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^EXERCISE FOR BROOD SOWS
?*A?imala Should Be Kept In Yard? land
. Penn Where They Can Avoid
Narrow Gate? and Doora.
L JB. MORTON. Colorado Agricul
Brood sows should be allowed plenty
?nysf room to exercise in. up to about
. 46*70 days of farrowing time. They
* ".mould be kept in yards and pens
they wiU aet feo obliged te
Jtsss through narrow gates, over
-- boards, doorways, or through low
.-^doorways where they are obliged to
t&end their backs to? get through. Any
-jone of these is likely to result in dead
:3&S& at birth.
It Is a good idea to feed whole oats
.?.aoattered on the feeding Soor or
? ??round for a week or two prior to
Arrowing, so that the sow will be
io read to exercise in getting her feed.
^ "When about due to farrow, the sow
.--?herald be put into a pen which has
Jfceen fitted with wallguards, where the
jigs may find safety after birth. The
ordinary pig guard is useless because
'.St ia neither high enough from the
?tocr nor far enough from the wall,
- -*nd the space underneath fills up with
?traw so that the pig is crushed almost
ras easily as if the guard were not
Vor thin, active sows a large pen
-may be used. For extremely heavy,
BOWS,"lt is best to have a peu space
.comparatively small, so that the sow
-oacnot tura around quickly and thus
?step on her pigs. The sow should not
MG ted heavily just prior to farrowing,
mar Just after farrowing but should
Ifcave a thin slop for a few days 'so
4h?t there may be no tendency to con
stipation. If there is any such ten
dency, a dose of epsom salts should
?be given in the swill.
The bedding in the pen should be
kept absolutely dry as dampness will
I very quickly cause death loss among
iyoung pigs. Within a week or two the
isow and her litter should be moved
??rat to a colony hog house, where they
:?ertll get more exercise. When the
- jplg* are two or three weeks old, two
Mus three sows may be turned together.
?ELECT THE BEST STALLION
.Too Many Farmers Aro Neglecting
Matter of Patronizing Good Slr?,
Thereby Reducing Profits.
H4B? J. a MONTGOMERY, Minnesota
The progressive farmer who keeps
flkrood mares ls confronted with the
.jpoblem of choosing a stallion to
Fine Specimen of Clydesdale.
'Which to breed. In many cases lt ls
merely a question of eliminating the
worst, as there are many communities
'that are not supplied with a good
-stallion. In many other cases, how
aver, the saving of five dollars on a
?enrice fee plays an all-important
part, fifty-five per cent of the stal
lions licensed in the state are grades
or less than grades, which shows that
too many are neglecting the matter
of patronizing a good sire, and are
thereby reducing their profits. A sav
ing of five dollars on a service fee
often means a loss of $100 or more
wrhen the colt Is two years old.
When looking at a stallion lt ls
^well to ask yourself: "How much
would he be worth as a gelding? If
'tis colts are like him, will they be
good market geldings? How much
improvement will he make when bred
?to the average farm mares? The an
swer to these questions will decide
whether the horse is a suitable sire
ur not In answering them lt should
foe kept in mind that good feet and
legs are the first essential of a mar
ketable horse. If the stallion does
?ot have them he cannot be expected
to produce them In his offspring.
The state license which the owner
mt a stallion must show is the best
?guide to the breeding of the stallion.
Feeding the Hogs.
Moldy feeds occasionally kill lots of
togs. At other times they seem not to
injure them: probably lt depends on
the stage which the ptomaines have
yeached or passed. Anyway, there is
no use tn taking chances by feeding
molded, heated feeds to high priced
Rye and corn finely ground make a
. good slop for hogs on pasture of al?
faifa or clover. Por hogs In the pen
this slop is somewhat too fattening
?nd shorts or middlings with more
protein will give better growth unless
?jome tankage is added.
EXACT IDEAL OF A BUTCHER
Fineness of Bone, Lack of Paunchiness
and Smalt Head Are Charac
teristics Most Desired.
(By J. L. TORMET.)
The block ls the supreme and final
test of the beef animal. The butcher
desires an animal that will deliver
the highest percentage of good cuts,
and show refinement In parts that are
not edible, in order to reduce waste.
Fineness of bone, lack of paunchiness
and a small head are thus desired by
the butcher/but the steer with light
bone, small paunch and a frail head
would be unable to go through the
fcc?rng period xa6 Bake ?conomie?.'
Even though the strong, vigorous,
capacious feeder may not turn out at
the finish into the exact ideal of the
butcher, he is the one that puts on
> Good Heavy Steer, Showing DeveW
opment of Parts Named.
ie largest and steadiest gains, en
ures heavy feeding for the longest
me, finally finishes out with the
reatest weight, and yields the highest
srcentage of prime beef.
In selecting feeders, there ls per
ipa no point more important than the
wk. A wide, straight, strong back,
Ith a well sprung rib, ls essential
tie girth of the steer should be large
.that is, the distance around the body
ick of the shoulder should be as large
i possible. Thjto means more ?room
r vital oigans and insures a better
institution than is otherwise likely to
evall. Associated also with a large
rth is a well sprung rib, making a
de back on which there is room for
e deposition of a large quantity of
gh-priced meat There is also great
depth of chest and greater digestive
pacity with a large girth,
the head ls an excellent index to
a character of :he feeder, because
ire ls a relationship between the
ferent parts of an animal's body,
e steer with a wide head ls usually
food feeder, for a wide head goes
th a food capacity for putting on a
ge amount of flesh. Usually the
er with a wide head will grow thick
ough the body and wide across the
:k. Width of muzzle 1B also impor
it because it Indicates capacity for
d consumption and for good breath
. The neck, although not choice
at, ls thick and short on a good
er. The shoulder should be evenly
ered, compact and wide at the top.
tile width of shoulders at the top is
aark of a good feeder, steers with
remely wide Bhouldnm RbA?M .???.
selected, for they ar
el) Covered Animal
ess and Depth of 1
Smooth Covering ol
shoulder should bk
the neck, leaving i
ite line where the ne
neet The rump she
and level A drool
e coupling, that is
the last rib to the
K>int, should be shor
with the general com
throughout. The e
be wide in this regi<
led, with no indicate
backed. This is th
jin Irom which valual
The Farmers Bank of Edgefield, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Pro fits - - - $120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$400,000.00
State? County and Town Depository
Does a General Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposit
lt is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get yonr
money. Yon can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety ? the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings
The four designs o? Cortright Metal Shingles as shown above are
made in any of the folio wm g ways :
1. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Red.
2. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Green.
3. Stamped from Tin-plate and Galvanized by a hand-dipping process.v
4. Stamped from special tight-coated Galvanized Sheen.
Each and every genuine Cortright Metal Shingle is embossed with this
TiaoVmark, " Cortright Reg. U. S. Pat Off." s
For Sale by
Stewart & Kernaghan
Edgefield, South Carolina.
NO ADVANCE IN PRICE
SLUSKY'S ROOFING MATERIAL
ON ACCOUNTS OF WAR
Our materials have advanced considerably, but having purchased im
mense stock before rise of market, we are offering the SAME AT
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as formerly. Get our prices on METAL
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVANIZED CORRUGATED IRON and
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc It will pay you to buy NOW as prices will
never be lower. ,
1009 Broad Street
It is an "overthrow" teaman's
confidence when a bachelor's
stove is accidentally overthrown
and he remembers he has neg
lected to insure his effects. Do
not let it happen to you. Cover
the value of your.belongings with
a Fire Insurance policy, for you
never know when a blaze will
occur. We can insure you in a
good and reliable Company for a
trifling annual premium.
?i N T WAIT.
E. J. Norris,
Put some money in the Bank of
Edgefield and you will defeat pov
erty. Everybody has a horror of
poverty. There is only one way to
insure against it, that is to culti
vate a habit of thrift which you
can easily do by putting money in
this bank. Courteous and prompt
attention given to all business.
OF FIERS: J. C. Sheppard, Pre*.; B. E. Nicholson? Vie?,
pres.; E. J. Mime, Cashier; J. H. Allen, assistant ashier
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adam?, Thoa. H.
Raineford, John Rainsford B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C
C. Fuller.?E. J. Mime,.!. H. Allen1
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds,
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and -fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofings-i<
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
Our Motto: SSS
Plant Oats and Help Solve
the Cotton Problem
We have BEST of al) Varieties:
Fulghum Genuine Texas
Your order or inquiry will
have our best attention.
ERRINGTON BROS. & CO.
See Charlie May. AUGUSTA, GA.
Medical College of the State of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina
Deparimenss of Medicine and Pharmacy,
\ Owned and Controlled by the State.
30th Seeeion Opens Oclcter 1st. 1934. Clcees June 3id, 1915
Fine New Euilding ready for occupancy October 1st, 3914. Adyan
geously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
ins 218 beds. . " ,. . " ?L
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Pharmacy a
lecial Feature. . .
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
For catalog address: " "
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.