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Cheap Floor Stain.
A very inexpensive stain can be
tmade from burnt umber and hot wa
iter. Five cents' worth of the burnt
Umber will stain several floors; that is,
'where a rug ie used for the center.
fcPour the hot water over the burnt
fumber, little at a time, till it is thor
oughly dissolved. Use a quart of hot
?water to five cents worth of umber;
[that makes a pretty dark brown stain.
iLet it dry, then rub on any good floor
'"wax and polish.
Biggest Rubber Tree of AH.
"What is believed to be the largest
^bber tree In the world stands in the
(Brazilian territory of Acre, on the
?frontier of Boliva. Its stem is 27 feet
:2 7-10 inches in circumference at the
|base. For 120 days every year this
colossus gives 22 pounds of rubber a
.day. At present prices this brings in
$2,160 a year, or a fair interest on
about $50,000, to its owners, a family
.of seven Seringueiros.
Miss Blank was not youi^g when she
?was married, wherefore the innocent
question of a little neighbor proved
annoying. "Why, how nice of you to
bring me flowers, Jimmie!" was the
way the trouble started. "And such a
surprise, too; I don't think I ever had
such a nice surprise before in all my
life." "Not even when you got mar
ried ?" asked the wide-eyed child.
It has long been known that the tem
perature below the earth's surface in
creases at the rate of about one degree
per hundred feet, or 50 degrees per
mile. Ii' the rate of Increase were con
stant, the temperature at the relative
ly small depth of ld miles would be
above the melting point of all sub
stances under ordinary surface condi
Motive Power in Norway.
The greatest single factor in the
possible industrial development of
Norway lies undoubtedly in its cheap
and abundant hydroelectric power.
The country having practically no coal
resources, the Norwegian industries
-are coming to depend more and more
?upon the utilization of waterfalls aa
.a primary motive power source.
"Why is it that a man won't wash
his face with a washcloth?" demanded
'Mrs. Wombat. "Men haven't time for
.all that foolishness," said Mr. Wom
bat. "First you have to wash your
face and then you have to wash the
First Jew-''Dwenty years ago Gold
_stein sold shoestrings on the corner
Tind today he owns the corner on
which ne stood." Second Jew (ex
citedly)-"Und If he had valked up
und down he might have owped tb?
A pessimist complains he has eaten
,1.000 oysters without coming on a
.pearl; an optimist gives thanks thal
,he has eaten that many oysters with
?out getting ptomaines.-New York
France has an association which
gives loans on the word of honor of
the people. It ls chiefly for men or
T amen who are of humble position,
-and in most cases the money ia re
t ! turned promptly.
Too Much for Him.
A colored porter for a local druggist
was told to go to another pharmacy to
get some clmclfugo rasiemoses. He
stood, open-mouthed, and gazed at his
"boss," then asked: "Ain't thar any
other name for dat?"
Loses Its Charm.
It's difl?cult for a newly married
man to generate much enthusiasm
over his bride's beautiful hair after
ho has seen her pile it on the bureau
for the night.
Why ia Thia Thus?
Every married man knowB how
much easier it is for his wife to dis
cover a hole in his pocket than that
? button is missing from his coat
You are taking a liberty when you
?pat a strange horse on the nose. Sup
pose horses went around patting mea
?on the nose.-Louisville Courier-Jour
Talks About the Home City.
"Teach the facts about your homo
city in the public schools," urges the
bureau of municipal reasearch, New
Lose Habits of Industry.
Women In France and other coun
tries of Europe are much more indus
trious than when they come to thia
Miss Paul-"Did they allow her to
fcury her past?" Miss Pry-"Not ua.
til they held an Inquest"-Judge.
EDGEFIELD, S. C., \#DNESDAY, JULY 1, 1914 NO. 15.
WILL DEVELOP CHILD MIND
Other Reacons for School Gardens
Than Simple Idea of Creating
Spots of Beauty.
It was Sam .Tone6 who said he didn't
care much for theology and botany,
but that he believed in religion and
loved flowers. This was getting back
to natura a::d God in the only right
way. And if thc children of Wash
ington can loi-cli first principles hy
means of school gardens, they will
have acquired a kind of knowledge
that all the :ext books in tho world
could not impart.
Already the teachers of the district
schools are preparing to repeat the
experiences ol' previous years by hav
ing tlie pupils cultivate individual gar
den plots, in which will be grown the
vegetables and other "sass" indigen
ous to this region. Little spaces will
be wrested from back yards and the
edges of the walks around the home
and converted into squares and rect
angles of utility and beauty. The
growth of tho tender plants will merge
with the development of the child
mind. A deeper interest in the won
ders of nature will be stimulated. The
sense of being engaged in something
which furnishes its own daily proof
of usefulness will make the little ones
feel that they are an essential part
of the general scheme. The lessons
of life will find lodgment in manifold
Theory and practise go together,
and each is necessary to the other.
The Squeersian system was not with
out its fine points, albeit it empha
sized the concrete at the expense of
the ideal. The school garden fur
nishes both. It has been the experi
ence of teachers in the past that the
dull pupil often finds In such pursuits
as these the link that binds his inat
tentive mind to his books. At last he
i6 able to understand the reason why.
Calyx, stamen, pistil, corolla, all mean
ingless words before, become vital and
significant. He finds that books tell
about plants, and In the plants learns
things t>at Bend him to his books
again. , ?|? . .
GETTING INTO THE COUNTRY
Exodus From Cities Is Powerful Res
son for Making the Suburban
Towns More Attractive.
. This ls the day of the suburb-more
and more are the people of moderate
means moving "out of town." It used
to bo that only the wealthy could en
joy green trees, grass and flowers. ?
Now all this is changed because of
the Improvement in car service. Thirty
years ago the maa of means took the
train to his suburban station - was
met there and driven to his home.
Now even those living cn small In
comes may enjoy the quiet, the sweet
air, the wholesome environment of the
"near" country life without Ita former
expenses, and drawbacks. The elec
tric cars, linking all large cities with
a perfect circle of outlying settle
monts, have made this possible. Even
the workingman has been thought of
during the last decade and many com
fortable houses within reach of hie
pocketbook can be found. There are
no longer the old obstacles of no
stores, no churches, no schools. The_ae
and ail the other advantages of city
life have followed the car lines. Fields,
woods and streams are the play
grounds God meant for the children
not city pavements. The city is not
too distant for amusements, shopping,
culture and work. The country not too
far for walks and picnics, health and
happiness. Give the children some
seeds and let them dig In the good,
brown earth. Encourage them to ch mb
trees, to swim, to notice the birds
and flowers. You will not need to
save so hard for summer vacations,
a vacation at home will be a joy,
healthglving and restful. You will have
good friends among your neighbors,
plenty of wholesome amusement near
at hand. Not only the children, but
the other boys and girls will be health
ier-and safer. The spring is calling
-every bird and grams blade and
swelling bad. By all means, let as an
Betsy Ross House In a Park.
Sentiment is strikingly combined
with utility in the suggestion that the
Betsy Ross house in Philadelphia'be
made the center of a park by tearing
down neighboring structures, which
closely surround it.
Oae of the promoters of the project
has found thai within two years there
have been 500 fire alarms within a
radius of two squares of the house.
It ls estimated that $200,000 would be
sufficient to provide for an open space
100 feet by 150 around the little build
ing. Thus, at one stroke, the old
house where the first American flag
was made would be protected against
fire, and a breathing space would be
added In a part of the city where tt
will be increasingly needed and in
creasingly hard to get.
Thar? is a hint here for other com
mun! tl aa confronted by the same prob
The mind may feed on fanry, but
the matter of fact stomach imperi
ously demanda something more sub
Diet eurea snore than tb? doctor.
SOME WAYS WITH MEATS.
A tast7 way of cooking a rabbit il
the following: Joint and wash a rab
Dit. drain it, slice up two Spanish on
ions; take a saucepan, lay in a thick
layer of onions, then a layer of rab
bit, a sifting of flour, pepper and salt,
another layer of onions, and proceed
until all the rabbit is used, finishing
with tho onions. Place the saucepan
over a moderate fire arid
when heated draw to one
side and let simmer very
gently for two hours or
more. As in this cooking
there is no water added,
it is necessary that it be
slowly and carefully
cooked lo keep from
scorching. Serve with mashed pota
toes. The rabbit may be put into a cas
serole and covered, then baked in tho
Chicken Terrapin.-Melt two table
spoonfuls of butter, add one of flour,
and when well cooked a half cupful
of cream and a. teaspoonful of salt, a
few dashes of pepper and mace. When
boiling stir into this a cupful or more
of chicken, with two harrl-cookcd
whites of eggs chopped, and the yolks
put through a ricer, add two table
spoonfuls of orange juice and servo
Shepherd's Pie.-Cut enough butter
into inch-pieces to make a cupful.
Cut from three to four medium sized
potatoes in dice and put them in a bak
ing dish; add half a cupful of stock or
water and a tablespoonful of butter
cut in bits. Season with salt, pepper,
and a bit of mint, and cover with po
Mutton Hash-Take a pound of
cooked mutton, cut in small pieces
and add to the following sauce: Cook
together one onion and two table
spoonfuls of butter, then add one ta
blespoonful of flour, various season
ings, like mushroom catsup, marjor
am, parsley and salt; add the meat,
and when hot serve on toast
Mix one cupful of cold cooked
chicken cut In cubes, one cucumber
pared and cut tn cubes, one cupful of
chopped English walnut meats and
j 'one cupful of French peas. Marinate
with French dressing, arrange on a
j serving dish and garnish with mayon
A woll-cooked and well-served
dinner impiles on the part of Hi?
entertainer a aen?e of the respect
he owes to his guests, whose com
fort and happiness he controls
.while they are under his roof.
SUMMER COMPANY DISHES.
Curry of Lobster in Rice Cups.-*
If lobster is not obtainable there
are any number of
meats which _will
Eerve nearly as well.
Lamb is especially
good for this dish.
Mold cooked rice in
cups, then when cold
j&^E^K remove the centers
wi ? i ?" i T\ ?-ana brush -with, but
ter, brows in the oven or fry in deep
fat. Fill'with the following: Cook
an o?ion in butter, add a quarter of
a cupful of flour, one tablespoon
ful of curry powder, a pint of co
coanut milk, pepper, salt, and lemon
juice to season. Strain this sauce
over a pint or lees of lobBter cut in
pieces. Serve in the rice cups gar
nished with lobster coral or small
pieces of the pretty claws.
rhubarb Jelly and Banana Cream.
Bake a pound of rhubarb cut in pieces
with a cupful of sugar and half a cup
ful of water, add a tablespoonful of
softened gelatine. To a cupful of
sifted banana pulp add the juice of
half a lemon, half a cupful of orange
juice, half a cupful of sugar and a
tablespoonful and a half of gelatine.
When beginning to set fold in a cup
ful of whipped cream. Put into the
mold IP layers and serve with chipped
crean - a garnish.
Pint I?. Cream In Pineapple Shell.
-Boil ugether three cupfuls of wa
ter, two of sugar and a pint of
shredded pineapple for 15 minutes.
Add a tablespoonful of gelatin soft
ened In water, strain through cheese
cloth and when cold add the juice of
two lemons. Freeze to a mush. Add
one cupful of cream, beaten solid.
Fill the chilled shell of a pineapple,
set the mold in ice and salt for an
hour or more and serve on a doily
Asparagus Patties*-Make a sauce
of three tablespoonfuls each of butter
and flour, half a cupful each of chick
en broth, cream and the water in
which asparagus is cooked. Add the
beaten yolkB of two eggs, a teaspoon
ful of lemon juice, salt, pepper, and
a bunch of cooked asparagus cut in
pieces. Serve in patty shells or in
R?*? EFFECTS IN NECKWEAR
Group Shaws Some of the Most Popu
lar Designs That Ar? the Mode
at th? Present.
On the upper left of the accom
panying group is shown an elaborate
piece of neckwsar of satin and lace.
The scalloped revere and collar are
of white satin piped with wistaria
satin and trimmed with buttons cov
ered with the same. Around the outer
edge of these revers cream lace is
plaited and a frill of chiffon falls
from the bottom. The little vest is
made of shirred chiffon crossed by
straps of the satin. Fine batiste was
used for the little shirt front effect
shown. The outer portion was of the
plain batiste finished with a narrow
ruffle of "Val" lace. The little chem
isette is of the tucked batiste. The
girdle and peplum combined shown on
the upper right was of Roman striped
ribbon. Buckle covered with the same.
TULLE USED IN MILLINERY
One of the Most Effective of the Hat
Trimmings That Are Just
Tulle as a hat trimming is growing
In favor and wonderful things can be
done with it. It is placed on straw,
taffeta, satin or cm any material that
goes to make a hat. It is used to
drape the crown, folded into most
fantastic shapes, and it can be twist
ed into Bpirals that resemble the ten
drils of a feather, or clipped to look
like pompons. It is not as perishable
as it looks, as there are moistproof
tulles which may be exposed to damp
ness and even rain without becoming
limp. Lace is also tsed in high-wired
effects and in artistic, draplngs.
The new flowers are works of art.
There is a great variety of stick-up
motifs, In wing and quill effects, and
fantastic ornaments made entirely of
thickly clustering small flowers, In
color schemes that are truly wonder
ful in their beauty. Fine ferns,
grasses and moss are used to subdue
too brilliant coloring.
Dainty pompons are made of forget
me-nots, lilacs and other smml flow
ers, mounted on slender branchlike
stems. Delightful little clusters of
flowers are composed of a silk rose
bud, two fuchsias and a sprig of mig
nonette, placed on the brim of a hat.
Berries are either worn as bunches or
else in trails right round the hat, often
being mixed with flower buds.
Cotton voiles strewn with small
flower motifs and tulles printed in the
same effect are made up into smart
hats with the addition of a small quan
tity of fine straw braid, lace or em
broidered edging and small flowers or
fruit, and are elaborate enough to be
worn with the daintiest summer frock.
SPECIAL COVER FOR FROCK
8??t Method of Protecting the "Party
Gown" When lt ls Hanging In
?early every girl realizes that the
average party gown gets more hard
usage when hanging in the crowded
wardrobe than while it is being actu
ally worn. And as most girls have far
less wardrobe space than they need,
the best means of protecting the party
frock from contact with the workaday
garments is to make a special oover
for it of lawn, dlnity, muslin, cheese
cloth or a similar material. Having
measured'the length of the gown from
shoulders to skirt hem, take two full
widths of the chosen covering material
ard shape an end of each one of them
into shoulders and the half of a neck.
The shoulders and the long, straight
sides of the cover are thea seamed
together, the bottom is hemmed, the
neck is neatly bound with ribbon
bowed in front at the top of two short
silken cords from which depend two
small square or oval sachets. When
the gown is adjusted to its individual
hanger and the muslin cover drawn
smoothly over its folds and draperies
it is in a condition to be as nicely kept
as it is possible to keep any unboxed
Chiffon is a favorite. Brocade is
very good. Soft satins are desirable.
Changeable silks are effective. Lin
ings, in fact, were never more im
portant than they are this season.
For Olly Hair.
If your hair is very oily try dipping
your brush in water and passing it
through your hair two or three times
a week. Thia will prevent superflu
Shaf ter-Roper Marriage.
The palatial home of Mr. and
Mrs. James Day Mathis was the
scene last Wednesday evening, of
an extremely brilliant and largely
attended wedding. Unique interest
centered around the affair on ac
count of the wide-spread popularity
of the young couple, and the lavish
hospitality which ia always iuch a
pleasant feature nf any fuuction at
this typical southern home. On this- *
occasion, Miss Xubye Shaf ter, the
foster daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Mathis, was united in marriage to
Mr. William F. Roper.
The entire lower floor of the spa
cious house had been thrown en
suite, and together with the broad
veranda, was bunked with graceful
fems and majestic begonia?, and
gleaming with electric lights and
Japanese lanterns, forming a vert
table Sylvan paradise, which was
enhanced by the starry glory of the
midsummer night. An altar banked
with white, and ;iglow with myriads
of candles, had been erected in the
drawing room, and was approached
from the reception hall by a vista
of graduated columns, entwined
with green and white ribbons and
festooned with graceful sprays of
The guests were received at the
entrance by Mrs. P. B. Mayson
and Mrs. W. K. Moss. Then Miss
Dorothy Betti? escorted them to the
punch bowl, which was located in
a bower of green on the west ve
randa. Here Misses Emma Bouk
uigbt and Lola Hunter dispensed
delicious fruit punch. At the recep
tion hall doorway they were greeted
by Mrs. J. B. Knight, who led
them to the bride's book presided
over by Mrs. Sallie i>ooks Moseley,
Mrs. Emma Atkins and Mrs. Wal
ter Miller. Here they were given
dainty souvenirs, consisting of tiny
wedding bells tied with white and
Prior to the ceremony, a most en
joyable musical program was ren
dered. Miss Fannie Miller played a
piano transcription of Schubert's
serenade, and Miss Mattie Harrison,
a group of Chopin waltzes, and M?M
Maud Bettis sang ''I love you truly,."
from Mrs. Bond's famous cycle of
seven songs, and Miss Sallie May
Tillman bang an Irish love song.
At the appointed hour Miss Lura
Mims at the piano, sounded the
trumpet tones leading to the firsts
sweeping movement of the wedding
march from Mendelssohn's '"Mid
summer night's dream." The priest
I entered from the dining room and
took his place at the altar. The
bride's procession came down the
stairway in the following order Firsts ,
little Susan Elizabeth Mathis who
untied the ribbons which guarded
the approach to the altar. Then the
bridesmaids and groomsmen, MU*
Lola Harrison with Mr. Wad A?
len, Mies Orrie Sabe Miller with
Mr. J. D'. Mathis, Jr., Miss Julia
Moss Wise with Mr. Ed Harrison.
Then the dame of honor, Mrs. Wal?
lace Wise, in a handsome gown of,
all over lace, over pink messaline,
followed by the maid of honor,
Miss Lucy Quarles, attired in a
dainty costume of white puinc
d'esprit, with overskirt of duchess
lace over white satin. A hush of
admiration fell over the vast assem
blage when they beheld the youth
ful bride slowly descending the
stairs, leaning trustingly and confi
dently on the arm of her foster-fa
ther, Mr. J. D. Mathis, Sr. The
groom entered from the dining
room with his best man, Mr. Leslie
Eidson, and met -the bride at the
altar. Here while ''Hearts and flow
ers'' was being softly played on the
piano, the Rev. A. E. Cornish of
Tampa, Fla., a saintly priest with
silvered hair, long remembered as
rector of the church here perfoimed
the impressively beautiful marriage
ceremony of the Anglican Catholic
The bride's costume was a lovely
creation and served to further en
hance the youthful charm of her
girlish face and lithe figure. It was
of white lace and chiffon over white
charmeuse, and the ample folds of
her embroidered tulle veil hung
gracefully from a crown of orange
After the ceremony a delicious
salad course with tea was served by
Misses Ethel Harrison, Anna Roper,
Sabe Miller, Louise Goleraan, Fan
nie Harrison and Laurie Moore.
As the hour of midnight ap
proached, the bride donned a mod
ish travelling snit of cerise chiffon
cloth, and then amid showers of
rice the young couple departed in
an automobile for Augusta from
whence they will go to Asheville,
lake Toxaway and the "Land of
The presents were numerous and
costly, and among many of extreme
elegance, the handsome colonial sil
ver tea set given by Mr. and Mrs.
Mathis deserves especial mention.
Mr. and Mrs. Roper will make
their home here to the joy of their
hosts of friends, as the groom is one
of our most worthy and enterpris
ing young business men.