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S Particularly Desirable Where
Edible Material ls Scarce.
? Designs of Two Houses Given in Bul
letin Issued by Agriculture! De
partment-Importance of Pro
tecting the Milk Cans.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture.)
The farmer who will build a food
shelter and furnish an abundance of
food in it will find that many birds of
value to him as insect-destroyers, will
haunt his premises. This is particu
larly true when there is a scarcity of
bird food in the vicinity. The United
States department of agriculture in a
recently published bulletin on bird
houses has offered designs for shel
ters that will protect food in all k!ads
To induce birds to enter a food shel
ter balts are first placed in a conspicu
Roof Cut Away to Show Construc
tion-Sides Made of Giass; Size of
Panes 8 by 10 lnch.es.
ous place outside and the birds are
led by degrees to enter the inclosure.
Such food as suet, seeds, or cracked
nuts will prove attractive as bait.
.Two designs are given in the bulle
tin for adequate food shelters. The
first may be attached to a tree, the
other may be placed ou top of a post
or tree stub. The sides are made of
glass. There is no bottom to either of
Besides protecting food, such a shel
ter will provide a place where one in
terested in birds can watch them con
If the farmer has neither the time
nor inclination to make a shelter but
etill desires to attract valuable birds
by putting out food, the next best
thing is to fasten the bait to trunks or
branches of trees or scatter it on the
ground in sheltered places.
Desirable birds may be attracted by
other means than food, particularly in
summer. On warm days they appre
ciate fresh water for drinking and
bathing. A shallow pool of varying
depth, if only a foot across, becomes a
center of attraction for all the birds
in the vicinity, and it may be made
with little effort anti material. Only
a small amount of cement is required,
or, if that be lacking, a pan with
stones in it, set in the ground will be
Cats are particularly dangerous to
birds, and should not be permitted
Food Shelter for Attachment to Trunk
near the home-made bird pool during
bathing hours or go near the food
Designs for simple and elaborate
bird houses that will interest all bird
lovers are given in a farmers' bulletin
No. 609, which the United States de
partment of agriculture has recently
issued. It is entitled "Bird Houses,
and How to Build Them," and will be
sent free of charge to anyone request
ing it from the department.
Protection for Milk Cans.
Much milk that seems to be perfect
ly good when it leaves the farm,
reaches the consumer in bad condi
tion, and the United States department
of agriculture is now convinced that
this is frequently due to a rise in the
temperature of the milk during trans
portation. A series of teste that bas
recently been completed shows the
importance of surrounding the milk
cans during hot weather with some ap
propriate insulating material which
will effectually exclude the heat.
Even when milk is to be shipped
only a shore distance its temperature
should not bo higher than 50 degrees
F. At this temperature bacteria will
multiply, but the increase is slow and
a few hours delay will ret vit in no
serious injury. In milk above 50 de
grees F. the rate of bacteria growth is
much more rapid. It follows that when
the milk is to be shipped a long dis
tance it must be loaded on the cars at
a temperature much Ieee than 50 de
grees F. unless some efficient means
is taken to prevent the temperature
rising during the journey.
Perhaps the most practical way ot
accomplishing this is to wrap the cans
in a pair of quilt jackets, wet burlap,
or some other similar material. In the
course of the recent experiments milk
was hauled a distance of 18 mile? in
an average air temperature of 82.65 de
grees F., the milk being shipped at a
temperature of 50 degrees F. At the
end of three hours the cans that were
hair-quilt jacketed showed a raise
of only 5% degrees F.; those wrapped
in wet burlap, a raise of 8% degrees
F. Milk in cans that were left unpro
tected rose in the eame time to a tem
perature of 78.5 degrees F., an increase
of 28.5 degrees. This is much too high.
More elaborate methods of preserv
ing milk during shipment by refrigera
tion are discussed in a professional
bulletin just issued by the United
States department of agriculture,
which deals In a technical way with
many types of refrigerating apparatus.
The bulletin discusses fully the influ
ence of time and temperature on bac
teria in milk. It also contains elab
orate diagrams illustrating the differ
ent methods employed in utilizing re
frigeration, and the cost of operating
them. This bulletin so long as tho
department's supply lasts will be sent
free to all interested In the refrigera
tion of milk. Refrigeration, however,
is, of course, not always possible, while
any shipper can take the precaution
of jacketing his milk cans.
PROFIT MADE IN CAPONIZING
Increased Value of Birds Pays Well for
Time and Labor-Operation Is
As a vast majority of poultry own
ers and growers are not professional
and keep the poultry incidentally and
in the main for the use of tho family,
it is not surprising that so few poul
try owners undertake to caponize the
cockerels. But if all poultry owners
were aware of the increase of profit
that capons pay over the ordinary
poultry I think a great many more
would learn how to perform the op
eration and caponize all the surplus
males every fall.
Eveu if it were done only to sup
ply the use of them on one's own ta
ble it would pay well, says a writer in
an exchange. As almost all farmers
themselves emasculate all their sur
plus boars and bull calves, and some
even the male colts, it is evident that
with a little more skill they can emas
culate the cockerels, aud in mest cases
can sell them for from a half more un
to twice as much as the. cockerels
would bring in the market.
As caponizing requires a keen eye
and steady hand, -as well as the spe
cial tools for doing the work, it would
be well for one without experience, if
he can get the opportunity, to see
some one who is expert at the work
and then make a few trials himself.
In order to make the job easier I
think it will be well to etherize or
chloroform the chicken, so that it will
be absolutely still. However, If one
knows how to do the job and has the
tools it takes but a little while, and
there is no reason to believe that the
suffering will be great.
CONCRETE OR CEMENT SILOS
Material Gaining Rapidly in Popular
ity Where Permanency ls Desired
on Live Stock Farms.
The concrete and cement block con
struction is getting very popular in
so far as silos are concerned; especial
ly is this true where permanency is
desired, such as established stock
In the past the high first cost of
this construction has been the chief
factor against its more extensive use,
but this has been due to our insufll
cient knowledge as to the best and
must economical methods in handling
The price of lumber has been stead
ily raising, while that of the good Port
land cement has been decreasing, and
good qualities can now be obtained at
fair prices. It seems, therefore, to be
generally conceded that the concrete
or cement block silo will be the silo of
New Winter Barley.
By crossing a four-rowed Mammoth
winter barley with a two-rowed winter
barley that had been artificially car
ried through the winter, a hardy two
rowed winter barley resulted In some
foreign experiments. By the applica
tion of Mendel's law, this variety
proved stabile. It produced well and
was a product of excellent brewing
The apple orchard ls now recognized
as one ol the most profitable invest
ments on the farm, or will prove so
if the necessary amount of care and
attention is given to it.
HOPPERS FOR FEEDING
Lessens Labor of Caring for
Large Number of Youngsters.
Illustrations Show Three Styles of De
vices-Box Tray Can Be Sub-Di
vided into Diffsrent Compart
ments-Much Food Saved.
An article written by Mr. Paul P.
Bliss on the subject of "Feeding
Chicks in Independent Colonies,"
Hopper for Dry Seasons.
recommends that the most practical
method of feeding ls to practice the
greater portion of it by the "hopper
system*." As usual, Mr. Bliss is right,
for not only does this lessen the labor
of caring for a large number of
youngsters when reared in indepen
dent colonies but it also assures the
growing youngsters an abundance of
food stuff correctly proportioned at
any and all times that their appetite
demands it, writes Russell F. Palmer
in independent Farmer.
The illustrations give the outline of
three styles of hoppers.
Figure A shows a hopper box with
the rain protector in front. This is
not practical for chicks weighing over
two pounds each, but' is a splendid
article for youngsters weighing from
one to two pounds. This box is floored
and should be from 24 to 30 Inches
deep. It should always be set facing
Ideal Hopper for Dry Mash.
the north and it does not need to be
protected by a shed roof or building.
A box tray five inches high, in appear
ance similar to a trunk till should be
made to fit inside of thijr box and
should be in width one-third the wMth
cf the box. This tray can be sub
divided as often as desired, thus mak
ing different compartments within the
one till. For each compartment cut
a piece of hardware or wire cloth,
which will fit Inside of the compart
ment without binding. Fill each com
partment about two-thirds full with
I whatever dry mash, beef scraps, oys
ter shell grit or any other food stuff
you desire to supply to the young
sters and place the wire cloth on
Figure B shows another style of
outdoor hopper, practical for use for
chicks ranging from a weight of one
pound up to maturity. This hopper can
be successfully used under the pro
I tection of a fairly good sized tree or
j in exceptionally dry seasons one can
risk it out in the open without fear
j of much loss to the food from rain, if
the lids are built to project a great
distance out over the hopper trough
below. Both the trough and inside
I of the hopper can be partitioned so
I that mixed grain, dry mash, grit and
Hopper With Rain Protector.
! other forms of food stuff can be
J supplied from the same hopper if de
Fig. C shows a very practical hop
per, which can be built on al
most any dimensions. The dotted line
shows where a piece of tin must be
placed permanently to assist in feed
ing the foodstuff into the feed trough.
The hopper has proved very success
ful in eliminating the wasting of food.
It should be placed under cover to in
sure against beating rains getting into
the feed trough.
Best Cover Crops.
j Rye is one of the best cover crops
I for vegetable growers. It grows well
j iu all types of soil. It often thrives
under rather adverse conditions. It is
I easily started and may be sown quite
j late in the fall.
When rye is used for a cover crop
or for green manurial purposes plenty
of seed should be sown. It is custom
ary to 60w from two to four bushels
to the acre. When the larger quan
I tity of seed is used a dense growth
will result and the addition of hu
mus will be much more than from a
Nitrate of Soda.
Nitrate of soda is often beneficial
to late cabbage when applied ae top
dressings late in the summer or early
in the fall. If there is an abundant
supply of soil moisture and the cab
bage has a stunted appearance there is
practically no uncertainty about the
need of nitrogen.
The Manure Supply.
Look out for the manure supply
that will be needed for the frames or
greenhouses in the fall. It should be
composted and kept moist to be well
WINTERING THE SMALL PIGS
Animals Will Not Do Well and Return
Good Profit Unisse Few Procau
. tions Are Observed.
Many small farmers buy fall pigs
and fall to make them do well, but do
not know the reason, writes J. Brown
in Orange Judd Farmer. Fall pigs
will not winter well and make a good
profit unless several restrictions are
carefully'submitted to. First, make ar
rangements to let them have access
to out of doors whenever they are dis
posed to go out. Pigs shut up indoors
languish. They want to run out when
the weather is severe, even if they re
turn at once some days. Swine carry
BO much of a coating of fat that they
will stand more cold than many sup
pose. Frequently the kind-hearted
owner closes the doors and expects
Pigs to go on growing. But they re
fuse. The larger the pigs when severe
weather comes on the better they will
do. Of course, if you live where the
climate is mild this does not apply.
But all young animals must have
plenty of exercise.
Second-Do not let them work or
lie in heating manure. The warmth ap
peals to them. They spend too much
time in it, and they rush into the cold
only to be attacked by lung and
other kindred troubles. The rooting
over of manure in summer will not
harm. Give plenty of bedding and a
sleeping room where draft cannot
blow over them, and let it be dry.
Dampness is detrimental to swine any
time, but especially so in winter.
Third-Milk is likely to be scarce in
winter, and for this reason many per
sons are not situated right to take on
young pigs. They need milk because
they are young, and all the more be
cause the weather is trying to diges
tion. Persons with young swine that
do not grow forget some of these
things. A hot slop (not too hot) win
ter mornings is relished by all pigs,
and seems needful where pigs are
making their best growth.
. Fourth-Constipation, that enemy
of all animals, is more than likely to
attack pigs that aro deprived of green
food and under stress because of any
lack of nutrition. It must be guarded
against. Give fruit, vegetables, sods,
branches of apple trees, bran, mid
dlings, molasses and a small dose of
CLOD CRUSHER FOR GARDENS
Lumps Are Crushed Into Small Bits
as They Roll Between Posts-Not
Driven Into Ground.
A good clod crusher and dust mulch
producer is shown in the cut. It is
inade of posts fastened together by
; chains held on the upper side by screw
bolts. The bolts go through a link
; into the front edge of the post so it
; will not. turn under as would be the
case if fastened back of the center,
; says a writer in Western Farmer. A
t board is fastened on top by a couple
; of lag screws that have considerable
j play in a slot in the board. A large
; washer keeps the bolt head from go
j ing through. Ride the drag.
I This drag will not'push clods into
; the ground as a planker will, for they
get between the posts and roll till
crushed. This drag is as good for
! field as fer carden work.
Make the animals comfortable.
* * *
The grain that goes into the straw
pile fattens the crows.
* . *
A profitable orchard must be given
unrestricted use of all the land.
* * *
Colony houses for brood sows are
more sanitary than a central house.
* * *
It is a good plan to keep charcoal
always where the horse can get it.
* ? *
Give the sow and pigs plenty of
room on the sunny side of a building.
* * ?
Regularity and close watch of all
details will make the farm work
* ? *
The man whose work drives him is
seldom as successful as the man who
drives his work.
* . .
Remember that the foundation,rock
upon which successful dairying rests
is the good cow.
* * *
Mistakes in pig feeding are costly.
In the short life of the pig there ls
little time to correct mistakes.
* * .
Give the utmost care to sheep at
the show and never neglect them in
any way, if you hope to win any
* . .
Do not attempt to flt sheep unless
you love them, take pride in them,
and have great ambition to make a
success as a showman.
Effective Sunday, Oct. 18, Colum
Trains Nos. 19 and 20, between
Columbia and Augusta, discontinued
Trains Nos. 23-24 and 121-124,
between Columbia, Savannah and
Tiain No. 131, Southeastern
Limited leave Columbia 9:20 a m.,
Lexington, 9:46 a m., Leesville
10:27 a m., Batesburg 10:35 a m.,
Ridge Spring 10:55 a m., Ward
11:15 a m., Trenton 11:35 a m.,
Graniteville 12:15 p m., Warren
ville 12:20 p m., arrive Augusta
Train No. 132, Southeastern
Limited leave Augusta 2:30 p m.,
Warrenville, 3:00 pm., Graniteville
3:4 p m., Trenton 3:40 p m., John
ston 3:55 p m., Ward 4:05 p m.,
Ridge Spring 4:15 p m., Batesburg
4:35 p m., Leesville 4:40 p m.,
Lexington 5:22 p m., arrive Colum
bia 6:00 pm.
Between Aiken and Edgefield.
Train No. 210 between Aiken and
E Igefield, discontinued.
^ Train No. 231. leave Edgefield
11-10 a m.. arrive Trenton 11:30
Train No. 231, between Trenton
and Aiken, discontinued.
Train No. 229, leave Edgefield
12:20 p m., Trenton 12:40 p m., ar
rive Aiken 1:40 p m.
Train No. 207, leave Edgefield
7:20 p m., arrive Trenton 7:40 p m
Train No. 208, leave Trenton
8:00 a m., arrive Edgefield 8:20 am
Train No 230, leave Trenton
11:35 am., arrive Edgefield 11:55
Train No. 232, leave Aiken 2:30
p m., ' Trenton 8:40 p m., arrive
Edgefield 4:00 p m.
Train No 206 leave Trenton 7:45
p m, arrive Edgefield 8:05 p m.
Between Batesburg and Perry.
Trains Nos 135 and 136, between
Wagener and Perry, discontinued.
Train No 149, daily, except Sun
day, leave Batesburg 7:00 a m.,
Wagener 8:50 a m., arrive Perry
9:10 a m.
Train No 51, Sunday only, leave
Batesburg, 7:40 ara., Wagener 8:55
a m., arrive Perry 9:10 tm.
Train No. 151, daily, leave Bates
burg 2:30 p m., Wagener 4:15 p
m., arrive Perry 4:30 p ra.
Train No. 148, daily, except Sun
day, leave Perry 1Q:20 a ra, Wage
ner 11:00 arrive Batesburg 12:55
Train No 50, Sunday only, leave
Perry 10:20 a m, Wagener 10:32
a ra, arrive Batesburg 11:55 a rn.
Traiu No 152, daily, leave Perry
5:05 p m, Wagener, 5:17 p ra, ar
rive Batesburg 6:30 p m.
man Drawing Roora Sleeping Car,
handled on trains Nos 24 and 25.
Schedules between intermediate
stations adjusted accordingly.
For additional information, rps
ervations. etc., communication with:
Magruder Dent J. A. Townsend
District Pas. Agent Agent
Augusta, Ga. Edgefield, S. C.
25 percent off on suits and ail
overcoats. 10 per cent off on all
other goods in the store. We aie
overstocked and need the money.
F. G. Mertins, Augusta. Ga.
"Clean Up the Bowels and
Keep Them Clean"
There are many remedies to be
had for constipation, but the diffi
culty is to procure one that acts
without violence. A remedy that
does not perform
b y force what
should be accom
plished by persua
sion is Dr. Miles'
After using them,
Mr. N. A. Waddell,
St, Waco, Tex.,
"Almost all my
Hie I havo been
troubled with constipation, and have
tried many rem?dies, all of which
seemed to cause pain without srivinsr
mud) relief. I finally tried Dr. Miles"
Laxativa Tablets and found them ex
cellent. Their action is pleasant and
,mi!d, and their chocolate taste maizes
thc-m easy to take. I am more than
glad to recommend them."
"Clean up the bowels and keep
them clean," is the advice of all
physicians, because they realize the
danger resulting from habitual con
stipation. Do not delay too long,
but begin proper curative measures.
Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets area
new remedy for this old complaint,
and a great improvement over the
cathartics you have been using in
the past. They taste like candy
and work like a charm. A trial
will convince you.
Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets are
sold by all druggists, at 25 cents
a box containing 25 doses. If not
found satisfactory after trial, re
turn the box to your druggist and
he will return your money. u
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
?Rg's NEW LIFE PILLS
The P???s That Do Cure.
DR J. S. BYRD,
Dental Surgeon ,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
A. H. Curley,
Appointments at Trenton
ELROY G. SMITH
Eydralic and Sanitary Engineer.
Water Supply,, Good Roads, Land Sub
division and Surveys.
Investigations, Reports and
316 Harrison Bldg. Augusta, Ga
Make the Old Suit
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Edge field Pressing
WALLACE HARRIS PROP..
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Antone pending n p!totoh and description may
quid:!/ ascertain our opinion free whether an
invention lu'prob?blrpittentable. Conimnnlca*
tiona Htrictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patenta
jcnt ireo. oldest inroncv for Recuring patents.
Patents talon through Munn & Co. receive
jpt-c;'(!i notuc, without charge, in the
A handsomely llliutratod weekly. Largest cir
culation ot any scientific journal. Terms, S3 s
year: tour months, ?L Sold by all newsdealers.
MUM & Co."41"** Nw folk
Brauch Office. G*Z5 F Pt., ^/nshlrj'.'ton. D. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Horse, hog and cattle own
ers should know that worms
cause by a poor digestive
system or improper feeding
are more than dangerous.
is a remedy prepared by a practi
cal veterinary surgeon and re
lieves the condition almost in
stantly. It should be used with
regularity. 25 cents buys a large
package. We guarantee it to do
the work or will refund purchase
For Sale by
D. F. Morgan,
Edeef.eld, S C.