Newspaper Page Text
(Conducted by the National Woman's
Christian Temperance Union.)
NOT ALL BEER ADVOCATES.
(From addrt-ss by Miss Anna A. Gor
don, president of the National W. C. T.
TJ.. before the senate Judiciary subcom
mittee. May L)
One of the speakers at the hearing
on April 25 stated that all Germans
are drinkers. We are sorry our Ger
man friends do not know that many
hundreds of German women In this
country are members of the Woman's
Christian Temperance union, and in
Germany we have a splendid following
of thousands of total abs'ainers, band
ed together in a nation ai society of ab
staining women of Germany affiliated
with the World's Woman's Christian
Temperance union. The white-ribbon
ers of Germany have for their presi
dent the great-grandniece of the gal
lant Gen. von Blucher, who led the
allied forces with Wellington in the
famous battle of Waterloo.
We are surprised that our German
friends did not allude to the most con
spicuous fignre in the fatherland, Em
peror Wilhelm, whose good advice to
the naval cadets to let alcohol alone
has everywhere been noted and com
mended. Evidently the kaiser believes
as we do, that the naval defenders of
a great country must be total abstain
ers if they are to reach the necessary
degree of efficiency in service.
The gentleman riso asserted that
Von Moltke was a drinker. We know
that he was a total abstainer. Von
MolUce said, "Beer is far more danger
ous to Germany than all the annie.?
of France." Our German friemis
claimed that beer has great food value.
Germany's famous chemist and sci
entist, Liebig, many years ago de
clared "There ls mote nourishment in
the amount of flour that can be held
on the blade of a knife than there is
in a quart of the best Bavarian beer."
All Germans do not agree with the
speaker that beer "should not be
classed with alcoholic- liquors. "It is
just this precious beer," writes Dr.
Max Gruber, president of the Royal
.Institute of Hygiene at Munich,
"which lowers the intellectual capacity
and willpower of thousands and thou
sands of people and makes them old
before their time, ruins stomach, liver,
heart, and brain; brings them into the
poorhouse and prison, hospital and
asylum, and early puts them under
From Noah down, men have used
and abused intoxicants, but that sig
nifies nothing whatever. From Noah
?.down, men have done all sorts of fool
AhlngB^and as to some of the things
have gradually learned that they were
follies and so eschewed them. George
Washington drank rum before break
fast. There is no more reason for
sticking to George's rum than for cup
ping and bleeding patients fur every
illness. That normal human nature
does not need alcohol we know from
the millions of men and women who
do without it-and female human na
ture has always been able to subsist
without getting drunk. The histori
cal argument is bogus. The moder
ate drinker need not be considered
at all; for if a man ts truly a moder
ate drinker, alcohol is o!" such slight
account to him that its presence or
absenc? can make 'no diff?rence.
Saturday Evening Post.
"No place for the calamity howler,"
says former Lieutenant Governor New
lands, speaking of temperance in
North Carolina. "The state is enjoy
ing ? the greatest prosperity in every
line of business it has ever known.
If Coxey's army ever crosses its bor
ders it will get no further. Manufac
turers and farmers in North Carolina
need men to turn out their products
and to help harvest their crops. There
is no excuse for a single one being
idle when every opportunity is pre
sented and inducement held out to la
borers, both skilled and unskilled. We
are going to have bumper crops in the
?tate this year, and the people are will
ing to pay good wages for help, be
cause they have the money to do so."
"Jesus made wine." So he did
made it out of water-just water,
nothing else. And when our big brew
ers make their beer out of the same
Ingredient-and nothing else-they
may put my picture and my signature
on every bottle. But as long as they
put In cedar shavings and cannabis in
dica blossoms and acetic ether and
sulphuric acid they can't use my pic
ture. But my friend says 96 per cent
of beer is water. That's true, and if
fae 96 per cent of water could be
drawn off 96 men couldn't make you
drink what's left.-Wm. A. Brubacker.
A GOOD SHOWING.
The census figures for 1910 show
that for the whole country the average
number of prisoners committed to
penal institutions was 552 per 100,000
population. The number committed
in prohibition Kansas was 196 per 100,
000. while in license Nebraska the
number was 4X5 per 100.000. In the av
erage commitments per ion,OOO for
every state in the Union, only two oth
er statee are lower than Kansas
North Carolina and North Dakota,
both prohibition states.
GOOD TIME TO WEAN LAMBS
Wisconsin Expert Recommends Young
oters Se Taken Away Frcm Mothers
When Four Months Old.
A large percentage of the mortality
of lambs and the poor condition in
which ewes in far too many flocks go
into the winter season is due to the
mistake of allowing the lambs to run
with their mothers until late in the
fall or until they wean themselves ia
the belief of Frank Kleinbeinz, shep
herd of the flocks maintained by the
Wisconsin College of Agriculture.
He recommends that after the lambs
have had the benefit of their mother's
milk for from four to four and one-half
months they be taken away and placed
on fresh pasture. This, besides keeping
down the most common of sheep para
sites-the stomach worm-will give
the ewes an opportunity to be in a
strong, vigorous condition at breeding
time. This means that a large per
centage of lambs of a more uniform
size will be born from the flock the
following spring. The common prac
tise of separating the Iwmbs from the
ewes for two or thr(;e days at weaning
time and then turning them back
again, so that the lamb may remove
the milk that has accumulated in its
absence, is condemned because of the
danger that lambs may scour after
drinking this abnormal milk.
The ewe should be milked out as oft
en as necessary after weaning time to
prevent the udder from caking. This
should be done until the ewes are all
dry, and to hasten the drying up they
should be placed on scant pastures for
about eight or ten days. In addition
to plenty of green pasture, the lambs
should be furnished a small quantity
of grain to prevent any possible check
in their growth.
RAISING CATTLE FOR BEEF
Shorthorn Does Well on All Lands
Where Pastures Are Good-Cows
Prove Excellent Milkers.
The Shorthorn, Aberdeen-Angu?,
Hereford, Red Polled and Devon
breeds of cattle all do well in the
South. The Shorthorn does well on all
lands where the pastures are good and
feed is plentiful. The cows usually
prove to be very good milkers, giving
milk enough for the calf and to supply
Excellent Beef Type,
the home a6 well. The result of the
good milking qualities of the cows is
usually a good growthy calf. The
Herefords and Angus are good grazers
and will do well under range condi
tions, as well as on the small farm.
The Hereford stands ahead or all
breeds as a range animal, but the
Angus have the advantage over all
breeds in the feed-lot, as they finish
out very smoothly, are high in quality
and kill out a high percentage of mar
ketable meat The Devon is slower of
growth than the other breeds, but are
?reat rustlers and fatten on pastures
which are so thin that some of the
beef breeds could hardly subsist. The
Red Polled is a dual purpose breed
which ranks next to the milking etraln
of Shorthorns in the production of
milk and beef. They are not as well
known, nor as popular as the Short
horn, but have done well wherever
tried in the South. Any of the breeds
croes well with the native cattle, and
can be used advantageously in breed
ing u?> the scrub herds.
MAKING PROFIT WITH PIGS
Animals Must Not Be Stunted, But
Kept Growing Steadily-Give Corn
Curing Fattening Period.
(By J. W. MITCHELL..)
We bf^in with our pigs about the
15th of ? larch, wean them at eight
weeks cid. put them in the clover field
and feed also with milk and wheat
The pig- must not be stunted, but
must be I: pt growing steadily, and
mado fat hy giving plenty of corn dur
in the last two months.
Meat mad in this way ls much bet
ter and mor. healthful than when the
pigs p.re rais'd in a filthy, close pen,
and the meal can be made at less cost
with so much grass und green food.
SUPERIOR HOUSE FOR SOWS
Individual Cot Afford6 Protection From
Infectious Diseases-Can Be
We desire to make a plea for the
individual house. We like them for
tue sew and her brood especially. It
has the advantage of keeping each
BOW from being disturbed by the oth
ers. Neither will her pigs get lost and
wander into other pens where they
may rob other pigs or stand a good
chance of being injured by the sow.
Then there will not be so much dan
ger from infections diseases. When
the surroundings become foul the cot
can be removed to another place. Of
course it may mean more work for the
owner to attend the sows separated
in different houses scattered about the
place, but it will be better for the
farmer to do the extra work as he will
save enough in the health and
growth of his young pigs to more than
pay him for his efforts. The building
of the individual cot should be consid
ered. There should be a window for
light and sunshine, also a side door
that can be lifted on warm days for
ventilation. For this reason we like
the A-shaped house best of all. A
small window can be put in one end
just over the door and a hinged door
placed on the side with little trouble.
The frame for this cot can be made
of 2x4 material and the sides can be
sheathed, papered and covered with
flooring. This makes a warm cot for
winter use. We prefer the dirt floor
with woven wire stretched on top to
keep the sow from rooting. If the
floor is well bedded with straw it will
be soft and easy on the sow and her
brood. Some farmers put concrete
Individual Hog House.
floors to these houses, but they are
hard on the feet and bodies of the
hogs. They are also cold and gather j
dampness. This may mean the death
of the entire brood of pigs, and sowe
are liable to take cold by lying on
them. If concrete be used it should be
covered with plank, leaving a space
between the plank and concrete of an
inch or two. But board floors are ex
pensive and short lived. It is wise
to whitewash the inside of the hog
house, as it disinfects the house and
adds materially to the light. The sun
light will reflect from the white walls
to the floor and do lots of good.
MANAGE SHEEP ON PASTURES
Where Grazing ls Plentiful Animals
Can Feed on What ls Most Pala
table to Them.
The ideal way to manage sheep on
pastures is to have them graze one pas
ture down reasonably and then put
them on another pasture until the first
springs up again. In this way, says a
writer In Homestead, the pasture is
kept fresh and ?weet. But in practise
it may be frequently impossible to do
this. However, where the rearing of
sheep is an important part of the farm
er's business it can be done to some
When pastures get far ahead of
sheep they should be grazed down if
possible with cattle. In such a condi
tion the sheep will not graze down the
grass that has become rank and
woody. By preference they will feed
upon those parts where the grass is
Bhort. In such places it ls shorter and
sweeter than elsewhere. Where it is
not practicable to graze it down with
cattle it ought to be mowed if pos
sible. Whether it should be left to
mulch the ground or drawn off should
be determined by the quantity of the
grass and its valu6 for hay. When
thus cut off fresh and nutritious grass
springs up in its place.
Some object to grazing sheep with
other stock. Much depends upon the
way in which this is done. If the pas
ture is large and not in any way over
stocked, there ls probably no objection
to the plan, but, should the pasture be
overstocked or should the sheep be rel
atively too numerous, then the cattle
will be worsted in the grazing. Sheep
eat more closely than cattle and can
do well on shorter pasture. Where the
grazing is plentiful sheep can feed
upon what is most palatable to them
and the cattle eat what they relish
most. Sheep will eat off many weeds
that cattle avoid and in this way they
help to clean the pastures.
For winter grazing long pastures are
the best. They are best for the reason
(hat they protect the grass underneath,
so that when the sheep are grazing
they get some trass with more or let;?o
succulence In it, alo::;; with what ls
WEARING ON NERVES
DUTIES OF TRAIN Ci ^PATCHER
Man Directly Responsible for the
Lives of Passengers and the Safe
Transportation of Freight
Must Be Gifted.
Since "safety first" became the
slogan of railroads about five years
ago, as opposed to "get there quick,"
there has been a most gratifying de
crease in the number of accidents.
Railroads everywhere have been
forced by public opinion to adopt the
best mechanical appliances and to
make thc most stringent regulations
fer the prelection of passengers. One
road which had had a number of ac
cidenta attended by loss of life, was
compelled to reorganize its entire
6ig?al system, as a result of public
feeling after disclosures of a con
gressional investigation. *
Pacific coast railroads have had few
bad wrecks in recent years, and one
system operating on the Coast boasts
that It has carried 8,000,000 passen
gers an average of one mile without
a single fatality.
The man directly responsible for
fte is always afraid he may issue
the dread "Lap-order," which may
cause a head-on collision.
the movement of trains and the live3
of persons carried by them ls the
train dispatcher-a telegraph operator
chosen for this work because of his
mathematical ability, his steady
nerves, good habits, executive qualifi
cations and knowledge of railroading.
The dispatcher is an official con
trolling from one hundred to three
hundred miles of track, and every
thing running over it. He knows the
hauling power of every locomotive,
the length of every siding, the grade
oj^every stretch of track, and the abil
ity to "make time" of every engineer
and conductor. He signs the superin
tendent's initial- to his orders, and ls
in direct charge of the oparatlor of
Thus the dispatcher's responsibility
is far more than to keep the trains
apart, he must get them over the road
at the maximum of speed consistent
with safety, and see that every work
train, extra freight and every light
locomotive is kept moving without
accident. On a big train sheet he
keeps tally of everything that travels
between stations, and as each station
operator reports trains arriving or de
parting, the dispatcher marks the
time on his sheet.
Special trains, extra freights, help
er locomotives and work trains are
some of the things that turn the dis
patcher's hair gray, or make it fall
out. He always is afraid he may for
get one of them, and issue the dread
ed "lap order" which may cause a
Inventor of Steel Rails.
The first modern steel rails of the
type which maje high speed railway
operation possible were designed by
Pllmmon Henry Dudley, who was born
at Freedom, 0., seventy-one years ago.
He became a civil and metallurgical
engineer, and after four years as chief
engineer of the city of Akron, 0., he
turned his attention to railroading and
Dudley's first invention, the dyna
grapb, was made in 1S74. He perfect
ed the track indicator in 1880 and
three years later designed the first
five-inch steel rails used in America. In
1892 he introduced the first six-inch
100-pound rails. Another of his inven
tions which made the famous "flyers"
of today possible was the stremmato
graph, an instrument for obtaining and
registering strains In rails under mov
Blackbird Starts Trains.
The police and railroad authorities
at the station of Basle. Switzerland,
have been searching for the last
two months for the criminal who has
been giving the regulation whistle for
the departure of trains from the depot
at regular hours and thereby endanger
ing the traffic. Several trains were
sent off before their time by these
whistles, and had to be called back,
while in some cases collisions were
narrowly avoided. The culprit was
found in a blackbird, who had built a
nest Inside the depot and learned to
imitate the guard's whistle. . Gen
darmes received orders to shoot it.
Chile Improving Railroad Lines.
Chile will raise $in.2l9.f'?f;0 this year
for improvements on stale railroads
and $22.921,2ir. for betterments will
be raised in the next five years.
Hot Weather Garments
Let us help you to keep coo) during this
sweltering weather. We 'nave the garments that
will enable you to keep "as cool as a cucumber."
Come in and let us show you our athletic under
wear-our light wefght suits in Palm Beaches, Mo
1 hair, serges, sicilians, cassimers. etc.
Full assortment of Kclipes negligee shirts.
Nothing better on the market tor the money.
Shoes and Panamas to fit everybody.
If we haven't what you want in order to keep
cool we will order it for you.
Come in and let's talk it over.
Dorn & Mims.
Ali of the New Things.
Our Spring stock is now complete in every de
partment. It matters not what the ladies want we
have it. Come in to see all the new Spring fabrics
that we are showing in the beautiful colors of the
season. Goods for dresses, goods for skirts, goods
for waists-for misses and ladies. We also have a
very large stock of trimmings, lace embroidery, etc.
We can please the most exacting buyer in these
We are showing a beautiful assortment of un
derwear for ladies, misses, men and boys. Come in
before you buy your supply of light underwear.
SST Our Shoe Department is well supplied with the
most stylish oxfords and slippers. We have them in
the popular lasts and in patents, gun metal, tans and
We invite the men -and bovs to see our stock of -
II ? .
clothing and hats. Our prices are reasonable.
J. W. PEAK
Medical College of the State o? South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Deparimenss cf Medicine and'Pharmacy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
86th Session Opens October 1st, 1914. Closes June 3rd. 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October 1st, 1914. Advan
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 218 beds.
Practical WOT for Senior Students in Medicine and Pharmacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in i foliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
If not interested. But you are obliged to be interested where mon
ey is to be saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for your
self and livestock. We are now in our warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern warehouse in Augusta with floor
space of 24,800 squa.e feet and it is literally packed with Groceries
and feeds from cellar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in a position to name very close
prices. If you really want the worth of your money see or write us