800 squa.e ieet and it is literally packed with Groceries
and feeds Iroro cellar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in a uosition to name very close
prices. If you really want the worth of your money see or write us
?RR1IMGTOIM BROS. & CO,
The four designs of Cortright Metal Shingles as shown above are
made in any of the following ways :
1. Stamped hom Tin-plate and painted Red.
2. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Green.
3. Stamped from Tin-plate and Galvanized by a hand-dipping process.
4. Stamped from special tight-coated Galvanized Sheets.
Each and every genuine Cortright Metal Shingle is embossed with this
Trade-mark, " Cortright Reg. U. S. Pat. Off." 6
For Sale by
Stewart & Kern?ghan
Edgefield, South Carolina.
Notice to the Public:
All persons wanting pictures framed will please
leave same at store of Dorn k Mims.
Best work guaranteed, and prices right.
All pictures will be framed the same day left at
Edgefield, S. C.
April 1. 1914
Life Assurance Soeiety
Offers beyond a reasonable doubt the
best insurance that can be obtained. Be
fore^taking out insurance with some
other company. Let [me show you my
20 Pay Life, paid up in 15 34 years.
Dividends declared after the first year,
Don't fail to get the best when you
insure. Therefore, you had better see
an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport,
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S C.
More Grain and Better Prieces
You want a thresher that will thresh clean from the straw-that
will give more bushels-and make your seed command a higher price.
If you want to secure the utmost from your
A FRICK GRAIN THRESHER
The Frick Threshers are the most dependable, thorough, thresh
ers built to-daj. We've been building big farm machinery for years.
An old fi H. P. Frick Engine built in 1S76 is still being run to-day_
That's the way we build machinery. Our threshers are built in all
sizes. There is the Eclipse No. 4 that only requires from 4 to 6 H.
P, with ?J capicity of 30 to 50 bushels per hour. Ir. threshes and thor
oughly cleans wheat, oats, rye and buckwheat. It weighs' but 280'>
lbs. There i? :?ur big "Landis Eclipse"-a combination of every
thing good in threshing. You'll lind we have just the machine you
need. Hundreds oi farmers will have nothing but Frick Machines.
One man writes, "the I'o. 4 did perfect work in every way-has the
best reputation of any thresher that ever mashed mud. Easy terms
-Socciai.uisi.ounts for cash. Su-;:m Traction and Portable Engines.
V^'^cj 'Z??.-z.^"""-"-.-ip^^TS^^^^ rind get our price.
Fj^gF^j fcSK? \ It'll pay you to do
/i\w (ssa?. *s/A:y this- 0ur tata"
afaaSfclA^ logue shows why.
Send for it to-day \
THE FRICK COMPANY, Columbia. S. C. Box 177
FACTORY WAYNESBORO, PA.
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and_Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to [build, remodel or repair,
we invite your^inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Fhntkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: ?SB '
of Fur niture
WK will have a large shipment ol* Furniture to arrive
this week, and in the lot are some beautiful Dressers,
Sideboards'and Buffets. Full supply of Chairs, Mat
tresesjand Springs in stock.
Sec our line Porch Chairs.
Jones & Son.