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BETTER ROADS AND SCHOOLS
;Farmers Beginning to See That Edu
cation Furnished in One-Roona
I Building Is Not Adequate.
Sooner or later we shall be driven
-to the centralization of schools in
"panie form, not necessarily to tho
^township school; but we are all he
k?mnlng to see that the education fur
mished in the one-room school with
-4ten or twelve pupils on an average, is
-not what the farmer needs, and costs
?ore than it ls worth. Therefore, we
?take it that we shall be driven to some
hdnd of consolidation. When farmers
iget around to the point of figuring
what their schools actually cost them
per pupil per day, and realize the in
adequacy of this iind of training to
fit their children for farm life, they
will remedy it by bunching the schools
Before this can be done effectively
"there mast be good roads, roads over
which the children can be carried
^comfortably to a large school "where
-.they will have the training that fits
.them for life, and in the larger schools
.?a training that will take the place of
that of the town school, at vastly less
expense and less danger to the health
and morals of the pupil. To do this
;"we must have good roads, and good
?dirt roads at that; for nine-tenths of
.?the roads that lead to the schoolhouse
and to the country church must be dirt
~ There are places in some of the
.eastern states where the children go
,to school in automobiles. There are
-ethers where they go on roller skates,
as, for example, where cement roads
Stave been established. As we have
often pointed out, it is possible to have
a dirt road good throughout most of
the year, simply through the use of
the road drag after the road has been
graded and drained and supplied with
culverts and bridges.
There is, therefore, a very close con
section between the road drag and
education. No law, however, can cora
bel the farmer to use the road drag
irisely. They must come to it of their
<pwn accord. They must get to a point
..where it will be a disgrace to any
./"flamer not to drag his road after ev
A Country Road Near Madison, Wis.,
Where Native Vegetation Has Been
Preserved and More cf the Kind
ery rain. Most people don't realize
3'et what a good road can be made in
time by the use of the drag, not in
.one year, nor in two: but if the road is
dragged after every rain, it will by and
by become so hard and smooth and
elastic that>t will require a very con
siderable rain to put it out of condi
tion. Few people realize what a great
improvement can be made in the road
.in even a few months by the use of
the drag just as the road is drying ott
after each rain.
METHOD OF DRAGGING ROADS
^Sbnly a Small Amount of Earth ls
Moved, Just Enough to Fill the
Ruts and Depressions.
I dragging roads only a small
amount of earth is moved, just enough
to fill the ruts and depressions with a
thin layer of plastic clay or earth
which packs very hard so that the next
rain instead of finding ruts, depres
sions, and clods in which to collect
runs off, leaving the surface but little
The drag should be light and rhould
Tie drawn over the road at an angle of
-about forty-five degrees. The driver
should ride on the drag and should
jnot drive faster than a walk. One
round trip, each trip straddling a
Tfheel track, is usually sufficient to fill
-the ruts and smooth the surface.
Good roads always contribue to the
social advancement of the community.
tVhile the towns and cities are greatly
benefited by good highways leading
?from the country to the towns and
cities, rural people are the greater
"beneficiaries, because farmers not only
advance on account of the saving in
marKeting their products, but they
improve their social, educational and
.religious standing, because of good
roads. Really there is no argument foi
poor roads, nor against building and
maintaining good roads.
HAS DISTINCTIVE AIR
NOVEL TOUCHES IN NEW SUIT
j That ft ls Not of a Pattern ls Its Chief
t Charm-Lapis-Lazuli Blue Velour
ls the Most Suitable Mate
rial to Use.
In fashions the unusual is accorded
first place in our hearts by virtue of
that erer-present desire for novelty.
Indeed, the kaleidoscopic changes in
fashions, ridiculed by so many of ns,
are principally brought about through
our own pursuit of variety-which
goes to make the "spice of life."
if you have your own ideas of nov
elty and originality use them by al!
means-tempered with discretion, of
course-and you will find a stepping
stone away from the commonplace A
few small touches that express indi
viduality go farther towarri assuring
I the success of a suit or gown than
does any pattern that is a type, no
I matter how new.
The chic suit illustrated here finds
distinction in a novel method of in
troducing fullness in the skirt, and in
its blouselike jacket witbra broad belt
that buttons in back. ;
Lapis-lazuli blue velour is used
here, with self-covered buttons and
white or taupe fox trimmings.
The blouse portion of the jacket
fastens directly in front up to the
neck, which is finished with a high
turn-over of white satin. It is bloused
j slightly on a band of silk belting, over j
! which the deep outside belt is but- !
toned at the rear. The outside belt I
can only be tacked at the top to the J
center front of the jacket, and then,1
after the inside is hooked in place in 1
front, it is adjusted about the waist. I
Long sleeves are set smoothly into '
the armholes and given a fitted ?u2 1
buttoned up the outside, and a turned- '
back flaring cuff of white satin. i
The long tunic's novel fullness over !
either hip is in the shape of a half
circle of the shirring in even rows. ?
The spaces between at front and back j
are slightly gathered across the top
to avoid a too abrupt plainness. Fur .
? is used as a border.
Olive green would be lovely for this j
' design with skunk furs and dull silver :
! PRETTY MADE-OVER FROCK
j Cld-Fashicned Silk Dress or Skirt Eas
ily Made Suitable for the Danc
I The ^?rl who loves dancing should
; make ;i raid on the discarded clothes
! closet and see whether it contains an
. old-fashioned silk dress, or even skirt
j of the seven-and-nine gored variety.
. If it does she is indeed lucky, for she
I has an up-to-date dancing frock almost
I ready to put on. If it is too large in
: the belt for her, all the better. She
j can put the fullness into gathers. If
; it is too long it can be cut off at the
I top and the gathers be set in just
j the same.
j If the material is in good condition
' the skirt may go untrimmed. Other
I wise it can be partially covered with
; folds of chiffon of the same color as
? the silk. These should graduate in j
! width, the widest coming at the bot- j
j tom. The waist can tie cut low (it
j will probably be plain) and the sleeves
j removed, to be replaced by chiffon
j dropped over as it drapes the waist,
i An edging ol' rosebud trimming at
: neck and sleeves and a ribbon sash
I will complete a very dainty frock. Two
I yards of chiffon at 98 cents a yard or
less will be sufficient, and the renovat
ing quickly done by the veriest ama
teur dressmakers, as there is neither
cutting nor fitting required.
Corduroy for Girls.
For young girls corduroy is decided
ly in fashion. It is used in brown,
blue and sometimes green, and when
it is made up in a suit with a full
skirt and long coat it is most, appro
priate for cold v/eather.
Making Dustless Dusters.
Wring out pieces of cheesecloth in
hot water and saturate with crude
oil. Another way of making a dust
less duster is to saturate the cheese
cloth with kerosene oil and hang it
in the sunlight to dry.
FOR COLORED SALADS
DISHES THAT ADD ATTRACTION
Possible to Make Them in Almost
Any Color Desired-Orange Salad
One of the Particular
Yellow.-To make a yellow salad at
thi3 time of year use the yellower
heart leaves of lettuce. On them put
diced orange pulp, dressed with
French dressing, and sprinkled with
chopped walnut meats. Or else scoop
out . the centers of small yellow
skinned apples and fill them with a
mixture of orange and apple, dressed
with mayonnaise made with lemon
juice for thinning and flavoring of
Green.-On green but tender leaves
9t lettuce, put a little mound of spin
i ach which has been boiled and
pressed through a sieve and mixed
with French dressing. In the center
of each mound, concealed by the spin
ach, put a spoonful of chopped hard
Green and White.-Peel and boil
I tiny white turnips of equal size and
I hollow out the center of each. Fill
j with cold boiled peas and mayonnaise
I and put on green lettuce leaves.
White.-Celery, potato, chicken
j white meat only-whitefish, blanched
! asparagus-any or two of these may
I be used for white salad. Dress with
French dressing or with a white may
onnaise, to which the beaten white
of an egg has been added and which
has been thinned with vinegar.
Red.-Scoop out the insides of to
matoes. Save the slice removed from
the top for a cover and replace it on
the tomato after filling it with a mix
ture of celery and nut meats, mixed
with mayonnaise. Place each tomato
on a white leaf of lettuce.
Pink.-Strain tomato juice and mix
it with equal quantity of white stock
-veal or chicken. Thicken sufficiently
with gelatin and harden in molds.
Serve on white lettuce leaves, with
1 mayonnaise that has been colored
with a little cranberry juice.
Orange Salad.-Make mayonnaise
with much egg yolk in proportion to
other ingredients, and thin with
cider vinegar. Dice tender carrots and
arrange on lettuce leaves, dressing
with orange mayonnaise.
If your soup is too salty try adding
a few slices of raw potatoes and cook
a little longer. The potatoes will ab
sorb the surplus salt.
Before stuffing a chicken rub it in
side and out with bacon drippings.
Sausage instead of stuffing in a chick
en is an agreeable thing.
A generous piece of newspaper
crumpled into ridges acts as an effi
cient drain to all croquettes, fritters,
doughnuts and bacon.
Rubber bands are inexpensive and
are of great use in preparing lunches
to fasten the waxed paper around
sandwiches, cakes, fruits, etc
When running dates or figs through
The meat chopper add a few drops of
lemon juice lo prevent the fruit from j
clogging the chopper. |
Kitchen scissors I'or cutting raisins j
and fi."!?, lettuce, parsley, and so on, j
are exceedingly handy.
Individual Cocoanut Pies.
Peat together the yolks of two eggs, j
one cupful sugar, three tablespoonfuls ;
flour and pinch of salt Add one pint j
boiling milk and stir briskly until it
thickens smoothly. Remove from
stove, flavor with vanilla and add
three-quarters cupful shredded cocoa
nut. Pour into individual shells that
have been previously baked. Make a
meringue of whites of two eggs and
a tablespoonful of sugar and drop on
pies. Brown in quite hot oven. These
are truly delicious.
Here is a way to use cold pota
toes which may be new: Melt three
tablespoonfuls of butter, add three
tablespoonfuls of flour and add grad
ually IV? cups of miik When thick
ened add one cupful each cooked
string beans, peas and cold boiled po
tatoes, cut in cubes Season with sait j
and paprika and 1er. stand 15 minutes j
over hot water before serving. As j
this calls for other vegetables it may i
help to use up the leftovers
Put two ounces of finely pounded
fresh roasted coffee into a pint of milk
with six ounces of loaf sugar; let it
boil, then leave it to get cold; strain it
on the yolks of six eggs in a double
boiler and stir on the fire till the
custard thickens; when quite cold
work into it a gill and a half of
whipped cream; freeze the mixture;
then fill the mold and keep on icu
until the time of serving.
More Comfortable Shoes.
Paste a round piece of black velvet
inside your low-cut shoes when they
begin to stretch, and you will not be
bothered with them slipping up and
To Prevent Tam-o'-3hanter Shrinking.
When washing a child's tam-o'
shanter hat, if you dry it over a din
ner plate it will not shrink.
That best portion of a good man's Hf*
His little nameless unremembered arts
Of kindness and of love.
FOODS TO TRY.
Did you ever make buttermilk
bread? If not, here ls something for
variety in bread
making. Take two
and a half cupfuls
of fresh sweet but
termilk, one table
spoonful of sugar,
two teaspoonfuls of
salt, half a cake of
and flour to make a stiff batter. Scald
half a pint of sifted flour with the
buttermilk, add the sugar and salt.
Dissolve tho yeast in tepid water ant*
add to the batter. Beat thoroughly
and let stand over night in a warm
place. In the morning it should be
very light and covered with air bub
bles. Take six pints of flour, add a
teaspoonful of salt, a half teaspoonful
of soda, a tablespoonful of lard; add
these to the sponge and knead 15
minutes, then set to rise in a very
warm place, well-covered to exclude
the air. When light again mold into
loaves, set to rise, and when light
bake as carefully as if they were
loaves of cake.
Prune Gelatin.-Soak a third of a
box of acidulated gelatin in half a
cupful of cold water for 15 minutes.
Pour on three-fourths of a cupful of
boiling water and add three-fourths
of a cupful of sugar, strain into a
pitcher and pour into a mold which
has been wet with cold water. Cook
a cupful of primes and remove the
stones. Chop and beat the prunes
into the gelatin mixture as it begins
to stiffen. Serve with thin sweetened
Apple Cream Pie.-Make any kind
of plain sponge cake batter; bake in
shallow, round cake tins. Split care
fully and fill with the following mix
ture: Pare and cut in eighths five
or six apples. Cook in as little water
as possible. Rub through a sieve or
colander, add half a cupful of sugar j
and the unbeaten whites of two eggs.
Whip with an egg beater until white j
and stiff. Flavor to taste.
A good substitute for maple sirup ,
is caramelized sugar sirup. Put a cup-1
ful of granulated sugar into a smooth, I
clean frying pan, stir until melted, j
then a<r* a pint of boiling water; stir, |
rdd another cupful and a half of sugar !
and boil until all is dissolved. This
will be a golden sirup of fine flavor
at much cheaper cost than the canned
So when two work together, each for
Is quick to plan, and can the other
But when alone one seeks the best to
His skill is weaker and his thoughts
If a cork gets down into a bottle,
take a stout string and tie a heavy
? S r?z> knot in it, let it down j
W?$$S^ into the bottle and shake '
?fp^?^ the cork into the neck, j
r ^A'l'j''^ then pull the string and
V Jj the knot will push up ;
S . the cork.
There is scarcely any I
Oo/-' W aclie J-? which children
Dre subject, which is so
hard to bear as ear ache. Almost in- i
stantaneous relief moy bo obtained by
makin? a paper funnel, saturating a ;
small piece of wanned cotton with ;
choloroform and drop it into the fun- j
ne! placed in the ear. Now place the
mouth close against, the large end of j
the funnel and blow into it; the fumes
of the choloroform will quickly re- ,
lieve the pain and if the head is kept
covered the patient will soon be at ?
A celebrated oculist recommends ?
that where grit, dirt or anything grit
ty gets into the eye, that the sufferer
lie down and have pure olive oil ;
poured upon the eyeball until all par
ticles are removed.
?f the clothing is on fire lie down j
and roll over to extinguish the flames. (
The shrieking and running for help, ;
crt rn outdoors, is the first impulse. |
but the open air only fans the flames. ?
If a rug or coat is quickly wrapped
around one the tire will be smoth- j
In case of having to pass through)
smoke or fire wrap a wet silk handker
chief over the mouth.
To remove old paint from windowsl
rub a lye solution over the window|
then use any scouring powder.
Tea and coffee pots should be filled!
with water. Add soda, then boil fori
20 minutes. Rinse and dry. The dark
colored water which will result from
this cleaning will surprise one who
has never tried it. The pots will look
clean and smell sweet.
Cosmetic Gloves for the Hands.
Take the yolks of two fresh eggs, twe
teaspoonfuls of almond oil, one ounce
of rose water and 3G grains of ben[
zoin" Beat the yolks, add the oil, anc
then the rosewater and tincture ofl
benzoin Put inside gloves and weaif
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 50 per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my represf ntative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper, W ednesday Jan. 13.
Meriwether, Thursday Jan. 14.
Collier, Friday Jan. 15.
Red Hill, Saturday Jan. 16.
Clark's Monday Jan. 18.
Modoc, Tuesday Jan. 19.
Parksville, Wednesday Jan. 29.
Hum Branch, ThursaayMan. 21.
Morgan's Store Friday,uJanJ22.
Liberty Hill, Saturday Jan. 23.
Cleora, Monday Jan. 25.
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday Jan. 26.
Meeting Street, Wednesday Jan. 27.
Johnston, Thursday Jan. 28.
Herrin 's Store, Friday Jan. 29.
Trenton, Saturday Jan. 30.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescibed
J. R. TIM MERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Hemstreet & Bro.
GEORGIA R. R. BANK
(555 BROAD STREET
The Rayo Re
THE bright, yet soft li
rests your eyes as su
is injurious to them. Sciei
of an oil lamp - and the
is the best oil lamp made.
Ask your dealer to shj
glare, no flicker. Easy to
Washington, D. C (NEW J.
Norfolk, Va. nu w
Richmond, Va. BAL i 1
Medical College of the
Owned and Conti
ECth Session Opens October ls
Fine New Building reedy for oe
taoeouslv located opposite Roper H<
in the South, where aLundant c
tains 21S beds. '
Practical work for Senior Stud?
Special Feature. .
Large and well-equipped Labora
Department of Physiology sui
Nine full time teachers in Larc
Six gr.':duated aj pointments eai
b'or catalog address:
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due t*
GRIGSBY'S LIV-VER.LAX ir
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
? effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of thia
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAAVS
Gins and Press Repairs.
The Pills That Do Cure.
sts Your Eyes
ght of the RAYO Lamp
rely as a harsh white glare
irists recommend thc light
ow you the Rayo. No
light and care for.
ERSEY) Charlotte, N. C.
n 'r\n, -> Chcrlc-.?on, W. Va.
State of South Carolina
iicine and Pharmacy,
rolled by the State.
t, 1914. Closes June 3rd, 1915
cupfncy October 1st, 1914. Advan
ispital, "one of the largest Hospitals
linical material is offered, con
ant's in Medicine and Pharmacy a
tories in both Schools.
EmLiyoiogy in afTiiiation with the
:h year in medicine.
1ER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
IE IN PRICE
IT OF WAR
derably, but having purchased im
we are offering the SAME AT
;rly. Get our prices on METAL
N?IZED CORRUGATED IRON and
pay you to buy NOW as prices will
1009 Broad Street