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COMFORT FOR THE C
A good sprayer and reliable fly-repel
lent will pay for themselves about
twenty times during the fly season, to
say nothing of the comfort afforded
the animals and the satisfaction you
will derive from milking a quiet cow.
If'you don't like investing in a
spraying outfit, have your wife make
you a long, cool blanket out of cheese
cloth or some other light material, and
spread it over the cow while milking.
This, however, is beneficial at milk
ing time only. The one thing that will
prevent the flies trom sucking the life
blood and consequently the milk from
the best in your herd, is to spray, and
spray thoroughly while you are at it.
See that the cows have some sort of
good shade. They simply cannot stand
out in the scorching heat all day and
BEST METHOD TO RESIST INVA
SION OF BOLL WEEVIL.
Recommendation of United States De
partment of Agriculture for Re
gions Where Crop Is Limited
by Short Seasons.
The need of shortening the growing
season of cotton has been recognized
as the best means for securing protec
tion against injury from the boll
weevil, and the United States depart
ment of agriculture has been recom
mending a system of cotton culture
which aims to secure the production
of more cotton in a shorter period of
time. The system is also important for
regions where the crop is limited by
drought or by short seasons as in the
northern districts and should help to
remedy the backward state of what
has been considered in the past a
"6urev crop" industry. The depart
ment's farmers' bulletin, No. COI, en
titled "A New System of Cotton Cul
ture and Its Application." has been
issued to give the details to those who
may profit by it.
The danger of injury from the boil
weevil is greatest under conditions
that favor the luxuriant growth of the
young plants and induce the formation
of large numbers of vegetative
branches, which produce no bolls. The
.control of the formation of these
branches is the keynote of the new
system. The suppression of these
branches avoids injurious crowding of
the plants and also makes it po66ible
to leave more plants in the rows than I
ie now customary. The most impor-.
tant consideration which the new sys
tem requires is the placing of plants
closer together, during the earlier
Etages of growth, until the stalks have
grown beyond the stago where vege
tative branches are produced.
lt is particularly true of the cotton
industry that the more intelligent and
skilful the farming the larger the mate
rial rewards.. And yet. cotton has 6o
long been considered a "sure crop"
that often it is cultivated under the
most careless methods. This is one of
the chief reasons for the backward
state of the industry today. The inva
sion of the boll weevil pest has. how
ever, been forcing upon cotton raisers
the necessity of more improved meth
ods. Cotton is every year becoming
less a "sure crop." The rapid expan
sion of cotton culture in foreign coun
tries is an additional reason why more
careful methods must be adopted in
this country to attain the maximum re
The nr3l ?leo is to secure the atten
tion of the intelligent farmer and con
vince him of the truth of the principle
upon which the new system is founded. !
He may then observe and experiment
for himself with rows of cotton thinned
to different distances and at different !
stages of growth and may see for him
self the relation of the habits of the ;
plants to cultural problems. .
Many intelligent farmers are aware
of the fact that rows of cotton acci- !
dently left without thinning are 6ome- j
times much more productive than i
TOWS that were thinned in the usual I
manner and have reflected on the pos- ?
sibility of securing larger^crops by ;
.closer planting, but the underlying ?
OWS WHILE MILKING
do as well as if ?bey were protected j
from the midday sun.
If natural shade is not available, it
will take you but an hour or so to set
some tall posts and make a satisfac
tory shade out of small brush, old
straw or boards. The cows must have
Too many fanners ret their cows
rustle water from foul sloughs, or from
a tank filled with water warm enough
to wash dishes in.
This is not merely a question of
comfort and satisfaction to the cows,
neither is it necessary simply to add
to your dairy i roducts.
Sanitation demands that the princl- j
pal element entering into the compo
sition of milk be strictly pure-free
from every vestige of disease or filth.
principle has not been understood. The
behavior of cotton under different con
ditions is so variable that any farmer
might well hesitate to adopt a method 1
of culture suggested by an occasional
occurrence like the production of a
larger crop on an unthinned row.
In each cotton-growing community '
there are usually some farmers who
believe that cotton should be left
closer together, especially under con
ditions that favor luxuriant growth. |
Those who use narrow spacing may
boast of phenomenal yields in some
seasons, but in other years they ap- j
pear at a disadvantage with their :
neighbors. The postiibility of making '
a safe combination of the two conflict- ;
ing methods seems not to have been '
suggested. The same conflict is shown
in the results of formal experiments to
determine the best planting distances
as in the popular opinions on the sub
ject. Wide spacing in the rows seemed
better in some cases and narrow spac
ing in others, so that no definite con
clusions could be reached.
The theory of wider planting has ?ts
limitations as well as that of closer
planting. To reduce the number of
plants by wider spacing in the rows
means a longer period of time ls re- j
quired to produce a crop. This is
true because large, luxuriant plants do
not begin to produce flowers and bolls ;
as early as plants of more restricted
growth. It may seem more logical to
many that the plants making the most
rapid growth must produce the
earliest and largest crop, but this is
not true. Large, luxuriant plants are
later in setting and maturing a crop j
because the young plants of luxuriant
growth develop limbs producing no
bolls at tlie expense of the lower fruit
ing branches necessary to the produc
tion of an early crop. The limbs of a
cotton plant which produce no flowers
or bolls are called "vegetative branch
es," or "wood limbs." to distinguish
them from the fruiting branches.
The row rather than the individual
plant must be considered as the unit
under the system as recommended.
The form of the row demands first at
tention and through improving it come'
the advantages of the new method.
More plants are left in tue rows, and
yet injurious crowding is avoided, j
Plants that have numerous vegetative ;
branches are more crowded at 'two or )
three feet than plants with single '
stalks at eigjit or ten inches. With the I
vegetative branches controlled, the ;
spacing is no longer a question of feet, j
hut of inches. Mows spaced at six ?
inches have usually given better re
sult? than those at twelve inches or i
any greater distance [
The two features of the new system
-deferred thinning and closer spac- j
lng-must be properly combined in or- ;.
d^r to insure a favorable result. Most ?
fanners believe that either of these
changes will mjure the crop, and the
danger is that they will try one change
without the other instead of making a
complete break with previous theories
and methods. Until the principle of
branch control is understood it is dfffi- .
cult to believe that two apparently In- i
jurious changes can ha"e a beneficial ?
Actual results of experiments ? are I
given in the new bulletin and the in- n
telligent cotton raiser who ls sincerely I
desirous to better conditions is ad- fl
vippd to send for the pamphlet. Inj
the department's news letters fori
March 11 and April 1 mention has al-1
ready been made of the new system. I
LARGE ENGLISH BLACK PIG
While There Are Few Specimens of
the Breed in the United States, lt
ls Widely Known in Europe.
(By J. DUNLAP, Secretary of Large
Black Pig Club of America.)
The big black pig is the most wide
ly known of all swine in Europe, and
more of this breed are shown than
of other breeds. They are known in
England as the greatest of all bacon
There are only a few in the United
States. They are described as the
long-bodied hog with drooping ears.
They are not prepossessing in appear
ance, but their fecundity recommends
them to the corn belt farmers as well
as to the bacon breeders.
It is claimed for the big blacks that
they are the fastest growing pigs
Yearling Black English Pig, Weighing
known, and put on more pounds to
the amount of feed than any other
My attention was first called to this
breed by farmers who wanted a ba
con type breed to cross on their lard
hogs and to increase their litters.
I investigated all the bacon bre?is
and in the large black found B nog
that is a hardy and last grower, and
one that crosses extremely well with
the Poland-China, Duroc and Berk
shire. The shiny black coats ol' the
animals are pleasing to all, and their
quiet disposition commends them to
all who have raised other bacon
breeds. A yearling barrow that
weighed over 500 pounds dressed ont
more meat than any hog I szgv
butchered, and I never saw in any
other bacon breed ?. fine bacon and
as much lean meat all over the car
cass. The large drooping cars make
them easily handled ir' treated kindly,
and they are very motherly. I have
a HOW ?hat has suckled IS pigs be
sides her own litter, instead of drying
up when her pigs were taken from
her. She continued to give milk and
I have put in runt pigs and pigs where
other sous had more than they could
raise until she has mothered IS extra
pigs and is not dry yet. I give below
extracts from the book "Swine xHus
bandry," gotten out by the Dominion
"Both in Ireland and England much
was heard in favor of the large blacks.
Wherever these swine or these grades
were seen by the commission they
made a favorable impression. Ad
vantage was therefore taken at the
first opportunity to visit a prominent
herd of this breed. The herd visit
ed was that of Mr. C. F. Marriner,
in the county of Suffolk, that has in
recent years won a large number of
championship awards at leading
shows. Here was found a large herd
of brood sows and a few stock boars
that individually and collectively rank
Yearling Black English Sow, Weigh
ing 600 Pounds.
high among the herds of swine of
England for the profitable production
of pigs for bacon requirements. In
earlier years the large black was a
bit rough In the shoulder, short in
the hind quarter and light in the
liam. For years Mr. Marriner has
given special attention to these points
until his present herd, which is uni
form in type and lusty In vigor,
shows none of these defects. Many
of the breeding animals were on grass
pasture which of itself seemed to be
sufficient to maintain the stock in
good breeding form. The heartiness
of these pigs was spoken of every
where and the members of the com
mission are satisfied that the claim
?9 well founded. Mr. Marriner claims
that the narrow range of vision of the
large blacks, due to the drooping ears,
is conducive to docility and thrift.
Constipation, if Neglected,
Causes Serious Illness
Constipation, if neglected, leads
to almost innumerable complica
tions affecting the general health.
Many cases of
other severe dis
eases are trace
able to prolonged
clogging of the
the effects of
E. Ayers, 6 Sabin
"I was afflicted
and biliousness for
years, and at times became so bad I
would become unconscious. I have been
found in thi?t condition many times.
Physicians did not seem to be able to
do me any good. I would become
weak and for days at a time could do
no wont. Not long ago I gol a box
of Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets, and
after usin^ ihem found I hx.i never
tried anything that acted In such a
mild and effective manner. I believe
I have at last found the remedy that
suits my case."
Thousands of people are sufferers
rrom habitual constipation and
while possibly realizing something
of the dancer of this condition, yet
neglect too long to employ proper
curative measures until serious ill
ness often results. Thc advice of
all physicians is, "keep your bowels
clean," and it's good advice.
Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets are
sold by all druggists, at 25 cents a
box containing 25 doses. If not
found satisfactory, your money is
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
Make the Old Suit
We 'are)1 better prepared
than i v- r tc (lo first-class
work in cleaning nnd press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or snit new by let
ing os clean and press them.
Ladies skins and snits al
so cleaned and pressed, ?at
i s fad i i 'ii guaranteed.
Mrs. Jay McGee, 0! Steph
enville, Texas, writes: "For
nine (9) years, I suffered with
womanly trouble. I had ter
rible headaches, and pains in
my back, etc. It seemed as if
1 would die, 1 suffered so. At
last, I decided to try Cardui,
the woman's tonic, and it
helped me right away. The
full treatment not only helped
me, but it cured me."
The Woman's Tonic
Cardui helps women in time
of greatest need, because it
contains ingredients which act
specifically, yet gently, on the
weakened womanly organs.
So, if you feel discouraged,
blue, out-of-sorts, unable to
do your household work, on
account of your condition, stop
worrying and give Cardui a
trial. It has helped thousands
of women,-why not you ?
and Gall Sores
Don't take chances on the
services of a <rood work ani
mal by overlooking the
small scratch or harness
burn. Be prepared before
Dr. Boyd's Sure-Pop
heals if you work your horse.
Heals any sort of skin abrasion
or ulcer. It's a guaranteed rem
edy that you can depend upon.
Money refunded if it fails to do
all we claim for it. Large box 25c.
For Sale by
G. T. Ouzts,
Kirksey, S. C.
"We sell the Celebrated Buist air- A. ". , _
den seed and have just received a I Flannel snits at 88.00. We
fresh shipment o? turnip seedof all ! ar* to give the best
kinds, ouch as ruta baga, seven toPblSft 'S ?*U9t* - *
white f?lobe, aleideen etc. Ccme n f?lm Beach suus *6'50' *8'00'
and let us supply you.
Penn & Holstein.
F G Mertins, Augusta. Ga.
You can sleep late and still
breakfast on time with a
No fire to build-strike a
match and you have full heat
in a minute.
The New Perfection cooks
better than a coal range at
less cost, with less work.
Burns kerosene-clean and
Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner
sizes, also a new stove with a
fireless cooking oven.
At all hardware and depart
ment stores. Ask to see a
Washington. D. C (New Jersey) Charlotte, N. C
Norfolk, Va. BALTIMORE Charlestown,W.Va.
Richmond, Va. Charleston, S. C
Life Assurance Society
iiMiiiiinwwwiii ?Huill?n M- i HIUHHIH'M j M?"-?'."<"- -??rJr PBX
Offers beyond a reasonable doubt the
best insurance that can be obtained. Be
I fore taking out insurance with some
other company. Let me show von my
20 Pay Life, paid up in 15 34 years.
Dividends declared after the first rear.
Don't fail to get the best when you !
insure. Therefore, you had better see
an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport,
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C.