HEAVY. SHORT ROAD ROLLES
Useful Improvement May Se Con
structed fay Using Worn-Out Mow
ing Machine and Concrete.
Perin:ps you have a grader of some
sort and road drags, but you i.eed a
heavy short roller. They cost too
much to buy, BO make one this way.
Procure an old worn-out mowing ma
chine, any make, writes VY. A. Dillon
in Fanners' Mail and Breeze. Take
oil or break off all Che parts that stick
out past the wheels. Smooth off a
bit of hard ground; now dig a small
sole just large enough for the hub.
Set the machine up on one end, put
a jacket of galvanized sheet iron
around the wheels, secure it at short
intervals with small stove bolts and
make it fit neat and straight. Now
fill the jacket with the best fine con
crete. Tamp it well and allow it to
stand until the concrete is well set.
Remove the jacket; keep the roller
shaded and spray it for eight or ten
Have the blacksmith put an iron
frame on this roller. Heavy tire iron
will do, using the hubs for spindles.
When a strong tongue is added you
will have as good a roller as anybody;
.one that will last a life time and will
.<:ost but little. Save the jacket to
make more rollers with.
When your road is graded run the
roller down the center, instead of on
the sides, as now. Take two disk
harrows the same number of disks
.rind if possible the same kind. Turu
the disk on the harrows so they will
throw the dirt toward each other when
placed side by 6ide. Now set them
close together side by side in the mid
dle of the road to be worked. Take
a light log chain and fasten the har
rows together. Put a team on each
harrow and drive down the road to
bc worked. Turn around; let out the
chain a couple of feet: go back. Re
peat the '.peration a number of times.
You would be surprised how much
dirt the disk barrow will cut up.
and how much it will move toward
the center. Pinish with drag or grader. I
Then roll tho center and you will have
a good roail :it small cost.
We have t rganized a country club
here and gi v. n each member a piece
of road to di lg, near his home. We
elected a drae boss so when it is just
right to draj. the boss calls all the
members and in about two hours we
have all the roads in the district
dragged. We have_ had very bad
weather ever sirce organizing, but the
plan appears to work well.
ROAD SCRAPER EASILY MADE
Two-Inch Planking, Securely Bolted
Together, Will Furnish Most Use
fur Farm Implement.
There are many jobs upon the high
ways and farms that require a few
"hours' use of a scraper, yet are not im
portant enough to require the pur
chase of one. The scraper shown in
illustration may be constructed of two
inch thick planking, securely bolted
Che3? Road Scraper.
together, and also re-enforced with
arg?" irens, to make the jor'ats more
secure against the strain. The blade
^ or cutting surface is made of an old
saw blade, bolted to the box shown
in Illustration. The horses are at
tached by a chain fastened to two iron
hooks, one upon each, side of th"
scraper. With two handles it is com- j
plete and ready to save many tidies its j
cost in small rilling jobs. I
EVERY FARMER SHOULD HELP
Every Day's Work Makes Reads Bet
ter if Done Intelligently-Mer
chants Aid in Work.
No man who farms shouid begrudge i
the time he spends in grading, drag- j
ging and ditching the highways. He
mast use them twelve months in the |
year. Every day's work makes thom
a little better ii tile work is (.'one in
telligently. In many localities the
merchants have aided in the work of
road betterment, and it seems ridlcu
lous that their efforts should b" dis
trusted by the farmers. Good roads
associations in every county will '
eventually increase the value of all
Selection of COWG.
Extreme care is necessary in se
lecting cows, for no amount of skill
in feeding and handling will stimu
late a profit from a truly poor cow. A
good dairy cow is one with a large
. capacity for using food above the
maintenance requirement and one that
uses this food for milk production. In
determining the most desirable breed,
one must consult his own likes and
dislikes first. The man who likes a
Holstein cow and dislikes a Jersey
will be more successful with the for
No Westminster Buri?! for Him.
Burial in the Abbey is not a uni*
rersal aspiration. Writing of the bur
ial o? Dickens at Westminster, the au
thor of "Leaves of a Life." who could
claim personal friendship with the
great novelist, says: "Had I been in
his place I would rather have been
laid to sleep near Cad's Hill, the borne
i:e coveUd as a small and very poor
boy. ... To mc. at any rate, Lite
present grotesque appearance given to
the Abbey by the frightful -.-tauics.
which make it look like Mme. Tns
saud's, does away with thc honor of
interment there. ... I should liku
to see the place cleared ol* all thc hor
rors, and the noble architecture dis
played to advantage. Then if. in tho
future, our heroes were cremated and
neatly arranged in beautifully de
signed urns in some splendid colon
nade, the honor would remain, while
the Abbey would be beautiful, which
uo oue eau honestly say it is now."
Derivation of Gypsy.
The word gypsy is derived from
Egyptian, which was first corrupted
into Gypcian, and then into gypsy or
gipsy; the gypsies being popularly
supposed to be Egyptians. Ethnolo
gists generally concur in regarding
them as descendants of some obscure
Hindu tribe. They appeared in west
em Europe at the beginning of the
eleventh century, and arc now found
in every part of the worid. They
speak a corrupt Sanskrit dialect, and
are dark skinned, dark-eyed, lithe and
sinewy. They are nomadic, living
largely in tents, huts or caves, and
are generally fortune tellers, musi
cians, cattle dealers, or tinkers. They
appear to be destitute of any system
of religion, but traces of various forms
of paganism are found in their lan
guage and customs.
Cutest Thing in Creation ls Lightning.
"In a northern city," writes a cor
respondent of the Los Angeles Times,
a man told me that during a very vio
lent thunderstorm all the windows of
his club were thrown wide open. "To
let the lightning In!" I remarked. "Not
exactly," he replied, "but to let it out
again if lt did get in." As a fact, it
accepted the invitation to enter the
club with alacrity, and though it
magnanimously spared the foolhardy
people responsible for the invitation
it wrecked a large safe in an adjoin
ing room. The person who related
this said he would ever after look up
on lightning as the " 'cutest thing in
creation." It ls the flash that mur
ders: the poor thunder never harm'd
One mistaken idea has taken root
and flourished in the minds of many
American women. It is the idea of
man's dominance and woman's servi
tude. This may apply to other coun
tries, but it has no foundation of truth
in civilized America. No finer type of
gentleman can be found on the face
of the glebe than here in the United
States of America. His attitude to
ward women has ever heen chivalrous.
The modern woman will never accom
plish the results she anticipates from
equal suffrage that she might accom
plish by the exercise of that innato
moral charm, the potency of which
has moved the world in all ages.-Sub
Origin of "Chautauqua."
The word Chautauqua has an Inter
esting history. Long ago when the an
cestors of the Senacas came to tho
margin of this beautiful lake, after a
successful bunt, they camped upon its
borders for the night. A sudden storm
arose. The waves became so high that
their camp was jeopardized, and in
the confusion a little child was swept
away beyond their reach and lost in
the lake. Thereafter the lake was
known as Chauddaukwa (the placo
where the child was carried away),
r.ow Anglicized into its present form,
Chautau ;ua.-lola Register.
Yenr of Literary Distinction.
The rrr.tnnary of the publication of
"Waverly ' prompted a corresponden;
o? the London Chronicle to discuss the
most wonderful year in English litera*
turo, ile himself declared for 1S50,
and challenged any one to beat it.
Here is its record: lu 1S50 Dickens i
gave England "David Copperfield," and
Thackeray published "Pendennis:";
Kingsley completed the novels with
"Alton Locke," and to match them in j
poetry Tennyson gave us 'in Mentor* j
" und Browning; "Christmas Day j
ai.o. Ha ?ter Eve."
r.'-.rvclcus Speed of Hydroplane.
It is reported that the long-d?>sired
speed ?<!' 'JO miles an l,o. r over the sui - j
face ? lake or sea has. oen achieved
by a tor boat. In a ti a run around
. se\ !:-milo government-measured
course, recently, a speed of over GO
miles a: iiour, it ls claimed, was made.
Five s: p watches were used lu tim
ing tin ' oat. The hydroplane which
made this remarkable record is 20
feet lons and is of the well-known
"Baby Reliance" type.
To Make Colored Fires.
To mal: red fire: Mix one part of
sulphur, two part6 of sulphate of
strontium s nd four parts of chlorate
of potash. To maire green fire: Mix
equal parts of sulphur, chlorate of pot
ash and nitrate of barium. To make
blue fre: Mix 200 grains of chlorate of
potash, 50 grains of sulphur and 59
grains of sulnhate of copper.
?IIM?LI il ll
T>P*Bfl il T.! ri I-1 r) D :'""'7' ET D D M .*. Hf"
DcmAnlu run Di: ll tn h? A Jo
; No Reason Why Portion of Tax Should
Noi Bc* Use3 in Putti.ig Highways
in iStiier Condition.
There ia a growing demand for
moro and better road making during
i the autumn months. In many local!
i ties the roads become filled with deep
j ruts and the wheel tracks so de
1 pressed during the summer that they
collect rains which soon wash them
in:o gutters which s:>on ruin the roads
: ior heavy loads and comfortable travel.
J There is r.o reason why a portion of
! * |p:::;
m Jg vB?L
A Durable Stone Culvert.
the road tax should not be used for
putting the highways In good condi
tion for travel, says Northwestern Ag
riculturist. The split log drag and
other road-making implements should
be put to work before the ground
freezes. The outside of the roads
should be brought into the center of
the track which will establish a crust
j that will shed the water, rather than
j retain rains, which are sure to occur
during the late fall and early spring
months. Roads having a full-high cen
ter are quite sure to remain in good
condition during the rainy season of
fall and spring. Steep hills, where wa
I ter is apt lo collect in wheel tracks,
? should be provided with open gutters
! on each side into which rains may be
j diverted with an occasional crest over
I which water cannot pass. Approaches
to bridges and culverts should be so
filled with earth that vehicles of all
kinds may pass over them without
serious jolts and jars. Roads are much
I improved when covered with gravel.
This is a season of the year when such
work can be accomplished at a mini
mum expense. Every township should
own gravel pits from which road-ma
king material can be cheaply obtained.
Concrete roads will soon become pop
ular. The same material only should
be used in making small bridges and
culverts. A good quality of sand and
grave! is necessary to make service
able concrete. Every farmer should
have a special interest in .all roads ad
joining his premises and leading to
INCREASE THE LAND VALUES
Strong Argument in Favor of Good
Road3 ls That They Enhance-Value
of Bordering Farms.
It takes ? 1 kinds of arguments to
? interest thc numerous types of men
; found in every community in public
improvements. One man will sanction
and work for good roads when be ls
convinced that they will shorten and
expedite the haul of some special crop
that he produces. Another will assist
I because be owns a motorcar. One of
i i lie most effective arguments is thai
i good roads will enhance the value o? 1
j farms bordering upon them, says
1 Breeder's Gazette. 1
Several real estate dealers in Iowa.
? have begun lo advertise land as lo
caled "on the Lincoln Highway." Ex
perience has shown that this is a
strong "talking point." O? course
the great ?;atioiial road is uol lin- ;
ished, but it is already famous, and 1
since it will steadily increase 111 his- I
lorie interest many properties abut- ?
ting it will probably acquire an aug-;;
Diented selling value. Unfortunately | J
only a small percentage of farms are
located on the Lincoln Highway, but
j that thoroughfare marks the fnaugu
! ration in this country of the old-world
attitude toward convenient and pleas
ant highways and byways as a means
of socializing and upbuilding a large
hearted, broad-minded citizenship.
Age of Progress.
The age is progressive. Fifty or
sixty years ago this country began to
build railroads, and now we have more
than nearly all the rest of the world
together. In place of crude industrial
facilities, we have the very best on
earth; yet we are behind other civil
ized nations in the improvement of our
roads. We are beginning now to do
with our highways what should have
been done long ago.
The spirit of good roads ia hered'
STUDY OF ROAD CONDITIONS
Department of Agriculture Endeavor
ing to Discover Points of Excel
lence in Scad Maintenance.
Detailed studies ol' local road build- j
ing sys.ems in 100 counties are nc . i
being carried on by the agricultural
department in co-operation with the |
state highway departments and local j
The purpose of this study is to dis- :
cover the points of excellence and de- .
fects in existing local methods of
building and maintaining roads which i
will aid the state authorities to put j
local toad management ou a systema- !
tized basis. The co-operating state
authorities have been asked to desig
nate counties that present typical and
Macadamized Road In West Virginia.
exceptional features as tc topography,
character of road materials, methods
of construction and maintenance, ad- !
ministrauve organization, meihods of j
road financing, and traffic conditions.
From these lists 100 counties will be
selected, and in these counties the
division of road economics will make
This Investigation is prompted by
the fact that there is at present very
llttlrJ^kuowledge as to the most ef
fective and economical methods by
which a county can develop its roads.
At present the methods of financing
local road improvements vary from
calling on farmers for a certain num
ber of days' labor in lieu of a road tax,
or the use of county prisoners in read
construction, to bond issues or main
tenance of roads from dramshop
The department will study all of
these systems with the view to deter
mining what system or combination of
systems works best in actual prac
There is, moreover, at present rio
standard system of keeping accounts
for road building and maintenance,
and as a result, while sorne counties
know to a penny the purpose for
which money wus spent, others have
nc definite check or reporting system.
Among various counties with the same
conditions cost for excavation or other
labor is anything but uniform, and
many counties, because of the ab
sence of definite knowledge, fall to
use local and cheap materials, and
construct roads which are unnecessar
ily expensive for their purpose, or
which will wear out before the bond
issues are redeemed. The investiga
tien will include a careful study of j
the uso of convict labor in road con- j
struction. ' i
In connection with tho scientific i
study the department's highway en
gineers will advise freely with local j
officials as to Improvements, and thus
give each county visited the advantage
of direct co-operation, engineering su
pervision, and assistance.
These? investigations, it ia believed,
will yield important economic .data
bearing especially on the benefits and
burdens of road improvement and
showing the extent to which financia!
outlay under given typical conditions .
The heads or state highway depart
ments are manifesting groat interest i
md an> co-opera?in?; cordially in this
work. These data when obtained will li
be published and thus made accessible j 8
to all county and stale road officials. [
Good road building in the country
floes not seem to be contagious, more's
Alfalfa, like all of the clovers,
should be harvested for hay before
the stalks become "woody." and the
leaves turn yellow and fall. This con
dition of the plant occurs very soon
liter the blossoms appear.
Feed Potatoes to Cows.
When not too expensive, potatoes
nay be fed to cows in limited quanti
les. They should be chopped or sliced
md fed raw, 20 pounds being about as
arge a daily allowance as a cow
Hot Weather' Garments
Let i.'s help you to keep coo! during this
sweltering weather. We haw the garments that
will enable you to kee]) '*as coo! as a cucumber."
Conic in and let us show you our athletic under
wear-our light weight suits in Palm Beaches, Mo
hair, serges, sicilians, cassimers, cte.
Full assortment ot* Felipes negligee shirts.
Nothing better on the market for the money.
Shoes and Panamas to tit everybody.
[f we haven't what you want in order to keep
cool we will order it for you.
Come in and let's talk it over.
Dorn & Mims.
Ali of the New Things.
Our Spring stock is now complete in every de
partment. .It matters not what the ladies want we
have it. Come in to see all the new Spring fabrics
that we are showing in the beautiful colors of the
season. Goods for dresses, goods for skirts, goods
for waists-foi* misses and ladies. We also have a
very Jarge stock of trimmings, lace embroidery, etc.
We can please the most exacting buyer in these
We are-showing a beautiful assortment of un
derwear for ladies, misses, men and boys. Come in
before you buy your supply of light underwear.
Our Shoe Department is well supplied with the
most stylish oxfords and slippers. We have them in
the popular lasts and in patents, gun metal, tans and
We invite the men and boys to see our stock of
clothing and hats. Our prices are reasonable.
J. W. PEAK
W-X-mumm ni .ni mi
Medical College of the vSiate of South Carolina
Charleston. South Carolina
Departments of Medicine ard Phaimacy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
2Gth Session Cpens October 1st. 1914. Clcses June Sid. 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October ist, Jfl-1. Advan
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in tlie South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 21 s beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Phaimacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in titillation w ith the
, Charleston Museum.
[ Nine full tim? teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
I bor ca taloc: address:
(..SCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, ( halbsten. S. C.
If not interested. But you are obliged to be interested where mon
ey is to r saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for your
self." J livestock. We are now in our warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern warehouse in Augusta with floor
space of 24,800 squa.e feet and it is lr4 Hy packed with Groceries
and feeds from cellar to roof. Our stc^K must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least S450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from ',-ars to wareheuse, we are in a position to name very close
prices. If you really want the worth of your money see or write us
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