Newspaper Page Text
PROCESS IN ROAD BUILDING
Various Steps In Construction of High
ways Described-Concrete, Gravel
and Brick Mentioned.
Highway Improvement, liker the
growth of population, should be pro
gressive, argues a student of the sub
ject. Each should be suited to the
requirements of its period, says Cleve
laad Leader. This contemplates, first,
Sand-Clay Mixture With an Insufficient
Amount of Sar d, the Grains Not Be
ing In Contact
the proper locating, grading and drain
age of the sub-base, which are essen
tial to any good road.
This sub-base can be used as an
earth road during the years when traf
fic is light and can be kept in service
able condition by dragging after spring
and fall rains at a cost of $30 a year a
The second step is to make a gravel
road, when travel increases or funds
become available, by applying several
inches of sharp, clean gravel after
dragging and rolling the earth road.
This can be done in most places for a
few hundred dollars a mile, and main
tenance will cost about one hundred
dollars a mile.
When the gravel road is outgrown,
lt forms an>excellent foundation for
a concrete surface. It is only neces
sary to loosen the gravel and roll it
to uniform compactness, then lay a
course of hydraulic concrete to carry
heavy traffic. The surface construc
tion costs approximately $1.50 a
square yard. Maintenance should not
average more than $50 a mile.
The final step in progressive road
building, when heavy teaming and
trucking predominate, is to lay a
course of vitrified brick or granite
sets grouted with cement on a sand
cushion on top of the concrete. Or,
if part of the road should become a
residence street or be set apart as
Clay Mixed With Sand to the Point of
Saturation, With the Angular Sand
Grains in Contact.
a boulevard, a quleti pavement of
wood blocks, sheet asphalt or asphalt
blocks can be laid on the concrete.
This is the most practical and eco
nomical plan, providing for varying
volumes and kinds of traffic over a
century or more of use and involving
loss of investment in pavements that
are excessively costly to maintain and
which are not essential as a founda
tion in the final type of highway.
Gravel Improves Roads.
Where gravel is abundant roads may
be greatly improved by spreading a
layer of the same on a central space
in the road. This space should be
not less than say twelve feet wide.
If the gravel i3 suitable, two to three
Inches of it will tend to firm the road
bed. Of course the ideal way where
the materials are suitable and the
expense can be borne Is to remove the
earth from this central portion and
nearly fill the depression with small
stones. Then cover with two or three
inches of earth and over this spread
the gravel. A good road is thus made
and one that lasts, but this can only
be done where such material in plenti
Keep Water From Road.
Where a road runs along a hill, the
water must be kept from running upon
the road. The side ditch must be. am
ple and, if necessary, a string of tile
put three feet or more below the bot
tom of the ditch on the up-hill side,
which will prevent seepage from be
Instruction for Read Boss.
Every road boss should attend road
making school and read all he can
about highway construction and main
By GERTRUDE A. PEARSON.
(Copyright, 1314. by W. G. Chapman.)
Benson, lay upon the rocks, staring
at a letter beside him. In front of
him the blue waves rippled in?the sun
shine. The air was warm and balmy.
It would have been difficult for any
one not acquainted with the country,
and the temperature of July, to real
ize that this was Alaska.
"Dear Mr. Benson," ran the letter.
"We beg to inform you that, in accord
ance with the terms of your late fath
er's will, all the property except the
limited estate entailed, goes to your
younger brother. You are, however,
Baron Linfield, and, as such, are now
the owner of Linfield Manor. Kindly
wire us instructions as to your plans.
"We wish to add that, inasmuch as
the upkeep of the estate far exceeds
the rent-roll, it would be to your in
terest to sell this to your younger
brother. There is, however, a codicil
to the will, made by your father in
his last illness. Should you decide to
leave the woman with whom you are
living, an annual sum of five thousand
pounds is to be paid you, to enable
you to keep up your title respectably.
"Dench & Dench."
"The woman with whom he was liv
ing." Benson saw the words staring
at him out of the typewritten page
His father had known. He had mar
ried a half-breed.
Natusha had been educated at a
mission school, and, save for the jet
black hair and rather high cheek
bones she might have passed for a
white woman. But in the eyes of his
acquaintances she was a squaw, and
he a squaw-man. He had married her
when he was desperately lonely in the
remote North, and half-crazed with
Natusha had redeemed him. She
had thrown the whisky bottles away.
She had made him a home. She had
loved him, and he had loved her, too.
A violent revulsion of feeling came
over Benson. He seemed to smell the
Sussex air, to see the beautiful coun
try of his birth. He had friends, many,
Benson resolved to run away. He
could walk to the nearest port and
catch the morrow's boat He would
leave everything to Natusha. She
would doubtless go back to her own
He saw her watching him silently
that night. Like a faithful hound she
knew his moods-her lord's moods.
Natusha watched him with a dumb,
aching at her heart. She had seen
the change in him.
At midnight, when he thought Natu
sha was sleeping, Benson arose noise
lessly from his couch. He had his
mackinaw and overshoes ready, for
the nights were cold.
When he had disappeared Natusha
kneeled at the bedside a moment in
r ray jr. She prayed to the God of
v.hom the missionaries had told her,
as she had never prayed before. Then
she slipped out after him.
As Benson strode along the trail all
memory of Natusha seemed to slip
from him. Re was a boy once more,
in the Sussex lanes, heartfree.
He remembered the final angry
scene with his father, the old man's
futile wrath at the son who had dis
honored his name.
It had been the act of a goaded man,
desperate for money, but Benson could
only hang his head before the old
man's scathing words.
"If ever temptation comes to you
again, sir, remember what you have
done and try with all your might to
conquer it," he had said.
Suddenly he stopped dead. Why,
this was the temptation of which his
father had spoken. He was doing now
a thing still more dishonorable than
that which he had done before. What
was the use of being Baron Linfield
if he was a scoundrel to boot?
Benson sat down and fought his
battle out. And, with her woman's in
tuition one who watched him from a
near hiding place knew that the God
of the mission people was wrestling
with his adversary for Benson's soul.
The agony on the man's face wat
stronger than the suffering on hers.
Forgetting all, daring his wrath,
Natusha glided up to him. She kneeled
at his side and put her arms around
And, in this position, she whispered
something to him, a woman's secret
that made his heart leap as hers was
Benson rose to his feet. The hag
gardness was gone from his face. He
saw his duty. He saw the years of
ease and dishonor stretching before
him, on the one hand, and, on the oth
er, years of honor. He could make
himself respected. If he could not win
recognition for Natusha, he could for
i his daughter-or his son. And the
i heir would be Baron Linfield, if lt was
a bo3'. If a girl-weil. . . .
Natusha drew his arm through hers,
and together they went back in si
lence toward the cabin. They entered,
1 and Benson, taking out the letter, de
i liberately tore it to pieces. He would
J not answer Dench & Dench. He
? would not even take the money from
the estate. Let the dead past go.
Benson put his arms about Natusha.
She was pretty and girl-like, this lit
tle wife of his. He knew now, too,
that the heart of a woman beats the
same, and always true, whether be
neath a pink or olive skin.
"It's all right, Natusha," he said
cheerily. ' There won't bo any more
scraps of paper."
Strenuous School Life.
School life at Shrewsbury, England,
in the sixteenth century was a strenu
ous affair. Mr. Percy Addleshaw, in
his "Life of Sir Phillp Sidney," has an
interesting account of the school at
that time. "The school year," he
writes, "was divided into halves.
Prom Lady day to All Saints' day the
hours of attendance were from six
o'clock in the morning till eleven, the
dinner hour. In the afternoon the
boys studied from 12:45 till five
o'clock. Prayers were recited at the
beginning and close of the day. If a
holy day occurred in the week it was
a play day; but usually the weekly
day for games was Thursday. One
custom then begun is still observed
. . . At 'the earnest request and
great entreaty of some men of honor,
of great worship, credit, or authority,'
an extra holiday was granted to the
boys. The judges of ?assize, when vis
iting Shrewsbury, are still accustomed
to ask for, and obtain, this boon."
Paid the Mourners.
The little town of Isle-sur-Sogne,
France, saw a vSry popular funeral
recently when the remains of an old
maid, scarcely known excep. to her
immediate neighbors, were escorted
to the cemetery by nearly one thou
sand mourners. The story had gone
abroad that the old lady left instruc
tions in her will o distribute a small
sum to each person who should; see
her buried, ai the gates of the ceme
tery ' after the ceremony. For this
purpose she collected 100 five-penny
pieces, and also set apart $20 for the
funeral ' music accompanying her
hearse. These stipulations were scru
pulously carried out, and after being
played into the cemetery with ail the
famous dead marches, the mourners
indulged in such a contest for the.
small coins at the gate that a strong
force of police, gathered in anticipa
tion, had to interfere to restore order.
Keeping Up. an Old Custom.
Lammas, as August 1 is sometimes
styled, remains an important anniver
sary not only In Scotland, where it
is quarter day, but throughout rural
England, the Pall Mall Gazette ob
serves. In many parishes the pastare
of Lammas lands "belongs from this
date until Lady day to all parishioners
who. draw smoke," not through pipes,
but chimneys. The mysterious word
Lammas is merely loaf mass, so called,
because this was anciently our nation
al harvest festival. A loaf made from
the new corn was formerly presented
at church on this date, which fell
nearly a fortnight later under the un
reformed calendar. Farmers around
Chichester seem to have some sub
conscious reminiscence of this old cus
tom, for they always try to get a loaf
baked from the new wheat before the
end of Goodwood week.
Clever Utilization of Power.
At a mine in South Africa, says
Prometheus, the water supply has to
be drawn from a considerable distance,
and must, on its way, cross a ridge
some 600 feet high. The water ar
riving at the mine is thus under con
siderable head, and power is recov
ered from it by means of Pelton
wheels driving dynamos. In this way
from 90 to 160 horsepower is gained,
according to the volume of water flow- j
lng, and is utilized for various pur-1
poses at the mine. At another mine |
the cars conveying the ore run down I
an incline a vertical distance of about
250 feet. From the 2,200 tons of oil
daily mined some fifty horse power of
electrical energy is here recovered by
winding the cable of each car around
a drum which actuates a dynamo.
Saving Sailors' Hearing. |
Various ways have been devised of
neutralizing the unpleasant effects
when big guns are fired. One is by
keeping the mouth open In order to
equalize the air pressure on both sides
of the ear drum. Some naval officers
think it helpful tb chew on tooth
picks or to hold a piece of rubber be
tween the teeth. In the Japanese navy
the surgeons give the gun crews bits
of absorbent cotton with which to
plug their ears. The British navy
recommends th use of an ear plug
composed of plasticene and cotton
wool. This is cloae-fltting, and while
reducing the intensity of sound, does
not prevent hearing. |
The Frenchman and the American
had gon'e a considerable distance in
animated discussion concerning the
merits of their respective countries.
Neither would make any concessions.
"Of course," finally said the French
man in desperation, "you will con
cede that there is only one Eiffel tow
er and that we have it?" "Certainly,"
agreed the American, "and I am
mighty glad, for it has given us a
means for measuring our skyscrapers.
We now say in New York that a build
ing is two eiffels, or three or four, as
the case may be."
An alert little girl, learning with sur
prise that she must not whisper in
church, promised, if permitted to go
again, not to transgress'in such man
ner. Auntie, taking the child to a
briefer service, was surprised, in the
middle of the sermon, to find that the
"No whispering!" command had re
ceived quite literal interpretation.
"Oh, auntie," sighed her small com
panion, gently but with terrific clear
ness, 'why did we come, to hear this
preacher? He's worse than the other
one we heard last week."
Better light and More of It
J^EROSENE light is best for young
and old eyes alike. jR&y? LAMPS
give you kerosene *lignt at its best -a
steady, generous glow that reaches every
corner of the room.
The RAYO does not smoke or smell. It is made of
solid brass, nickel-plated. It is easy to light, easy to
clean, easy to rewick. At dealers everywhere.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington,D.C. (NEW JERSEY) Charlotte, N. C.
Norfolk. Va. DAW TIMADr Charleston, W. Va.
Richmond. V?. BALTIMORE Charleston, S.C
Medical College of the State of South Carolina
-Charleston, South Carolina
Departmenss ofQMedicine and Pharmacy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
86th Session Opens October 1st, 1914. Closes June 3rd, 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October 1st, 1914. Advan
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Pharmacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both Schools.
Department of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
Ranges, Stoves, Grates
Now is the time to purchase a New Range, Stove,
Heater or Grate.
See Our Pretty Beckers and Full Line
Prices in keeping" with seven-cent cotton.
Jones & Son
Purchase your Wedding Presents from Augusta's
Largest Jewelry Store. Beautiful assortment of
SILVERWARE, CUT GLASS,
CHINA, CLOCKS AND
WATCHES, GOLD AND
NOVELTIES OF ALL KINDS.
Call to see us when in the city. Order by mail if
you can't come. Write for catalogue.
A. J. RENKL
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA 706 BROAD STREET
NO ADVANCE IN PRICE
SLUSKY'S ROOFING MATERIAL
ON ACCOUNT OF WAR
Our materials have advanced considerably, but having purchased im
mense stock before rise of market, we are offering the SAME AT
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as formerly. Get our prices on METAL
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVANIZED CORRUGATED IRON and
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will pay you to buy NOW as prices will
never be lower.
Phone 100. . 1009 Broad Street
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxe*
from the 16th day of October 1914 to
the 15th day of March 1915.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1914,
and December 31st, 1914.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1914, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add a
penalty of one per cent for January,
and if taxes are not paid on or before
February 1st, 1915, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time
all unpaid taxes will be collected by
The tax levies for the year 1914Jare
For State purposes 6 mills
" Ordinary county 5 ."
" Special county 1 "
" Cons. school tax 3 "
" Antioch S. D. 2 "
" Pickens Bacon S. D. 4 "
" Pickens Bacon R. R. 3 "
" Shaw Bacon school 4_J-t-~'
" Part Blocker R. R. 12 "
" Part Collier Sp. school 3 "
.f Flat Rock S. D. 4 "
" Oak Grove S. D. 3 "
" Prescott S. D. 3 '*
" Red Hill S. D. 4 "
I" Edgefield Pickens school 6 "
" Edgefield Pickens R. R.- 3 V
" Edgefield Pickens Corp'n 10 "
" Edgefield school building / 2 "
" Edgefiald Wise school bld'g 2 "
" Edgefield Wise Corp'n 10 "
*'Edgefield R. R. 11-4 "
" Edgefield Wise school 5 "
" portion Elmwood school 2 "
" portion Elmwood R. R. 12 "
" Elmwood S. D. No 38 school 2 "
" Elmwood S .D. No. 3 R. R. 12 "
" Elmwood Long Cane R. R. 12 "
" Elmwood Long Cane school 3 "
" P. Pickens Long Cane R. R. 3 "
" Hibler S. D. 3 "
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. . 8 "
" Johnston R. R. 3 "
" Moss S. D. i 3
" Parksville S. D. 4 "
" Pickens R. R. 3 "
" Plum Branch S. D. No. 15 5 "
" Shaw school 4 "
" Talbert school 2 "?
" Pickens Trenton school 5 "
" Pickens Trenton R. R. 3 "
" Shaw Trenton school 5
" Wise Trenton school 5 *'
" Wise Trenton R. R. 11-4"
" Ward's school 2 "
" Modoc S. D. 2 "
" White Town S. D. 4 "
" Wise R. R. 11-4"
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of, 18 and 55
years must pay $2 commutation tax or
work six days on the public roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when youjdesire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C;
The State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
By W. T. Kinnaid, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Mrs. Lillie DeLaughter
made suit to rae, to grant her Let
ters of Administration of the EsV
tate of and effects of J. P. De-.
Laughter of above County and
These Are Therefoie to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said J. P.
DeLaughter, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be beld at Edgefield
C. H., S. C., in my office on 11th
day of February next, after publi
cation thereof, at ll o'clock in the
forenocn, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Adminis
tration should not be granted.
Given under my Hand this 26th
day of January A. D., 1915.
W. T. Kinnaird,
Jan. 27, 1915. J. P. E. C.
AU persons indebted to the es
tate of Mrs. Sarah F. Holder will
make payment, and all persons
holding claims against the said es
tate will forward the same, forth
with to the undersigned.
J. Wm. Thurmond, Attorney
for J. H. Holder, Adm'r.
Jan. 12, 1915.
On the 18th day of February 1915,
I will make a final settlement on
the estate of 0. J. Prince, deceased,
andat8aid time will apply for my,,
final discharge as Executrix. All
persons interested will take due n?^-j
tice and govern themselves accord^
Jan. 19, '15. Exeoutrix.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitt
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
- EDGEFIELD, S. C.