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SALAD DRESSINGS OF WORTH
lin Preparing Them There Are Certain
Rules That Must Be Observed for
These Who Dislike Oil.
Here is a rule which seldom fails:
?Have your mixing bowl cold. Mix to
gether a teaspoonful of salt, the same
of mustard, and one-quarter teaspoon
ful of cayenne and paprika. Beat the
yolks of two eggs. Add to seasonings
and stir and beat until it is thick.
Add, slowly, four tablespoonfuls of
.olive oil. Thin with lemon juice.
Then add oil and lemon juice and vin
egar, until a cupful of oil and a table
spoonful each of the acids has beeu
used. If desired, the white of one egg,
beaten to a stiff froth, may be added,
or half a cupful of whipped cream.
There are many persons who do
not like oil. For them the boiled dresa
ing made with butter is excellent.
Cream three tablespoonfuls of butter,
add a teaspoonful of salt, the same of
mustard, a half teaspoonful of paprika
and a cupful of hot milk. Pour this
Over three well beaten egg yolks, then
icock in a double boiler till tbiok. Add
tfourth cupful hot vinegar and strain.
Cream salad dressing is delicious
for fruit salad.
Beat the juice of two lemons and
two oranges and the yolks and whites
of two eggs -with half a cupful of BUgar
till thoroughly mixed. Boil over hot
water until perfectly clear. When
nearly cool, add a cupful of whipped
KAIL AND BROSE COMBINED
Substantial Dish That le a Favorito
With People of the Land
of the Thistle.
"Kail" is not only a kind of greens,
tut among many Scotch means soup.
*BroEo" is a hasty porridge made by
stirring either cornmeal or oatmeal in
to salted bolting water till thick and
smooth, then removing immediately,
not allowing to boll as in regular oat
meal porridge. Brose and kail are
sometimos combined as follows: Kail
Brose: Blanch and shred or mash two
handfuls of greene and place in two
quarts of boiling water to which has
been added one-fourth pound of drip
pings. Thicken with oatmeal; season
with salt and pepper and boil one and
a half hours. When nearly done, mix
quickly a cupful of toasted oatmeal
with one cup of the hot broth, so that
it forms small knots; drop into the
bolling pot to boil up once and serve.
Cabbage and "ingina" may be substi
tuted for greens, and boiled longer.
National Food Magazine.
Mouses Made Vasily.
Last summer we ti ide mousse in
the fireless coe'.:er with a great sav
ing of labor and ice, writes a con
tributor to Good Housekeeping. We
used a two-quart tin can, filling the
can about half full of the mixture to
be frozen. Whee placed ba the cook
er an inch and a half margin all
around was all that was left to fill
with Ice and salt. A se7en-inch cube
of ice was quite enough, and this was
SiUH?ed- line, and mixed well with
the Bait, as once in the cooker, it
melted very little. We used two parts
of ice to one of salt, leaving it packed
for three hours, and found the whole
process so simple that we did not
touch our regular freezer all summer.
The small amount of ice necessary
was not missed from the ice box, while
formerly I had had to order an extra
piece when freezing.
Meat partially cooked and packed,
away ba jars keeps satisfac torily. Slice
the meat and fry lt until e little more
than half done. Pack the slices as
closely as possible ba a stone jar, and
cover with hot lard. As the maat is
wanted for use, it may be removed
from the jar and warmed up. If the
Jar is to stand for any time after a
portion of the meat is removed from
it, it is better to renew the covering of
lard. Several small jr^s aie better
for this use than one large ene, and
they should be kept in a cool, dark
Artichokes a la Lyonnaise.
Pare some Jerusalem artichokes and
slice into cold water to prevent theln
turning dark. Boil in salted water un
til tender, then drain. Put Into a
8aucepan with melted butter and olive
oil and brown on both side3. Sprinkle
a little salt over them. Add half a
cupful of meat stock, thickeu with a
little flour and butter rubbed together,
boil three minutes; squeeze in a little
lemon juice, add a dash of pepper and
a teaspoonful of finely minced parsley
and pour the same over the artichokes.
Cut five cold potatoes into fine dice.
Make a white sauce from ono table
spoonful butter, one tablespoonful
flour, one cupful milk and salt and
pepper to season. Toss the potatoes
In the sauce, tum into a baking dish,
sprinkle the top thickly with one-half
cupful grated cheese and bake until it
ls a light brown.
Sour Milk Pie.
One cupful thick sour milk, one cup
ful chopped raisins seeded, one-half
cupful sugar, or more if needed, piece
butter size of a walnut, nutmeg and
cinnar/j.on and one egg. Make with
Do not allow the hearth of the range
to be blackened, as lt will Boil your
aprons or dresses. Wring a houae
cloth ont of warm soapy water and
wipe the hearth clean every morning.
Planking will not be necessary.
FEAR THE SLEEPY OPERATOR
Train Dispatchers Realize the Danger
of Men at Lonely Stations Indulg
ing In "Cat Naps."
One of the annoyances of train dis
patchers is sleepy operators. At lone
ly stations where only two or three
trains pass in the night time, and
there are no people about, lt is a hard
matter for the operators to keep
awake-particularly so If they have
been out hunting during the day, or
have otherwise cut short their sleep.
Often they allow themselves a
short nap, relying on the cali of their
office on the telegraph sounder awak
ing them, as would their name spoken
In a buzz of conversation. One night
an operator on the Northwestern Pa
cific awoke and heard a rumbling in
the distance. It was a belated farm
er's wagon, but the operator reported
No. 3 by. and was severely reprimand
ed by the dispatcher, who knew No. 3
was not due for 20 minutes.
But the railroad have hit upon a
?choir? that compels operators to
One of the Annoyances of Dispatchers
ls Sleepy Operators.
stay awake. On moat roads, an oper
ator now must keep the red light stop
signal set on his semaphore and ?
change it to clear when the enginer j
blows his whistle.
MUST ALL BE MADE STANDARD |
Engineers Have Come to Realize That
Narrow Gauge Railroad Lines
Will Have to Go.
Available statistics show that there
is in the entire world nearly one hun
dred and sixty-five thousand miles of
narrow gauge railroad lines, says the i
Engineering News. The great bulk of '
thie mileage must eventually be con
verted to standard gauge, as the nar
row gauge railroad lines of tho United
States have been. The cost of this
alteration, enormous as it is, is but a
small fraction of the financial loss
which the world has suffered through
Its belief in this economic and en
gineering fallacy. A comparison of the
freight rates per ton mlle on United
States railroads and on the narrow
gau^e railroad systems of other coun
tries is most instructive as showing
the inefficiency of the narrow gauge
system as a transportation machine.
If a fair estimate were made of the
cost to the world resulting from the
narrow gauge faUacy, the total would
probably reach several billions of dol
lars. The cost In Japan alone of chang
ing 5,000 miles of narrow gauge rail
road to standard gauge is estimated at
5150,000,000. In Argentina the net
earnings of the narrow gauge railroads
are only about half as much on the
capital invested as the net earnings of
the standard gaug-j lines and this, not
withstanding the fact that the capital
ization per mile of the standard gauge
lines is much heavier.
Rate of Railroad Mortality.
To show that railroad travel is not
so deadly as lt is thought to be is not
to say that it is not much more dead
ly than lt ought to be- but certainly
the railroads are entitled to the statis
tical proof of what they have already
done to lower the rate of mortality.
That by the fairest possible statis
tical comparison the rate of mortality
yet is higher in this country than in
Europe does not absolutely prove that
the railroads are less zealous in this
country to protect the lives of passen
gers. Owing to the differences in
equipment it is impossible for the
European travelers to take the volun
tary risks which American travelers
take. Before a European train starts
every passenger ?B tucked away In
his apartment. There is no such thing j
as a tardy one running to overtake ?
his train, lt might be argued, too,
that the risk of travel increases faster !
than the distance, but that, of course, I
i? an abstraction.
Increase of Train Wrecks.
In a bulletin the interstate com
moivtt commission shows that in the
quarter ended June SO, 1913, as com
part?1, with the corresponding quarter
of 1912, there was an increase of 140
in the numbul- ol' killed, and of 8.2S3
In Injured In railroad accidents. There
was ai "increase of 12-1 in the number
of tra!-; accidents.
Defective roadway and equipment
caused more than 69 per cent of all
derailment reported, 15.1 per cent be
ing eau>od by broken rails. The
casualties incident to ^railroading num
bered 2,flo killed and 49,911 injured.
Collisions and derailments numbered
Many fridges on Short Route.
Sixty ste 1 nnd wood bridges, rang
ing from s- venty-flve to one hundred
and twenty-:.ve feet in length, will be.
required in distance of 18 miles on
the Central Canada railroad, north of
Edmonton, for which tho route plans
have been filed with the provincial de
partment of railways for Alberta.
Tbe triangular pyramid projecting
from the center of the face has always
had peculiar Interest for me. In in'
fancy ? used it as a pocket, stowing
therein an occasional bean filched
from the eook's store; and I remember
the stir one such instance occasioned
in the household as well as in me,
when a canny country doctor put his
open mouth to mine and with mighty
blast persuaded the bean to stand not
upon the order of its exit. Later, a
coasting accident left me with some
nasal vacuity and the ability to run a
grassblade up one nostril and down
the other. Thus I became persona
grata at juvenile circuses, the price
of admission for my performance go
ing all the way up from five pins to
three cents, my profits invariably be
ing paid in pins, the distaff side, I
suppose, very properly. - Lucy Elliot
Keeler, in the Atlantic.
Microbes in Humid Air.
According to the researches of
Messrs. Trillat and Fouassier, pub
lished by the Acad?mie des Sciences,
microbes suspended in the air act as
centers of condensation, when the air
is humid. The authors give evidence
o?! the existence cf micrcbian drops
In the atmosphere and they have stud
ied their properties. One very inter
esting result is that tho sudden cool
ing of the atmosphere has thc ef
i feet of transporting the microbes and
' localizing them in determinate re
gions. The cool surfaces attract them
? from a distance almost simultaneous
ly, the smaller being transported far
j ther. These new ideas throw light
upon the genesis of certain epidemics,
and may be useful in planning the dis
tribution of inhabited places.
Art of Naming Boats.
Individual yachts and launches al
most always carry individual names.
Oftentimes the owner follows the
name of some woman member of the
family. That practice is common. I
saw one named Julia III, to show that
at some time three Julias had figured
in the family history. Quite the oddest
name I ever saw on a little launch of
a family nature was EEEE. That puz
zled me for a long time. I asked no
questions, preferring to get a solu
tion. One evening I watched the
pretty boat with a party whe were
having a good time and the signifi
cance of tlie capital E's came to my
mind. It meant "Ease."-Cincinnati
How to Detect a Noise.
If something happens that an ab
normal noise is heard from the mech
anism of a motor car or other ma
chine and that it is difficult to find just
what part of it is responsible. In such
cases many skilled mechanics proceed
as follows, and there is no better way:
They take a flat piece of metal, a flat
file, for example, and place one end of
it between their teeth, the other end
they apply to the partB of the machine
that may be suspected, of course while
tl is in motion. By stopping the ears
the abnormal sound can be distin
guished from other noises, and with a
little experience the exact point from
which it comes can be discovered.
Tontine Is a kind of life annuity and
is so called after Lorenzo Tonti, an
Italian banker, who devised it as a
mode of obtaining government loans.
The word is more commonly used as
an adjective, as a tontine policy of In
surance, that is, a life insurance agree
ment under which lt is stipulated that
no dividend or return of any kind
shall be made from the premiums paid
in for a certain number of years,
called the tontine period, after which
the fund with all its accumulations,
1B to be divided among such as have
kept their insurance policies in force.
Heat From Rain.
M?ntz and Gaudechon, French inves
tigators, have conducted experiments
with reference to the heat imparted to
the soil by rain, which, it is thought,
may play a part hitherto unrecognized
in the phenomena of vegetation. It
appears that when tho soil has reached
a certain degree of dryness the appli
cation of moisture produces a rise of
temperature which is greater in pro
portion to the fineness of the mate
rials. Coarse, sandy soil ls net heated
by contact with moisture, while foil
composed mostly of humus is special
ly subject to such Influence.-Popular
Besides his five or six consummate
works, which, by universal consent,
are practically above criticism, it may
be said that Goethe's songs are the
best in the world. He ls the greatest
of all literary critics. And in subtle
and abundant observation of human
life, and in the number and value of
hiB wise remarks and pregnant sen
tences, he is one of the greatest writ
ers of all time. One may feel perfect
ly Bafe In claiming Goethe as one of
the "greatest men."
Education consists not alone in stuf
fing the heads of the youngsters with
facts about geography and fractions.
Real education Involves a training of
the body, as well aa the mind. It
involves an opportunity for such
wholesome and natural recreation that
there ls no time nor temptation for
ugly mischief. The summer play
grounds ore good things for the city.
They are, or will be, a big factor in
the making of useful citizens.
Origin of Moss Roso.
A. German s Lory gives the origin of
tho moss rose as follows: Once upon a
time an angel, having a mission of love
to Buffering humanity cams i own to
earth. Eeing tired, he sougia ? place
wherein to rest, but as it fared with
his Master, so it fared with him, thero
was no rcom for him, and no one
would give him shelter. At last he lay
down under the shado of a rose, and
6lept till the rising sun awoke him.
Before making his way heavenward
he addressed the rose and said, as
lt had given him shelter which man
denied, it should receive an enduring
token of his power and love, and so,
leaf by leaf, twig by twig, the soft
green moss grew around the stein, and
there it is to this day, a cradle in
which tho new-born rose may lie, a
proof, as tlie angel said, of divine
power and love.
Inequalities of the Human Lot.
There is nothing to make one indig
nant in the mere fact that life is hard,
that men should toil and suffer pain.
The planetary conditions once for all
are such, and we can stand it. But
that so many men, by mere accidents
of birth and opportunity, should have
a life of nothing else but toil and pain
and hardness and inferiority imposed
upon thom, should have no vacation.,
while others natively no more deserv
ing never get any taste of this cam
paigning life at all-this is capable of
arousing indignation In reflective
minds, lt may end by seeming shame
ful to all of us that some of us have
nothing but campaigning, and oil-era
nothing but unmanly ease.-William
Seventeenth Century Submarine.
Submarines are not so modern an
Invention a? most people imagine.
In the early years of the seventeenth
century a Dutchman, Cornelius Dre
bel, built an under-water boat, in
which he made several trips from
Westminster to Greenwich. So im
pressed waa Jamea I that he award
ed Drebel an apartment In Eitham
palace, and desired to be kept in touch
with all further developments of the
Dutchman's invention. A contem
porary writer states that Drebel's boat
was so constructed "that a person
could see under the surface of the
water without candle light as much
aa he needed to read in the Bible or
any other book."
Pure Food in 1481.
Drastic and novel measures againat
food alterations were taken by
Jacquea de Tourzel, seigneur of
Ambert In a decree Issued in 1481
he directed that "a funnel shall be
placed in the mouth of any man or
woman convicted of having sold wa
tered milk and the said watered milk
shall be poured down the funnel un
til such time as a doctor shall declare
that the culprit cannot be made to
swallow any more without danger of
death." The seller of impure butter
was to be put in the pillory, "when
the butter shall be crushed down
?upon his head and shall remain there
until the Bun shall have melted lt"
"Deus Ex Machina.*
The term "deus ex machina," as
now used, is applied to the arbitrary
Introduction of an Incident or a per?
pon in tragedy or comedy to remedy
some inartistic- negligence in its con
struction. The term originated in an
cient times, when the Greek poets, in
conformity with the mythological be
liefs of their age, brought about the
denouncement of their plots by the
intervention of a god, who descended
upon the stage by a mechanical con
trivance and abruptly aettled what
ever difficulty barred the proper ter.
mination of a piece. The words ara
Latin, and mean, literally, "a god from
Strawberries have been known In
England from the earliest times, but
the luscious berries now grown there
are quite a modern variety. Until the
fifteenth century none but wild ber
ries were obtainable, and even the
"good strawberries" which according
to Shakespeare, grew in the Bishop of
Ely's Holborn garden, can have been
only transplanted "wildings." In the
eighteenth century an improved va
riety was cultivated, known as the
"Hautboy." which greatly pleased the
taste of Doctor Johnson; but the mod
ern berry comes from a cross with a
Chilean variety introduced only a cen
Importance of Play.
Play is an earnest thing in child
hood, never a trivial matter. Tho
play activities cf children have >a
meaning which the world ls beginning
to understand. Parents are realizing
more and more that children's play ia
not merely for fun, but for health,
strength, mental development and the
building of character. Every home
should provide intereut in play and
recreation for boya and girls. Part of
the present-day methods of home train
ing aims to do this. The home-made
kindergarten 1B not a difficult thing
for a mother to conduot, thus making
work and play a benefit and a delight
to the children.
Did a Good Job.
A professor waa expostulating with,
a student for his idleness, when the
latter said: "It's of no use; I waa
cut out for a loafer." "Well." dcclnred
the professor, surveying the student
critically, "whoever cut you out und-ir*
stood his business."
No Westminster Burial for Htm.
Burial in tho Abbey is not a uni
versal aspiration. Writing of the bur
ial of Dickens at Westminster, the au
thor of "Leaves of a Life." who could
claim personal friendship with the
f;reat novelist, says: "Had I been in
his place I would rather have been
laid to sleep near Gad's Hill, the home
he coveted as a small and very poor
boy. . . . To mc, at any rate, the
present grotesque appearance given to
the Abbey by the frightful 6tatuos,
which make it look like Mme. Tus
saud's, does away with the honor of
interment there. ... I should like
to seo the place cleared of ah the hor
rors, and the noble architecture dis
played to advantage. Then if, in tho
future, our heroes were cremated and
neatly arranged in beautifully de
signed urns in seme splendid colon
nade, the honor would remain, while
the Abbey would be beautiful, which
no one can honestly 6ay it is now."
Derivation of Gypsy.
The word gypsy is derived from
Egyptian, which was first corrupted
into Gypcian, and then into gypsy or
gipsy; tho gypsies being popularly
supposed to be Egyptians. Ethnolo
gists generally concur in regarding
them as descendants of some obscure
Hindu tribe. They appeared in west
ern Europe at the beginning of the
eleventh century, and are now found
in every part of the world. They
speak a corrupt Sanskrit dialect, and
are dark skinned, dark-eyed, lithe and
sinewy. They are nomadic, living
largely in tents, huts or caves, and
are generally fortune tellers, musi
cians, cattle dealers, or tinkers. They
appear to be destitute of any system
of religion, but traces of various form3
of paganism are found in their lan
guage and customs.
Cutest Thing In Creation Is Lightning.
"In a northern city," writes a cor
respondent of the Los Angeles Times,
a man told me that during a very vio
lent thunderstorm all the windows of
his club were thrown wide open. "To
let the lightning in!" I remarked. "Not
exactly," he replied, "but to let it out
again if lt did get in." As a fact, it
accepted the invitation to enter the
club with alacrity, and though it
magnanimously spared the foolhardy
people responsible for the invitation
it wrecked a large safe in an adjoin
ing room. The person who related
this said he would ever after look up
on lightning as the " 'cutest thing ia
creation." It is the flash that mur
ders; the poor thunder never harm'd
One mistaken idea has taken root
and flourished in the minds of many
American women. It is the idea of
man's dominance and woman's servi
tude. This may apply to other coun
tries, but it has no foundation of truth
in civilized America. No finer type of
gentleman can be found on the face
of the globe than here in the United
States of America. His attitude to
ward women has ever been chivalrous.
The modern woman will never accom
plish the results she anticipates from
equal suffrage that 6he might accom
plish by the exercise of that innate
moral charm, the potency of which
has moved the world in all ages.-Sub
Origin of "Chautauqua."
The word Chautauqua has an Inter
esting history. Long ago when the an
cestors of the Senacas came to the
margin of this beautiful lake, after a
successful hunt, they camped upon its
borders for the night. A sudden storm
arose. The waves became so high that
their camp was jeopardized, and in
the confusion a little child was swept
away beyond their reach and lost in
the lake. Thereafter the lake was
known as Chauddaukwa (the place
where the child was carried away),
now Anglicized into its present form,
Year of Literary Distinction.
The centenary of the publication of
"Waverly" prompted a correspondent
of the London Chronicle to discuss the
most wonderful year in English litera
ture. He himself declared for 1S50,
and challenged any one to beat it.
Here is its record: In 1S50 Dickens
gave England "David Copperfield," and
Thackeray published "Pendennis;"
Kingsley completed the novels with
"Alton Locke," and to match them in
poetry Tennyson gave us "In Memor
iam," and Browning "Christmas Day
and Easter Eve."
Marvelous Speed of Hydroplane.
It ls reported that the long-desired
speed of 60 miles an hour over the sur
face of lake or sea has been achieved
by a motor boat. In a trial run around
a seven-mile government-measured
course, recently, a speed of over 60
miles an hour, it is claimed, was made.
Five stop watches were used in tim
ing the boat The hydroplane which
made this remarkable record is 20
feet long and is of the well-known
"Baby Reliance" type.
To Make Colored Fires.
To make red fire: Mix one part of
sulphur, two parts of sulphate of
strontium and four parts of chlorate
of potash. To make green fire: Mix
equal parts of sulphur, chlorate cf pot
ash and nitrate of barium. To make
biue fire: Mix 2C0 grains of chlorate of
potash, 50 grains of sulphur and 59
grains of sulphate of copper.
Effective Sunday, August 16,
1914, the following changes in pas
senger train schedules ?rere made:
Train No. 6, leave Augusta 0:40
a. m., Graniteville 7:1 3 a. m.,Tren
ton 7:45 a. m., Johnston 8:0U a. m.
Ward 8:10 a. m., Kidjre Spring
8:i?? a. m., Bat es burg 8:43 a. m.,
Leesville 6:4;> a. m.. Lexington
0:31 a. m., arrive Columbia 10.00
Train No. 132, SOUTHEAST
ERN LIMITED, leave Augusta
3:00 p. m. Arrive Columbia, Wash
ington and New York same as here
Train No. 20, leave Augusta 6:20
p. m., Warrenvillo 6:50 p. m.,
f-iraniteville 6:54 p. m., Trenton
7:35 p. m. Johnston 7:50 p. m.,
Ward 7:58 p. m., Ridge Spring
8:07 p. m., Batesburg 8:25 p. m.,
Leesville 8:30 p. m., Lexington 9:08
p. m., arriving Columbia 9:35 p. m.
Angusta-Asheville Pullman Sleep
ing Car handled on this train.
BETWEEN AIKEN AND EDGEFIELD.
Train No. 209, leave Edgetield
7:20 a. m., Park Hill 7:30 a. m.,
arriving Trenton 7:40 a. m.
Train No. 2o7, leave Edgetield
6:40 p. m., Park Hill 6:50 p. m.,
arrive Trenton 7:00 p. m.
Train No. 208, leave Trenton 8:51
a. m., Park Hill 9:01 a. m., arrive
Edirefield 9:10 a. m.
Train No. 206, leave Trenton 7:40
p. m., Park Hill 7:50 p. m., arrive.
Edgetield 8:00 p. m.
BETWEEN BATESIUTRO AND PEERY.
Train No. 148, leave Perry 4:40
p. m., Wagener 5.00 p. m., arrive
Batesburg 6:30 p. m.
Train No. 18, leave Augusta 6:20
a. m., Warrenville 6:49 a. ra. Aiken
7:07 a."m., Williston 7:44 a. m.,
Blackville 8:00 a. m. Denmaik 8:20
a. m. Bamberg 8:37 a. m., Branch
ville 9:10 a. m., Charleston 1:35 p.ra:
Schedules between intermediate
stations adjusted correspondingly.
For additional information, r?s
ervations, etc., communication with:
Magruder Dent J. A. Townsend
District Pas. Agent Agent \
Augusta, Ga. Edgefield, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
I solicit orders for pine lumber.
Mill is in operation on my farra
near Cleora, and can cut any dimen
sions. Send in your bill and let us
saw iust what you need. Can ar
range to deliver lumber in Edge
field if desired.
A. BARON HOLMES,
Cleora, S. C.
My highly-bred Stallion will
stand at my farm near Red Hill for
?12.00 to insure sound colt. Good
speed and works anywhere.
R. L. BODIE,
R. F. D. Modoc, S. C.
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near Monetta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
300 acres near Celestia or
Davis' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda counties.
50 acres near Edgefield C.
250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tracts near meeting
Street, and other tracts near
Monetta and Batesburg.
?. 8. TOMPKINS,
Edgel?eld, S. C