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Soldiers are a Necessity to Pro.
gress of World. Indispen
l sable in War and in
The soldier is a necessary and dis
tinct character in every age and
_every civilization. In the earliest
records we have of any people we
find among them the soldier, in
war to fight, in peace to watch; in
war to labor, in peace to wait. He
was a product of natural evolving
conditions of the world. He was
produced for a distinct purpose and
labored for a definite end. The sol
dier was never free from the re
sponsibilities imposed by the na
tion or the tribe. He was often
times an advanced slave, glorified
by some deed of valor, -strength or
strategy. A knight he may have
been, wearing the spur of a king; a
. laborer we see him in Egypt's great
civilization when Ehupu called the
"Glorious," began the construction
of the great pyramid of Gezeh. We
see him in Macedonia; at his home
in Sparta, bidding farewell to moth
er and friends, on the Acropolis and
at Athens, his armor glittering in
the sunlight of a Greek day. What
would Ninevah or Babylon have
been without him, and what did he
at last do for them? He wrought
cities out of chaos, and made ruins
out of cities; he built empires of
human suffering: and sighs, and then
destroyed them with floods of hu
man blood. In making a world of
progress he destroyed nations, in es
tablishing the religion of Christ he
cut through dense pagan practices
with the sword. It is at Thermopy
lae that we see the Persian and
Greek die like men, one rejoicing
at a victory, one sighing over de-'
feat, both heroes. In Gaul with
Caesar, in the forum of Rome he
proclaims a truth for which he will
die. And so we might go on and on
and show who tock part in making
history for the world. In war a sol
where, in every land, in every time;
no civilization hes a hisfory with
out the soldier. So it seems that
the soldier is a part in the great
economic plan of creation. We
might arrange them in three class
The soldier of fortune, the soldier,
of adventure and the soldier of
principle or patriotism. Now to the
lastend best belong the southern sol
dier of 1861. All praise to him dead
or living. When the clouds gather
ed and the lightning Hash of pa
triotic brotherhood tingled in the
breast of every southerner the thun
der broke in awful cadences over
the lives of these men. When the
call for volunteers came echoing
down through the mountain gorges
of Virginia, North and South Caro
lina and Tennessee, spreading ovei
the lowlands ?f the coast and mid
dle states; when~tiib day of muster
ing in came, and our mothers and
grandmothers handed to the boys
in gray the sword or musket that
spoke the words "war" and "death"
when, with eyes full of tears-those
holy crystals of the soul-they
prayed God's blessings upon them;
when the train moved out of the
station art <d the shouts of "God
bless you," when a quiet fell upon
the town so appalling, so sabred;
when this occured, was it anything
but love, duty or patriotism that
.bade the star in man's life move on
to battle with a foe for a principle?
What was it that took him from
home and loved ones but the saving
of that home, and saving of honor
of a land, and the preserving un
tinged the flag of a proud people.
Into the war, into the night sped
the cars bearing the braves. What
was it that gave the men to their
fate, when on the field of battle,,
counting the moments bv the blood
drops from his side, he called to bia
comrade, "Don't give up,. boys?";
and died when man after man, yes
hundreds, thousands-fell in the
conflict of might and numbers
against right and home. When after
the struggle a calm fell, peace de
clared and though it was like a
dove, her wings made a shadow
deep and long upon the face of our
fail land over men, ragged, tired
and hungry, over-powered, not
beaten, turned homeward-alas,
where were their homes? These
men who had fought with patriotic
fury, suffered privations unequaled,
met the issue, and then put down
Death of Mrs. Henry Me die ck.
Early Sunday morning the entire
community waa greatly shocked
when it became known th it Mrs.
Mattie Carmichael Medlock depart
ed this life at six o'clock. She was
the only daughter of the lamented
Dr. J. H. Carmichael* who also
died suddenly last February. A litr
tie less than a year ago she and Mr.
Medlock were married and have
since made their home with Mrs.
Bessie Carmichael. Mrs. Medlock
was reared in Edgefield and from
early childhood has by her gentle
manner and lovable disposition com
pletely won those of all aeres and
classes with whom abe came in oon
tact. She was not only a social fa
vorite but as a faithful and loyal
member of the Methodist church
she made her value felt in the re
ligious life of the community. The
influence which she has exerted up
on her friends and the jonng people
of the town has always been whole
some and helpful, having always
devoted her time, talent and efforts
to those things that elevate and up
lift rather than to the transitory an ?
fleeting things that afford temporal
pleasure alone. Although taken
while on the threshold of an active
young womanhood, the life of Mrs.
Medlock has been a blessing to
Sh? is survived by ' her devoted
husband and an infant son whose
mother was spared to him just one
hour. Mrs. Medlock also leaves her
mother, Mrs. Bessie Carmichael,
and one brother, Mr. Hammond
Carmichael, who has been making
his home near Beaufort.
The funeral was conducted Mon
day morning at ll o'clock at the
' Methodist church by Rev. J. R.
Walker, assisted by Rev. R. G.
Shannonhouse and Rev. E. C.
Bailey, and the interment took
place in the village cemetery.
"A SaJoonless Nation in 1920."
The above is the name of a very
elaborate and entertaining prohibi
tion cantata, which will be given by
the local Woman's Christian Tem
perance Union in the Edgefield op
era house on April 6.
In this cantata, about one hun
dred young people and children will
appear, representing the various
Nationalities and interests of Amer
ica, and giving their message in
This will be one of the most at
tractive entertainments ever given
in the opera house, and one of the
Week of Prayer.
The Woman's Mission Society of
theBaptist church will observe their
annual season of prayer for home
missions, beginning Sunday after
noon at the Baptist church, continu
ing through Friday afternoon, with
the exception of Tuesday, when op
portunity will be afforded tho?e who
wish to attend the W. C. T. U.
meeting at Trenton.
Each afternoon prayer service
will be in charge of a different
member of the society. All the la
dies of the church and of other
churches are cordially invited to
each meeting of the week.
Summer Cotton Uniforms.
Augusta, Ga., February 21
"'New uses for cotton" is progres
sing. The civil service commission
of Augusta has just ordered cotton
spring and summer uniforms for the
firemen and policemen. Savannah
has decided on cotton, and at an
early date will give her order. Au
gusta wants 175 uniforms. Savan
nah a larger number. The Atlanta
order will be announced in a day
or so. Six to a dozen cities and
towns have decided to adopt cotton
uniforms. The J. Willie Levy Com
pany of Augusta hus done and are
doing magnificent work in bringing
about cotton uniforms as a new use
the musket for the hoe, the saber
for the plow, the sword for the pen
and revived. Who can say these
were soldiers of fortune, or soldiers
of adventure? Not one. They were
glorious, they were grand in their
efforts for a noble principle, nur
tured in the pure soil of a southern
heart and blossomed under the bul
let showers of a battlefield. These
were men the full measure and stat
ure of perfect men born to meet any
situation contrary to Lincoln's phi
losophy. J. Russell Wright.
MT. ZION NEWS.
Fertilizers Being Considered.
Singing Class Organized.
Woman's Missionary So
ciety Soon to Meet.)
The farmers. of our comrannity
are beginning tb ponder deeply the
matter of fertilizers for the coming
year. This is indeed a serious ques
tion under present conditions. The
general tendency is to return to the
old-fashioned methods of farming*
and rely more on home-made f?rtil*
izere." C * . "-V '": ' " $
Another disturbing element is the
i presence of bog cholera, from which
[some of our farmers are suffering
i serious loss.
On Saturday afternoon, the 13th,
Miss Mamie Cheatham gave a-party
lor her school children at the home
of Mrs. VV. A. Pardue. Interesting
games were enjoyed, and delightful
refreshments were served at the close
of the evening.
Mrs.W. J. Gaines has organized
a singing class for the young people'
of the community. This meets ev
ery other Saturday afternoon at the
The Woman's Missionary Society
of Mt. Zion will meet on the after
noon of March 13, at the home of
Mrs. 'Monroe* Padgett. At Ibis
meeting the articles which the la
dies are preparing for the Baptist
hospital will be collected and packed
ready to bc sent. All wishing to
make contributions of bed. or table
linen will please bring them to this
We are sorry to report that Mr.
Cal. Hatcher continues in very poor
Mr. Walter Carpenter is sick with1
Mrs. E. M. Padgett and childr?n |
spent several days in Bates b ur g 1 ist
Miss Mamie Cheatham spent the
week-end with Miss Ellee Swearin
We hear, that. Mr.^
man is mak?iSg'^freqi
our neighborhood,' which are of
more significance than mere "social'
Purchasing Power, of Farm
Washington, D. C. Feb. 22.
The Federal Department of Agri
culture has just issued a statement
showing the purchasing power of
an acre of farm crops in 1915 com
pared with 1909. ,While the price
per acre of several farm crops is
shown to have increased to some I
extent within the past five years the
grain in price has not kept pace
with that of some of the necessities
used by the farmer. The report
shows that the purchasing power ot
an acre of wheat in 1909 was-98!
pounds of lard while it was only 81 j
pounds in 1913. In 1909 an acre j
of wheat would buy 243 yards of
calico while ia 1913 the purchasing
power was only 178 yards. Forty
nine hoes could be purchased with
the proceeds of an acre of cotton in
1909 while five years later the buy
ing strength has decreased three
hoes. An acre of corn in 1909
would buy 79 pounds of? coffee and ,
only 59 pounds in 1913. Twenty
seven pairs of overalls could be
bought with the receipts from one
acre of cotton in 1909 while the
purchasing pow. ~ in 1913 dropped
to 24 pairs. An 'ere of wheat in
1909 would buy t'w^ more pairs of
brogan shoes than in 1913.
Clemson's Income Greatly
Revenue for Clemson college
from the state fertilizertax has de
creased ..his year slightly more than
70 per cent, according to informa
tion obtained Monday from the of
fice of the state treasurer.. The re
ceipts to date from this -source to
talled 830., 310, as compared with
$117,922 for that period of 1914
In previous years, Clemson an
nually derived more than $200,000
from this tax, which constitutes the
principal source of income of the
institution./. The legislature last
week voted'to loan Clemson $90?
000 of state funds to meet possible
The greater part of the receipts
this .year were from the tax on cot
ton seed meal it was pointed out.
Miss Marie Key Became the
, Bride of Mr. Hal Beman
of Augusta Monday
. '^?/marmg? of the season will
be the occasion of, a more sincere
an(i widespread interest than that of j
Mr. Hal De Wi it, Beman and Miss
Marie Key, of Edgefield, annonoce
?p?f which was made yesterday
e surprise and pleasure of Mr.
rof&.many friends, who did not
kDoj^jtb?t the wedding would occur
bef?te April. Mr. Beman wa? spend
ing' the week-end at the home of his
fiancee's parents in Edgefield, and
Monday he persuaded her to be)
roamed at once and return with bim
to his home instead of waiting until
.April. The ceremony was performed
in the presence of a few close friends
and members of the family hythe
Rev. J. R. Walker, of the Metho
dist nhurch, and the young couple
left immediately afterward for Au
gusta, and are at home at the groom's
parents Mr. and Mrs. Edward Be
man, on The Hill, where they are
receiving the congratulations of
theirjhost of friends.
Ha?. DeWitt Beman is the
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles ?
Key, of Edgefield, and is well known
tbrojhghont Georgia and South Caro
ling "where she is prominently con
nected in both states. She is a very
lovely girl, and one whose beautiful
charm of manner wins admiration
as much as her personal charra, and
her sweet womanly nature corres
ponds with her other attractions.
Mr. Hal Beman is the son of Mr.
and Mrs. Edward .Beman, grandson
of Mrs. Henry Beman and the late
Henry Beman, Esq , of Sparta, and
a nephew of Mr. Howard Stafford,
of this city. Mr. Beman is '*a wor- ?
thy son of worthy sires," and is f
equally well known and popular in
both'the social and business world.
congratulations . as the news grot |
abroad that he was married. Mr.
and Mrs. Beman will make their)
home at the Beman residence on
The Hill for the present.-Augusta
County Equalization Board.
Auditor J. R. Timmerman has
called a meeting of the county
equalization board to meet in his
i??ice Saturday, March 6. The fol
io whig are the members of the
township boards, the chairman of
each composing the county bo.ard:
Blocker township: M B Byrd,
uhairmrn, Pierce Timmerman and
N F Manley.
Collier township: D T Mathis,
chairman, T L Miller and H W
Collins township: H E Quarles,
chairman, J L Bailey and C C Jones.
Edgefield town: J L Mi ms, chair
man, LT May and B L Jones.
Elmwood township: J H Cog
burn, chairman, J H " Payne and J
Hibler township: W E Sheppard,
chairman, J K Corley a nd WT
Johnston town: J Neal Lott, chair
man, W S Mobley and J W Mc
Johnston township: P N Lott,
chairman, E R Clark and W M Saw
Meriwether township: H F Coop
er, chairman, H L Bunch and J O
Moss township: L R Brunson,
chairman, R W Christie and J J
Pickens township: Jas. B. Tomp
kins, chairman, H W Dobey and
W S Marsh.
Plum Branch township: J C San
ders, chairman, W R Freeland and
J L McK?nney.
Shaw township: P B Day, chair
man, I A Webb and H W Jackson.
Talbert township: R ? Cochran,
chairman, W A Winn and D. I
Wards township: J E Cullura,
chairman, Lewis Holmes and J O
Washington township: J W John
son, chairman, W McDaniel and W
Wise township: Geo. T Swearin
gen, chairman, J M Mays and Joe
Death of an Aged and Honor
ed Citizen of McKendree
An old and honored citizen of the
McKendree section has passed off
the stage of activit?. He played his
part in the affairs of life hnmbly,
peacefully and winhout great noise
S. W. McDowell (Wright Mack)
was born September 29, 1848, and
was in his 67th year. He lived and
died in the home of his grand pa
rents which is in a stone's throw of
the site of the first McKendree
Mr. McDowell was a son of J.
T. McDowell, -grandson of Mr.
Wm; McDowell and Elizabeth
Ouzts, and great grandson of old
Peter Ouzts who immigrated from
Germany just prior to the Revolu
In 1871 he married Miss Mahala
Parkman, daughter of the late
Jefferson Parkman, who survives
him. From this union three chil
dren were born, Messrs. Rufus and
Tolbert J..Mc Do well and Mrs. Fan
nie Pardne, all of whom are living
in the McKendree section and have
In the latter years of the eighties
under the preaching of the late Rev.
R. P. Franks, the pastor of McKen
dree, and much beloved, Mr. Mc
Dowell was converted and became
a Christian and member of that
churoh, and needless to say remain
ed a consistent member to the time
. For the last several years Mr.
McDowell's suffering had been
great, continued and often excru
siating. He bore it with patience
and christian fortitude. Au affliction
of a complicated nature-asthma,
rheumatism and an affection of the i
heart had kept him confined to the
house for the last three or four years.
After a con pie of days' lapse into
unconsciousness he passed peaceful
ly away at 9 p. m. February 15,
On the following afternoon his
family burying ground on the
premises in the presence of a large
number of relatives and neighbors.
In the absence of his pastor, the
Rev. Mr. Brabham,. Mr. J. M.
Shaffer conducted the funeral.ser
The beautiful cross of hyacinths
and violets that was gracefully laid
upon the shapely mound expressed
that all was done that loving hands
or human kindness could do.
W. D. O. .
Petit Jury, Second Week.
J E Reynolds, Hibler,
J M Bell. Elmwood,
M N Parkman, Blocker,
J M Bu8sey, Washington,
W P Johnson, Johnston,
J E Yonce, Ward,
J B Miniek, Blocker,
B R Smith, Pickens,
B L M i ms, Wise,
John Rainsford, Edgefield,
J E Barnett, Washington,
C W Owdom, Elmwood,
S E Posey, Shaw,
L R Brunson, Jr., Moss,
W A Stevens, Meriwether,
G D Rhoden, Ward,
W H Pardue, Shaw,
A G Cheatham, Hibler,
J F Burton. Blocker,
P B Day, Jr., Trenton,
W RE Winn, Talbert,
B F Lewis, Johnston,^
R W Glover, Meriwether,
W L Rutland, Ward,
P J Coleman, Shaw,
L B Derrick,. Ward,
G H Waters, Johnston,
C R Holmes, Callier,
N C Long, Moss.
D B McClendon, Collier,
G W Miller, Shaw,
H M Self, Plum Branch,
J P Strom, Jr., Talbert,
A G Ouzts, Elmwood,
N J Parkman, Elmwood.
Notice to Baptist W. M. U. Or
Every society of the Baptist W.
M. U. is urged to set apart Anarch
10 or some day of prayer and es
pecial effort to win the unenlisted
women of the churches. On this
date visit these homes, distribute <
home mission literature which can
be secured from the Home Board -
and secure, if possihle, a gift for
Dr Poteat Preached. Mr. and
Mrs. Boyd Entertained.
Apollo Music Club Met
D. A. R. Meeting.
Dr. E. M. Poteat, presiden tl of
Forman university, preached onSun
day morning at the Baptist "church,
the auditorium being filled with an
expectant audience. It was the 1
pleasure of many to again, listen to
him and those who had never heard
him preach were impressed and de
lighted with bim. His sermon was
characteristic and inimitable.
The next sacred musical concert j
will be on the 2nd Sunday evening |
in March. Mr. Boyd .has added the
piccolo to the orchestra, using this
on Sunday for Sunday school music J
instead of the flute.
The members of the . woman's
missionary society Of the Baptist
church will observe the first week,
in March as a special week of prayer r
Mrs. W. L. Coleman returned on
Saturday from Wright's hospital \
Augusta, where she has been under
treatment. Her friends are delighted
that she is again back home.
On Friday evening Mr. and Mrs. |
F. M. Boyd entertained in a very ?
elaborate manner for their friend
and guest, Miss Gladys Chappell of ?
Edgefield. The interior of the home
presented a very festive appearance
and an air of patriotism pervaded,
for numerous flags were used with
the fern decorations. A cordial
greeting was given the guests at the
front by Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Lott I
and in the parlor stood the receiv
ing line, Mr. and Mrs. Boyd, Mis
ses Chappell, Harmes, Willis, Mr.
Paul Cqgburn and Dr. W. C. Stone.
After a short while of social, chat
eight tables of progressive rook
were enioyed, on the center of each*
table being a flag'. The score cards
were in red, white and blue, and a
picture of; Martha , Washington, was
i?i^t?^veoIor-.on the.. eard5v.,;Af~ :
an hour or more1 with this pleasant
occupation, a two course repast was
served in which these patriotic col- <
ors were well carried out, ti ny ?flags v -r
being the favors. While the guests
were enjoying the refreshments, Mr.
Boyd gave seveial vioiin selections
accompanied on the piano by Mrs.
Boyd. The evening held many
pleasures for every gueBt present.
William Wright celebrated his
seventh birthday on Wednesday af
ternoon and a number of his little
friends gathered to help make merry
the time Games and pastimes dear
to childish hearts were indulged in,
but nothing was more enjoyed than
the refreshments s erved. Many
pretty gifts were brought to him.
The Apollo music club met with .
Mrs. E. R. Mobley on Friday af
ternoon, and after a short business
period conducted by the president,
Miss Lila Maud Willis, the study
of the two masters was taken up,
these being "Verdi and Gounod." >
Mrs. James Strother had charge of
this part of the meeting and was a
very able leader. The music was
compositions of -these two masters.
"Facts in the lives of Verdi and
Gounod," Miss Martha Watson;
"Stabat master," Miss Elise Crouch;
synopsis of the opera, Mrs. L. S.
Stansell; vocal solo, Mrs. F. M.
Boyd; instrumental solo. Miss Em
ma Bouknigbt; synopsis of "Il
Provatore," Mrs. M. T. Turner;
Duo, (Il Trovatore), Misses Willis
and Sawyer; synopsis o; Rigoletto,
Mrs. W., F. Scott; piano solo, Mrs.
J. M. Cul lem; synopsis of Faust,
Mrs. O. D. Black; vocal solo, Mrs. ;
James White; chorus, "Praise ye.
the Lord," club. During: the social "
half hour the hostess served a sweet
course in which the club colors,
gold and white, were prettily car
ried out, the china used being in
gold and white. She was assisted
by Misses Josephine Mobley and
Louelle Norris, who also served re
freshing nectar to the gueste.
Miss Josephine Mobley was hos- \
tess for the Kill Kare club on |
Thursday afternoon, and the hours
proved most delightful ones, for
many pleasures had been arranged
for the guests. The rooms were
prettily decorated in jap?nicas and
ferns and the tables upon which
progressive games were played,
each holding a bowl of these lovely
flowers. The game was an animated
one and Mrs. Allen Mobley made
(Continued on Eighth Page.)