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The triangular pyramid projecting
from the center of the lace has always
had peculiar interest for me. In in
fancy I used it as a pocket, stowing
therein au occasional bean filched
from th? cook's store; and I remember
the stir one such instance occasioned
In the household as well as in me,
when a canny country doctor put his
open mouth to mine and with mighty
mast persuaded tne keau to stand not
upon the order cf its exit. Later, a
coasting accident left me with some
nasal vacuity and the ability to run a
jjrassblado un one nostril and down
the other. Thus I became persona
grata at juvenile circuses, thc price
.of admission fer my performance go
ing all the way up from five pins to
three cents, my profits invariably be
ing paid in pins, the distaff side, I
suppose, very properly. - Lucy Elliot
Keeler, in the Atlantic.
Microbes In Humid Air.
According to the researches of
Messrs. Trillat and Fouassier, pub
lished by the Acad?mie des Sciences,
microbes suspended In the air act as
centers of condensation, when the air
is humid. The authors give evidence
.of the existence of microblan drops
in. the atmosph?re and they have stud
ied their properties. One very inter
esting result ls that tho sudden cool
ing of the atmosphere has the ef
fect of transporting the microbes and
localising them in determinate re
gions. The cool surfaces attract them
from a distance almost simultaneous
ly, the smaller being transported far
ther. The?e new ideas throw light
upon the genesis of certain epidemics,
-and may be useful in planning the dis
tribution of inhabited places.
Art of Naming Boats.
Individual yachts and launches al
most always carry individual names.
-Oftentimes the owner follows the
.-name of some woman member of the
family. That practice is common. I
^saw one named Julia III, to show that
*t ai gpme timethree Jul|as had figured
"..in tho family history. Quite the ??dest
same I ever saw on a little launch o?
a family nature was EEEE. That puz
zled me for a long time. I asked no
oneations, preferring to get~a solu
tion. One evening I watched the
jretty boat with a party who were
having a good time and the signifi
cance of the capital E's carno to my
mind. It meant "Ease."-Cincinnati
How to Detect a Noise.
If something happens that an ab
normal noise is heard from the mech
anism of a motor car or other ma
chine and that it is difficult to find just
.what part of it is responsible. In such
eas2s many skilled mechanics proceed
as follows, and there is no better way:
Thej take a flat piece of metal, a flat
file, for example, and place one end of
it between their teeth, the other end
they apply to the parts of the machin*
that may be suspected, of course while
ti ls in motion. By stopping the ears
the abnormal sound can be d'stin
guished from other noises, and with a
little experience the exact point from
which lt comes can b3 discovered.
Tontine Is a kind of Hie annuity and
Is so called after Lorenzo Tooti, an
.italian banker, who devised it as a
mode of obtaining government loans.
? The word is more commonly used aa
an adjective, as a tontine policy of in
surance, that is, a life insurance agre*
ment under which it is stipulated that
no dividend or return of any kmd
shall be made from the premiums paid
in for a certain number of years,
called the tontine period, aftpr which
the fand with all its accumulations,
is to be divided among such as hava
kept their insurance* policies in force.
Heat From Rain.
M?ntz and Gaudechon, French inves
tigators, have conducted experiments
with reference to the heat imparted to
the soil by rain, which, it is thought,
may play a part hitherto unrecognized
In the phenomena of vegetation. It
appears that when the soil has reached
a certain degree of dryness the appli
cation of moisture produces a rise of
temperature which is greater in pro
?portion to the fineness of the mate
rials. Coarse, sandy soi! is not heated
by contact with moisture, while soil
composed mostly of humus is special
ly subject to such influence.-Popular
Besides his five or six consummate
works, which, by universal consent,
are practically above criticism, it may
he said that Goethe's songs are the
best in the world. He ls the greatest
-of all literary critics. And in subtle
and abundant observation of human
life, and in the number and value of
his wise remarks^tnd pregnant sen
tences, he is ono or the greatest writ
era of all time. One may feel perfect
ly safe in claiming Goethe as one of
the "greatest men."
Education consists not alone in stuf
fing the heads of the youngsters with
facts about geography and fractions.
Real education involves a training of
the body, as well as the mind. It
Involves an opportunity for such
wholesome and natural recreation that
there ls no time nor temptation for
ugly mischief. The summer play
grounds are good things for the city.
They are, or will be, a big factor tn
fbi making of useful citizens.
The power that is depicted in the
lines of this powerful steed of the
steel rails will set most people to
thinking of the great strides which
have been made since the first locomo
tive startled tho people who lived
along the line of the first railroad. In
stead of having one driving-wheel,
this, the "Centipede" locomotive, has
24. Eight of these wheels are under
the tender. It has two low pressure
cylinders and one high pressure cyl
inder. So powerful is this giant of all
locomotives, that it cannot be used
for pulling ordinary freight trains, be- ?
BROKEN RAILS BLAMED
CHIEF CAUSE OF RAILROAD
WRECK8 IN LAST TEN YEARS.
H. W. Belnai Inspector of Safety Ap
pliances, Recommends an Investiga
tion With Idea of Finding Means
of Remedying Conditions.
Broken rails have been responsible
for the killing of 175 persons, the In
juring of 6,004, and damage to the ex
tent of $3,237,793 during the last ten
years, according to a report made to j
the Interstate commerce, commission]
by H. W. Belnap, Its chief inspector of
safety appliances. Belnap recom
mends a coln p?ete Investigation of rail,
track and wheel load conditions for
the purpose of determining the effect
thereon of the recent types of locomo
tives and cars, with their greatly in
creased wheel loads, and ascertaining
remedy. The report was made in
connection with an investigation of a
derailment of a passenger train on
the New Haven road on October 25
last, near Westerly, R. I., which re
sulted in the injury of 74 passengers
and three employes.
The report says that the derailment
was caused by a defective rall. Chief
Inspector Belnap points out that there
aro thousands of rails In use made at
the same time and under identical con
ditions as those whose use had brought
out the defect.
"It is manifestly evident," says Mr. ]
Belnap in his report to the commis- j
sion, "that in this type of rail failures i
there is presented a serious situation.
Hail failures of other types have been
Mie cause of many accidents. To those
elements of danger existing in the past
Is now added this type of failure
shown In the development of interior
Jt was intimated that the commis- ?
sion would await the action to be ta- i
ken by congress cn the Stevens bill, j
which has been favorably reported by I
tile house commit tee on interstate a>'fl j
roreign commerce, and which gives
tho commission jurisdiction over the
physical operation of railroads before
aking any action looking to a genera!
investigation of radi. tr;>ek, and wheel
?ead conditions as recommended.
Big Cut In Expenses.
"We have cut down our fuel con
sumption on regular train trips Hu per
cent in the last two years,-' slated the
division superintendent of one of the
eastern roads, "through a system of
penalties and rewards. The average
amount or both fuel and oil we take
for the standard ii as been worked out
carefully. A maximum of ten per cent
over this amount !s allowed for each
locomotive. If mor*1 than this maxi
mum Is U6ed the fireman or engineer
or both are fined unless good reasons,
such as delays and accidents, can be
given. For anything less than the av
orage used on ea<'h trip the engineer
and fireman get credit. If they save
more than ten per cent of the stand
ard amount, they receive 50 per cent
of the cost of the fuel saved. In the
course of several hundred trips made
in a year these rewards sometimes
amount to considerable for the men.
They appreciate lt, and work accord
Electric Gates for Canadian Pacific.
The Canadian Pacific railroad is
erecting seven gates that will be oper
ated automatically by electricity to
safeguard traffic across Its tracks
along the waterfront In Vancouver.
They are of the portcullis type, and
the pressure of an electric burdon will
lower or raise them.
New Jersey's Railroad Mlleag?.
New Jersey ls said to have the great
est proportion of railroad mileage of
any state in the country, or one mile
of railroad to every three ?quaro miles
of territory. This makos an unusual
risk of forest fires set by railroads.
' The Fitting Style.
'T wonder about the house deco
rating styles they have in the earth
"What do you wonder about them?"
"If they prefer drop ceilings."
IN THE WORLD,
INTO ACTIVE SERVICE
cause if this locomotive were coupled
to one of the great freight trains lt
would pull apart the couplings and
ruin the "draft gear" of the train. It
ls because of this fact that the giant
is put in the middle of the train. With
one-\alf of its power lt pulls the cars
behind lt, and with the other half of
Its power it pushes the cars ahead of
it. The total weight of the elaine is
853,050 pounds.. The tank has a water
capacity of 16 tons. The tractive ef
fort is 160,000 pounds. The engine ls
105 feet long and is capable of haul
ing 6.400 tons.
Chief Thing American Traveler No
tices ls the Complete Absence
The train this morning ls a correo,
but everything ie so new that you feel
no more hurried than the train, and
rather enjoy Its wayB, writes Grant
Showerman In the Atlantic. It creeps
into the station quietly and carefully,
as If in fear that some hen might have
laid one of those numerous fine Span
ien eggs on tjie track, and lt might get
broken In a too reckless approach.
Sometimes-but this doesn't happen
frequently-it slows up when near to
one of the smallest of the multitudi
nous stations, and sneaks by without
stopping, as if ashamed or afraid.
When lt does come lo a standstill, it
listlessly slides back a bit, and then
slides forward a bit, and then rights
Itself once more, and then straightens
up with a jerk-as if lt were tired, and
Its muscles not obedient to wilh Then,
for a few moments, every one cau
tiously waits to see what further lt in
About the time it is thoroughly
stopped, Borne one pulls at the cord at
tached to the tongue of the station
bell, and gives three signals-to let
the passengers, and anyone else who
may be interested, know that the train
has officially arrived; and a station
employe calls out, "San Pablo, ocho
minutos5"-meaning that there will be
eight minutes of waiting.
Replace Wooden Cars With Steel.
All steel carriages are to be used
on tho Scottish expresses. It is learned
that the North British railroad direc
torate has recently piaced a contract
with Messrs. ( ravens of Darnall, Shel-,
field, lor live restaurant cars'and one
open first-class carriage for dining |
trains. These 6ix coaches will each j
have a length of 65 feet and a width ol ;
nine feet, and they will all be built I
with steel undcrframes, while the!
body structure, with the single excep
tion of the internal decorations, will j
also I)?' composed entirely ol' steel. All!
ordinary wooden flooring will be re
placed by fireproof material laid upon
corrugated iron sheets, rendering the j
whole ( xterior of the carriage fire-1
proof. Electricity will be the illumi-|
nant used, and although the cooking!
in the kitchens will be by means of
tras, there will bc cylinders, having]
special valves, which will cut off the
escape of g:is should ;;ny damage take
place to the gas pipes. This new all
pi eel rolling stock will be ready foi
service towards the end of tho current
P.'ew Drake for Fast Trains.
The American Society of Mechani
cal Engineers has had demonstrated
a new electro-pneumatic brake, which
makes alien stops possible for modern
high-speed limiteds. A train of 12
steel passenger cars with a modern
locomotive weighs 1,000 tons, is 1.000
feet long, and when running at 60
miles an hour possess a momentum
equal tc a blast of dynamite sufficient
to blow the entire train 120 feet into
In tho test of tho new ?rake a train
of 12 cars was stoppedfts follows:
From 30 mil^s an hour, In 200 feet;
from TO miles an hour, in 1.000 feet,
and from SO miles an hour, in 2,000
Ancient Horse-Drawn Train Service.
According to the Engineer, it waa
only last month that there was brought
to a close a passenger train service
maintained by horse traction, v. \ch
has been in continual operation since
the year 1856. The stretch of line af
fected is a portion of the North British
railroad, lying between Drumburgh
Junction, a few miles west of Carlisle,
and Port Carlisle, a seaport on the
Solway firth. The line was operated
by locomotives from 1854 to 1856, and
In August of the latter year horsep
were substituted. They have been in
continuous use up to the present year,
when they were superseded by steam
Canada Spreading Railroad Lines.
Canada in 1913 had 6,000 miles of
railroad under construction.
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever tc do first-class
work in cleaning1 and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or snit new by let
ing ns clean and press them.
Ladies skirls and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
WALLACE HARRIS PROP.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers.
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SA\YS
Gins and Press Repairs.
NATIVE SEED RYE FOR
I have a fine lot of Seed Rye to
offer, was grown on my farm at
Ellenton, S. C. Put up in bags of
one and two bushels, price 82.50
per bu?hel, F. O. B. Ellenton.
Send in your orders early.
H. M. Cassels,
Ellenton, 8. C.
Anrone sending a sketch and description may
qnlcklr useortuiii our opinion free whether an
invention la probably juiioiitable. Communies
UonsKrietlrconMentbd. HANDBOOK on Patenta
Mint free, oldest iiteney for leeanne patents.
Patenta ta?nn tbruuixu .Munn A Co. receive
special mottet, wlthont ona rae, in tho
'A handsomely Illustrated weelrlr. I.nrwt cir
culation ni nny Mtteiitlttc loaron!. Terms, Si r.
7<;:ir: I. ?iir months, fl. ??iJ l.-yull newsdealers.
M?8N & Co.3C*"~?d-a?-8ew York
Branch Onice. 02? F
tshtnuton, D. C.
No doubt you are, if
you surfer from any o' the
numerous ailments to
which an women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some of the Symp
toms, and you must rid
yours"'f of them in order
to rc well. Thousanca
of \ \ who have
been mefited by this
remedy, urge you to
The Woman's Tonie
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking C a r d u i,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ann
the pain In my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Every '
suffering woman should
Made A New Man Of f*.m.
"I was suffering from pain in my
stomach, head and back," writes H.
T. Alston, Raleigh, N. C., "and my
liver and kidneys did not work right,
but four bottles of Electric Bitters
made me feel like a new man."
PRICE 50 CTC. AT ALL DRUG STORES.
Life Assurance Soeiety
Offers beyond a reasonable doubt the
best insurance that can be obtained. Be
fore taking out insurance with some
other company. Let nie show yon my
20 Pay Life, paid up in 15 34 years.
Dividends declared after the first vear,
Don't fail to get the best when j on
insure. Therefore, you had better see
an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C.
Medical College of tl e Slate ol South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Departrr.enss cf IVedicine ard Fheiiracy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
?6th Session Opens October 1st, 1914. Closes jone 3id, 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October 1st, 1S14. Advan
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Fhaimacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department'of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine,
bor catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C. ...
If not interested. But you are obliged to ba interested wbere mon
ey is to be saved in the purchase of necessities of life both for your
self and "livestock. We are nov/ in oui warehouse, corner of Fenwick
and Cumming streets, two blocks from the Union Passenger Station
where we have the most modern '.valehouse in Augusta with floor
space of 24,300 squa.e feet and it is literally packed with Groceries
anci feeds from ceilar to roof. Our stock must be seen to be appre
ciated. Our expenses are at least $450.00 a month less since discon
tinuing our store at 863 Broad street, and as goods are unloaded
from cars to wareheuse, we are in a nosition to name very close
,,rices If you really want tne worth of your money see or write U3
MINGYON BROS. & CO.
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson. Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SSS