Newspaper Page Text
WINTER SHELTER FOR SHEEP
Wise Shepherd Will See That Arrange
ment? for Protection of Flock Art
Good and Sufficient.
The shepherd who lu wis? enough to
be prepared for wet wintry days and
cold winter nights does not dread losses
from pneumonia, and the mortality in
the lambing season of next February
and March that will come from breed
ing ewes that hare been weakened by
exposure. As winter begins to draw a
little nearer, he sees that hi. shelter
ing arrangements are all that they
ought to be.
It does not matter whether the sheds
used by the sheep are so very warm or
not. Bnt they must not be so open that
the wind caa whistle throogh thees aad
there most be plenty of ? ?ntlladon,
eays a witter ht Fiann Progrese.
Plenty of Bght aad Tentltetton, ead
freedom frota drafts are UM maia
consideration*. Tbs warmth of the
shed is lase important than the ne
cessity af a good, sound roof.
I nerer pat more than fifty sheep hi
a single shed. More than that number
wil' be hard to manage and the
ehraoes of accidents among ewes with
lamb will be greatly increased. The
shed ought to be about twice as long
as it is wide and there should be
ampi? room for every animal to lie
down inside tts doors without the ap
pearance of crowding the place. The
floor must of course be absolutely dry
and remain that way.
The feeding rack should be placed
on one side of the shed and should
consist of a flat-bottomed trough at
the bottom, surmounted by a vrell
A Shropshire Sheep.
built rack, made of slats nailed about
three inches apart. Put it out far
enough from the side wall so that the
_ewes may feed at it from both sides.
Where the space is not great enough
to allow the rack to be built out from
the wall so sheep eau feed from both
sides, the bottom of the rack will have
to be built slanting enough to slide
"all the grain, hay, chaff, trashy bits
of forage and leaves, down to the side
where the sheep are feeding. This
will keep the far side of the rack from
filling up with moldy feed.
RINGING THE VICIOUS HOGS
Unruly Sows inclined to Wake Trouble
of Various Kinds May Be Sub
' rr dued by Use of Ropes.
When the sows get unruly and in
clined to make trouble of various
kinds they can be readily controlled
by an arrangement made of ropes and
placed around the jaws of the animal.
Such a rope is not easy to put in po
sition with an angry hog. so a little
device made of an old broom handle
is used. Insert a small hook in one
end of the handle and near the other
end nail a strap, which, fastened so as
to form a loop, will enable one to get
a firmer erip on the handle. Then
take the rope and make a slip noose
in one end, hang it from the hook on
the end of the small pole and, with a
quick movement, place the loop over
and around the upper jaw, when the
mouth is forced open. Take hold of
the rope with one hand just above the
noose and with the help of the ringer
Insert the ring or rings on the snout.
The animal will be unable to fight
much with this appliance around its
GROUND WIRES SAVE STOCK
Gives Considerable Frotection From
Lightninq and ls Profitable In
vestment for Farmers.
?By FRANK >T. AV I UTK. Wisconsin Ag
Grounding fence wires affords con
siderable protection from lightning
and is a worth while investment for
As hundreds of valuable animals ere
struck by lightning in this state every
summer, many of the casualties be
ing directly due to currents carried
along pasture fences, such advice is
To secure the best results ground
wires ought to be placed about one
hundred feet apart and closely stapled
to the post, so as form a contact with
every one of the fence wires. The
ground wires should also extend slight
ly above the fence post, and, like a
lightning rod, should penetrate the soil
far e?o?gh io reach moist e.;rth. No.
S or 9 wire is mest satisfactory for
WILL PLEASE SMALL CHILD
Rocker Thst Can Be Constructed at
Small Expense Is Useful in
A "rocker" from which a small child
may derive a great deal of fun and
amusement can easily be made by the
amateur carpenter without fear of fail
ure from any strong wooden box of
a suitable size and shape.
At one end of the box a seat is ar
ranged and it is formed by cutting a
piece of wood to fit across the box and
fastening it in position by running
screws through the sides and into the
edge of the seat. It is further
strengthened and supported by bara
screwed on to the sides of the box
underneath it, and the end of one of
these bars ls just visible in tba small
sketch on the right of the Illustration
which give? a view of the box looking
into it from above, and clearly shows
the way in wbroil th? seat is secured
The rockers underneath should bc
made of very thick strong wood, cut
oat in the shape indicated and fas
tened to tlie box by running screwe
through tb? bottom and into tba up
per edge of tte rooken. Two oval
?paces are out out of fha tides on
cither aide of the teat to that a child
can hold 01. and rock himself as much
as he pleases.
For quite a small child, it would bc
advisable to fasten a strap at the back
of the seat with a couple of screws
so that it could be secured round his
waist and prevent him falling should
he rock too violently. When complete,
the whole thing can be pttinted or
stained and ?. .11 form a valuable addi
tion to the toys in the nursery at <
VARIOUS STYLES IN GLOVES
Different Occasions Require s Differ'
ent Kind, and Wardrobe Should
include a Variety.
Real kid skins do not come long
enough to make anything but a 16?
button glove length, so for gloves that
go past the elbow a length needs
to be added, and it is done by at
taching the arm part on with a V
shaped seam. This extra part will
outlast the hand ci the glove, and
may be put on a new pair of gloves.
The flare wrist glove for morning
wear has a decided vogue, as it slips
on easily and, because of the strap,
looks and fits the hand well. It may
be had all one color kid or stitched
with a contrasting color and with the
strap, flare raset and stitching of con
For short-sleeved coats and dresses
of a tailored character there is a long
white kid glove that has black and
white embroidery stitching on the
back. Such a glove is not to wear
with the more fi?my dresses. With
these evening or dancing gowns the
all-white kid glove, long and short,
Sand-colored and covert suits and
coats now have gloves to match, in
kid for the more elaborate ones and
mocha for outdoor driving or walking.
The one-clasp buckskin gloves in sand
color are very attractive.
Golf gloves of soft mocha, button
ing over the back of the hand instead
of the front, with openings to give free
play to the knuckles, are of a soft tone
Chamois gloves are still correct for j
morning wear with the cotton and
linen suits of thick or thin texture. |
They are so soft and pliable as to |
seem more like a thick suede or
mocha. .., .
SHOULDN'T LINGER IN BATH j
Too Long an Immersion Results In ; ?
Enervation Rather Than the <
Many wemen make their bath much i,
too lengthy a function, with the result : (
thnt not only the skin, but the whole .
system becomes enervated. The hot
batli should be taken quickly, followed !
by a sponge-down or douche of cold ,
or tepid water, and a brisk toweling j
to promote circulation. Alter lons ;
exercise, or when one is tired, and
especially for sufferers from colds,
rheumatism, or neuraliga, a "mustard j
bath" is a wonderful tonic; that is so j ?
easily prepared, also. One merely dis- J
solves from one to two teaspoonfuls |
in hot water, et voile! The cold
douche is not required after a mus- |
tard bath.-Chicago Tribune.
Slippers of Linen,
A new idea in bedroom slippers is
to make them of linen. These are de
cidedly comfortable on the feet, wear
well and can be washed easily. They
can be made from plain or embroid
ered linen, just a little heavier than
you would use for doilies or center
pieces. Buttonhole around the top in
a small scallop and make eyelets in
which to run narrow ribbon.
They are very pretty made up of
hamburg four inches wide and with
a well-covered edge, as well as an
open one through which the ribbon
can run. When soiid they can be
removed irom the sole, laundered and
replaced with little trouble, it is well
\o keep a fresh pail- always on hand.
WEANING COLT IS DIFFICULT
Matter Requires Careful Feeding and
Management-Four to Six Month?
ls th? Ususl Ags.
(By M. COVERDEL.)
Weaning the colt ii not simply an
act of separating the colt from its
dam, but it is a matter that will re
quire careful feeding and management
of both, just the same as changes in
other conditions demand different ra
tions and handling.
From four to six month? I? th?
usual ag? at which the eolt should be
weaned. Of course, there are excep
tions to this rule, some doing better
if weaned earlier, where the maro?
milk does not seem to agree with the
colt, and some requiring the dam's
milk for a longer period on account
of the eolt being pony or unhealthy,
but ia ssost eases this 1? th? proser
range of asta for weaning.
However, if the mar? has been ro
ared and ki thought to ba pregnant,
the cok should not ba allowed to
suckle OT er four or fire month? at
the farthest, as tb? composition of tho
milk begins to change at this period
and will wield a deteriorating effect
on the health of the suckling colt, at
th? same time tending to rob the colt
in foal of the nourishment that should
be transmitted to it, while the com
plications caused by these unfavorable
conditions also detract from the health
of the mare.
In weaning the colt, one must be
guided partly by the amount of milk
produced by the mare; her adaptabil
ity to dry up quickly and properlyj
without damage to the udder.
These are the points that should be
given special attention in connection
with handling the mare, and while
some will require several days of grad
ual separation from the colt before the
weaning is made permanent, most
dams will stand the more sudden wean
To guard against mistakes in this
respect, let the colt suck only at night
Farm Money-Maker6. I
and In the morning ror two days, then
allow it to suck only once a day for a
souple of days. Next, let it suck every
other day for four days, then shut it
away from the mare permanently.
All this time the maro should be i
milked three times a day, or oftener j
If necessary. Milk her just before the
colt sucks every time.
lt is not intended that the colt se- i
cure much milk. The object is simply
to make the weaning gradual for both j
flam and colt, and to keep the fever j
and heat sucked out of the udder.
COCKED FEED FOR THE HOGS
Practice Has Been Largely Abandoned
Because Digestibility Has Eeen Re
duced-Potato ls Exception.
(By C.. R. SAMPSON, Oregon Agricultur
Cooking feed for swine has beiiii
largely abandoned, since the digesti
bility of most feeds is diminished by
cooking. The potato seems to be an
exception to this rule. When cheap
enough to be fed to pigs, potatoes will
stand th? expense of cooking and pay
a prolit if installing equipment does
not make too large a proportion of the
feed cost. At the present time one
hardly seems justified in installing an
expensive cooker for potatoes, since
ordinarily potatoes are more valuable
for human than for pig feed. Other
crops also usually furnish more nu
trients at less cost per acre than po
tatoes. Steaming is more desirable
than boiling potatoes, since the pur
pose ol' cooking is to decrease the wa
ter content and burst the starch cells
If potatoes are boiled the water
should be drawn oft and the potatoes
left ove: the fire long enough to give
th<"m a dry and mealy appearance,
when they split open. ?
HOG BREEDING HINTS
Correct Feeding and Clean
Houses Are Essential.
Profits Depend on Persistency of
Herdsman in Fighting Unsanitary
Conditions - Alfalfa Make?
Best Muscle and Bone.
(By A. D. BU KHANS.)
A hog and his health are soon part
ed if the caretaker ls the least in
clined to allow the pigs to care for
themselves. Pig profits in the corn
belt depend on the persistency of the
herdsman In fighting unsanitary con
ditions. And doubly bard must the
pig grower work to ward off disease if
he does not give forage an important
place on the bill of fare.
Any hog, to have a clean system,
must have the correct kind of feeding.
Naturally, the hog eats much grass
and forage. When he cannot get it,
he IR unable to do what nature tells
bim to do in keeping his system in ex
Pigs grown on forage and carried
hito the breeding period and then
through the winter on rightly cured
hay and slops made of clean feed are
always ready to withstand exposure.
A clean digestive apparatus and liv
er can throw off many impurities of
a hog's body. Alfalfa pasturage ls
found to make the best bone and
muscle on pigs of any known forage.
Clover is good, but cannot equal the
unkillable alfalfa plant.
Alfalfa or clover pasturage keeps
the pig's blood cool and the bowels in
excellent condition. It also grows an
earlier maturing animal. For winter
use this plant should be cured as
green as possible. Cock In after cut
ting, and do not allow the sun to
bleach it until all the color is gone.
Not long since I saw a farmer who
was feeding alfalfa bay, cured green
and very toothsome, on a feeding floor.
This was late in the fall.
Between the three trough-feeds
dally an abundance of this fine hay
was tossed upon the floor, where the
pigs devoured lt greedily. The trough
feed was of cracked corn and more al
falfa to balance it.
Dairymen declare alfalfa to produce
as much milk as bran, and if this
is so. why would it not balance cora
well in hog feeding? The cut alfalfa
and corn are steamed before feeding.
I have never seen hogs thrive better
on any fare than did the ones I refer
Damp quarters in the fall are none
the best. They are the cause of all
winter lameness and soreness, the ex
aot location of which is a puzzle.
Pig floors must be dry, whether of
cement or plank.
I have had no experience with other
than dirt and plank floors, and find
the latter, when placed ten Inches
Utilizing Hogs in Brush Lot.
above the ground, to be easily kept
dry. Clean, dry bedding is always
greatly appreciated by the hogs in fall
Whitewash the hog house on some
bright, warm day this fall, and then
it will be light all winter, even if it
does not have a large number of win
Plan to have the front of the house
open on all nice winter days, and a
flood of sunlight will help to rid the
place of any disease that may be lurk
Dust should be avoided in the house.
.Keen it clean, and hoe it out often.
Bedding is cheap. Use plenty of it.
Cost of Feeding Calf.
An Indiana man asks what it will
cost to feed a calf until it is three
months old. One of the eastern ex
periment stations made some experi
ments along this line two years ago
and figured it out that it cost $10.40
per calf for the first three months,
counting the whole milk worth two
dollars per hundred. About twenty
seven dollars for feed for the calf for
the first year.
Place for Seed Corn.
The seed corn has been carefully
gathered by this time. Now see that
it is stored in such a way that the
germinating powers will not be
weakened. The average farmhouse has
some room in the attic or some place
where it can be kept successfully. The
house that is complete will make pro
visions for these things.
Get Cash for Eggs.
Locate as many egg customers in
the nearest city as you are able. Keep
the profits that usually go to the gro
cer onfl commercial agent for your
self. Cash for egtS is the best way tr
,**Ee ls a prosperous term
A telephone 01
user, but it adds valu
enable you to sell yoi
can be had at very lo1
Write for our free
Farmers Line Depi
SOUTHERN BELL Tl
& TELEGRAPH C
Sooth Pryor A
jasa - ? - - :?
We have accepted
Ford Automobiles fe
and will have constar
of Touring Cars and
be pleased to show
cars defy Edgefield's
They are an All-tl
We will also carry
all parts of the Ford
ders at our Garag? T
to wait to get exti
Make your auto war
we will satisfy them
at reasonable prices.
I Woman Finally Recoven
i From Nervous Breakdown
Impoverished nerves destroy many
! people before their time. Often hc
. fore .1 sufferer realizes what the
trouble is, ne is on the verge of a
complete nervous breakdown. It
i is of the utmost importance to keep
: your nervous system in good con
, dition, as the nerves are-thc source
of all bodily power. Mrs. Rosa
i Bonner. 825 N. iSth St., Binning
j ham, Ala., says:
i "I have bern suffering with nerv
1 otis pro.-tration for nine or ten
years. Have tried many of the best
doctors in Birmingham, but they all
fr.iled to reach my case. I would
feel ns if I was smothering; finally
I went into convulsions. My little
; girl saw '
Dr. Milos9 Nervine
I advertised iii t':;c papers and I zt
i once began to take lt. I continued
lo take it for some time and now 1
, am well."
j li you arc troubled with loss o?
; appetite, poor digestion, weakness.
' inability to sli-p; if yoi* are in a
! general run down condition anti
j unable to bear your part of the
' daily grind of life, you need some
: thing to strengthen your nerves.
You may not rct-.lizc what is t!:c mat
ter willi yui. but tint i-; no reason
why you should delay treatment.
Dr. Miles' Nervine . '
has proven its value in nervous dis
orders for thirty years, and merits
a trial, no matter how many otiicr
remedies have failed to help you.
Gold by all druggists. If first" bottle
falls to benefit your money is returned.
I MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Incl.
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. OfSce 3.
B?Vi iillU Family Medicine.
er. Be bas a telephone." ?
i the Farm not only
and comfort for thc
e to the land and will
jr land to a better ad
service on the Farm
i booklet, Address
the agency for the
>r Edgefield County,
ltly on hand a stock
them to those who
a car. The Ford
a full assortment of
cars, and can fill or
vithout your having
a par. s by express,
its known to us, and
OE short notice and
No doubt you are, if
you suffer from auy of the
numerous ailments to
which an women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some ot the symp
toms, and you must nd
yourself of them in order
io feel well. Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you to
T!ie Woman's Tonic
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking Car dui,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ano
the pain in my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton