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DOMESTIC BREEDS OF
Three Representative Ramb
CPrepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.,
All the domestic sheep in America
have originated from importations,
most of which have been made from
European countries since the begin
ning of the nineteenth century. The
fine wools are found upon the western
ranges and to a lesser extent throug
the Ohio fine-wool region. They are
undergoing some changes to improve
the carcass and increase the length of
wool; 6ome foreign blood is being
used to do it; nevertheless these sec
tions may still be regarded as being
fine wool in character.
In Tennessee, Virginia and Ken
tucky, the spring lamb region of Amer
ica, Southdown rams are very popu
lar. Through the central farming sec
tions of the country the medium-wool
breeds have taken possession, the long
wools largely being In locations more
favorable to them in the North and
Northwest, notably Canada, Utah,
Idaho, Montana and Oregon.
It is not always possible to say that
there ls one best breed for any sec
tion. There may be two or three that
would do equally as well, but it ie
undeniable that some breeds are far
more suitable than others for a givetf
location. All the breeds have their
good qualities and most of them, if
properly handled, will give good re
sults in some section of America. The
problem is to get the ones best adapt
ed to particular conditions. Some
breeds have a larger n-tmber of high
class individuals than others, but a
truly successful breeder can improve
any of them.
As a rule, but one breed should be
?elected. Where there is more than
one breed upon a farm it is a difficult
matter to keep the gates all closed at
the proper time and prevent crossing. !
If several farms are available more I
breeds can be handled, but the di?fi-1
culties in management are much in-1
creased. The most successful sheep j
breeders in America handle but one I
breed. The fact that there are more
breeds than in any ether class of farm ;
animals may in itself make the selec
tion of one breed rather difficult. !
Some of the deciding factors should :
be climatic conditions, feeds available,
altitude, the particular line of the in- ;
dustry to be followed, and popularity :
of the breed in the section in which
the farmer is located.
The effect of climate is strikingly |
illustrated in the evolution of the |
sheep industry of the extreme North- j
west. The Willamette Valley in Ore- !
gon, now so famous for its long wools,
waa once partly occupied by fine- j
wool sheep. The large amount of rain- !
fall, which comes in a long-continued j
drizzle, caused the hay and weed
seeds that became lodged in the wool
to grow and become green upon the
sheep's back. The Merino breeds wero
decidedly out of place there. After a
time the Lincoln and other long-wool
breeds were introduced and the in
dustry assumed a different aspect.
Their long locks act as a thatch, car
rying the water off, and these breeds
thrive as they do in few places ex-t
cepi their native counties in England, j
The kind of feed produced is of im- :
portance. The large breeds have been
veioped upon land that hus produced .
abundantly. They are capable of tak
ing care of a larger amount of feed, \
such as the moist fertile lowlands pro-.1
duce, while the smaller breeds succeed i
be'.ter upon the less abundant fare of |
drier and less fertile pastures. Thero ;
!s evidently some connection between !
the general high quality of the smaller j
breeds and the scanty, more nutritious !
leeds that they receive under natural j
conditions. If they are removed to
the lowlands they lose much of their j
characteristic type and quality.
The effect of altitude upon a breed ;
is also apparent, but how much of this i.
effect is due to the amounts and kinds
of feed it is difficult to determine. Cer- '
tain it is that the mountain breeds
are smaller, more active, more hardy,
and better able to care for themselves
than their lowland neighbors.
The importance of hardiness in the
mountain breeds was shown during ;
the last century along the Scottish
border. The Cheviot had for a num
ber of years been displacing the black-. i
faced Highland breed because of its j
finer quality of wool and somewhat
better carcass. A number of severe ?
winters worked havoc among the i
Hocks of the former breed by caus- i
ta? a very heavy lamb loss, and the <
Highland breed, because of its hardi- (
ness, came back into its own. ; |
Whether the breeder expects tospe- i
? SHEEP IN AMERICA
/e Shropshire Ewes.
oui I lets (French IV rino?.)
cialize upon some particular line of
sheep farming should likewise be in
strumental in making a decision. If
winter lambs are to be produced a
breed must be secured that will breed
at the right season of the year, and
not all will do this. The Dorset, Me
rino and Tunis have given the best
satisfaction thus far. '
The popularity of a breed will often
have its effect in influencing one's de
cision. Some hreeds have been de
veloped under conditions that are
more general, or else they have a
wider range of adaptability than oth
ers. The popularity of st -al breeds
in this country is due to . fact. No
better illustrations of these can be
mentioned than the Merinos and I
Shropshires that are found from Maine
to California.' Some of the minor !
breeds need men who will place them
before the public, as there can be no
doubt as to thp effect of a wide-awake ?
breed association in advancing a
It is well before making a selection
to consider carefully the most popu
lar breed in your community. There
Is usually some good reason for its
being popular, but occasionally be- j
cause of a fashion a breed will enjoy j
a "boom" that lt does not rightly de- j
serve. In some states at the present
time there are colonies of breeders ?
handling certain breeds, and buyers I
are attracted there because there are |
excellent opportunities for selection in |
the neighborhood. There are also ad
vantages connected with buying stock
near home. The keen competition of
fered by some of the classes in the
show ring has been a lure that has j
caused some men to take up a cer- I
tain breed. Others have been con
tent to win more often in the smaller
classes where the winnings are easier.
Some bleeds are regarded as need
ing more care than others; at any rate
they become more unsightly if denied
this attention. However, no flock
will thrive upon mismanagement.
Good appearance is always desirable,
and sometimes it is of prime impor
tance. The use of sheep for keeping
the lawns of parks and country places
in trim has been in effect in this coun
try for years and here attractiveness
is indispensable. The Southdown has
proved very popular for this purpose.
SWEE? CLOVER GAINS FAVOR
Increasing Attention Being Given Crop
as Forage Plant-Used Success
fully as Ensilage.
(Prepared by the United States Denart
mer.t o? Agriculture.)
For the past, two years increasing
attention has been given to sweet
clover as a forage plant. County agri
cultural agents in several states last
year gave the crop some attention in
an experimental way. Those in Kan
sas and South Dakota were particu
larly active, and the results were so
satisfactory that the area seeded this
year has been enormously increased.
A report from Allen county, Kansas,
states that more than L\000 acres were
seeded in that county this year. Last
year a farmer in Clinton county, Iowa,
conducted an excursion to a farra on
which is grown annually 60 to 100
acres of sweet clover lor hay and pas
ture on land worth more than $100
per acre. On June 9 and 10 this year
two Illinois county agents joined in an
excursion to a 300-acre sweet clover
farm in Ogle county, Illinois. On?
county sent -1 automobiles with 109
farmers representing townships. A
total of 45 automobiles made up the
train. Among the interesting things
done on the farm visited is tho pas
turing of (?0 head of cattle on 40 acres
of sweet clover. The clover is also
used successfully as ensilage.
Why Timothy ls Favored.
Timothy is a palatable hay and this
is one of the chief reasons why it ?3
standard in most markets. In addi
tion to this a horse can be fed a large
quantity of it and will suffer no ill ef
fects when given a hard drive immedi
ately after having eaten the hay. Pal
atability depends largely on the time
the hay is cut and on the method of
Produce Succulent Food.
Generally speaking it is more eco
nomical to produce succulent feed in
the form of roots for a small number
Di' cows than to produce it in the form
af silage, though small silos are now
manufactured and used to some ex-j!
lent. I '"
GARDEN IN BACK YARD
EXTRAORDINARY RESULTS PRO
DUCED FROM SMALL TRACT.
Ptot of Ground About 30 by 40 Feet
In Sire Proved Itself Worthy of
Time, Effort and Small Ex
pense Put Upon iL
Fifteen miles from the busiest dis
trict of the busy-city of Chicago, there
ls a small kitchen garden which has
produced extraordinary results. It 1B
planted in a plot of ground about 30
by 40 feet in size, and has proved* it
self worthy the time, effort and Email
expense put upon it.
Almost all of the ordinary table
vegetables and fruits can be found
here, and this small piece of ground
has been the means of a distinct sav
ing in the summer bills.
Lettuce, radishes and onions were
the first arrivals, and came in such
quantities that the neighborhood usu
ally shared in them. The amount o?
choice lettuce that can be raised bi a
4 by 6-foot bed is surprising, and this
one afforded a constant supply of
fresh salad material all the summer
Onions of several varieties were
raised, and those that were planted
in the fall afforded an early crop be
fore others were even out of the
In July the beets and cucumbers
were ready for use, and again one
may put forward the argument in fa
vor of the small garden on suburban
lots, namely, that there ls no compari
son between the dried-up, expensive
store products, and the fresh, ever
ready vegetables of your own growing.
In the early part of August the to
matoes ripen, and by raising two va
rieties there is a constant supply of
them until the frost cuts off the ri
pening process, but leaves many green
ones which may be pickled.
A small border of parsley, and a lit
tle patch of mint will do all the gar
nishing and flavoring that are neces
sary. Carried away by the automo
bile fever, the old horse was sold and
a machine purchased in bis place.
This left the runway empty, and in
order to utilize every inch of the
rround it was planted to potatoes,
peas and beans, all of which grew well.
Of the fruits that were grown In
this little garden, the strawberries
were the first to come. The bed is
about 10 by 20 feet in size, and has
borne continually during the season.
Not a single box was purchased, and
tho berries were large and juicy. The
total amount produced was 50 quarts.
A wonderberry had proved very suc
cessful also, and this new fruit is
Some of the Results From a Small
rightly named, in that the number of
berries borne on one vine is won
derful, when the size of the vine is
Raspberry and current bushes, also
bore well, and so it was-one fruit af
ter another all summer long. There
are some grape vines which are as
yet too young to bear, but are very
The financial side of this enterprise
has been very satisfactory. The sur
plus crop of cucumbers and tomatoes
netted $10 and the products of the
strawberry bed were worth $6.25, thc
currants and raspberries were worth
Not to go into further detail, it is
fair to estimate that this small gar
den planted at an expense of not more
than $1 for seed, has made a return j
ot about $:>0, beside affording many ?
hours of healthful exercise to the j
These results show how a little "pin
money" could easily be made by util
izing the back yards of suburban or
True Economic System.
The truest economic system of con
ducting any business is the one which
makes every dollar of the capital em
ployed whether in( bonds, land or
?tock, yield a suitable return in some
?hape; but bare held, unworked land
will not do this and the farmer who
ittempts to make a profit is certainly
iot conducting his business on an
Never pack poultry as long as one
Irop of water or one degree of animal !
i eat remains in their bodies. Never !
illow them to touch one another or
tnything which will retard the free i
irculation ol' the air around them. I
For Neuralgia, nothing is
Used by thousands
for a generation
Those who have suffered from
neuralgic pains need not be told
how necessary it is to secure re
lief. The easiest way out of
neuralgin is to use Dr. Miles'
Anti-Pain Pills. They' have re
lieved sufferers for so many
years that they have become a
"I have taken Dr. Miles' Anti-Fain jj
Pills for five years and they are the
only thing that does me any pood.
They have relieved neuralgia in my
head in fifteen minutes. I have also
taken them for .rheumatism, head
ache, pains in the breast, toothache,
earache and pains in the bowels and
limbs. I have found noihing to
equal them and they are all that ls
claimed for them."
J. W. SEDGE. Blue Springs, Mo.
At all dniooists-25 doses 25 cents.
Never sold In bulk- 1
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
Make the Old suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit uew by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Ns doubt you are, if
you suffer from any ot the
numerous ailments to
which au women are sub
ject Headache, back?
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some of the symp
toms, and you must nd
yourself of mern in order
to feel well. Thousands
.f women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you to
The Woman's Tonie
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking Car dui,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ana
the pain in my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, thc pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
tryCarduL" Get a bottle
If you could take out an in
surance policy that would
guarantee your horse or
mule against colic for fifty
cents you would hurry to do
so, would'nt you?
Dr. Boyd's Sure Pop
is colic insurance in drop form.
60 drops instantly relieves sever
est case. Price 50c and $1 a bottle.
No drenching. Results guaran
teed or money refunded by
For Sale by
G. T. Ouzfs,
/irksey, S. C.
HAVE YOU A BOY TO
Do you want to place him in
a Chistian Military Institute
where his health will be carefully
looked after, his mind thoroughly
trained, and where he will be
taught habits of obedience, punc
tuality, and industry? If so send
him to the
? Bailey Military Institute
^ Here each student is -under
d the close personal control and
J watchful care of the teachers, ?
% from the time he reaches the ^
?school until he leaves for his home r
The faculty is composed of 10 t
? men, all of whom have had experi- ^
? ence in teaching in High Schools r
J and Colleges. Last session 192 ca- ?
$ dets were enrolled, and at least 51 ^
? others were turned away on ac
J count of lack of room.
I Write for phamplilet and illus
? trated catalogue.
J F. N. K. BAILEY,
J Greenwood - - South Carolina.
When your automobile needs new tires do not
send off tor them and pay express charges. Let us
re-tire your machine with the celebrated GOOD
YEAR TIKES, all sizes in stock. Nothing better
on the market. Prices very reasonable.
We also carry a full line of tire accessories for
repairs of all kinds. Come to us to relieve your
W. W. Adams & CO.
Life Assurance Society
Offers bevond a reasonable doubt the
best insurance that can be obtained. .Be
fore taking out insurance with some
other company. Let me show you my
20 Pay Life, paid np in 15 34 years.
Dividends declared after the first year,
Don't fail to get the best when von
indure. Therefore, you had better see
an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport,
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C.