Newspaper Page Text
MAKING DIRT ROADS BETTER
Foreman Must Know What, How and
When to Plow-Avoid Building Up
Too Much at One Time.
(Ey E. VAN BENTHUYSEN.)
With a sandy soil and a subsoil of
clay, or clay and gravel, plow deep
so as to raise and mix the clay with
the surface soil and sand. The com
bination forms a sand-clay, road at
If the road be entirely of sand a
mistake will be made if it ls plowed,
unless clay can be added. Such plow
ing would merely deepen the sand,
and at the same time break up the
small amount of hard 3urface material
which may have formed.
If the subsoil is clay, and the sur
face scant in sand or gravel, plowing
should not be resorted to, as it would
result in a clay surface rather than
one of sand or gravel.
? road foreman must know not only
what to plow and what not to plow,
but how and when to plow.
If the road is of the kind which, ac
cording to the above instructions,
should be plowed over its whole width,
the best method is to run the first
furrow in the middle of the road and
work out to the sides, thus forming a
crown. Results from such plowing are
greatest in spring or early. summer.
In ditches a plow can be used to
good advantage, but should be fol
lowed by a scraper or grader. To
make wide, deep ditches nothing bet
ter than the ordinary drag scraper has
Virginia Road After Improvement
With Top Soil Gravel.
yet been devised. For hauls under 100
feet, or in making "fills," it is espe
cially serviceable, i
It is a mistake, however, to attempt
to handle long-haul material with thl3
scraper, as the wheel-scraper is bet
ter adapted to such work. For hauls
of more than 800 feet, a wagon should
be used. The machine most generally
used in road work is the grader or
road machine. This machine is espe
cially useful in smoothing and crown
ing the road and in opening ditches.
A clay subsoil under a thin coating
of soil should not be disturbed with
a grader. It is also a mistake to use
a grader indiscriminately and to pull
material from ditches upon a sandy
Not infrequently turf, soil and silt
from ditch bottoms are piled in the
middle of the road in a ridge, making
mudholes a certainty. It is important
in using a grader to avoid building up
the road too much at one time. ?
road gradually built up by frequent
use of the grader will last better than
if completed at one operation.
The foreman frequently thinks his
road must be high in the first instance.
He piles up material from ten inches
to a foot in depth, only to learn, with
the arrival of the first rain, thar^ he
has furnished the material for so many
inches of mud. All material should
be brought up in thin layers, each
layer well puddled and firmly packed
hy a roller or traffic before the next
is added. A common mistake is to
crown too high with the road machine
on a narrow road.
The split-log drag should be used to
fill the ruts and smooth the road when
not too badly washed. The drag pos
sesses" great merit and is so simple in
construction and operation that every
farmer should have one.
Road Building Habit. -
The road building habit is confined
to no one locality. It has a footing in
48 states. All classes take to it.
For Best Results.
The little attention that the earth
road needs must be given promptly
and at the proper time if the best re
sults are to be obtained.
Good Reads Advocates.
It is gratifying to observe that every
owner of an automobile Immediately
becomes an advocate of good roads.
Th? Road Drag.
The read drag ls the simplest and
least expensive contrivance yet do
vised for m*tntabala? earth roads.
By GEORGE M. GOUGH.
(Copyright, 19U, by W. G. Chapman.)
There were two lonely, longing
hearts in Reedville and both beat es
pecially in unison. The possessors cf
the hearts were practically prisoners,
beating desperately but in vain at the
cruel bars of fate put up by relentless
Earle Rodney loved Marah Ellis and
she fairly idolized him. He was twen
ty and she seventeen. Their families
were wealthy, but the heads of the
families were at enmity in both busi
ness and social relations. Mr. Ellis
had nipped budding affections in their,
incipiency when he discovered that
Marah had engaged herself to Earle.
The father of the latter sat dowu
upon the glowing hopes' of his impres
sible son ponderously.
Marah was kept practically a prison
er in charge of a vigilant duenna, pend
ing shipment to some isolated relative
at a distance.
Meantime poor Earle wandered
about the extensive home grounds,
read, smoked and grieved. He ex
pected every hour to hear that his lady
love had been sent away, or to receive
a mandate to begin his own irksome
exile. Lolling in a hammock one af
ternoon his interest was awakened as
a kite came whirling down with a dive,
landing in a thorn bush, and lay there
pierced and tangled.
"Hey, mister!" hailed an anxious
faced lad a few moments later, mount
ing the garden wall, "that's my kite.'-'
"Well, come and get it," directed
Earle, and then, interested in any cir
cumstances that alleviated the tedium
of the hours, he assisted the boy in
getting the kite extricated from the
greenery. He was tying up two
pieces of broken tail when a sudden
idea shot through bis mind in a vivid
glow of brilliancy.
"See " here," he said abruptly, "do
you want to make a dollar?"
"Me? Oh, my!" ejaculated his juve
nile visitor in a sort of ecstasy.
"You know where the Ellis people
"Oh, sure I do."
"Could you break your kite loose, or
arrange it any way so you could get
an excuse to go into their garden, just
as you have here?"
"Sure I could," asserted the lad con
"Then, see here," and Earle whis
pered in the boy's ear the substance
of a deep, dark plot. Then he wrote a
note and handed it with a dollar bill
to the boy.
"Now, remember," he warned, "give
the note to nobody but Miss Ellis. You
land the kite while she's about the
"Oh, I understand!' grinned the in
Nov/ the plot was carried out. The
expert kite flyer manipulated his air
sailer just as he deftly calculated. The
kite fell within the walled-in garden of
the Ellis grounds.
That note told Marah to steal from
the house at dusk, to reach a certain
remote corner of the garden. A light
rope ladder would be thrown over tho
wall. She would fall into her lover's
arms on the other side.
There would be a hurried scurry to
a shelt?ring grove of trees a bit far
ther on, where a closed carnage
would be waiting.
Then the nearest Gretna Green. Oh,
how easy! Oh, how delightful!
To a dot the plot went through.
Flatteringly Marah reached the wal?
scaled the ladder, dropped into a fond
"My darling !" thrilled Earle.
"Oh, dear! What will become of all
this?" breathed the quivering girl.
"Love, happiness, forgiveness!" de
clared Earle buoyantly. "Thunder!"
They had reached the carriage. He
helped Marah in. She screamed. He
got in himself and-collapsed.
There, upon the rear seat, blandly
smiling, were Dukes and Mrs. Faire.
"Discovered-baffled!" cried Earle.
"Mistake!" chuckled Dukes, benev
"You heartless meddler!" flared out
Marah to her duenna.
"Dear child!" smiled Mrs. Faire,
"So near happiness!" murmured
"Nearer than ever, my boy!"
"I won't go back to that-that pris
on!" sobbed Marah.
"Never!" assured her duenna. "Mr.
Dukes, tell them."
"Why, yes," said Dukes, "we're not
going to take you back. We're going
"To the elopement. Double affair
"No, I don't," said Earle.
"Well, our hearts have bled for you,"
explained Mrs. Faire. "We've been
your friends all along. Only, you see,
we would lose our situations if wo
"So, meeting Mrs. Faire, the finest
woman in the world," added Dukes,
"we decided to resign and get married.
I've a small plum of a fortune-"
"And I a sister who will be glad to
house you over the honeymoon," sup
plemented Mrs. Faire.
"Get up!" ordered Dukes to the
And away they sped to Gretna
Green, a double wedding, a week of
felicity, a telegram of forgiveness, and
another verification of the sweet
world-wide maxim, that "love laughs
SOME KITCHEN 10
METHODS THAT MAY BE NEW TO
Tiles Always Best When One Can
Afford Them-Keeping the Dish
cloth Fresh-Linoleum for the
Tiles are so clean and nice if one is
able to afford them. The young wife
! who has them will never regret the
outlay, although they are rather ex
pensive at the start. Round the kitch
en walls they are splendid and most
hygienic in every way.
The back of the sink is bound to get
splashed with the washing up after
each meal. Therefore here it is es
sential to have either tiles or zinc or
something of the kind through which
the water cannot penetrate. Zinc an
swers the purpose quite well if secure
ly nailed flat against the wall. This is
easily cleaned daily with a little dry
The tiles, of course, are ideal, as
all they need is a washdown with
warm water daily.
A little enamel basket is so useful
in the sink for tea leaves and such
things which are more than ' likely
to go down the ?sink and eventually
stop it up. It is shaped so that it fits
into the corner of the sink, perforated
with holes, so that all liquid passes
away, leaving the solid bodies in the
Nothing is more unpleasant than a
greasy dishcloth. To keep this im
portant article fresh and! sweet, it
should be scalded each time after use,
or else washed out thoroughly in hot
water and rinsed well in several wa
A plate rack fixed above the sink is
a great saving of labor. Plates put in
the rack must be rinsed in cold water
after being washed in hot, if you do
not want them to be smudgy.
When roasting meat, use a double
meat tin. Put cold water in the under
one. This prevents the dripping bum
ing and also keeps it from boiling
Plenty of hot water is essential for
dish washing. Collect all the silver.
Place the knives blade downward in a
jug of hot water. Pile up the plates
neatly. A little arrangement saves
the muddle one so often sees in con
nection with washing up. Wash all
the cleanest things first to save the
water. Rinse glass in cold water after
washing in hot and polish well with a
dry, clean cloth.
The most useful and healthy floor
covering for the kitchen is linoleum.
Inlaid linoleum is the best to pur
chase. Here the pattern goes right
through and therefore will be perfect
to the last.
Clean your windows when the sun
is not shining, for if the sun shines
on a wet window no amount of rub
bing will prevent it from being streaky
when dry. Avoid a frosty day, too,
as the glass is apt to break easily
then. Dust the windows thoroughly.
Wash the glass with a sponge wrung
out in tepid water with a few drops
of ammonia in it. Dry with a clean
cloth (with no fluff on it). Polish
with pads of newspaper.
The Cook Says.
If your market basket or clothes
basket of willow shows a few loose
ends, put it to soak for twenty min
utes or half an hour in lukewarm wa
A good way to do is to put the
basket into the bathtub, resting it on
the part that is to be repaired, then
turn in enough water to soak this
part. The important thing is to get
the willow ends soft and pliable.
When this is accomplished the
strips can be readily bent back into
place, and if you push them in firmly,
they will stay in place when dry. Nev
er try to bend the willow strips while
they are dry, as they will be sure to
A putty knife, with its short handle
and broad blade, is an indispensable
tool in the kitchen. It can be used for
turning hash, fritters and fish. Its
broad end is also most useful in scrap
ing pots and pans.
Grease Spots on Woolen Clothing.
For removing greasy spots on black
woolen clothing the following is ex
cellent: Make a solution of borax and j
warm water and wash the soiled arti
cle in it, then rinse in clear water
and dry in the sun. This is a good
way to clean men's coat collars.
To Wash White Silk.
Add a tablespoonful of ammonia to
every two quarts of warm water.
Don't use soap. Dip garment up and
down, and when it looks clean place
in clean water, rinse and iron before
To Clean Copper.
Copper articles that have become
discolored can be made to^look new
again by rubbing them wiyi lemon
dipped in salt and afterward rinsing
in clear hot water and polishing with
a soft cloth.
When Boiling Milk.
When boiling milk, if a few spoon
fuls of water is put into the sauce
pan, first letting it boil rapidly for a
few minutes before the milk is added,
the milk will not burn, however hot
the fire may be.
To Keep Silver Bright.
To keep silver bright that is not in
use, lay a piece of gum camphor in
the drawer or box in which the silver
is kept, and you will find that the sil
ver will not require so mucfcupolishiag.
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any. capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
by law to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
ed on or before the 20th day of Febru
ary in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 50 per cent penalty will be added
fer failure to make returns. J
For the convenience of tax payers. I
or my *repres?ntative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Roper, W ednesday Jan. 13.
Meriwether, Thursday Jan. 14.
Collier, Friday Jan. 15.
Red Hill, Saturday J an. 16.
Clark's Monday Jan. 18.
Modoc, Tuesday Jan. 19.
Parksville, Wednesday Jan. 20.
Plum Branch, Thursday Jan.'21.
Morgan's Store FridayJJan.?22.
Liberty Hill, Saturday Jan. 23.
Cleora, Monday Jan. 25.
Pleasant Lane, Tuesday Jan. 26.
Meeting Street, Wednesday Jan. 27.
Johnston, Thursday Jan. 28.
Herrin 's Store, Friday Jan. 29.
Trenton, Saturday Jan. 30.
The office will be t>pen to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of February as prescibed
J. R. Till MERMAN,
Auditor. E. C. S. C.
Hemstreet & Bro.
GEORGIA R. R. BANK
655 BROAD STREET
THE full mellow gio
your eyes and makei
absence of glare and harsh
to you. It is this qualit
recommend the soft ligl
fection in oil lamps. Nc
Rayo Lamps are easy to
pensive-yet the best ligh
Your dealer will be glad I
Washington, D. C. (NEW J
Norfolk, Va. OATT
Richmond, V?. BALI
Medical College of the
Owned and Con
86th Session Opens October 1
Fine New Building ready for o
tageously located opposite Roper K
in the South, where abundant
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Stu(
Large and well-equipped Labor
Department of Physiology and
Nine full time teachers in Lab
Six graduated appointments ei
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEI
Our materials have advanced con?
mense stock before rise of market
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as fora
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVA
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It wil
never be lower.
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBVS LIV-VER LAX ia
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Everv bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
The Pills That Do Cure.
w of the Rayo Lamp rests
; reading a pleasure. The
mess will be a distinct relief
:y that causes scientists to
it of the oil lamp. Thc
is the highest point of per
> glare, no flicker, correct
light and care for." Inex
t at any price.
:o show you thc Rayo.
?ERSEY) Charlotte. N. C.
liVyinor Charleston, W. Va.
1MUKJL Charleston, S. C.
State of South Carolina
rljcine and Pharmacy,
trolled by the State.
st, 1914. Closes June 3rd. 1915
ccupancy October 1st, 1914. Advan
[ospital, one of the largest Hospitals
clinical material is offered, con
lents in Medicine and Pharmacy a
atories in both Schools.
Embryology in affiliation with the
oratory Branches ,
ich year in medicine.
?TER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
:E IN PRICE
?T OF WAR
siderably, but having purchased im
, we are offering the SAME AT
?erly. Get our prices on METAL
NIZED CORRUGATED IRON and
1 pay you to buy NOW as prices will
1009 Broad Street
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October 1914 to
the 15th day of March 1915.
AH taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1914,
and December 31st, 1914.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1914, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add a
penalty of one per cent for January,
and if taxes are not paid on or before
February 1st, 1915, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time
all unpaid taxes wdl be collected by
The tax levies for the year 1914 are
as follows: .
For State purposes 6 mills
" Ordinary county 5 "
" Special county 1 "
" Cons. school tax 3 "
" Antioch S. D. 2 44
44 Pickens Bacon S. D. 4 44
" Pickens Bacon R. R. 3 44
" Shaw Bacon school 4 'V*"
" Part Blocker R. R. 12 "
" Part Collier Sp. school 3 44
" Flat Rock S. D. 4 "
" Oak Grove S. D. 3 44
44 Prescott S. D. 3 "
"Red Hill S.D. 4'"
" Edgefield Pickens school 5 44
" Edgefield Pickens R. R. 3 "
" Edgefield Pickens Corp'n 10 "
44 Edgefield school building 2 44
44 Edgefiald Wise school bld'g 2 44
44 Edgefield Wise Corp'n 10 "
Edgefield R. R. 11-4 44
" Edgefield Wise school 5 '.'
44 portion Elmwood school 2 dt
44 portion Elmwood R. R. 12 '* <
" Elmwood S. D. No 38 school 2 "
" Elmwood S .D. No. 3 R. R. 12 44
" Elmwood Long Cane R. R. 12 44
" Elmwood Long Cane school 3 "
" P. Pickens LorigCaneR. R. 3 44
" Hibler S. D. 3 44
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. 8 "
" Johnston R. R. 3 44
" Moss S. D. 3 "
44 Parks ville S. D. 4 "
44 Pickens R. R. . 3 "
" Plum Branch S. D. No. 15 5 "
" Shaw school 4 44
" Talbert school 2 "
" Pickens Trenton school 5 "
" Pickens Trenton R. R. 3 "1
" Shaw Trenton school 5 441
41 Wise Trenton school 5 "
44 Wise Trenton R. R. 11-4"
" Ward's school 2 "
" Modoc S. D. 2 14
44 White Town S. D. 4 44
" Wise R. R. 11-4 44
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2 commutation tax or
work six days on the public roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
The Sta. ; XSoulhT^finar"-"
Gountv of Edgefield.
By W. T. Kinnaid, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Mrs. Lillie DeLaughter
made suit to me, to grant her Let
ters of Administration of the Es
tate of and effects of J. P. De
Laughter of above County and
These Are Therefoie to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said J. P..
DeLaughter, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Edgefield
C. H., S. C., in ray office on 11th
day of February next, after publi
cation thereof, at ll o'clock in the
forenoon, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Adminis
tration should not be granted.
Given under ray Hand this 26th
day of January A. D., 1915.
W. T. Kinnaird,
Jan. 27, 1915. J. P. E. C.
All persons indebted to the es
tate of Mrs. Sarah F. Holder will
make payment, and all persons
holding claims against the said es
tate will forward the same, forth
with to the undersigned.
J. Wm. Thurmond, Attorney
for J. H. Holder, Adm'r.
Jan. 12, 1915. "
On the 18lh day of February liilS,
I will make a final settlement on
the estate of O. J. Prince, deceased,
and at said time will apply for my
final discharge as Executrix. All
persons interested will take due no
tice and govern themselves accord
?ly" LULA HAMMOND,
Jan. 19, '15. Executrix.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.