UNRAVEL ?OAO LEGISLATION
Joint Committee Working to Bring
? About Simplicity, Efficiency ?nd
Uniformity of Uiwe.
To tiring about revision of state
toad laws along linea that will insure
Simplicity,' efficient management, and,
7?b?re desirably aUiml^ in the
?uk undertaken ey a ?pedal joint
committee appointed at the third
American road congress and repre
senting the American Bar association
and the American Highway associa
tion. The magnitude, intricacy and
political and technical difficulties of
the undertaking are discussed in an
article prepared for the Engineering
Record by J. E. Pennybacker, chief
of the division of road economics of
the United States office of public roads.
Between three and four million
words comprise existing road legisla
tion in the several states, according to
the estimate of officials in the office of
public roads. This great wilderness
of words would make up an edition of
30 fair-sized volumes. In view of the
comparative simplicity ot tho sub
ject, this vast accumulation of stat
?tes, according to Mr. Pennybacker, ls
a scathing commentary on the con
structive statesmanship of our legis
lators for many generations. There is
scarcely a doubt that at least 85 per
cent of the legislation ls superfluous,
and that, entirely aside irom the mat
ter of reform, exactly the same pur
poses contemplated in the existing leg
islation could be accomplished with
greater effectiveness with one-eighth
of the existing statute laws.
Tbe compilers have found legisla
tion still in effect almost identical as
to form and substance with the old
colonial road laws, which were in turn
based upon English precedent, extend
ing back to the time of Queen Eliza
beth; they have found statutes so
hopelessly in conflict as to make effi
cient and responsible administration
utterly impossible. As an example of
the bewildering confusion of existing
legislation, the compilers came across
in the statutes of one of our most pro
gressive states a recent enactment
amending a road law which was re
pealed two years before the amend
ment jfras^pajBsed, * and yet apparently ?
none TSf the legislators have thus far
%ecome acquainted with the situation.
MAKING ROADS IN THE FALL
Every Township Should Own Gravel
Pits From Which Material Caa
Be Cheaply Obtained.
There is a growing demand for more
and better roadmaking during the au
tumn months. In many localities the
roads become filled with deep ruts and
the wheel tracks so depressed during
the summer that they collect rains
which soon wash them into gutters
and ruin the roads for heavy loads and
There is no reason why a portion of
the road tax should not be used for
putting the highways in a better con
dition for travel. The split-log drag
and other roadmaking implements
should be put to work before the
ground freezes. The outside of the
roads should be brought Into the cen
ter of the track, which will establish
a crust that will shed water, rather
than retain rains, which are eure to
occur during the late fall and early
Roads having a full high center are
quite sure to remain in a good condi
tion during the rainy season of fall
and spring. Steep hills, where: water
is apt to collect in wheel tracks, should
be provided with open gutters on each
side into which rains may be diverted,
with an occasional crest which water
cannot pass. Approaches to bridge and
culverts should be so filled with earth
that vehicles of all kinds may pass
over them without serious jolts and
jars. Roads are much Improved when
covered with gravel This ls a sea
son of the year when such work can
be accomplished at a minimum ex
Every township should own gravel
pits, from which roadmaking material
can be cheaply obtained. Concrete
roads will soon become popular. The
same material should be used in mak
ing bridges and culverts. A good qual
ity of sand and gravel is necessary to
make serviceable concrete. Every
farmer should have an especial inter
est in all roads joining his place and
leading to market
Give Meat to Pullets.
Give considerable meat food to the
growing pullets now and they will lay
earlier on account of it. Commercial
prepared beef scraps, or cut fresh
bone, will be satisfactory for this pur
pose, and skim milk will be of great as
Easy to Improve Tomato.
It would not be easy to find a fruit
that can be more rapidly improved by
careful selection or run out more rap
idly by careless handling than the to
VALUE OF THE COVER CROPS
Object I? to Add Humus to Soil and
Tura lt Back to Farm ao Nature
Prepared in Beginning
Fall sowing of catch or cover crops
In the orchard and on ground that has
had a crop removed by the'harvest' li
a gsc? p?aa in ?any ?astanees. Tfes
object ls to add humus to the soil and
turn it back to che farm as nature pre
pared the soil in the beginning. In
many soils the mineral elements re
main but the humus has been removed
bj successive cropping of land.
The average Boil of many orchards
show a considerable amount of potash,
phosphate and other necessary ele
ments; by sowing of leguminous crops
nitrogen is added to the soil and a
large amount of cheap fertility ob
Where a cover crop, such as crim
son clover, hairy vetch, cowpeas, soy
beans, etc., are sowed on ground after
the last cultivation, and then turned
under in late fall or early spring, not
only ls fertility increased, but tbiB
green manure acts as a sponge, makeB
soil more porous, and holds water
longer. It will lighten stiff clay soils,
which is often desired and makes the
soil darker, hence warmer in the early
A good plan to follow in the central
West in orchards is to provide clean
cultivation through the spring months
until the middle or latter part of June,
then seed to cowpeas or soy beans,
either broadcast or in drills. In lati
tudes where crimson clover (annual)
will stand the winter months, it
makes one of the best cover crops that
can be sown. In the spring after the
few weeks' growth, lt can be turned
under to good advantage.
Where orchard land is subject to
washing of soil, cover crops should be
sown every fall before fall rains come.
In connection with cover crops, a
coating of well rotted manure applied
during winter or early spring* and
turned under with the cover crops, is
a good plan, and the time and money
spent in adding this necessary humus
and fertility to the soil will prove a
WOULD DWARF FRUIT TREES
Pomolo0lst of Department of Agricul
ture Presents Novel Proposition
to Increase Yield.
A novel proposition to Increase the
orchard yield ol! the country by dwarf
ing all fruit trees and plants was ad
vocated by Pro!!. C. P. Close, a pomol
ogist of the department of agriculture,
in a lecture on "The Home Fruit Gar
den," delivered before the Washington
Y. M. C. A. Professor Close's lecture
was one of others delivered by ex
perts of the department, designed to
help the city man reduce the cost of
living by teaching him how to grow
fruit, vegetables and flowers in his
own back yard.
"I grow 40 varieties of fruits on less
than a quarter of an acre of land at
my own home," said Professor Close,
"and any other man can do the same.
The secret ie in dwarfing all trees by
pruning or pinching off the top buds
till they, do not exceed a height of two
feet above the ground. In this way
the full strength of the tree or plant
is given entirely to fruiting."
FRUIT PICKING MADE EASY
Work Simplified by Use of Device Pat
ented by Southern Inventor
Operated by String.
Fruit picking should certainly be
simplified by the use of a new device
Just patented by a Southern Inventor.
His invention comprises a basket
made of a fixed and a movable mem
Convenient Fruit Picker.
His invention comprises a basket
ls provided with slots while the mov
able member is so constructed and
pivoted that it turns and in so doing
its teeth pass the slots of the fixed
portion and thus act as shears. Any
fruit to be picked from the tree is
approached by this device-mounted
on a long pole held by the person
standing on the ground-and when the
stem of the fruit is between the teeth,
a string is pulled and the stem is cut
by the movable blades. The fruit then
drops into the basket, which is ready
to receive lt
Practice to Be Encouraged.
Cover cropping the orchard is a
practice that should come into mort
a Warm Room
you take your
* * sewing upstairs, take
the heat along too. The
Perfection oil heater is eas
ily carried anywhere. You
draw it up beside you and
work in comfort, even if the
room has no other source
The Perfection is solid, good
looking, easy to clean and take care
of. It is smokeless and odorless.
* .... ' ,
At hardware, furniture and general
Look for the Triangle trademark.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Wu&?fteo, D. C (NEW JERSEY) Chariot te, N. C.
Kommt, Ve, Cfadtsten, S. C
NEW FALL ST
We invite you to call to see the
Men's and Boys' wear of all kinds,
received a large stock of Fall CLOT
HATS AND FURNISHINGS OF
These were bought frcm the leading
in the country, consequently the styl
and the quality the best. Our pi
the reach of all.
If we have not what you wa
stock we will order it for you.
Come, LET US SHOW you
Dorn & Mim
Oar expert machinist can pull
you out of the hole when your en
gine, ginnery or other machinery
breaks down. He can also do first
class plumbing. Call on us.
Edgefield Auto and Repair Shop.
Nice line of ladies* and men's
gloves, both dress and work gloves.
M uk ashy Bargain House.
NATIVE SEED RYE FOR
I have a fine lot of Seed Rye to
offer, was grown on my farm at
Ellenton, S. C. Put up in bags of
one and two bushels, price $2.50
per bushel, F. O. B. Ellenton.
Send in your orders early.
H. M. Cassels,
Ellenton, S. C.
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near M on etta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
100 acres "nearjRopers.
300 acres near Celestia or
Davis' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda counties.
50 acres near Edgefield C.
250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tract* near meeting
Street, and other tracts near
M on et ta and Batesburg.
A. S. TOMPKINS,
^Edgefield, S. C
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life suck
(as headache, indigestion, constipa
lion and lack of energy are due to
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel. *
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
Crist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
latest styles in
We have just
e? are the latest
rices are within ?
nt in our large ?
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
apply at once the wonderful old reliable DK
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a ?ar
srica! dressing that relieves pain and hcala a
ihe same time. Not a liniment. 25c. ?**^?,?
Cures Old Sores, Other Rameales Won't Cure
The \rorst cases, co mntter of how long standing
are cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieve
->a in and Heals at thc same time. 25c, 50c, $1 .0
Ideal Pressing Club
NEAT CLEANING AND
DYING AND REPAIRING.
Ladies Coat Suits Cleaned and
Ladies Pleated Skirts Cleaned and
Ladie Plain Skirts Cleaned and
Ladies Evening Gowns Cleandd and
Ladies One-Piece Dress Cleaned and
Gents' Suits Sleam Cleaned ,and
Gents' Suits Dry Cleaned and
Hats Cleaned and Pressed.25c
Hats Cleaned and Blocked_50c
Remember we are first-class in
every workmanship and can please
the most fas tu dist person. Work
done while you wait Don't throw
away that old suit or hat Bring it
to us and let ns make it look like
new., We appreciate your patronage
and guarantee satisfaction.
FRANK MAYNARD, Prop.,
Edgefield, - South Carolina.
Go to see
Before insuringjelsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
I wish to inform the good people
of Edgefield that I will continue the
Blacksmith Shop that was estab
lished by my father, Giles Butler,,
about 40 years ago and conducted
by him until his deatb recently.
I will give the best possible at
tention to all work intrusted to IM
and will guarantee every job I do.
FREE trM? FREE
In Three Vohtmes
This man caused the last
general European war.
His personal memoirs, written :
by his secretary, Baron De
Meneval, are full of the most :
absorbing incidents, especially in .
view of the present great Euro
Just a hundred years ago, his ambi- .
tions bathed the Continent in a sea of '
blood. France alone, under his leader* .
ship, fought Germany, Russia, Austria,. .
Italy, and Great Britain-and ivtm. ]
Get these Mejmoir&i
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-to get advantage of it you must act i
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KING'S NEW LIFE PILLS,
The Pills That Do Cure.
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