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COST OF FATTENING SWINE
Profitable Ration ls Amount of Feed
Required to Produce Unit of
increase in Weight.
fBy W. P. SNYDER.)
One of the chief problems before
the pork producer is. What la the most
profitable ration to feed? The proper
standard from which to determine the
most profitable ration is the amouut
of feed of a certain kind required to
produce a unit at which the increase
ls mad?1 These are the same in all
parts 0i country, while the cost of
the various kinds of feeds and there
fore the cost of gains from the vari
ous feeds will vary in almost every lo
The results of extensive and thor
ough experiments, extending through
a period of fivp years, by the Nebraska
experiment station, are here given,
the prices used in calculating the re
Hogs Fattened on 90 Per Cent Corn
and 10 Per Cent Cut Alfalfa.
suits being as follows: Hogs, per 100
pounds, $5.90; corn, per bushel, 47
cents; wheat, bushel, 70 cents; bar
ley, bushel, 40 cents; emmer, bushel,
35 cents; rye, bushel, 56 cents; milo,
bushe?. 50 cent?; cane, bushel, 50
cents; oil meal, ton, $30; tankage, ton,
$40; bonemeal, ton, $30; Bhorts, ton,
$24; alfalfa meal, ton, $15; chopped
alfalfa, ton, $10; alfalfa bay, ton, $8.
Feed other than alfalfa for con
venience is termed "grain" in the re
sults given. Where chopped alfalfa
or alfalfa meal was a part of any
ration in the experiments, all the
grain was ground. The alfalfa meal
"was mixed with the grain; the
chopped alfalfa was put In the trough
end grain poured over it The feed
was moistened with water after being
put in the trough. Tte feed was
weighed separately for each lot of
hogs, at each feeding time. In all ex
periments the hogs were weighed
every second week.
The animals had access to water at
all times, unless the weather was such
that the water froze. During such
times water was supplied three times
each day or as often as there was any
indication that the hogs cared for it.
Water was supplied in the fields by
means of a gravity water system that
kept fresh water in cement troughs at
Results: The feeding of various pro
portions of alfalfa in a ration of corn,
as alfalfa hay. chopped hay and as
meal, indicate that the rations rank as
1. 100 parts corn, alfalfa hay In a
2. 90 parts corn. 10 parts chopped
3. 90 parts corn, 10 parts alfalfa
4. 100 parts corn alone.
5. 75 parts corn, 25 parts alfalfa
C. 75 parts corn. 25 parts choppod
7. 50 parts corn, 50 parts chopped
8. 50 parts corn, 50 parts alfalfa
The first three rations stand closely
Of the many rations tried for fat
tening, none has been found the equal
of corn and a small percentage of
A summary of results indicates that
the cost of feed to produce a 226
pound market hog was $3.35 per IOC
pounds, and that keeping the hog
until It weighed 325 pounds increased
the cost to $3.57 per 100 pounds. This
Includes only the cost of feed and dees
not include the cost of labor, equip
ment, unusual risk, or interest on in
TOLL OF DEADLY SHEEP TICK
Animal? Infested With Parasite? Yield
Poor Wool and Ar? Difficult
It ls more than futile to worry over
the competition of sheep from South
American pastares If we permit, un
heeded, competitors to draw the life
blood from flocks. Thousands of
flocks in the United States are being
preyed upon by ticks. Since scab has
been eradicated from some states
some men have ?relaxed their efforts
.nd ceased to dip their sheep. Sheep
Infested with ticks yield poor wool
and are difficult or Impossible to
fatten. There is no excuse for ticks
on a sheep farm. Tv o thorough dip
pings at intervals of ten days or two
?weeks will kill them; afterward rt ls
only necessary carefully to dip any
sheep that may be bought before it is
put with the flock, and the flock will
remain clean. Many an American
flock is tlckless.
FEEDING TROUGH FOR SWINE
Heretofore Troublesome Task Made
Easy By Placing Receptacle
Outside of Fence.
The feeding of hogs ir. a trough is
always a troublesome task, as the hogs
will get In the way of the food if it
is in liquid form, and prevent the
A Feed Trough on the Outside of a
Fence to Prevent Swine From Get
ting in the Food.
trough from filling ev?? .ly. Cue farmer
overcame this difficulty by setting the
trough on the outside of the fence and
hinging a panel of the fence so that
the bottom would swing outward. A
stop is placed at each end to hold the
panel in place while the food is
poured in the trough. The stops are
also used to prevent the panel from
being pushed farther than the outside
of the trough. The food is placed in
the trough evenly and then the stops
are raised and lowered to catch ou
the outside edge of the trough. Tho
trough should be secured to thc fence
podt at each end.
RESTOCKING THE HOG HERD
All Animals Passing Through Out
break of Cholera Can Be Regard
as Permanently Immune.
Farmers who have lost all or part
of their hogs from cholera are asking
for advice as to the best way of re
stocking their,hferds. In this connec
tion there are a number of things to
be kept in mind. All hogs that pp.as
thror0-h an outbreak of cholera can
be regarded as being permanently ira
mi ne. especially If they showed symp
toms of the disease. However only a
small portion of a herd will survive
an outbreak unless the serum treat
ment is employed. In herds treated
with serum, provided there were un
doubted cases of cholera prevalent,
all hogs surviving can be resonably
regarded as being immune. Close as
sociation with sick hogs at the time of
treatment is very essential.
Where lt ls desired to bring new
hogs into the herd they should be vac
cinated before or at the time they are
placed on the infected premises.
Some breeders are selling brood sows
and boars guaranteed immune to
When Your Blood
If You Have Any Bl
Do Not Delay until It
THE HOT SPRI
a Complete and Pc
|And all other Forms of I
Hot Springs Physicians prono
and Skin Remedy ever
Full Course Treatment
We Prepare a Reme(
Write ns your Troubles. All C
Hot Springs 3
827 1-2 Central Avenue,
My nour mill is in good order
and ? ara ready to serve the public
to the best of ray abilitv. I will
start up by running two (2) days in
a week, Friday and Saturday.
J. L. Ouzts.
Kirksey, S. C.
(Prickly Ash, Poke Root and Potassium)
Prompt Powerful Permanent
Its beneficia' ef- Stubborn cases Good results are
fccts are usually yield to P. P. p. lasting-it cures 1
felt very quickly when other medi- you to stay cured
cines arc useless
Makes rich, red, pure blood-cleanses the entire
system - clears the brain - strengthens digestion and nerves.
A positive specific for Blood Poison and skin diseases.
Drives out Rheumatism and Stops the Pain; ends Malaria;
is a wonderful tonic and body-builder. Thousands endorse it.'
F. V. LIPPMAN CO. Di4$te SAVANNAH, GA.
Coprrieht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman C0.--N0. 41
Put some money in the Bank of
Edgefield and you will defeat pov
erty. Everybody has a horror of
poverty. There is only one way to
insure against it, that is to culti
vate a habit of thrift which you
can easily do by putting money in
this bank. Courteous and prompt
attention given to all business.
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pres.; B. E. Nicholson1 Vice
pres.; E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, assistant Cashier
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H.
Rainsford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C.
C. Fuller, E. J. Mims.J. H. Allen
e System is Right.
ood or Skin Disease
is too late but Order
>sitive Remedy for
Hood and Skin Diseases
unce this the Greatest Blood
placed on the Market,
ly for Every Disease
orrespondence Strictly Private.
Hot Springs, Arkansas.
This is the season
needs a private wat
Let us sell you a
pumping the water
entire plant will not
stalling. Think of i
surwr er days.
We have a full si
Ccme in and let us
A Good Drug Store.
It takes more than a stock of
drugs and good intentions to make
a good drug store. It requires an
intimate knowledge of weighing,
measuring and mixing, which comes
only after careful study and experi
ence. Y"our prescriptions will be
properly filled at our store. We
have every modern facility and-we
Penn & Holstein.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines. Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Notice to the Publie:
Al! persons wanting pictures framed will please
leave same at store ol' Dorn.cc Minis.
Best work guaranteed, and prices right.
All pictures will be framed the same day left at
Edgefield, S, C.
April 1. 1914
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. andTreas.
i FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to [build, remodel or repair,
we invite yourjncjuiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, eic., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: ?
j and Towers
when every farm and every home
tank, tower, and gasoline engine for
fresh from your well. The cost of the
; be great and you will never regret in
the luxury of a bath room these hot
apply of pipe and fittings of all kinds,
figure with you.
t & Kernaghan
WE will have a large shipment of Furniture to arrive
this week, and in the lot are some beautiful Dressers,
Sideboards'and Buffets. Full supply of Chairs, Mat
treses|and Springs in stock.
See our line Porch Chairs.
Jones & Son.