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WORK ON ROADS IN SUMMER
Building and Maintaining Highways
ls More Kindly Thought of by
Many of the Users.
Gradually the farmers in practical
ly every community arc beginning ro
take personal interest in the matter
of making the reads they are forced
tu use better and mare flt for general i
travel all the year round.
In those states where the road
work is done by farmers and their
teams it is hard to get tho labor done
when the weather conditions are best,
says a writer in Farm Progress. They
will not leave their fields to put in
four or five days grading,and level
ing the public highways unless they
are practically forced to do it.
But there are signs of better times
in the matter of country road build- |
ing. I drove 20 miles and back a
.few weeks ago over roads that used
to be impassable at that time of year
for anything except a good strong j
team and a good wagon. Soft clay, ;
soft soil and mud holes of infinite i
variety were its old-time characteris-.
I made the trip in a very ordinary,
four-year-used motor car and drove
the rcund trip in about three hours.
T'ndcr the old arrangement it would
have taken all of one day and pos
sibly part of the night
The road drags, just the ordinary
old road drags rr ide from split logs,
made the difference. Something, and
I believe it was the necessity of mak
ing the road passable for the rural
free delivery wagons, has made a big
difference along the old road. We
saw several road drags along the way,
two or three of them in use, and the
roads where they were passing were
.as smooth as a turnpika
Summer is the time to do really
constructive road work. The drag
Handy Road Scraper.
can be used summer or winter, but
scraping, grading, culvert repairing
and draining ought to be done in June,
July, August and September. Earlier
in the year the mud will prevent any
real work being completed. Later in
the fall the rains will turn the fresh
ly graded roads into loblollies of
From now on until the first snows
and freezes the dirt road can be
shaped and graded. I am of the opin
ion that the plan of appointing some
one farmer as overseer 01 "road boss"
^id having the rest of V.:o neighbor
hood work under this inexperienced
man is a mistake. The time will come
when all road work will be done under
the supervision of a mau who does
nothing but plan and build and possi
bly maintain roads. He will know
roads under all weather conditions
and can look after their creation,
drainage and repair intelligently. It
is mostly a hit or miss proposition
WAYS OF A BAD ROAD THIEF
?Forces Farmer to Haul Small Loads,
Drive Slowly and Occasions
Many Expensive Delays.
The bad road thief forces you to
"haul small loads, drive slowly, wrench
and twist the life out of your horse,
harnesfl and vehicle, ' often breaking
and damaging the latter until great
and expensive delays are occasioned.
It also steals your opportunity to dis
pose of your farm when you wish to
sell, for no man will pay as much for
a farm bordered by a poor road sys
tem as he will for one with a well
kept highway, and some will not buy
a farm at all when the road system ls
poor. The loss of time and money
where the above named conditions ex
ist makes it imperative that you open
all the drain ditches along the road,
and drag this silent, notorious thief
to death with the King road drag.
* Through Traffic Problem.
There is a phase of the road ques
tion which is state-wide in its applica
tion. That relater, to the through or
trunk lines which accommodate
through traffic. To leave the construc
tion and care of these roads in/the
hands of local authorities must result
in uneven and inharmonious gaps, and
desultory care, involving practically a
failure of such rost?a'for a standard of
A silo properly built of limestone
will be a success.
BEES AS WAR'S MESSENGERS
I New Idea With Others Proves That
Military Authorities Are Very
Much cn the Alert.
News that Trill be of interest to aH
army men has been received. The
Hague has discovered a secret long
cherished in the war department-the
use cf bees as messengers,
j No longer will the aide-de-camp
? spur his staggering horse through
I shot and shell to carry the message
; to the front. Instead, he will don his
? gloves and mask, and. going to the
: portable beehive back of headquar
I ters, seize one of the faithful little
insects and send the well-trained I
messenger through the air.
Whoever possesses a receiving out
flt can read the secrets of thc wire
j less; one can cut the wires of the or
I dinary telegraph, and the pigeon docs ;
not always escape the bullet. There
; fore, other means have been scight.
I In America the general staff dreams
, of using as a dispatch hearer-tho j
The bee, like the carrier pigeon,
guided by its marvelous instinct, re
turns to the hive from wherever he
may be liberated. Tiny dispatches,
which can be deciphered with the
magnifying glass, can be attached to
But something better still has been
found. By an ingenious process, the
wings of the tiny insect are sensi
tized and hy means of microscopic ;
photography the message is imprint
ed, thus doing away with all extra
The secret is out. but all is not lost.
Holland has not discovered the won- '
deri'u! process by which to dispose of
the fireflies that an up-to-date enemy
would send to ruin the sensitized
wings of the trained bees.
I The details, of course, cannot be
divulged. Suffice it to say that as I
soon as an enemy's firefly reaches
the dark hive, where the bees are
waiting to have their wings photo- ;
graphed, its presence is made known
by the action of the metal selenium,
which is sensitive to light, and the
alarm is given to trained dragon
flies, which speedily make away with
Welsh and Ancient Britons.
All the histories agree that under >
the wars of practical extinction car- J
ried on by the invading hordes of
northern Europe in Britain, only those
of the ancient inhabitants escaped
destruction who fled to or already
lived in the mountain fastnesses of
Wales. It does not appear to have
Buggested itself to anyone to doubt
that modern Welsh ls essentially the
language of the ancient Britons, or j
that the Welsh are the descendants j
of those interesting people, who occu
pied the British Isles when they were
termed the "end of the world (ultima
thule)" by the old Roman writers,
and were successfully invaded by
Julius Caesar, 3. C. 55. The Welsh
were always recognized as good fight
ing men, as witness Fluellen in
Shakespeare. Two famous regiments
in the British army continue the tra
ditions. "The Royal Welsh Fusiliers,"
who have been in every warlike affair ?
of consequence in which Britain has j
been concerned since 1G90, and "The
Welsh Regiment." comprising the old !
Forty-first, the Sixty-ninth and tho :
Royal Glamorgan militia.
In Another State.
A very much mussed up citizen of
the Sixth City rushed into the central j
police statirn on Tuesday evening and ?
shouted aloud for vengeance, justice,
or mercy at the very least.
"The automobile that hit me five :
minutes ago was No. 41144, Ohio," i
he sputtered. "It knocked me uncon- |
-cious. but I got the number before I
went down for the count. Put It on.
a piece of paper-41144."
"All right. What dc you want?"
"What do I want? Why, I can
prove that he was exceeding the speed :
limit, and I want-I want-"
"Calm down, friend. You want a ?
warrant for his - f?"
"Warrant noti....^. What good would j
a warrant do me? He was going so
fast, I tell you, that a warrant wouldn't
get him now. What I want is extra
dition papers!" - Cleveland Plain
The Will and the Way.
Stevenson knew a Welsh black
smith who at twenty-five could neither
read nor write, at which time he
heard a chapter of "Robinson Crusoe"
read aloud in a farm kitchen. Up to
that moment he had sat content, hud
dled in his ignorance; but he left the
kitchen another man. Th^-e were
day-dreams, it appeared, d .-ie day
dreams, written and printed and
bound, and to be bought for money
and enjoyed at pleasure. Down he sat
that day, painfully learned to read
Welsh, and returned to borrow the
book. It had been lost, nor could he
find anoiher copy, only one in Eng
lish. Down he sat once more, learned
English, and at length with entire
delight read "Robinson."-Lucy E.
Ird'jctlve and Deauctive.
Deduc ive reasoning is from the
ory to fa'ts, while inductive reasoning
is from f cts to theory. Deduction is
somotini' . mere dreaming, oftentb
very fool ir h dreaming fas in the t
of mudiev,.! scholasticism), while In
duction is '.he sane reaching out from
particular facts to general laws (as I
in the case ot modern science). Most
of tin.' things that have, cursed man- !
kind have come as tho result of dc- j
ductive TeaKoiung: while pretty nearly i
all that has h'-lp^d men has beeu the
qrlft of tho Inductive process.
ORIGIN OF THE EANK OF THE
IWay Ce Said tc Have Started From
"a Weil cf Water," Though lt Had
the Ger.i-s cf Aaron Eurr
The uncovering of an old iron tank
in Caner street recalled a piece of
ancient history in connection with the
Bank cf the Manhattan Company, the
Wall Street Journal states. . A spring
weil 35 feet deep, covered by the iron
tank referred to and the present site
of the bank, 40 Wail street, consti
tuted tho first property owned by the
Manhattan company, parent of the
ba::k new bearing that name.
The Eank cf the Manhattan Com
pany Bprr.ns from a little water com
pany which commenced business with
"a well of water." The ciiarter of the
company was drawn by Aaron Burr,
zz? its granting was opposed by Alex
ander Hamilton because it contained
a clause permitting the company "to
employ all surplus capital in the pur
chase of public or other stock or in
any ether money transactions or op
erations not inconsistent with the con
stitution and laws of New York or
of the United States."
This clause was the joker in the
charter of a company started for the
purpose of "supplying the city of Xew
York with pure and wholesome wa
j ter." In 170S New York city suffered
from an epidemic of yellow fever
which was attributed to aa inadequate
and inferior water supply. Here was
Aaron Burr's opportunity for start
ing a bank, in which effort he had,
for many years, been opposed by his
political enemy, Alexander Hamilton,
who had. a monopoly of the banking
business in New York state until the
charter was granted the Manhattan
Upon the assembling of the legisla
ture in 1799 an association of indi-*
viduais, among whom Aaron Burr was
a moving spirit, applied for the wa
ter company's charter with a capital
cf $2,000,000. The project was an am
bitious ene for those days, and as
there was considerable uncertainty
about the probable cost of the water
system the clause for the employment
of idle capital was inserted. A great
effort was made by Alexander Hamil
ton and the federals to defeat the
charter on account of the clause grant
ing the company banking privileges.
The necessity for a proper water sys
tem which could only be procured by
the organization of a responsible com
pany with large capital carried it
through the legislature on April 2,
1799, and it received the governor's
By April 22 books f opened for
public subscription the $2,000,000
capital stock (pa* ^er share), and
by May 15 the e amount had been
subscribed, th ./ of New York hav
ing taken 2,' chares. This was the
first financu . victory of Aaron Burr
over his political enemy. The bank
is the oldest in the state, save one.
Its capital was raised to $2,050.000 in
1S08, to permit of the state purchas
ing 1,000 shares. Both the state and
city are stockholders in the Bank of
Manhattan company, this being the
only bank stock owned by tho state
of New York.
Foote could not bear to see anybody
or anything aucceed in the Haymarket
theater but himself and his own writ
ings, forgetful that a failure of the
new scheme might possibly endanger
the regular payment of his annuity.
His pique broke out sometimes in
downright rudeness. One morning he
came upon the stage during the re
hearsal cf the "Spanish Barber," then
about to be produced. The actors
were busy in the scene of a piece
when one servant is under the influ
ence of a sleeping draft and another
of a sneezing powder.
"Well," said Foote to the mana
ger, "how do you go on?"
"Pretty well," was the answer, "but
I cannot teach one of these fellows to
gape as he ought to do."
"Can't you?" replied Foote. "Then
read him your love comedy, "The Man
of Business,' and he'll yawn for a
Vaccinate Against All Diseases.
A discovery of the highest impor
tance aa to a substitute which con
fers immunity against disease waa
communicated to the Academy of Sci
ence of Paris by Professor d'Arsonval
a few days ago.
Since Bucchner In 1890 gave the
name of alexine to thia discovery a
great amount of investigation has
been devoted to the subject, but the
active principle of the serum had al
ways remained unknown.
0 Doctor Tissot of the Museum of Nat
ural Histor}' has succeeded in analyz
ing its elements, defining accurately
This opens the way to the realiza
tion of immunity from such diseases
aa tuberculosis and syphilis, as well
OS greatly improving the efficacy of
tho serums already in use against
lockjaw and diphtheria.
Companion cf Medicine.
"My doctor ordered two weeks at the
"He's a homeopath, isn't he?"
"Two weeks ls a small (lose. I'd
go to an allopath and see if I couldn't
got a trip to Europe."-Cincinnati En
; LIST OF ??EEfi VUWb
SOME AMUSING A?O ZZ'.'S. BOR
DERING ON THE 7F..;??C.
Bachelor Who Swore he Never Would
Look Upon a Woman Again Kept
His Csth, Though lt Cost
Him Much Money.
There is no limit tr? human folly or
perverseness, and many ol' the vows
that rash people make are foolish as
well as perverse.
Eighteen jeers ago a California man
lost his sieht during an illness, and
there was danger of total blindness.
His wife was exceedingly pious, and
vowed that ii her husband's si^tot was
restored she would crawl on her hands
and kne-es or.ee a year to a neighbor
ing church in t^ken of her gratitude.
He recovered his sight, and once a
year bis wife has kept her vow.
It was surely nothing but folly and
obstinacy that inspired the vow cf an
old bachelor that he would never look
OH a woman's face again. In order to
carry out his vow he had a high wall
built around his house, which he never
left, and substituted men for his wom
en servants. Later, when new houses
sprang up around his own and his
grounds were overlooked, he had them
covered with a roof and artificially
lighted. He kept his strange vow to
the end of his life, which, however,
came within seven years.
The most recent of these foolish
makers of vows is a native of Brussels,
who has sworn that be will make a tour
of the world walking backward. It is to
be hoped that his fate will be hap
pier than that of the man who swore j
that he would never rest until he could j
walk on the ceiling like a fly, and who j
lost his reason without gaining his
There was "method in the madness"
o? the great French painter Zeim, who
vowed that he would never leave his
studio until a certain important pic
ture was finished. He gave instruc
tions that the door should be locked
in his studio and that door should not
be opened under any conditions, his
meals to be handed to him through a
hole in the dcor. Thus he worked for
months during the crisis that ended ii
Napoleon's famous coup d'etat and his
accession to the throne, of which Zeim
knew nothing until his picture was
completed and his door unlocked.
Another French artist, Gericauld,
was equally determined to allow no
distraction to interfere with the paint
ing of his great picture, "The Wreck
of the Medusa." He had his head
shaved and vowed that he would never
allow his hair to grow until his work
was done. The vow he religiously
kept, in spite of strong temptation to
break it, and the reward of his heroism
was the most perfect painting of his
It was for a very curious reason
that an old lady who died a few years
ago condemned herself to more tt?an
30 years' confinement to her home.
She had married a widower, as miserly
as he was unromantic, and he insisted
that his second wife should wear the
clothes left behind by his first wife.
The wife was as mutinous as her hus
band was resolute, and she determined
that until she could have her own
clothes she would never leave the
house-a vow she kept until her
Bank-Notes Made of Silk.
Bank-notes made of silk of a par
ticular shade that will baffle the bank
note forger are now possible. As is
known, most of the expert bank-note
forgers use photography to obtain
their best results; but a recent inven
tion makes it possible to manufacture
silk of a particular shade that cannot
possibly be photographed.
Discovered by a woman, this inven
tion is a new process for waterproof
ing fabrics without rubber and dyeing
them in the same operation. Linen,
cotton, or other materials to be treat
ed by this process are placed white
into one end of the machine and
brought out at the other end a few
minutes later colored, waterproofed,
and dry. Fabrics so produced, the in
ventor maintains, can. be used In hun
dreds of trades, from aeroplane build
ing to bank-note making.
The Electoral College.
Hamilton says: "It was desirable
that the immediate election of the
president should bo made by men
most capable of analyzing the Qualities
adapted to the station. A small num
ber of persons, selected by their fel
low citizens from the general mass, will
be moBt likely to possess the informa
tion and discernment requisite to so
complicated an investigation." It ia
unnecessary to say that by Impercep
tible changes the spirit of the Consti
tution has disappeared, and that for
generations the "electors" have been
the mere automata by which the peo
ple register the result of their vote.
Extremes of Nervousness.
Baggs and Jaggs met, and Baggs
and Jaggs got yarning.
"I once knew a man, dear boy," be
gan Baggs, "who was so ticklish on
tho soles of his feet* that whenever he
took a bath he had to walk about after
wards on a big piece of blotting-paper.
It was the only method of foot-drying
that wouldn't throw him into fits."
"That's nothing, my dear fellow," re
torted Jaggs. "I used to board at a
place where the Iandlady^was so nerv
ous that whenever the wind blew shu
had to jo out and grease the corners
of the house, so that the wind wouldn't
croak when it went round them."
Hot Weather Garments
Let us help you to keep eool during this
sweltering weather. We have the garments that
will enable you to kee]) ;*as cool as a cucumber."
Come in and let us show you our athletic under
wear-our light weight suits in Palm Beaches, Mo
hair, serges, sicilians, cassimers, etc.
Full assortment of EcJipes negligee shirts.
Nothing better on the market for the money.
Shoes and Panamas to Ht everybody.
If we haven't what you want in order to keep
coo! we will order it for you.
Come in and let's talk it over.
Dorn & Mims,
All of the New Thin gs.
Our Spring stock is now complete in every de
partment. It matters not what the ladies want we
have it. Come in to see all the new Spring fabrics
that we are showing in the beautiful colors of the
season. Goods for dresses, goods for skirts, goods
for waists-for misses and ladies. We also have a
very large stock of trimmings, lace embroidery, etc.
We can please the most exacting buyer in these
We are showing a beautiful assortment of un
derwear for ladies, misses, men and boys. Come in
before you buy your supply of light underwear.
Our Shoe Department is well supplied with the
most stylish oxfords and slippers. We have them in
the popular lasts and in patents, gun metal, tans and
"We invite the men and boys to see our stock of
clothing and hats. Our prices are reasonable.
J. W. PEAK
Medical College o? the State o? South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Deparlmenss cf Medicine and Pharmacy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
S6th Session Cpens October 1st, 1914. Closes june Sid. 1915
Fine New Building ready for occursr.cy October 1st, 1914. Advan
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Pharmacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
If not interested. But you are obliged to be interested where mon
ey is to be saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for your
self and livestock. We are now in our warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern warehouse in Augusta with floor
space of 24,800 squa.e feet and it is literally packed with Groceries
and feeds from cellar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in a position to name very close
prices. Ii you really want the worth of your money see or write us