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NOTES OF SHEEPFOLD
Ewes With Lambs Should Have
the Best of Care.
Sheep Are Gentle Animals and Are
Easily Injuree! When They Come
In Contact With Horses and
Mules-Must Be Protected.
The ewes that are to iamb should
have special care. They should be
separated from the flock and given an
extra grain ration. Oats, bran and
crushed corn make a good feed for
the ewe. She will grow strong and
the lacteal organs will be healthy.
l?he ewes should not be turned out
In very muddy weather, for if the
ground is soft they are liable to mire
down and be unable to extricate
themselves. At least they are liable
to get their wool bedraggled witb.
muddy water, so it is best to keep
them in a dry lot. When turned out to
water they should be guarded care
fully if allowed to run to branch or
pond for drink. They may slip into
the water or get down in the muddy
The successful sheep raiser keeps
the ewes out of the way of horses,
mules, etc. Ewes are gentle animals;
they are easily injured when they
come in contact with strong, rough
horses and mules. The owner should
endeavor to keep the flock healthy and
in prime condition, then when lamb
" lng arrives he will have a flock of
strong lambs. Ewes that are neg
lected will not give good results at
One advantage of keeping sheep on
the fannys that sheep manure is one
of the most valuable of fertilizers. It
3tands to reason that the more bed
ding that can be worked into the
manure, the larger the supply of avail
able fertilizer will become.
Give the sheep plenty of exercise,
but keep them in when it storms. A
wet fleece is a sure cause of sickness.
Sheep feel neglect more than other
animals, and respond more quickly to
Once a week is not enough to salt
the sheep. Have it where they can
get what they want every day.
As soon as the ewes have all been
served get the ram out. He will only
be a nuisance from that time on.
Sort out the dry ewes now and sell
them. They will not pay for winter
ing at present prices of feed.
If you are planning for early lambs
fix up a good wann place for the
mother sheep. Don't let them out in
the cold when the critical time comes.
Sheep and young stock should nevex
--bcTTarrled together. The young stock
will be pretty sure to chase the sheep
and that means trouble every ,time.
Never drive a sheep body-deep into
the snow. If you do make up youi
mind loss will follow. It simply takes
the tuck out of a sheep to wade deer
Hay scattered about on the ground
for sheep is largely hay thrown away.
Hampshire Down Shearling Ewe.
They will tread it down and waste it.
Put it into good racks. Give only
what they will eat up clean. Other
stock do not like to eat hay that sheep
have nosed over.
It isn't much trouble to count the
sheep every day. Better do it and be
sure that all of them are all right.
PREPARED SOIL FOR ALFALFA
. Inoculation or Previous Crop of Sweet
Clover Are Essentials Required
for Success With Plant.
. Alfalfa will not grow in a soil in
which it has never been grown or in
which its near relative, sweet clover,
has not grown, or unless the soil has
been inoculated. This is for the reason
that the little germs or bacteria which
produce the knots or nodules on the
roots of the alfalfa must be present
in the soil before the crop will thrive.
These nodules are important in the
development and thriftiness of the
crop, and it is through them that
nitrogen is added to the soil. The in
oculation of the soil with these germ3
may be done by spreading a little soil
from an old alfalfa or sweet clover
field at the time the alfalfa seed is
planted, or by inoculating the seed
with a commercial culture of the or
ganism before it is sown.
Ideal Feed for Rams.
Oats make an ideal feed for the ram
during the winter, but he needs about
only, a pound a day to keep in fine
condition. In addition he must have
clover hay or alfalfa or com fodder or
turnips and other roots at least three
times a week. !
Makes Butter Streaked.
If the salt is not well mixed through
the butter it will crystallize on the out
side and probably meka the butter
Charts for Commercial Geography.
Commercial geography as it is now
widely taught in the public schools by
listing the various imports and ex
ports of countries and the products of
different cities fails to give a clear
1 idea of the relative importance of the
materials listed. It frequently hap
pens that the second or third item
on a list may have only one-tenth the
importance of the first item. Because
the thi'ee names are given one afte??
the other, the pupil is quite likely to
consider the three items of equal im
portance, just as three persons may
be of different height, yet of about the
same importance. The graphic meth
od judiciously applied to school geog
raphy and to general commercial geog
raphy would make a-tremendous dif
ference in the student's grasp of the
Supremity of Business.
There never was a time in all his
tory when our national, life has been
so interwoven in the transactions of
business representing as it does the
basic principle of progress and per
manent success, and the sneer at com
mercialism passes when we discover
militarism only a cloak for it The
United States is proving to the world
how inconsequential are those things
which have been felt to be paramount
in the building up of a nation, such as
military power and frowning fortifi
cations along the border, for business
is something that concerns individuals
and the home welfare, and requires no
apology in this day of glorified peace
ful industry, which is another name
for "Americanization."-"How's Busi
ness," Prominent Business Men? in Na
New Patron Saint.
Polar explorers now have their pa-1
tron saint in the person of St. Chris
topher, whose medallion, presented by
Queen Alexandra of England, is affixed
to the Endurance. Not long ago the
equally modern profession of short
hand writers was similarly equipped.
They fixed upon St. Genest, who suf
fered martyrdom for refusing to tran
scribe an imperial decree. That is
an odd reason, but not more odd than
many which have weighed in other
Transactions of the kind. The pa
tron saint of skaters is St. Ludwina,
who fell on the ice and sustained in
juries which she bore with exemplary
patience, and St. Cyril was long re
garded as the patron of Slavs on the
ground that he was "the apostle of
He was nine years old and practical,
and as he came home from Sunday
school the mystery of the Sunday
school lesson fell upon him. The les
son was about the three men cast
hito the blazing furnace. The teacher
had made it veiv plain. Shadrach,
Meshach and Abednego were their
names, and by the power of faith they
had been rescued from the fiery pit
unharmed. The story was past all com
prehension. It was a miracle-an Old
'.'es;anent miracle. "Tell you what, j
?aciher." he added, after explaining
the marvelous lesron the best he knew
how, "them was sure three asbestos
Digestion During Sleep.
Digestion goes on effectively during
sleep. The evening meal is digested j
during the night. The midday meal,1
especially when it is heavy, causes
drowsiness in some persons. The
proof that digestion is active in the
night is the fact that waste is gen
erally accumulated in the morning.
Furthermore, in the case of persons
who have died during the night, the
autopsy shows that digestion is fur
ther advanced the longer the period
intervening between the last meal and
death; from this fact the probable
time of death has been indicated at
The sexton was showing a holiday
party around the church, says the Man
chester Guardian, when someone
asked him if he feared a suffragette
attack. "I'd quite a turn the other
morning," said the sexton. "I see one
one of our ladies going in the church
with a 'ammer in 'er 'and. She turns
rund quite upset, and says, 'How dare
you think I'm going to break windows?
That Mrs. X-, who sits in my pew,
will use my hassock. I'm going to
nail it to the floor in my place.' And
Snake Farms In Tropics.
Two- snake-infested countries, India
and Brazil, maintain "snake farms'.' at
whioh a scientific study of serpents is
being pursued. The venom from the
poisonous ones is extracted and made
into a serum for curing persons who
have been bitten. The Brazilian insti
tution, near Sao Paulo, is maintained
at an expense of 540,000 a year. Be
sides preparing serums the "snake
farm" tries to spread knowledge about
snakes and induce farmers not to kill
them indiscriminately.-The Outlook.
Danger in Overripe Clover.
Although crimson clover is an ex
cellent forage plant and is eagerly
eaten by many animals, it is nearly
always fatal to horses and mules when
eaten in the full ripe stage. The rea
son fdr this is that as the clover
reaches maturity, the little hairs with
which it is covered become hard and
indigestible. On being eaten they form
into hard balls somewhere in the
digestive tract and cause a stoppage
which resists every known treatment?
Ey GLADYS GORDON.
(Copyright, 1914, by the McClure Newspa
Over to the westward lay the ser
rated ranges of the Sweetwater moun
tains. In the foreground waa a green
and fertile valley through which trick
led a silver stream.
Helen Madison, sitting on her
sturdy little pony, climbedito the top
of Eagle hill and looked down into
the valley, looked across the valley,
looked everywhere save into the face
of the strong, brown young man who
was waiting for her to speak.
"Helen," he said at last, and his
voice was stern.
"Yes?" She turned a cold face to
his. There was no fire in her dark
eyes, no love-nothing. Save, per
haps, disdain and indifference.
"You have not forgiven me?" he
"There is nothing to forgive. You
are free to choose your own way-I
gave back your freedom last night"
"I know-I did not believe that you
would throw me over just because I
wanted to make this venture with
Dickman ; I have invested every penny
in that abandoned mine, but I have
faith in its development, though it
is a hazardous undertaking in more
ways than one."
"I was satisfied to marry you and
settle down on the ranch with you,"
said Helen obstinately. How could
she explain to Dan Summer that her
hurt lay in the fact that he wa3 will
ing to postpone their wedding in
order to speculate in the old Mizpah
mine in the hope of getting a fortune
out of it? Dan would never know
why she had. refused to countenance
his going-nor why they had quar
"I know-dear, I know," he said,
smiling tenderly at her averted face.
"But I have made the venture-the
die is cast-yet you will not forgive
me, you will not wait?"
"It is too late," she said.
"Then, it is good-by?"
"It is good-by."
She did not turn her head as ho
:rode down the hill. When he had
disappeared from view she shook her
shoulders and breathed deeply. "Oh,
it's good to be free!" she cried, de
"Pretty lady so glad-heap cry,"
said a dry voice at her elbow.
Helen turned quickly and saw the
squatty form of a demure little In
dian squaw astride a ragged pony.
"You frightened me!' she cried
with an unsteady laugh.
. "How, Gray Feather':1" . M?gv
"How?" saluted Gray Feather sol
"Oh, you have papoose with you!
Do let me see him!" cried Helen,
touching the bundle on Gray Fe?th
Gray Feather swung, the cradle
around to her arms and uncovered
the sleeping face of the dark-Bkinned
Indian baby. "Him grand papoose,"
she smiled fondly.
"Have you named him yet?" asked
Helen, touching the little fingers.
Gray Feather grunted response.
"What do you call him? Strong
Arm, like his big father'.'"
"No-my man no want papoose
called Strong Arm; so we name him
for big, kind man who save my man's
life one day. Indian love white broth
er, Dan Summer, name papoose-Dan
Summertime-he always smile like big
"You send away white brother?"
asked Gray Feather softly.
"No-he went because he liked to
dig in a horrid old mine better than
he loves me!" burst out the girl im
"Indians say there is much gold in
Mizpah mine," said Gray Feather
thoughtfully. "Him go away-mad?"
"Yes-that is-I was angry with
him. I-I hate him!"
"I hated my man once," said Gray
Feather gravely. "Long ago before
he take me for squaw. He go away
on hunt; I say, 'stay;' he laugh and
say 'go to wigwam little squaw-to-be;
men must hunt for food.' My man he
lose himself on hunt that time-me al
most die for sorrow; then I go and
walk and walk and trail step by step
for three days and nights till at last
I find him, hurt, most dead for thirst.
Me drag him ten miles to home!
You will go after big white brother
-and tell him leetle papoose Dan
Summertime send him kees good-by?"
she asked bluntly.
"Yes, Gray Feather, I will take the
kiss to him," cried Helen radiantly.
She leaned over and kissed the un
winking baby, and then pressed her
lips on Gray Feather's cheek. "I
shall love you always, Gray Feath
er!" she whispered softly, as ahe
shook the reins and started her pony
"Good-by, white sister!" waved
Gray Feather as Helen rode away.
"Don't forget Dan Summertime
And the rosy glow that bathed
Helen's face was not the reflection of
"Why," said the scornful knocker,,
"that doctor gives bread."
"Merely bread?" said the cheerful
p?tient. "How considerate of him not
to prescribe beefsteak!"
lt Wouldn't Crack.
''This author says: 'She tried to
smile, but failed.' What do you sup
pose he meant by that?"
"Probably her face was enameled,"
The Rayo Rests Your Eyes
THE bright, yet soft light of the RAYO Lamp
rests your eyes as surely as a harsh white glare
is injurious to them. Scientists recommend the light'
of an oil lamp - and the
is the best oil lamp made. .
Ask your dealer to show you the Rayo. No
glare, no flicker. Easy to light and care for.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C. (NEW JERSEY) Charlotte, N. G.
Norfolk, Va. D > i Tra?'Anr Charleston, V/. Va.
Richmond. Va. BAL 1 lMUKJb. Charlean. S. C
Medical College of the State of South Carolina
-Charleston, South Carolina
Departments of ?Medicine and Pharmacy,
Owned and Controlled by the State.
86th Session Opens October 1st, 1914. Closes June 3rd, 1915
Fine New Building ready for occupancy October 1st, 1914. Advan- \
tageously located opposite Roper Hospital, one of the largest Hospitals
in the South, where abundant clinical material is offered, con
tains 218 beds.
Practical work for Senior Students in Medicine and Pharmacy a
Large and well-equipped Laboratories in both SchooK
Department of Physiology and Embryology in affiliation with the
Nine full time teachers in Laboratory Branches
Six graduated appointments each year in medicine.
For catalog address:
OSCAR W. SCHLEETER, Registrar, Charleston, S. C.
Ranges, Stoves, Grates
Now is the time to purchase a New Range, Stove,
Heater or Grate.
See Our Pretty Beckers and Full Line
Prices in keeping* with seven-cent cotton.
Jones & Son
Purchase your Wedding Presents from Augusta's
Largest Jewelry Store. Beautiful assortment of
SILVERWARE, CUT GLASS,
CHINA, CLOCKS AND
WATCHES, GOLD AND
NOVELTIES OF ALL KINDS.
Call to see us when in the city. Order by mail if
you can't come. Write for catalogue.
A. J. RENKL
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA 706 BROAD STREET
NO ADVANCE IN PRICE
SLUSKY'S ROOFING MATERIAL
ON ACCOUNT OF WAR
Our materials have advanced considerably, but having purchased im
mense stock before rise of market, we aie offering the SAME AT
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as formerly. Get our prices on METAL
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVANIZED CORRUGATED IRON and
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will pay you to buy NOW as prices will
never be lower.
1009 Broad Street
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October 1914 to
the 15th day of March 1915.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1914,
and December 31st, 1914.
That when taxes charged shall not
be paid by December 31st, 1914, the
County Auditor shall proceed to add a
penalty of one per cent for January,
and if taxes are not paid on or before
February 1st, 1915, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time
all unpaid taxes will be collected by
The tax. levies for the year 1914'are
For State purposes 6 mills
" Ordinary county 5 44
" Special county ' 1 44
" Cons. school tax 3 "
" Antioch S. D. 2 44
" Pickens Bacon S. D. * 4 44
" Pickens Bacon R. R. 3 44
" Shaw Bacon school 4 "
44 Part Blocker R. R. 12 44
" Part Collier Sp. school 3 44
44 Flat Rock S. D. 4 44
" Oak Grove S. D. 3 "
" Prescott S. D. 3
44 Red Hill S. D. 4 "
44 Edgefield Pickens school 5 44
V Edgefield Pickens R. R. 3 44
44 Edgefield Pickens Corp'n 10 '4
" Edgefield school building 2 44
" Edgefiald Wise school bld'g 2 44
44 Edgefield Wise Corp'n 10 44
*' Edgefield R. R. 11-4 "
44 Edgefield Wise school 5 "
" portion Elmwood school 2 44
44 portion Elmwood R. R. 12 44
44 Elmwood S. D. No 38 school 2 44
44 Elmwood S .D. No. 3 R. R. 12 "
" Elmwood Long Cane R. R. 12 "
44 Elmwood Long Cane school 3 44
44 P. Pickens Long Cane R. R. 3 "
44 Hibler S. D. 3 44
44 Liberty Hill S. D. .3 44
" Johnston S. D. 8 44
44 Johnston R. R. 3 44
44 Moss S. D. 3 44
44 Parksville S. D. 4 44
44 Pickens R. R. 3 44
44 Plum Branch S. D. No. 15 5 44
44 Shaw school 4 44
44 Talbert school 2 44
44 Pickens Trenton school 5 44
44 Pickens Trenton R. R. 3 44
44 Shaw Trenton school 5 44
44 Wise Trenton school 5 44
44 Wise Trenton R. R. 11-4 44
44 Ward's school 2 "
44 Modoc S..D. 2 44
44 White Town S. D. 4 44
44 Wise R. R. 11-4 44
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2 commutation tax or
work six days on the oublie roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask forAroad tax re
ceipt when you^desire to pay road.tax.
JAMES T. MIMS, ,
J,__Ca.Treas^E. C, _
The State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
By W. T. Kinnaid, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Mrs. Lillie DeLaughter
made suit to me, to grant her Let
ters of Administration of the Es
tate of and effects of J. P. De
Laughter of above County and
These Are Therefoie to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said J. P.
DeLaughter, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be beld at Edgefield
C. H., S. C., in my office on 11th
day of February next, after publi
cation thereof, at ll o'clock in the
forenoon, to show cause, it* any
they have, why the said Adminis
tration should not be granted.
Given under ray Hand this 26th
day of January A. D., 1915.
W. T. Kinnaird, '
Jan. 27, 1915. J. P. E. C. '
All persons indebted to the es
tate of Mrs. Sarah F. Holder will
make payment, and all persons
holding claims against the said es
tate will forward^ the same, forth
with to the undersigned.
J. Wm. Thurmond, Attorney
for J. H. Holder, Adm'r.
Jan. 12, 1915.
On the 18th day of February 1915,
I will make a final settlement on
the estate of 0. J. Prince, deceased,
and at said time will apply for my
final discharge as Executrix. Ali
persons interested will take due no
tice and govern themselves accord
Jan. 19, '15. Executrix.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.