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OVER A MILLION AND A HA
' WOMEN WORK AS FARM HANC
r IN THE UNITED STATES
By Peter Radford
. Lecturer National Farmers' Urion
?' Our government never faced so
imendous a problem as that now ly
dormant at the doors of congress J
!the legislatures, and which, wi
?aroused, will shake this nation fr
'center to circumference, and mi
j civilization hide its face in sha
That problem is-women in the fi*
The last federal census repc
jshow we now have 1514,000 won
(working in the field, most of th
[south of the Mason and Dixon ii
: There were approximately a mill
(negro slaves working in the fie
jwben liberated by the ?mancip?t:
proclamation. We have freed <
[slaves and our women have tat
'their places in bondage. We ht
broken the shackles off the negri
:and welded them upon our daughte
The Chain-Gang of Civilization.
A million women in bondage in t
?southern fields form the chain-gang
'civilization - the industrial trage
.'of the age. There ls no overseer qu
-so cruel as that of unrestrained gre<
.no whip that stings like the lash
?suborned destiny, and no auctionee
'?block quite so revolting as that of .
The president of the United Stat
was recently lauded by the press, a
very properly so, for suggesting me
. ation between the engineers and ra
; road managers in adjusting th(
t schedule of time and pay. The en
j ?neers threatened to strike if th?
i "wages were not increased from a
; ?proximately ten to eleven dollars p
:day and service reduced from ten
?eight hours and a similar readjui
i ment of the overtime schedule. O'
?women are working in the field, mai
lof them barefooted, for, Jess than ?
.cents uer day, and their schedule
. ;the rising sun and the evening sta
and after the day's work is over th?
?milk the cows, slop the bogs and roc
.the baby to sleep, is gijtine media
-?ng over their problems, and to who:
shall they threaten a strike?
Congress has listened approving]
to those who toil at the forge and b
:hind the counter, and many of 01
statesmen have smiled at the threat
and have fanned the flame of unre?
|among industrial laborers. But won
-en are as surely the final victims <
?industrial warfare as they are th
burden-bearers in the war between ni
ftions, and those who arbitrate an
mediate the differences between cap
*tal and labor should not forget tha
when the expenses of any industry ar
unnecessarily increased, society foot
the bill by drafting a new eonsignmer
of women from the home to the fleh
Pinch no Crumb From Women's Crus
No financial award can be mad
without someone footing the bill. an>
we commend to those who accept th
responsibility of the distribution of ir
dustrial justice, the still small voice o
the woman in the field as she plead
for mercy, and we beg that they pincl
no crumb from her crust of bread o
put another patch upon her raggei
We Deg that they listen to th?
scream of horror from the eagle 01
every American dollar that is wrunf
from the brow of toiling women anc
hear the Goddess of Justice hiss at <
verdict that increases the want o\
woman tc satisfy the greed of man.
The women behind the counter am
in the factory cry aloud for sympathy
and the press thunders out in theil
defense and tbe pulpit pleads foi
mercy, but how about the woman ir
the field? Will not these powerful
exponents of human rights turn theil
talent, energies and influence to hei
.relief? Will the Goddess of Liberty
enthroned at Washington hold the cal
loused hand and soothe the feverish
brow of her sex who sows and reaps
:the nation's harvest or will she permit
the male ol' the species to shove
women-weak and weary-from the
\bread-Hne of industry to the back al
leys of poverty?
Women and Children First.
The census enumerators tell us that
of the 1.514,000 women who work in the
fields as farm hands 409.000 are six
teen years of as? and under. What is
the final destiny of a nation whose fu
ture mothers spend their girlhood days
behind the plow, pitching hay and
hauling manure, and what is to become
of womanly culture and refinement
that grace the home, charm society
and enthuse man to leap to glory in
noble achievements if our daughters
are raided in the society of the ox and
the companionship of the plow?
in that strata between the ages of
sixteen and forty-five are 950.000 wom
en working as farm hands and many
of them with suckling oahes tug
ging ai their breasts; as drenched
in Perspiration, they wield the scythe
A Test for Liver Complaint
The Liver, sluggish and inactive,
first shows itself in a mental state
unhappy and critical. Xever is
there joy in living, as when the
Stomach and Liver are doing their
work. Keep your Liver active and
healthv by using Dr. King's New
Life Pills; they empty the bowels
freely, tone up your Stomach, cure
yonr Constipation and purify the
Blood. 25c at Druggist, Bucklen's
Arnica Salve excellent for Piles.
The treasures of the deep are not so
As are the concealed comforts of a
Lock'd up In a woman's love. I scent
Of blessings, when I come but near
What ? a delicious breath marriage
The violet bed's not sweeter!
THE SCHOOL LUNCH PROBLEM.
As school opens there are thousands
of mothers who will tie troubled over
the child s lunch,
so that a few ideas
will be welcomed
just now. One
likes the lunch to
be tempting as
well as nourishing,
and it means
thought and planning to accomplish
this so that they may not say, with
Dickens: "I live on broken wittles."
The country child who trudges over
long country roads in the pure, sweet
air, will need a heartier and more sat
isfying food than the child who leaves
a steam-heated house and is sheltered
from nature's wind and air.
Few know the nutritive value of
nuts. A lunch basket should never be
packed without a few of some kind
Baked apples, jellies of various
kinds, and fruits are always most
satisfactory lunch basket foods.
Home-Made Deviled Ham.-Chop
very fine one pint of boiled ham, more
fat than lean, six hard cooked eggs,
one teaspoonful of mustard, the made
kind, season and press in a mold.
This will keep for weeks, and makes
fine filling for sandwiches.
Cottage cheese, cream cheese, and
always any kind of cheese is good for
the lunch. Wrap it well.
Baked Bean Sandwiches.-Mash cold
baked beans to a paste, season with
mustard, and finely chopped celery,
spread between buttered brown bread.
Creamed Cookies.-Cream a half
cupful of butter, add one cupful of
sugar, one weil beaten egg and a half
cupful of milk, three and a half cup
fuls of flour, one teaspoonful of soda,
and two of cream of tartar, then fla
vor with lemon. Roll out and cut and
put the following filling in between
two cookies before baking. Cook un
til thick, one cupful of raisins, juice
and rind of a lemon, one cupful of
sugar and a half cupful of water,
with two teaspoonfuls of corn starch.
Half of this will be sufficient for a
small rule of cookies. ;
Let us get rid of our false estimates,
set up all the hight-r ideals-a quiet
home; cultivate vines of our own
planting; a few bool;s full of Inspira
tion of genius: a few friends worthy
of being loved and able to love us in
turn; a hundred Innocent pleasures
that bring no pain or remorse: a devo
tion to the right that will never
swerve: a simple religion empty of all
bigotry, full of trust and hope and
love: and to such a philosophy this
world will give up all the empty joy it
This wholesome, delicate-flavored
nut is not appreciated a3 it should be.
There are any number of
delicious dishes to be
made wholly of the nut
or in combination with
Chestnut Custard. -
Blanch, boil until soft
and mash through a col
ander a quantity of
chestnuts; to one cupful
of the pulp add three
yolks of eggs and one beaten white,
one cupful of milk and half a tea
spoonful of vanilla extract, with sugar
to taste. Pour into a buttered dish
and bake slowly. Make a meringue
with remaining whites and two table
spoonfuls of sugar, spread over and
brown in the oven. Garnish with pre
Chestnut Sauce.-After roasting a
turkey, remove the fat from the pan
gravy and stir in two tablespoonfuls
of flour to the little fat left, which will
be about three tablespoonfuls; if more
than that, let it cook down. Pour in
two cupfuls of boiling water, stir un
til smooth and thick. Season with salt
and pepper and add a pint of mashed
cooked chestnuts, a tablespoonful of
chili sauce or a few drops of tabasco.
Pour into a sauce boat and serve with
Mashed Chestnuts. - These are
served in place of potatoes and are
seasoned as one does potatoes. Cook
the blanched nuts in milk until very
soft, then mash and season with salt
Curried Chestnuts.-Shell and blanch
ono pound of chestnuts; stew in stock
until tender. Melt two tablespoonfuls
of butter, add a teaspoonful of sugar
and a sliced onion, one chipped apple,
one tablespoonful of curry and a tea
spoonful of sweet chutney; moisten
with one cup of stock or gravy and
cook until the apple ls soft, then rub
through a sieve, add a squeeze of
lemon juice and simmer until the nuts
have absorbed the flavor. Serve with
plain boiled rice.
CORN CLUB PRIZES
Scholarships and Cash Given by H. G.
Hastings in South Carolina
and Other States
Atlanta, Ga.-(Special.)-Corn club
prizes for Southern boys in South Car
olina and nine other corn-growing
states of this section have been renew
ed for 1915 by H. G. Hastings, gen
eral chairman of the Georgia corn
show committee and chairman of tne
agricultural committee of the Atlanta
chamber of commerce.
The prizes amount in all to $1,200,
in cash and scholarships, and will be
awarded under the direction of the
government corn club agents in each
In South Carolina Mr. Hastings has
offered $100 to be divided into tnree
cash prizes of $50, $30 and $20, or to
be awarded in scholarship form, ac
cording to the wishes of the South
Carolina corn club authorities.
In Florida, Alabama, Mississippi,
Louisiana, Texas and North Carolina,
Mr. Hastings offers $100 in each state,
either in cash or scholarships, accord
ing to local arrangement. In Georgia,
his home state, he offers a $250 schol
arship in the State College of Agri
culture and two additional cash prizes
of $30 and $20, respectively.
The great educational value and
constructive force of the corn club
contests, in addition to the marvels
they are accomplishing in increased
corn productions, are emphasized in
an interview given o.it by Mr. Hast
ings in connection with his announce
ment of prizes. Mr, Hastings said:
"The interest now being taken in
corn production, by the federal gov
ernment, by state officials, by leading
organisations and individuals, is, in
my opinion, the greatest constructive
force now operative in agricultura?
affairs in America. For too long tne
tendency of education in the rural
school Avas to draw boys away from
the farm, but the corn clubs are now
combining with true agricultural edu
cation to influence the boys to form
new ideas and new ideals of farm
life. The corn club work is growing
in value and importance with each
Will Surely Stop That Gouaft.
i|i|i|?h|llii||lllMli|l"Hi';:,ilitli.niii,nih ill" ?:;i::|:i|?Hil?HJ
J F the child has a b
study by. The i
saves eye strain. It
its best-clear, mellon
The RAYO does noi
is easy to light, easy t
rewick. The RAYi
cannot get a better la
Washington. D. C
Medical College of the
Departmenss of Mei
Owned and Conti
86th Session Opens October ls
Fine New Building ready for c(
tageously located opposite Roper Hi
in the South, where abundant c
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Stud
Large and well-equipped Labon
Department of Physiology and
?1 Charleston Museum.
Nine full time teachers in Lab<
i Six graduated appointments ea
For catalog1 adriress:
5 1 OSCAR W. SCHLEE
Our materials have advanced consi
mense stock before rise of market,
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as form*
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVA?
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will
never be lower.
Your ('old is Dangerous Break
A Cold is readily catching A
run-down system is susceptible to
Germs. You owe it to yourself
and to others of your house-hold to
fight the Germs at once. Dr. Bell's
Pine-Tar-Roney is fine for Colds
and Coughs. It loosens the Mu
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the Lungs. It's guaranteed. Only
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BUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
j inactive liven?.
I ' LIV-VER.LAXis
? a natural, vegetable remedy that
j will get the liver right and make
J these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
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Get a 50c or %1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
! irist today. Everv bottle bears thg
likeness of L. K. G rigs by, who
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GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ig, generous light to
is kerosene light at
w, and unflickering.
t smoke or smell. It
:o clean, pnd easy to
) costs little, but you
mp at any price.
ERSEY) Chcrlotte, N. C.
lyi/^lllt? Charleston, W. Va.
VlUKfc. Charleston. S. C.
State of South Carolina
Jicine and Pharmacy,
rolled by the State,
t, 1914. Closes June 3rd, 1915
rcupancy October 1st, 3914. Advan
ospiial, one of the largest Hospitals
finical material is altered, con
ents in Medicine and Pharmacy a
itories in both Schools.
Embryology in afRJiation with the
ch year in medicine.
TER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
iii' ? i\y\i*n^?*nnTjat'royi" ,'?! u,u -wnirTioaga II|.j?"!?>? riT* T
:E IN PRICE
?T OF WAR
iderably, but having purchased im
we are offering the SAME AT
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S?IZED (CORRUGATED IRON and
pay you to buy NOW as prices will
1009 Broad Street
Woman Finally Recovers
From Nervous Breakdown
Impoverished nerves destroy many
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complete nervous breakdown. It
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dition, as thc nerves are the source
of all bodily pow?r. Mrs. Rosa
Bonner, 825 N. 18th St., Birming
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"I have been suffering with nerv
ous prostration for nine or ten
years. Have tried many of the best
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T went into convulsions. My little
Dr. Miles' Nervine
advertised in the papers and I at
once began to take lt. I continued
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nimble to bear your part of the
daily grind of life, you need some
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You may not realize what is the mat
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why you should delay treatment.
Dr. Miles' Nervine ?
has proven its value in nervous dis
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a trial, no matter how many other
remedies have failed to help vou.
Cold by all druggists. If first' bottle
falls to benefit your money is returned.
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
FREE ^Jg^ FREE
In Three Volumes
This man caused the last
general European war.
His personal memoirs, written
by his secretary, Baron De
Meneval, are full of the most
absorbing incidents, especially in
view of the present great Euro
Just a hundred years ago, his ambi-'
tions bathed the Continent in a sea of
blood. France alone, under his leader
ship, fought Germany, Russia, Austria,
Italy, and Great Britain-and --won.
Get these Memoirs
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FRANK MAYNARD, Prop.,
Edgefield, South Carolina.
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near Monetta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
300 acres near Celestia or
Davis' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda counties.
50 acres near Edgefield'C.
250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tract* near meeting
Street, and other tracts near
Monetta and Batesburg. f
A. 8. TOMPKINS,
Edgefield, S. C '
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
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All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 50per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper, W ednesday Jan. 13.
Meriwether, Thursday Jan. 14.
Collier, Friday Jan. 15.
Red Hill, Saturday Jan. 16.
Clark's Monday Jan. 18.
Modoc, Tuesday Jan. 19.
Parksville, Wednesday Jan. 20.
Plum Branch, Thursday Jan. 21.
Morgan's Store Friday Jan. 22.
Liberty Hill, Saturday Jan. 23.
Cleora, Monday Jan. 25.
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday Jan. 26.
Meeting Street, Wednesday Jan. 27.
Johnston, Thursday Jan. 28.
Kerrin's Store, Friday Jan. 29.
Trenton, Saturday Jan. 30.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescibed
J. R. TI M M ERM AN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
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Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops the
Cough and Headache and works off thc Cold.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. VV. GROVE'S signature on each box. i>c
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The Old Standard general strengthening tonic.
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC, drives out
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