Newspaper Page Text
MOVE TO ABOLISH FENCES
iPlttsburgh Newspaper Regards Idea
With Favor, but Has Doubt of Its
Baltimore comes forward with a
community back yard idea, already the
subject of practical experiment in
that city, remarks the Pittsburgh Dis
patch. It aims to abolish the unsight
ly back yard and its rubbish-hiding
fences, and to create instead a neigh
borhood open space or park and play
ground that would keep the chil
dren off the streets and offer residents
instead of a little cooped-up and prac
tically useless piece of private domain
a chance to stretch themselves and en
joy a freedom of movement to be had
in no other way.
A correspondent who directs atten
tion to the scheme suggests that it
might bo expanded into a fac:or in
reducing the cost of living if the com
munity would devote part of the
.open space to growing fruit or garden
Admirable as the idea may seem in
the abstract, it may be questioned
whether neighborhood human nature
has arrived at the perfection neces
sary to its success. It is not difficult
.to imagine a refractory resident an
gered by some neighbor spoiling the
whole plan by restoring his fences.
It may be doubted, too, whether this
could be avoided by any binding agree
ment being secured in advance. Then,
also, there is always the possibility of
an untidy neighbor mussing up the
.community back yard, of clothesline
fights and dogs and chickens and ail
the numerous troubles that a^d spice
if not sweetness to neighborhood ex
GOOD IN GARDEN MOVEMENT
?City of Duluth Has Demonstrated
That It Is of Value In Many
In the Bummer of 1913. the Duluth
Commercial club obtained three va
cant lots in different parts of the
city and put a man in charge of the
three tracts. He conducted demon
stration gardening through the sea
son ; was always available to help puz
zled gardeners ; guided the school chil
dren in their work, and otherwise
stimulated the garden movement in
From an importer of garden prod
ucts. Duluth became at least a pro
ducer of its own supplies. Duluth's
hinterland- la developing agricultural
ly, birt the garden movement in the
city ha? lost none of Its significance,
lt has promoted the ownership of
many homes; it has drawn children
from the street and made them gar
den enthusiasts; lt bas induced great
er efficiency among wage-e&rners
through contentment and more health
ful surroundings, and it has made Du
luth a city of gardens beautiful to be
Of greater value to Duluth is the
moral effect on the city. The rising
generation is one of gardeners. Fac
tory workers and office employes not
only reise their own vegetables, but
they have developed their bodies by
the exercise. The demand for saloons,
gambling houses and similar resorte
ls dying out.
Camphor Trees for Streets.
^ A trade journal quotes a Texas nur
seryman as saying that the camphor
?ree is very popular for street planting
fin the southern part cf that state;
' that it ls never troubled by insect
peats and that mosquitoes will avoid
No tree is exempt from insect pests,
?nd camphor trees may ba found with
auoh a thick incrustation of the red
?cale of the orange that bark on twigs
'may scarcely be seen. Mosquitoes
avoid camphor and Its fumes and
therefore will not literally "roost"
upon the tree, but they do not avoid
the general territory In which lt
.grows. The camphor tree ls a prime
favorite in southern California and
we do not allow fear of insect pests
to deter us from planting lt wherever
and whenever opportunity presenta.
Lee Angeles Times.
Enoouragcr?ent of Thrift.
In Chicago there has been started
an association for tho encouragement
of thrift. Far-seeing men are behind
the movement, confronted with the
enormous waste in time, opportunity,
and material which has been a natural
Inheritance from a generation that
found everything to spare at hand.
This condition no longer exists. A
changed economic condition calls for
changed methods of living, to which
the people must be educated. As the
lasting and formative Influences are
those belonging to childhood, the
school garden may be counted upon
to play no small part in bringing about
a better understanding of th? elements
of living, all the way from the mar
ket basket onward to the best that
goes to make happy and prosperous
Does More Harm Than Good.
The charity is bad which takes from
Independence Its proper pride and
from mendicity rta salutary shame.
Confider well the portions of
things It ls better to be a young
June-bug than an old birr? of Pr.r
CHAPTER ON FOREIGN PUDDINGS.
The boiled pudding is the great
English dessert, and it is found in all
places. They are mostly boiled in
cloth; molds are seldom used except
for a very elaborate pudding.
Baroness Pudding.-Chop very fine
three-fourths of a pouud of suet,
add the same amount of
seeded raisins, mix wifh
three-fourths of a pound
of flour> a ha,f teaspoon
[rtls^Ki/ ful of salt and a cupful of
V^,-'^/ milk. Beat well and tic
-~~r^i> in a pudding cloth wrung
out of hot water. Put the
""""^ pudding into a kettle of
boiling water and boil without ceasing
for five hours. Serve with powdered
Delhi Pudding.-Pare, core and
I cut into slices four large apples;
put them into a saucepan with a
j little grated nutmeg, one teaspoon
ful of grated lemon peel and four
tablespoonfuls of sugar; stew with
very 1: .?Ie water until the apples
are tender. Make a rich biscuit crust,
spread with the apples a few currants,
then roll up, tie in a floured cloth and
boil for two hours.
Queen Elizabeth Pudding.-Sweeten
a pint of milk to taste, add a little
grated lemon peel and four well beat
en eggs. Line a buttered mold with
raisins cut in half. Spread slices of
sponge cake with marmalade and
place in the mold. Pour in the cus
tard, tie the pudding down with paper
and a cloth and boil gently for one
hour. Let cool slowly and when cold
turn out of the mold and serve.
West Indian Pudding-Crumble half
a pound of sponge cake and pour over
it a pint of hot sweetened cream. Beat
eight eggs and add to the cream. But
ter a mold and line with three table
spoonfuls of thinly sliced preserved
ginger. Carefully pour in the pudding,
tie down with a floured cloth, and boil
or steam for an hour and a half. Serve
with whipped cream flavored with the
Staffordshire Fig Pudding.-Chop six
ounces of suet and make a smooth
paste with three-fourths of a pound
of flour and milk to moisten, add salt,
roll out a half-inch thick and spread
with a pound of finely chopped figs.
Roll up, pinch both ends, tie in a pud?
ding cloth and boil for two hours.
The art of cooking when not al
lied with a degenerate taste or with
gluttony, is one of the criteria of a
A good dinner sharpens wit while
lt softens the heart.-Doran.
THE KITCHEN SHEARS.
A pair of scissors or shears is
the greatest convenience imaginable
in the kitchen. They will cut up much
quicker than a knife, vegetables, such
as celery, lettuce, beans and any num
ber of other things.
To hollow out a tomato to be stuffed
a pair of shears is much better to use
than a knife, for it
may be done much
more evenly. The
cutting of a grape
fruit to prepare lt ]
for the table may
b? done entirely by
the use of shears.
First cut out the |
center pulp, then clip the sections along
the edge and the grapefruit ls ready.
When dicing green peppers cut them
in long slivers, then take a few io the
hand and ellp through the entire
bunch. When preparing fruit for
salada the sections of orange and
grapefruit may be easily cut away
with the shears.
The more often the shears are used
the more ways will occur to use them.
We need not limit scissors to fruit
and vegetables, however, as they work
equally as well on chicken, flah of
various kinds, cutting the joints of j
game and lobster shells.
The hard parts of oysters and clams
are neatly removed by a pair of
shears, while slices of cold boiled
tongue and ham are often much im
proved by trimming with scissors.
Cabbage Salad. - Shred cabbage
very i:ne and mix with one or more
finely cut green peppers and a small
bunch of celery, finely chopped. Add
a bolled dressing made as follows:
Cook together equal parts of egg and
mild vinegar. When smooth and thick
add equal parti of whipped cream,
sugar, and a bit of cayenne pepper, a
litttle mustard, if liked, and a sea
soning of salt. This dressing may be
kept indefinitely and the cream and
seasoning are added just as it is ready
Canned Beans.-For a change of I
vegetables, use the little tender)
green beans. Scald them and season
with butter and a little vinegar, pep
per and salt. Taste them to see that
there is butter and vinegar enough
to season well, and serve very hot.
(Conducted by tnt National Woman'?
Christian Temperance Union.)
DRINK AND CRUELTY.
Medical science tells us that an im
perfect nervous system is often the
cause of the tendency to cruelty some
times seen in young children-that If
a child shows a disposition to torture
animals or abuse other children lt
does not follow that the boy or girl
is a degenerate; ii may be due to the
presence of toxin in the blood. The
well-known tendency to cruelty on the
part of those addicted to the exces
sive use of intoxicants, bears out thia
statement Men, who in nober mo
ments are tender husbands and fa
thers, become transformed by strong
drink into ravages and fiends. Even
the more "temperate" use of liquor
tends to dull the sensibilities and be
cloud the finer Instincts. The toxin
in the blood of a moderate drinker,
while not always causing a noticeable
degeneracy in the man himself, ls
transmitted to his offspring, and in
the third or fourth generation, If not
before, is manifested in the "cruel
tendencies" of children that excite our
RUINING A VESTED INTEREST.
Collier's Weekly, which with con.
me?dable frequency gives the liquor
traffic an editorial stab, recently an
swered as follows the saloonist's claim
that to destroy the saloon is to destroy
a vested interest:
"Every generation raises its crop of
fine old crusted Tories-some of them
in the humbler walks cf life. And at
all times they oppose light-even as
they once tried to resist lighting what
Longfellow called the 'street lamps
of the ocean.' The instance we have
In mind is noted in Emerson's Jour
nal. Sixty years ago the philosopher
visited Nauset, on Cape Cod. 'Collins,
the keeper, told us he found resistance
on Cape Cod to the project of building
a lighthouse on this coast, as it would
injure the wrecking business.' Did you
ever stop to think that our lighthouses
have utcerly ruined what used to be a
DISAPPROVAL OF LIQUOR.
The American Sheet and Tin Plate
company of Vandergrift, Pa., which ls
a subsidiary concern of the United
States Steel corporation, has placed
the stamp of disapproval on liquor
and drinking by notifying all employes
that they must withdraw from frater
nal organizations and clubs which
maintain sideboards, or cease to work
in the company's plants.. They are
also prohibited from indorsing liquor
This order. It is said, not only af
fects the 6,000 employes at the Leech
burg, Hyde Park, New Kensington and
Vandergrift plants, but all the plants
of the company throughout the coun
Dr. C. W. Saleeby, the distinguished
English physician and writer on eu
genics, concludes his little book on
"The Methods of Race Generation"
with this remarkable sentence:
"In the light of truth and the verdict
of science it cannot be questioned that
he who at this date is for alcohol ls
against civilization, and whatever
ideals of justice and freedom and good
ness we would transmit to the future.
To all and sundry I say: Would you
befriend men, women and children?
Go protect parenthood from alcohol;
and fear not that kind of laughter
which is a6 the crackling of thorns
under a pot."
STICKS TO TEMPERANCE.
A German spoke at a temperance
meeting as follows: "I shall tell you
how it vas. I put my hand on my
head; there vas one big pain. Then I
put my hand on my pody and there
was another. Then I put my hand In
my pocket and there vas nothing.
Now there ls no more pain In de head.
De pains in my pody are all gone
avay. I put my hand In ray pocket
and there lah twenty tollars. So !
stay mit de temperance."
FAVORS HIS OWN RULE.
Mr. George Perkins of the New York
Life Insurance company gave a dinner
to the directors of the great company.
When a menu card was handed him
for his sanction he crossed out all
wines. To the protest of the proprie
tor that such a thing would be prepos
terous and could not be done, Mr. Per
kins replied: "We discriminate against
the use of these In our policy holders,
lt ls but fair we should abide by our
TOTAL ABSTINENCE DEMANDED.
Eighty-eight per cent, of the manu
facturers of the United States demand
total abstinence of their workmen.
About one million railroad men in
this country have to be total abstain?
.rs from beer and all other Intoxicat
BONUS FOR ABSTAINERS,
The Philadelphia Quartz company
has offered a ten per cent bonus with
the wageB of men who sign an agree
ment to abstp'n from drinking alto
gether. Nearly all the 300 men em*
ployed have signed the agreement
If we could turn all the liquor
money into good roads, we could al
most walk on golden streets to every
American home, and find each home
aglow with Joy.-Noah D. Cooper,
EDGEFIELD, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 1914
(Conducted by the National Woman's
Christian Temperance Union.)
OPENED HIS EYES.
A young man entered the barroom
of a village tavern and called for a
"No," said the landlord. "You have
had too much already. You have had
delirium tremens once, and I cannot
sell you any more."
He stepped aside for two young
men who entered, and the landlord
waited upon them very politely. The
other stood silent and sullen. When
they had finished, he walked up to the
landlord and addressed him as fel
"Six years ago, at their age, I stood
where these young men are. I was a
man with fair prospects. Now, at the
age of twenty-eight, I am a wreck,
body and mind. You led me to drink.
In this room 1 formed the habit that
has been my ruin. Now sell me a few
glasses, aftd your work will be done, j
I shall soon be out of the way; there
is no hope for me. They can be saved;
they may be men iigain. Sell it to me,
and let me die, and the world will be
rid of me; but for heaven's sake sell
no more to them."
The landlord listened, pale and trem
bling. Setting down his decanter, he
exclaimed: "God helping me, that is
the last dr?p I will sell to anyone."
And he kept his word.
A POTENT RACE POISON.
Scientists are agreed that alcohol
is a potent race poison; lt poisons the
whole system, notably the reproduc
tive organs and protoplasm. There
fore we cannot have drinking without
race-degeneration. If parents abstain
their children are healthy, but If, later
on, the parents take to drinking, the
children are afflicted mentally and
physically. Plato uuderstood this
when he deprecated drink for nursing
mothers. If, in extreme cases, alcohol
is an extreme poison, moderate drink
ing is moderate poisoning. The medi
cal profession contains pro-alcohollsts
and antl-alcoholists; but the policy
of facing both ways is weak, and be
fore long, presumably, all medical men
will be anti-alcoholists. Let them
preach the gospel that there is NO
USE FOR ALCOHOL IN HUMAN
LIFE. Abstinence tends to true pa
triotism, and the state ought to do
preventive work as well as curative.
-Dr. V. Rutherford, Zion College,
CHOOSE YOUR BRIDGE.
Remember, all who have fallen into
the dark river of intemperance have
fallen from Moderation bridge, none
from the Total Abstlnance bridge. Re
member, if there were no drunkards
on earth today and moderate drinking
should continue, there would be plenty
of them tomorrow. Look once more
at the procession headed by half a
million drunkards dropping into the
tide, a million moderate drinkers, two
million of po^Bsionab fashionable
drinkers, and' behind them all the
boys and young men of our land-and
then, as you shall face the record in
eternity, I call on you to choose, as a
brother of humanity, ? patriot, a
Christian, on which bridge you will
cross.-Frances E. Willard.
WHY HE QUIT DRINKING.
Indianapolis newspapers tell the
story of why a certain attorney sud
denly quit drinking. With great lib
erality he patronized one saloonkeeper
for a number of years. Recently the
saloon man bought a- house and lot
and had another lawyer examine the
abstract for him. The steady patron
resented this and wanted to know why
the saloonkeeper turned away from
his own customer to give business to
a man who never patronizes his or
any other saloon. "When I have busi
ness for an attorney," said the saloon
keeper, "I want lt done by a sober
lawyer." This ls why th? attorney
has quit drinking.
HOW BREWER8 MAKE MONEY.
Hon. Frank S. Regan, in an address,
'The Fool Tax Payers," delivered in
Ottawa, 111., recently made the state
ment that according to information
furnished him by a chemist in a Mil
waukee brewery, tbs actual cost of
making a barrel of beer which retails
for about $28.00 la but 72 cents, and
that the cost of producing a gallon of
whisky which retails for 94, ls but 86
NOT TO BE TRUSTED.
A man under the influence of even
small quantities of alcohol has no
right to believe his senses; he cannot
trust them to give him correct facts,
and he cannot rely on his Judgment
for the interpretation of these facts.
Prof. Q. 81ms Woodheads M. D, Uni
versity of Cambridge, Eng.
DON'T WANT 8ALOON8.
It ls reported by the Grand Forks
(N. D.) Herald that James J. Hill has
decided to move the division head
quarters of the Great Northern rail
way from Garretson, S. D.. to Jasper,
Minn., unlesB the former town votes
out its saloons.
ALCOHOL 18 BARRED.
Sir Edward Shackleton, who ls
preparing to lead another expedition
to Lie Antarctic, says that the party
will take with them no stimulants ex
cept tea and cocoa.
(Conducted br the National Woman'?
Christian Temperance Union.)
In every moral struggle foreign
born citizens have fought with native
Americana to bring victory to the
cause of righteousness. Many foreign
born citizens are today struggling with
native Americans to crush the saloon,
but, unfortunately, numbers of native
Americans join the enemies of law and
order and sobriety and bring defeat
to the cause of righteousness. It ia
pitiable that descendants of Revolu
tionary heroes and warriors of later
wars say we must surrender to the
blind pig keeper and bootlegger. They
haul down the stars and stripes and let
the lawbreakers hoist the black fag
of riot and ruin.
Every license vote is a white flag
of surrender to the lawbreakers.
Brave Americans, native and natural
ized, will not surrender to anarchists.
Lawbreakers shall not rule this land
of ours. The saloon, the enemy of our
country, must go!-John F. Cunneen,
WORKINGMAN AND THE SALOON.
I have worked in the factories, mills
I and mines of this country for many
j long years, and have seen the effect
j of the liquor traffic upon the security
; of the workingman's employment In
all legitimate occupations, the total ab
stainer bas ha? the preference, for he
can be relied upon to be at his work
when he is expected, and not spend
one-fjiird or one-half of the first part
of each week in getting over the in
fluences of a drunken carousal. The
; railroad companies will not employ an
engineer or a conductor that frequents
j the saloon, and in many other indus
; trial walks the same rule obtains.
'' Everyone backs such corporations La
j this stand, and the workingmen are
1 beginning to realize what such a prac
. tise means to them. When they fully
' appreciate the situation, there will be
an absolute end to the liquor traffic
I John B. Lennon, Treasurer of the
i American Federation of Labor.
The temperance platform is ai
broad as the earth and as wide as the
? world. Its limits are marked only
I where liquor ceases to flow. There is
room on that platform for all; nor can
any race, creed or nationality monopo
lize it. It is a signal fact and propi
tious sign of the times that the Cath
olic priest and the Protestant minis
ter can, and do, stand side by side,
shoulder to shoulder, on that plat
form. The cause is God's and human
ity's. We shall battle for the cause
whether on the lower plane of temper
ance or on the higher ground of total
abstinence; whether in the lesser ranks
or in the larger flies of national move
ments; we shall battle for the cause.
-Rev. Father J. J. Curran (Pennsyl
CITY AND NATION'S WEALTH.
"The wealth of the city ia not in its
buildings, not in its banks, but in the ??
fcoye and girls apo" the. Ideals in. their
liv??. These ideals fifS the thing!'*
thal, we neglect most" f
This is not qupted from a, serrajojj r
or a temperance lecture; lt ls the lan- h1
guage of the first assistant district at
torney of Mew York city in an address
delivered before a gathering of pro
fessional men who cheered it to the
echo. The Woman's Christian Tem
perance union believes in raising the
standard of American citizenship
through the conservation of these
ideals. Says Mrs. L. H. N. Stevens,
national president of that organiza
tion: "Blessed ls the etate which rec
ognizes as its chief asset its young
men and women."
DRINKING TO GET BU8INESS.
If you must drink to obtain busi
ness, forego the business. You will
be solicited by all sorts and conditions
of men to Join them in drinking, and ~"
they will feel offended If you refuse- i
but refuse. Don't think they will re
spect you more for not drinking. Not
they. The psychology of the drinker's
mind ls this: He wants to see all men
share his weakness, and hates the si
lent disapproval implied In a refusal ??
to Join him. If it is a choice between
the enmity of drink and the enmity of
the man whose hospitality you refuse, ?
take the lesser and eschew the Insid
ious, far-reaching destructiveness of -
drink.-From "Letters to a Young
Man,'" by Arthur IL Hferls of Seattle, f
In Wast & Co.'a Docket. t
From all points of view, it ls cer*
tain that we ought to battle against
alcoholism with ewry means at our
disposal if we wish to see a dyke -
against the spread of tuberculosis, and ;
today we can accept the unanimous
statement of She Paris Anti-Tubercu
losis congress of 1906 that to fight
alcoholism signifies in the last analy
sis to fight tuberculosis.-Prof. Tibertl
The average American saloon takes
from the people 07,300 a year. What
does lt gives In return?
If you spend one dollar or ten dol
lars in saloons, what will you have [
for your money?
If the saloon is good, why keep
women and children out of lt?
If the saloon is good, why screen
windows and doors?
If the saloon ls good, why clos* lt
when there is a riot?