LUJL.' isi-.'.i?. Lr ?*rii'..Vl 1 ?wLV
No Farmer Can A"ord to Ailow His
implement xo R'.:st Cut-Cover
Of all thc people doing business, tho
farmer is the most careful and eco
nomical in the use of grease. It is
seldom that the farmer touches grease
and yet there are few kinds ol' work
demanding a more frequent use of it.
The farmer is a user of mure kinds
of tools than any other artifice-, if
he is not a mechanic it is his ow:;
fault, ard his own disadvantage and
loss, because he handles and operates
all scrts cf tcois. machines end im
plements usual to the common me
The farmer, above all cher tcol
handlers and tool u^ers, wcrks at a
disadvantage. It matters not how
careful lie tides to be in the care of
his tools to keep them dry. he will
find occasion to go out in the rain,
snow or damp and use the saw, auger,
chisel or other tcol, and if it is not
carefully dried and oiled or greased it
is very apt to rust from this exposure.
No farm tool need rust out, used
or unused. Every farm tool, imple
ment and machine shculd be oiled,
greased or preserved from dampness,
wet and rust. They should be care
fully wiped when used and then bo
ready to lay aside. Grease is the best
application and lasts longer than mest
oils. All hand tools of the edged sert
should have a dry place to be stored
in, and kept in this place when not
in use, and by all means carefull?
cleaned, wiped and greased when put
The machines of the farm-mowers,
reapers, etc., should be put in out of
the weather and oiled, greased,
cleaned off, preserved from rust and
decay. See how many machines and
tools there are on the farm that are
Intended for use next spring and sum
mer that are cow under roof and not
in the least liable to the damaging in
fluences of rust. No farmer can af
ford to rust out his farm equippage,
no matter how much he is making
in feeding -cattle and hogs or raising
WAYS OF DOCTORING TREES
Fallen Leaves and Wood Ashes Fed
to Rcots to Give Natural Food
Another Good Plan.
In one of our pastures there grew
?an immense oak tree which gave
signs of dying and so manifest were
they that we chose to remedy from
several suggested and began treating
A bar of two and one-half-inch iron
tipped with a sharp steel point was
used in drilling holes in the soil at
specified distances just under the
tree. In the holes were crowded fall?
.. Fine Shade Tree With a Decayed
Trunk Which Has Been Filled in
Order to Preserve lt. A Good Way
to Save Shade Trees That Have Be
en leaves and some wood ashes. The
holes remained open and occasion
ally more leaves were packed in. Be
fore winter set in the tree presented a
rejuvenated appearance. Seemingly
all it needed was natural food.
Here is another treatment. Open
wounds are generally left to decay
right along, but we had all these and
the open cavities well cleaned and
carefully filled. Some were filled with
cement and over the hollows and
holes where water or dampness could
collect small tin caps were tacked on.
An old tin gutter from the house
makes a protector where the breach
'to be covered is long.
Effective Insect Pest Remedy.
Fall plowing is one of the most ef
fective remedies known for insect
.pests. It is, however, more of a pre
ventive than a cure, for the insects de
stroyed by this method are, for the
most part, in a dormant or resting
?stage, doing little or no damage, but
.getting ready for the next season's
.'depredations. This remedy alone is
?not to be relied upon for the com
plete eradication of any insect, but
ias a supplementary method it is valu
Clean Churn Promptly.
Don't get the idea that it won't mat
ter if you don't wash the churn right
?away after churning. The cleaning of
-the churn should be prompt.
A Silage Cutter at Work, SF
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
Once a year the farmer has to fill
his silo. The operation is outside of
the regular routine of farm life, and
unless considerable thought is given
the matter beforehand, it is likely to
prove unnecessarily expensive. Infor
mation collected by investigators in
the United States department of ag
riculture will, therefore, prove useful
to farmers who have not worked out
for themselves the most economical
Because the silo has been in use for
some years in these states, the inves
tigators selected Wisconsin and Mich- j
igan for their work. Cost records on
31 farms were carefully kept, reveal- I
ing a wide divergence in the cost of la- I
bor per ton of filling the silo. It was
found, for example, that one farmer
did this for 46 cents, while another
had to spend SR cents. The average
cost was 64 cents.
The cost of labor varies considera
bly, and in order to ascertain the most
satisfactory method, the investigators
adopted for their comparisons a uni
form rate of 15 cents an hour for men
and the same rate for a team of two
horses. Engine hire, including the
engineer, was placed at $4.50 per day,
coal at $5 per ton and gasoline at 13
cents a gallon. Ten hours were con
sidered a day's work While these
figures cannot of course be consid
ered as absolute, they afford a conven
ient basis for the individual farmer's
calculation of the expense of filling
his silo The various methods em
ployed on the farms that were in
vestigated were classified in three
M i The mc?t common practice vas
tc have one man with three horses on
a cor:' harvester cutting corn in the
?irlt?: two mon to load the wagons in
the field: three or tour men with
teams, depending on the distance from
die fi? id to the silo, tu haul the corn
Where a Blower ls Used the Pipe
Shculc Stand cs Nearly Perpendicu
lar ab Pcssibie.
to the cutter: one man to run the en
gine when steam was used for power,
and, occasionally, when gasoline en
gines were used, one man to feed the
cutter and one man in the silo to
spieao and tram]) th.? silage. Each
teamster pitched off his own load.
This makes a crew of eight or nina
men. exclusive of the man who tends
the en g i no.
(2) In cases where there is a short
age of teams the following method is
generally practiced. One man, with
three horses, cuts the corn; two men
load the wagons in the field; two men,
or boys, with teams, haul the corn to
the cutter; one man unloads the
wagons; one man feeds and one man
works in the silo. As soon as a load
arrives at the cutter the teamster
changes his team for an empty wagon
and goes back to the field after anoth
er load. When a wagon is unloaded
it is run out of the way by hand. With
this method, boys who are not strong
enough to handle tho green corn, can
be utilized to drive the teams. This
method requires a crew of six men
and two boys, exclusive of the engine
(3) When enough horses are avail
able and help is Bcarce, the following
arrangement of men and teams is a
good one. One man, with three
horses, runs the harvester in the field;
four men with teams haul the corn to
the silo: one man feeds and one
spreads the corn in the Bilo. Low
trucks or wagons with racks suspend
ed below the -axles should be used, so
that the teamsters can put on their
FILL ORDINARY SILO
'IPW-TS *v.v! ? ? -.v.r ?ir- ..
. ....... ... .-, . -, , ?/
lowing Connection With Engine.
own loads. This requires a crew of
seven men, besides the engineer.
Number and arrangements of men em
ployed in filling silos by various metlr1
ods. 3| g
Kind of Work.
Operating binder . 1
Loading wagons . 2
Driving ieams . 3 of 4
Unloading wr.gons .T
Feeding cutter . 1
In silo . 1
Total number of men.. 8 or 9
Number '* teams haul
ing .3 or 4 2
The relative merits of these meth
ods depend upon the conditions pre
vailing on each farm. The best meth
od is that in which the working force
is most evenly balanced, that is, where
all are working continuously. In the
majority of cases in which the cost
rose to an unduly high figure, a poor
arrangement of the help was found
to be chiefly responsible for the extra
expense. It is not necessary to rush
men and teams to their fullest extent
in order to get ?ie work done cheaply.
If all are working continuously and
no one hindered by the others, econ
omy will result. Two or three men
aud teams waiting to unload at the
cutter or to load in the field represent
loss of valuable time.
The factor that should control tire
size of the crew is the capacity of
the silage cutter. On one farm, for
example, on which the cost of filling
the silo was found to be SO cents a
ton, 14 men were employed. The
work could have been done just as
well with ten, fer as much silage
would have been cut in the same time
ii iii? ri.- n.id been only two men in
stead of tour, pitching on the field;
three men instead of four hauling with
teams, and one mau instead of two
in the silo. Deducting the wages of
the four men and one team that were
not needed, would lower the cost of
iillins at this place from SO to 64
couts a ton. In this case the cutter
was of medium size. With the prop
er arrangement of help, such a cutter
may be used almost as economically
as a larger one, but mo?t farmers wish
to push the filling through as fast as
possible and prefer therefore when
ever possible to uae a large sized cut
T!u> five men who fil'rd their siios
with the greatest economy used blow
ers to elevate the silage instead of the
.slat carrier. The chief objection to
the blower is that it taires so much
. .-.wer to run it, but as a matter of
Tact, it was found that the power used
on these farms would have been in
most cases, quite sufficient to han
?le the largest machines; and in only
one case was there too little power
to run a medium-sized blower. Where
a blower is used care should
be taken to have the pipe stand as
nearly perpendicular as possible. In
one case where the cutter was set too
far from the silo and the pipe at an
angle of 30 degrees from the perpen
dicular, a 12 horse-power engine could
not handle the cutter satisfactorily
when it was operated to anything like
its full capacity. After the owner
changed the position of the cutter, put
ting it cio.se to the Bilo and thus mak
ing the pipe more nearly perpendicu
lar no more difficulty was experienced
Tho details of this investigation
have been published as Farmers' Bul
letin No. 292 under the title of "Cost
of Filling Silos." As long as the de
partment's supply lasts this bulletin
will be sent fre? on request to the
Division of Publications, United States
Department of Agriculture, Washing
ton, D. C. Further information in re
gard to the construction of silos, the
feeding of Bilage to farm animals and
kindred subjects is contained in Farm
ers' Bulletin No. 32, "Silos and Silage,"
and Farmers* Bulletins Nos. 292, G56
Fresh Air Is Essential.
In building poultry houses do not
neglect to provide for fresh air. Be
sure to avoid drafts. Fresh air and
crafts do not mean the same thing.
Discard Boarder Cow.
Swat the boarder cow and save the
high priced feed.
Make the Old Suit?
We are bettor prepared
than ever to do first-class
work irj cleaning and press
ing ol' all kinds. Make your
old pant- or sui! new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skin? and suits al
so cleaned ano pressed. >::t
i s fa ct i o n gu aran teed.
Edg?'?e ld Pres s in g
WALLACE HARRIS F?C.P. ?
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
NATIVE SEED RYE FOR
I have a fine lot of Seed Rye to
offer, was grown on my farm at
Ellenton, S. C. Put up in bags of
one and two bushels, price *2.50
per bushel, F. O. B. Ellenton.
Send in your orders early.
H. M. Cassels,
Ellenton. S. C.
Anmne ?prulltitr n ?Krtrh mid description may
qnic?lv ascertain our opinion free whether ao
lurentinn is probably patentable. Communiai.
LtonsstrictlycoiiUdcntiaL RANOBOOX on Patents
jem t ree, oidest stscnex ?or yecermi; pulen:*.
Patones i:?.:-. n ?tir.nitrit Minni X Co. receive
?p'( iel notice, vlt.houc charge, iii ttic
A handsomely llltistraled wectly. 1 sreest dr?
eolation any Mnewillc J-nirnnl. Ti rm?*. ?3 ,\
runr: four month*, .Ji. ?OtJi>yail neidealer?.
Brauen Olli. :'.
, D. C.
Finds Core for Epilepsy
After Years of Suffering
"My daughter waa afflicted with
opiV'ptic Ria f<T thro..- yea ri, thc r.ttacks
coniir.tr every few weeks. Wo employed
several doctors but they did her no
?tood. About a
-year a K O WO
..fa .... : >,-heard of Dr.
J. * v. * *r < ?
J J . ? i Mi'.; s* Nervine,
f?l<0^WM and it certainly
;."v t has proved a
1 - CNcsrfn? to our
^ris?r*<^?! llttle Blri: She 13
/ J ? ''"-Zrnow apparently
i a rrj and is
/ }.J If J' ' of health. It is
I . [ ' ' ?f over a yc-jr pince
v i - . " she has had a
* fit. We r'nnot
s:>ea!c too highly
of Dr. Miles' Nervine."
-Y.J:.S. F?tANJC ANDERSON,
Thousands of children in the
United Siatc-s who are suffering
from attacks of epilepsy arc a
burtle:': and sorrow lo their parents,
who would give anything to restore
health t i thc ?:;i?crcrs.
Dr. Ivies' Nervine
is one of tbs iiost remedies known
for this affliction, lt has proven
beneficial in thousands of cases
and those who have used it have
thc greatest faith in it. It is not
a "cure-all," but a reliable remedy
for nervous diseases. You need
not hesitate to give it a trial.
Sold by all Druggists. If the first
bottle f??s to benefit your monoy la
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
! "After four in our family had died \
j of consumption 1 was taken with t
! a frightful cough and lung trouble, I
! but my life was saved and I gained ft
87 pounds through using
?3 W. R. Tatterson. Wellington. Tex. |:
FRICE 50c and 51.00 AT ALL UPUGGISTS. s.
ife Assurance Society
I Offers beyond a reasonable doubt the
I best insurance that can be obtained. Be
I fore taking out insurance with some !
I oilier company, Let me show von my
20 Pay Life, paid up in 15 8-4 years.
Dividends declared after tlie first year,
Don't fail to get the best when you
insure. Therefore, you had better see
I an Equitable policy.
Ashby W. Davenport
Equitable Life Assurance Agent
Edgefield, S. C. .
Medical College of the State ol South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Departirerss cf IVediciiie ard Fbairracy,
Owred and Controlled by the State.
?6tb Session Cpens GtUter 1st, 1914. Closes Jure 3rd, 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October 1st, 3914. Advan- 5
tageou9ly located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals j
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con- '
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Fharmacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each jear in medicine.
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
j Plant Oats and Help Solve
the Cotton Problem
We have BEST of all Varieties:
Fulghum Genuine Texas
Your order or inquiry will
have our liest attention.
ARRINGTON EMM'?, & C?.
See Charlie May. AUGUSTA, GA.
' J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going- to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SP CIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling,
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SSS
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