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"There is something: with a vegetable
or some rice in it. which is a sort of
short hand or arbitrary character for
soup, and which tastes very veil when
you have flavored it with plenty of
cheese, lots of salt and an abundance
of pepper. There is naif a fowl of
which this soup has been made. There
ls a stewed pigeon with the gizzards
and livers of himself and other birds
stuck all around him. There ls a bit
^f roast beef the size of a small
French roll. There are a scrap of Par
mesan cheese and five little withered
apples, all huddled together on a small
plate, and crowding upon the other as
If each were trying to save itself from
the chance of being eaten. Then there
ls coffee, and then there ls bed."
SOME GOOD THINGS.
As we are fortunately, not all alike
in our tastes, each may find the dish
he likes best in the
array of good
things which are
Ham Salad, Jel
I Tgn^y-j lied.-Soak a quar
. ter of a box of gel
atin in one-quarter of a cupful of cold
water, add three-quarters of a cupful of
boiling chicken stock and strain. Add
one cupful of ham chopped and highly
seasoned with cayenne and lemon
juice. Let stand until it begins to
thicken, then add a cupful of whipped
cream and turn into a mold
Sweet Potatoes and Apples, South
ern Style.-Put a layer of boiled sweet
potatoes in a deep buttered baking
dish, add some melted butter to sea
son,"and then a layer of tart apples, a
sprinkling of sugar; repeat until four
potatoes and three apples are used,
with four tablespoonfuls of butter and
one-half cupful of sugar. Over the top
pour one cupful of rich milk and bake
for an hour in a moderate oven.
Brown Hash.-Chop fine cold beef j
or mutton, freed from fat and gristle, j
add an equal quantity of chopped pota
toes, previously cooked, and sufficient
stock or water to moisten. Heat slow
ly until very hot, sprssd over the top
onough beef fat or butter to cover,
draw away from the direct heat and let
it cook slowly 20 minutes. Fold like an
omelet and turn out on a hot platter.
Olive Sandwiches.-Chop fine and
pound to a pulp a dozen olives and a
half cupful of crisp celery, add ari
eighth of a teaspoonful of made mus
tard, one teaspoonful of catchup, two
tablespoonfuls of cracker crumbs, very
fine, and a cupful of mayonnaise.
If you're on the gloomy Une.
Get a transfer:
If you're inclined to fret and pine
Get off the track of Doubt and Gloom,
Get on the Sunshine Train, there'e
Get a transfer.
THINGS WORTH KNOWING.
An excellent way to keep doilies
fresh is to get a strip of pretty mate
rial, hem on one end
and cut a broom stick a
little longer than the
width of the largest cen
terpiece, tack the mate
rial to the handle, then
lay or pin on your doi
lies and roll them up. If
you want to make this
for a gift it can be tied
with pretty ribbons and
makes a most acceptable one.
A nice sauce for ice cream if pep
permint is liked is this: Break a few
pieces of striped peppermint stick
candy into bits and dissolve in two or
three tablespoonfuls of boiling water.
The color adds to its appearance and
makes a fine sauce for ice cream.
When you get oil from the roads
these days of oiled roads, try kero
sene on all washed goods, rub it in
well and then soap and water will
remove the stain.
Add a few tablespoonfuls of plums
to canned cherries when making pies,
the result will be a fresh cherry pie.
Before using blankets or comforters
baste a strip of cheese cloth or a piece
ot old sheets across the top to pro
tect them from soil. These strips
may be taken off and washed and
the comforts are always sweet and
Whiting, mixed with turpentine
cleans nickel well. Just wet the whit
ing with the turpentine and rub with
Washing stockings before wearing
when new, a?d after wearing once,
will keep them for a much longer
time without holes. This is especially
true of silk stockings.
Leftovers of fish may be safely kept
In a refrigerator if put into a mason
jar and seal with a cover.
To whiten canvas shoes use an or
dinary starch mixed with water to
make it thin enough to put on.
In case of illness where plasters
are needed, mustard mixed with flour
may be kept all ready to mix in a
hurry, when needed by adding water,
when it is ready to use.
When bedding and blankets are too
short, sew a stout piece of unbleached
cotton to the bottom which, will tuck
THE FARMERS THE CUSTODIANS
OF THE NATION'S MORALITY.
Co-operation of Church, School and
Press Essential to Community
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union.
The church, the press and the school
form a triple alliance of progress that
guides the destiny of every commun
ity, state and nation. Without them
civilization would wither and die and
through them life may attain its great
est blessing, power and knowledge.
The farmers of this nation are greatly
indebted to this social triumvirate for
their uplifting influence, and on behalf
of the American plowmen I want to
thank those engaged in these high
callings for their able and efficient
service, and I shall offer to. the press
a series of articles on co-operation
between these important influences
and the farmers in the hope of in
creasing the efficiency of all by mu
tual understanding a nd organized ef
fort We will take up, first, the rural
The Farmers Are Great Church Build
The American farmer is the greatest
church builder the world has ever
known. He is the custodian of the
nation's morality; upon his shoulders
rests the "ark of the covenant" and
he is more responsive to religious in
fluences than any other class of cit
The farmers of this nation have
built 120,000 churches at a cost of
$750,000,000, and the annual contribu
tion of the nation toward all church
institutions approximates $200,000,000
per annum. The fanners of the Uni
ted States build 22 churches per day.
There are 20,000,000 rural church com
municants on the farm, and 54 per
cent of the total membership of all
churches reside in the country.
The farm is the power-house of all
progress and the birthplace of all that
is noble. The Garden of Eden was
in the country and the man who would
get close to God must first get close
to na ture.
The Functions of a Rural Church.
If the rural churches today are go
ing to render a service which this age
demands, there must be co-operation
between the religious, social and eco
nomic life of the community.
The church to attain its fullest meas
ure of success must enrich the lives
of the people in the community it
serves; it must build character; devel
op thought and increase the efficiency
of human life. It must serve the so
cial, business and intellectual, as well
as the spiritual and moral side of life.
If religion does not make a man more
capable, mor? useful and more just,
what good is it? We want a practical
religion, one we can live by and farm
by, as well as die ny.
Fewer a id Better Churches.
Blessed is that rural community
which iias but one place of worship.
While competition is the life of trade,
it is death to the rural church and
moral starvation to the community.
Petty sectarianism ?B a scourge that
blights the life, and the church preju
dice saps the vitality, of many com
munities. An over-churched commun
ity is a crime against religion, a seri
ous handicap to society and a useless
tax upon agricultura
While denominations are essential
and church pride commendable, the
high teaching of universal Christianity
must prevail if the rural church is to
fulfill its mission to agriculture. .
We frequently hfcve three or four
churches in a community which is not
able to adequately support one. Small
congregations attend services once a
month and all fail to perform the re
ligious functions of the community.
The division of religious forces and
the breaking into fragments of moral
efforts ls ofttimes little less than a
calamity and defeats the very purpose
they seek to promote. '
The evils of too many churches can
be minimized Dy co-operation. The
social and economic life of a rural
community are respective units and
cannot De successfully divided by de
nominational ?ines, and the churches
can only occupy this important field
by co-operation and co-ordination.
The efficient country church will
definitely serve its community by lead
ing in all worthy efforts ac community
building, in uniting the people in all
co-operative endeavors for the gen
eral welfare of the community and tn
arousing a real love for country life
and loyalty to the country home and
these results can only be successfully
accomplished by the united effort of
the press, the school, the church and
Peculiarity of Lcttuco Flowers.
Although many plants close their
leaves and flowers at the approach of
rain, lettuce flowers open their widest
at such times.
Until the year 1574 Japanese doc
tors vaccinated their patients on the
tip of the nose.
Dally Optimistic Thought.
When oae door shuts a hundred
WE ARE LONG ON PRODUCTION,
SHORT ON DISTRIBUTION.
By Peter Radford
Lecturer National Farmers' Union.
The economic distribution of farm
products is today the world's greatest
problem and the war, while it has
brought its hardships, has clearly em
phasized the importance ol! distribu
tion as a factor in American agricul
ture and promises to give the farm
ers the co-operation of the govern
ment and the business men the
solution of their marketing problem.
; This result will, in a measure, com
pensate us for our war losses, for the
'business interests and government
bave been in the main assisting al
most exclusively on the production
side of agriculture. While the depart
;ment of agriculture has been dumping
tons of literature on the fanner telling
him how to produce, the farmer has
been dumping tons of products in the
nation's garbage can for want of a
The World Will Never Starve.
At no time since Adam and Eve
were driven from the Garden of Eden
have the inhabitants of this world
suffered from lack of production, but
.some people have gone hungry from |
?the day of creation to this good hour j
;for the lack of proper distribution.
Slight variations in production have
forced a change in diet and one local
ity has felt the pinch of want, while
another surfeited, hut the world as a
whole has ever been a land of nlenty.
We now have less than one-tenth of
the tillable land of the earth's surface
under cultivation, and we not only
have this surplus area to diaw on but
it is safe to estimate that in case of
dire necessity one-half the earth's
population could at the present time
knock their living out of the trees
of the forest,- gather it from wild
vines and draw it from streams. No
one should become alarmed; the
world will never starve.
The consumer has alwe.ys feared
that the producer would not supply
him and his fright has found expres
sion on the statute books of our states
and nations and the farmer has been |
urged to produce recklessly and with
out reference to a market, and regard
less of the demands of the consumer.
Back to the Soil.
The city people have been urging
each other to,move back to the farm;
.but very few of them have moved.
We welcome our city cousins back to
the soil and this earth's surface con
tains 16,092,160,000 idle acres of till?
able land where they can make a
?living by tickling the earth wilina
forked stick, but we do not need them
so far as increasing production is con
cerned; we now have all the producers
we can use. The city man has very
erroneous ideas of agricultural condi
tions. The commonly accepted theory
that we are short on production is all
wrong. Our annual increase in pro
duction far exceeds that of our in
crease in population.
The World as a Farm.
Taking the world as one big farm,
we find two billion acres of land in
cultivation. Of this amount there is
approximately 750,000,000 acres on the
western and 1,260,000.000 acres on the
eastern hemisphere, in cultivation.
This estimate, of course, does not in
clude grazing lands, forests, etc.,
where large quantities of meat are
The world's annual crop approxi
mates fifteen billion bushels of ce
reals, thirteen billion pounds of fibre
and sixty-five million tons of meat
The average annual world crop for
the past five years, compared with the
previous five years, is as follows:
Past Half Previous Half
Crops- Decade. Decade.
Oom (Bu.) 3,934,174,000 3,403,655,000
Wheat (Bu.) 3,522,769,000 3,257,526,000
Oats (Bu.) 4,120,017,000 3.508,315,000
Cotton (Bales) 19,863,800 17.541,200
Tne world shows an average in
crease in cereal production of 13 per
cent during the past decade, compared
with the previous five years, while the
world's population shows an increase
of only three per cent
The gain in production far exceeds
chat of our increase in population, and
it is safe to estimate th?t the farmer
can easily increase production 25 per
cent ii a remunerative market can be
found for the products. In textile
fibres the world shows an increase
during the past half decado in produc
tion of 15 per cent against a popula
tion increase of three per cent.
The people of this nation should
address themselves to the subject of
improved facilities for distribution.
Over-production and crop mortgage
force the farmers into ruinous com
petition with each other. The remedy
lies m organizion and in co-opera
tion in marketing,
Stop the Child's Cold They
Often Result Serie usly.
Colds, Croup and Whooping
Cough are children's ailments which
need immediate attention. The af
ter-effects are often most serious.
Don't take the risk-you don't have
to. Dr. Kin er's New Discovery
checks the Cold, soothes the Coutrb,
allays the Inflammation, kills the
Germs and allows Nature to do her
healiriir work. 50c. at your Drug
gist. Buj a bottle to-day.
Emerson saya: "Whatever brings
the dweller of a home into finer life,
what educates his eye, or ear or hand,
what purifies or enlarges him, may
well fing a place there." He says one
does not need to own rare works of
art to have beauty in the home. "The
fountain of beauty is the heart, and
every generous thought illustrates the
walls of your chamber."
A GROUP OF SOUPS.
For a noonday lunch a hot, whole
some, nutritious soup is quickly made
available for the
energy for tho
whether at school,
office or out shop
ping. Soups made
beans and other
vegetables are . a
pleasant relief from those made from
meat. To insure proper insalivation,
a hard cracker or a crouton should be
served with the soup.
Cream of Onion Soup.-Slice three
cupfuls of onion and place in a pan,
put into a hot oven and stir and bake
until of a beautiful gold color. While
hot press through a sieve, using wa
ter to facilitate the process. Add two
tablespoonfuls of butter to three of
browned flour, add a cupful of milk,
and cook until smooth, then add a
cupful of water, salt and a dash of
red pepper, the onion mixture, and
serve very hot, after adding at the last
a cupful of thin cream.
Vegetable Soup-Cook the follow
ing vegetables for 45 minutes: A half
cupful each of riced potatoes, chopped
cabbage, beans, onions, three-fourths
of a cupful of diced turnips, a fourth
of a cupful of diced carrots, a tea
spoonful of salt, and two tablespoon
fuls of butter added just before serv
ing. Cover to cook with a quart of
water and see that the evaporation
of the water is supplied with fresh
so that a quart of water'\is left to
serve with the vegetables.
Creole Soup.-Add to a small diced
turnip a small carrot, a large onion,
two cupfuls of boiling water, a table
spoonful of rice and a cupful of to
mato puree, that is tomato put through
a sieve to remove seeds. Cook until
tender, rub through a sieve, add a cup
ful of boiling water, two tablespoon
fuls of butter, a teaspoonful of salt,
and a cupful of small green peas. Re
heat and serve.
Clear soups, like bouillons are usu
ally served in cups which have two
handles, and when a spoon can no
longer be used the soup is sipped from
The reason so few people get what
they want ls because they don't want
it hard enough to use real effort in
bringing things their way.-Max.
DISHES OLD AND NEW.
Tripe is a food which is easily di
gested, but one which is not as often
on our tables as it should
Tripe Fricassee. -
Scrape a pound of tripe
thoroughly, cut it in
? i (fl small pieces and cover
IA \J? with cold water. Let lt
boil for fifteen minutes,
throw away the water
and wash again in fresh
water. Then cover with
cold water and simmer for five hours
very gently; add one small onion,
chopped; after cooking for fifteen
minutes drain off the water and add
two cupfuls of milk. Now stir in a
tablespoonful of cornstarch, mixed
with a little cold milk, a grating of
nutmeg, salt and pepper; stir until it
boils. Remove from the heat, add the
yolk of an egg, mix well and serve
Tongue Canape.-Canapes are usu
ally eaten with the fingers and served
at the beginning of the dinner. Some
elaborate kinds must be eaten with a
Toast triangles of graham bread,
spread with butter. Cut slices of
cooked tongue In small pieces, mix
with creamed butter, add two table
spoonfuls of capers to each half-cup of
tongue. Spread on the bread. Sprinkle
with salt and cayenne and garnish
with chopped watercress.
Sardine Canapes.-Cut brown bread
In circles, spread with butter and
heat in the oven. Pound sardines to
a paste, add an equal amount of finely
chopped hard-cooked eggs, season
with lemon juice and Worcestershire
sauce. Spread on the circles. Gar
nish each with the center circle of
hard-cooked egg, filled with a tea
spoonful of the yolk put through a
sieve or ricer.
Crab Canapes.-Cut bread in slices
a quarter of an inch in thickness,
three inches long and an inch and a
half wide. Spread with butter and
brown in the oven. Mix a cup of
crab meat with a teaspoonful of lemon
juice, two drops of tabasco sauce, half
a teaspoonful of salt, a few drops of
onion juice and two tablespoonfuls of
olive oil. Mark the bread diagonally
in four sections and spread alternately
with cheese and the crab mixture.
Separate the sections with finely
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 60 per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my repres?ntative will be . at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper, "W ednesday Jan. 13.
Meriwether, Thursday Jan. 14.
Collier, Friday Jan. 16. f
Red Hill, Saturday Jan. 16.
Clark's Monday Jan. 18.
Modoc, Tuesday Jan. 19.
Parksville, Wednesday Jan. 20.
Plum Branch, Thursday Jan. 21.
Morgan's Store Friday J*an. 22.
Liberty Hill. Saturday Jan. 23.
Cleora, Monday Jan. 25.
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday Jan. 26.
Meeting Street, Wednesday Jan. 27.
Johnston, Thursday Jan. 28.
Herrin 's Store, Friday Jan. 29.
Trenton, Saturday Jan. 30.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescibed
J. R. TIM MERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Hemstreet & Bro.
GEORGIA R. R. BANK
655 BROAD STREET
Better Light a
and old eyes alike. J
give you kerosene j
steady, generous glo^
corner of the room.
The RAYO does not smo
solid brass, nickel-plated,
clean, easy to rewick. Al
Washington, D. C
Medical College of the
Departmenss of Mee
Owned and Conti
E6th Session Opens October isl
Fine New Building ready for oe
tageously located opposite Roper H(
in the South, where abundant c
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Studi
Large and well-equipped Labora
Department of Physiology and
Nine full time teachers in Labo
Six graduated appointments ea(
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEK
Our materials have advanced consi
mense stock before rise of market,
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as forme
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVA>
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will
never be lower.
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBVS LIV-VERLAX is
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every, bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Light Saw, Lathe'and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes." WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
THE BEST FOh;
BITTERS AND KIDNEYS
nd More of It
t is best for young
light at its best -a
w that reaches every
ke or smell. It is made of
It is essy to light, easy to
t dealers everywhere.
ERSEY) Charlotte. N.C
imrtr Charleston, W. Va.
MORE Charleston. S.C.
State of South Carolina
ou th Carolina
licine and Pharmacy,
oiled by the State.
t, 1914. Closes June 3rd, 1915
cupancy October 1st, 3914. Advan
)spital, one of the largest Hospitals
linical material is offered, con
mts in Medicine and Pharmacy a
tories in both Schools.
Embryology in affiliation with the
:h year in medicine.
rER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
E IN PRICE
?T OF WAR
derably, but having purchased im
we are offering the SAME AT
xly. Get our prices on METAL
IIZED CORRUGATED IRON aud
pay you to buy NOW as prices will
1009 Broad Street