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Origin of Moss Rose.
A German story gives the origin of
the moss rose as follows: Once upon a
time an angel, having a mission of love
to Buffering humanity came down to
earth. Being tired, he sought a place
wherein to rest, but as it fared with
his Master, so it fared with him, there
.was no room for him, and no one
would give him shelter. At last he lay
down under the shade of a rose, and
slept till the rising sun awoke him.
Before making his way heavenward
he addressed the rose and said, as
it had given him shelter which man
denied, it should receive an enduring
token of his power and love, and so,
leaf by leaf, twig by twig, the soft
green moss grew aroun ' the stem, and
there it is to this day, a cradle in
which the new-born rose may lie, a
proof, as the angel said, cf divine
power and love.
Inequalities of the Human Lot.
There is nothing to make one indig
nant in the mere fact that life is hard,
that men should toil and suffer pain.
The planetary conditions once for all
ere such, and we can stand it. But
that so many men, by mere accidents
.of birth and opportunity, should have
a life of nothing else but toil and pain
.and hardness and inferiority imposed
upon them, should have no vacation,
while others natively no more deserv
ing never get any taste of this cam
paigning life at all-this is capable of
arousing indignation in reflective
minds. It may end by seeming shame
ful to all of us that some of ue have
nothing but campaigning, and others
nothing but unmanly ease.-William
Seventeenth Century Submarine.
Submarines are not so modern an
invention as most people imagine.
In the early years of the seventeenth
century a Dutchman, Cornelius Dre
bel, built an underwater boat, in
which he made several trips from
Westminster to Greenwich. So im
pressed was James I that he award
ed Drebel an apartment in Eithara
palace, and desired to be kept in touch
with all further developments of the
Dutchman's invention. A contem
porary writer states that Drexel's boat
was so constructed "that a person
could see under the surface of the
water without candle light as much
as he needed to read in tho Bible or
any other book."
Pure Food in 1481.
Drastic and novel measures against
.food alterations were taken by
Jacques de Tourzel, seigneur of
Ambert. In a decree Isoued in 1481
he directed that "a funnel shall be
placed in the mouth of an/ man or
woman convicted of having ?old wa
tered milk and the said watered milk
shall be poured down the funnel un
til such time as a doctor shall declare
that the culprit cannot, be made to
swallow any more without danger of
death." Th?? seller of impure butter
was to be put in the pillory', "when
tki* butter shall be crushed down
upon his head and shall remain there
?until the sun shall have melted it."
"Deus Ex Machina."
The term "deus ex machina," as
now used, is applied to the arbitrary
introduction of an incident or a per
son in tragedy or comedy to remedy
some inartistic nf^ligence in its con
struction. The term originated in an
cient times, when the Greek poets, in
conformity with the mythological be
liefs of their age, brought about the
denouncement of their plots by the
intervention of a god, who descended
upon the stage by a mechanical con
trivance and abruptly settled what
ever difficulty barred the proper ter
mination of a piece. The words are
Latin, and mean, literally, "a god from
Strawberries have been known In
England from the earliest times, but
the luscious berries now grown there
are quite a modern variety. Until the
fifteenth century none but wild ber
ries were obtainable, and even the
"good strawberries" which according
to Shakespeare, grew in the Bishop of
Ely's Holborn garden, can have been
only transplanted "wildings." In the
eighteenth century an improved va
riety was culiivate?, known as the
"Hautboy." which groat ly pleased the
taste of Doctor Johnson; but the mod
ern berry cernes from a cross with a
Chilean variety introduced only a cen
Importance of Play.
Play is an <arnest thing in child
hood, never a trivial matter. The
play activities of children have a
meaning which the world is beginning
to understand. Parents are realizing
more and more that children's play 's
lot merely for tun, but for health,
strength, mental development and the
building cf character. Every home
should provide interest in play and
recreation for boys and girls. Part of
the present-day methods of home train
ing aims to do this. The home-made
kindergarten is not a difficult thing
for a mother to conduct, thus making
?work and play a benefit and a delight
to the children.
Did a Good Job.
A professor was expostulating with
U student for his idleness, when the
latter said: "It's of no use,7*I was
?ut out for a loafer." "Well/'^declared
tho professor, surveying the student
^critically, "whoever cut you out under
stood his business."
PLEA FOR WIDER ROADWAYS
j Fourteen-Foot Road Will Outlast Three
1 Nine-Foot Roads and ls Much
Better in Every Way.
Have not our counties and townships
been wasting a good bit of our money
by building 9-foot roadbeds on 24 by
20 foot wide road grades? A 24-foot
wide grade is plenty wide enough for
a 14-foot roadbed. Then why spoil
a good grade by putting on a 9-foot
road when it costs less than one-third
more to make a good Job of it? Foui
teen feet is sufflcleot width for two
tracks; that would mean Just one
half ot the wear on the road. Thea
wo can drive so as to have a wheel on
each side of the center and that makes
I one more track and will be equal to
a 9-foot road. So you see we have
three times the wearing surface on a
14-foot roadbed that we do on a 9-foot.
Then we have a chance to pass other
rigs without one or both going into
the ditch. Now this is claiming quite
a lot for one-third more expense, but I
think a 14-foot road will outlast three
9-foot roads, has a handier surface and
is better in every way, writes John D.
De Cou in Michigan Farmer. If you
come up behind a rig you have a
chance to get by. If you are driving
an au co you do not have to go outside
of tho hard roadbed and take chances
on skidding into the ditch.
A 9-foot roadbed has but one track.
Where the wheels run it gets packed
perfectly solid and a heavy load will
crush all small stones into dust, and
the first auto that comes along sucks
it up on the front side of the wheels
and then blows it clear off the track
when they let go. This doesn't seem
much, but when from one to fifty or
more go over the same track it soon
counts. Meanwhile, the horses travel
ing in the center with iron-shod hoofs
have kept that dug loose and it gradu
ally works out, leaving the road low
in the center where it should be high.
Then when heavy rains come the
ridges where the wheel tracks come
hold it in and it washes down the cen
ter to the lowest level, where it runs
off at the sides, cutting ditches and
causing a bad chuck hole.
This road is hard to keep in repair.
If you use a road grader or drag to
scrape the sides to the center the
wheel tracks are BO solid that they
will hold up the blades and you will
do but little if any good. If you haul
A Good Road in Michigan.
on more gravel it will not pack in the
center, but keep working into the
wheel tracks, making them still higher,
when they are too high already. If
our roads were 14 feet or more in
width, then the driving would be all
over the whole road, making a hard,
smooth surface, and by going over
once in a while with a road drag it
would keep the center high, the rains
would drain off at the sides and not
wash down the center, and there
would not be wear enough in any one
place to work or ''rush the surface inte
dust to be blown off by winds or autos.
You can repair a 14-foot road at any
time, and it will pack and make a
smooth, hard surface, for people will
drive so as to hit the whole surface
Hut not so with a it-foot road. They
will al! follow the same track, no mat
ter how cooked the first pattern is.
lt will be better to build 14 feel or
wider in the first place, than to build
nine feet and then wider afterward,
for it is hard to get a smooth, even
surface, because the new gravel will
work off the old, hard surface, causing
a sag on each side which will have to
be filled several times before it will
get solid enough to match the old I
Means-Better Highways. ?
Where the dirt roads are in ques
tion the fanners need not fear any
damage to the roads from the motor
car. Their coming means better high
ways and possibly state aid in the
construction of real roads of a per
To Prevent Beetle Injury.
A good way to prevent young cucum
her and melon vines from the attacks
o? beetles is to set a box frame around
the plants and cover with mosquito
netting or wire screen.
(Conducted by the National Woman's
Christian Temperance Union.)
TO PROMOTE EFFICIENCY.
The New York City Federation of
Women's Clubs at a recent meeting,
adopted a resolution which we com
mend to similar bodies the country
over. It reads:
Whereas, all railroads now require
abstinence from alcoholic liquors ofJ
all conductors, engineers, firemen,
train dispatchers and switchmen In
the interest of public safety; and
Whereas, the secretary of the navy
has issued an order abolishing the of
ficers' wine meBB aboard warships in
the interest of efficiency; and
Whereas, the commissioner of In
dian affairs has set the example of
total abstinence and appealed to all
employes in the Indian department
to be a personal object-lesson in the
enforcement of the laws forbidding
the sale of liquors to Indians; and
Whereas, business firms are insist
ing upon abstinence from the use of
liquors as a prevention against acci
dents, and because of its relation to
efficiency; therefore, '
Be it resolved, that we appeal to
the board of education to require ab
stinence from alcoholic liquors of all
members of the supervising force
of the public schools of the city of
i New York, including superintendents
and principals, of all teachers, clerks,
janitors and their assistants, in the in
terest of efficiency, and for the sake
of the example set before the youth
i committed to their care.
I MR. DOOLEY ON TEMPERANCE.
(From the New York Times.)
"King Alcohol no longer ruies th'
j sea or th' land. Th' ladies have got
? that binivolent ol' dishpot on his
j knees beggin' fr mercy an' they're
1 sayin' to him, 'Did ye have mercy on
' us?' and ar-re gettin' ready to chop
i off his wicked ol' head. Take a
j dhrink, me bo:, whether ye need it
? or not. Take it now. It may be
; yeer last.
I "I used to laugh at th' pro-hybi
! tionists; I used to laugh thlm to scorn,
j But I laugh no more; they've got us
on th' run. I wudden't be surprised
i at anny minyit if I had to turn this
emporyum into an exchange fr wom
en's wurrk. Whether ye like it or
! not, in a few years there won't be
! anny saloons to lure the marri'd man
! fr'm his home, furnish guests fr our
gr-reat asylums an' jails, an' brighten
! up th' dark sthreets with their cheer
ful glow. I don't care. I wudden't
mind if all th' liquor in th' wurruld
was poored into th' lake. It wud
make people pay their wather tai
with a lighter heart" . . .
i "I don't believe in this here pro
hybition," said Mr. Hennessy. &Sb'
man who dhrinks modhrately ought to
be allowed to have what he wants."
"What is his name?" asked Mr.
Dooley. "What novel is he in?"
THERE'S A REASON.
Scientific investigation has demon
strated that the drinking of a glass of
wine or beer lowers a man's muscu
lar efficiency for 24 hours about 8
per cent. Three glasses a day regu
larly is cumulative in its effect. In
12 days ordinary muscular efficiency
goes down 25 per cent in the average,
and mental activity 50 per cent. This,
observe, is the result of the use of the
"milder drinks,'' beer and wine, not
of whisky. There is good business
reason, we Bee, for the elimination of
the drinking employe by railroad com
panies and industrial corporations.
There is a common-sense reason for
the order of the secretan' of the
navy banishing the officers' wine
mess. There is every reason-scien
tific, economic, moral-for the aboli
tion of the liquor traffic throughout
these United States and all territories
subject to the jurisdiction thereof.
CITY REPORTS LARGE BALANCE.
That its no-license policy has in no
way proved detrimental to the finan
cial condition of Aledo, Ul., a city
which has been dry for thirty years,
is shown by a balance of $4H,067.45 in
the treasury. "Aledo has no bonded
indebtedness," says the city treasurer.
"About $12,000 was assessed against
the city as a public benefit for our
five miles of pavement, which is all
the city owes. We have a large part
of our city sewered, also have a good
water system and as good fire-fighting
apparatus as any city in the state of
three finies our population."
NORWAY FOLLOWS SUIT.
Word has reached Washington that
the Norwegian parliament has fol
lowed the load of Secretary Danieis
of our navy department and adopte!
a resolution prohibiting the use of in
toxicating liquors by officers of the
Norwegian army and navy during
their terms of service. Enlisted men
were already enforced abstainers.
ALCOHOL 13 UNNECESSARY.
Alcohol ls not necessary to any
healthy individual. To some it ls a
luxury. To some a great temptation.
Alcohol is not essential; not only so,
hut It is absolutely deleterious to life.
When It is formed by ii ring matter it
is got rid of as soon as possible.
l'rof. SimmB Woodhead, Sunderland.
FIGHT AGAINST BEER.
So grave are tho evils caused by
beer drinking that the fight against j
boor should now be conducted as
strenuously as that agninst stronger
liquors.-Hr. Legrain, Paris, France, |
Noted Alienist. /
Finds Cure for Epilepsy
After Years of Suffering
"My daughter -was afflicted -with
epileptic fits for three years, the attacks
coming every few weeks. We employed
several doctors but they did her no
good. About a
year ago wa
heard of Dr.
and lt certainly
has proved a
blessing to our
little girl. She is
cured and is en
Joying the best
of health. It is
over a year since
she has had a
flt. We cannot
npeak too highly
of Dr. Miles' Nervine."
MRS. FRANK ANDERSON,
Thousands of children in the
United States who are suffering
from attacks of epilepsy are a
burden and sorrow to their parents,
who would give anything to restore
health to the sufferers.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
is one of the best remedies known
for this affliction. It has proven
beneficial in thousands of cases
and those who have used it have
the greatest faith in it. It is not
a "cure-all," but a reliable remedy
for nervous diseases. You need
not hesitate to give it a trial.
Sold by all Druggists. If the first
bottle fall6 to benefit your money la
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than evor to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
is the best all-round medicine
lever used," writes J.A.
Steelman, o? Pattonville, Texas.
"I suffered terribly with liver
troubles, and could get no relief.
The doctors said I had con
sumption. I could not work at
all. FlnaHy i tried
and to my surprise, I got better,
and am to-day as well as any
man." Thedford's Black
Draught is a general, cathartic,
vegetable liver medicine, that
has been regulating irregulari
ties of the liver, stomach and
bowels, for over 70 years. Get
a package today. Insist on the
Mr. Stock Owner!
We carry in stock all the j
which are guaranteed to do the
work claimed for them or pur- ;
chase price will be refunded.
Boyd's Sure Pop Colic Cure, large . $1.00
Boyd's Sure Pop Colic Core, small , .CO j
Boyd's Sure Pop Fever & Cou ph Cure ..IO I
Boyd's Sure Pop Purgative . . . . .50 j
Boyd's Sure Pop Eye Remedy ... .50
Boyd's Sure Pop Hoof Liquid ... .25
Boyd's Sure Pop Magnetic Ointment . .25
Boyd's Liniment, sm.'.ll ...... .25
Boyd's Liniment, medium.50
Boyd's Liniment, large . . . 1.00
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. Bml.. .25
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. med . .50
Boyd's Worm and Condition Po. Ige. 1.00
For Sale by
G. T. Ouzts,
Kirksey, S. C.
* HAVE YOU A BOY TO $
Do you want to place him in
a Chistian Military Institute
where his health will be carefully
A looked after, his mind thoroughly
? trained, and where he will be
J taught habits of obedience, punc- *
^ tuality, and industry? If so send
f him to the
Bailey Military Institute
Here each student is under
the close personal control and
watchful care of the teachers, J
from the time he reaches the A
school until he leaves for his home r
The faculty is composed of 10 ?
men, all of whom have had experi
ence in teaching in High Schools r
and Colleges. Last session 192 ca- ^.
dets were enrolled, and at least 51 ^
others were turned away on ac
count of lack of room. ?
Write for phamphlet and illus
F. N. K. BAILEY,
Greenwood - - South Carolina.
GOODYEAR TIRES ~
When your automobile needs new tires do not
send off'tor them and pay express charges. Let us
re-tire-your machine with the celebrated GOOD
YEAR TIRES, all sizes in stock. Nothing better
on the market. Prices very reasonable.
We also carry a full line of tire accessories for
repairs of all kinds. Come to tis to relieve your
W. W. Adams & CO.
Life Assurance Society
Offers bevond a reasonable doubt the
best insurance that can he obtained. Be
fore taking out insurance with some
other company. Let nie show von my
j 2(1 Pay Life, paid up in 15 34 years.
Dividends declared after the first year,
Don't fail to sret the best when YOU
insure. Therefore, YOU had better see
an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport,
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C.