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BIG POLAND CHINAS POPULAR
Chief Characteristics Are Early Ma
turity and Rapidity of Fattening
-Also Good Rustlers.
For many years Poland China
ffcogs were the leaders in the corn
belt. Originating in Ohio in 1872.
their good points were rapidly appre
ciated, and before many years Po
land Chinas were established in every
section where bogs were, raised for
market in a large way. The early
Poland Chinas had much to com
mend them. Their chief characteris
tics were early maturity and rapid
ity of fattening. The combination of
the various strains of blood Big China,
Poland, Byfield, Berkshire, Irish Graz
ier on common stock, resulting in this
breed, was such that a hog could be
?matured much earlier and much
.cheaper than was formerly the case.
Moreover, they were good rustlers, did
not require pampering, and, as a mat
ter of fact, were practically fool proof.
So it came about that in a marvel
ously short time the praises of Poland
?Chinas were sung on every hand and
the demand as breeders was practical
Tivy were of good size (sows ."?00
pounds, boars, 600 pounds and over),
smooili. with moderate bone, large
ham and shoulder, producing a high
percentage of the highest grade of
lard ard edible meat of remarkably
good fie vor and quality. They dressed
.out well and consequently were pop
ular with packen;. Poland China rais
ing became a fad. The sows were
prolific, not unusual for average lit
,ters to contain six or eight pigs, in
?individual cases run up to 10, 12 and
14. The pigs were active from the
Fine Specimen of Poland China Breed.
(beginning, began to eat feeds quickly,
grew with remarkable rapidity, so that
by the time they were eight or niue
months old they were ready for home
?butchering or for sending to the mar
ket. This was au eye-opener. The
older and well-known breeds required
much longer time for maturity.
HOGS AS MORTGAGE LIFTERS
More Money Made in Raising Swine
on Farm Than in Any Other
Animal-Enemy Is Cholera.
<By GEORGK H. GLOVER. Colorado Ag
There should be, and usually is,
more money made in raising hogs on
Hie farm than other animals. Aside
(from cholera, hogs are h s s subject to
/disease, reproduce faster, and make
T>etter gains per pound of feed con
sumed. The annual increase of
?horses, cattle a: d sheep ranges from
rCO to 100 per cent. The increase of
Tioga should be from 500 to 1,500 per
cent. The sow has the advantage In
'"bringing forth two litters a year and
farrows several ?.t each litter.
Doctor Warrir.gton In "Chemistry
on the Farm" states that for each 100
pounds of feed consumed the different
farm animals make gains as follows:
Cattle, nine pounds: sheep, ll pounds,
and pigs, 23 pounds. Pigs then make
nearly two and ti half times the gain
over cattle for the amount of feed
The man who hauls hogs to market
Instead of corn is the one who should
make money. Because of the fact that
hog raising, when properly managed,
lias been so profitable the hog has
?been styled the "mortgage lifter." The
.one enemy to the business ls hog
cholera. No doubt, much can be done
In controlling cholera by the farmers
-co-operating In adopting measures
'which will prevent the dissemination
It is up to the farmers themselves,
in the last analysis, to confine cholera
.on the one farm where it starts by
.strictly following the advice of sani
tary authorities and all working to
gether to this end. I know of a farm
.er who kept his hogs healthy for four
years, while the neighbors all around
him were losing their hogs from chol
era. He did it by an eternal vigilance
in keeping infection out, and this man
made a regular chore of cleaning the
hog pens every Saturday afternoon.
Skim Milk for Pigs.
It ls usually estimated that 100
pounds of skim milk are worth as
much as a half bushel of corn for feed
ing purposes-that is, if corn ls 60
cents a bushel, 100 pounds of skim
milk are worth "0 cents. In feeding
pigs give three pounds of skim milk
to one pound of grain. Skim milk con
tains 2.3 per cent protein, 5.3 per cent
carbohydrates and about 0 2 per cent
fat. It is practically all disestible.
FEEDING DAIRY GOWS
Grow Feeds Which Are Adapted
to the Farm.
Get Succulence Into Animal's Ration
and There Will Be No Trouble In
Getting Her to Eat Enough
Silo Solves Question.
Common sense in cow feeding is the
growing of feeds best adapted to our
fields and feeding them in such a way
as to get the greatest amount possible
of milk. By this it is not meant that
the purpose of commercial feeding
stuffs should not be considered. It is
more profitable to buy what, concen
trated foods can be used profitably
than to have the mistaken ideas of
economy and go without them.
Many men feed with poor results
even when they feed liberally. This
is because they do not know how to
handle the feed to get the greatest
quantity of milk. The cow that is full
of food ls the one that is comfortable
and will therefore make the best user
of the food she gets. Palatability
is the consideration-that which the
cow likes. A cow will never fill up
Splendid Dairy Type.
on wheat chaff, because she does not
like it, not because she does not con
~:der it of high nutritive value and
With this peint in view a dairyman
will have in his mind which feeds to
grow. Grow the feeds most adaptable
to the farm which are most palatable,
writes W. W. Oarrothers in Orchard
The most important consideration in
palatability is succulence. Succulence
is juiciness. Get succulence into the
dairy cow's ration and there will be
no trouble in having her eat enough.
Succulence in summer, when alfalfa
growing is in full swing, is easy. In
late fall and early winter when every
thing is dried up and we are waiting
for the rains, succulence is hard to get.
The silo solves this question. The
day is coming when no progressive
dairyman will be without a silo to
supply winter feed. The cost of
erecting a silo is now down to the
place where almost every man can
have one, nevertheless many of our
dairymen cannot afford enough silo
room to feed their herds the entire
fall and winter through.
A thousand pounds of roots ls worth
a thousand pounds of ensilage for cow
feed. Roots cost more to produce
and are not as certain a crop. The
production per acre is also consider
Another way to get succulence is
dampen straw with water and 20 per
cent of feed molasses. This is not
as good a method of getting palata
bility as with ensilage or roots, but it
has its advantages. Inferior hay can
Right Kind for Head of Dairy Herd.
be disposed of by mixing with roots,
ensilage or feed molasses. Good mo
lasses can be purchased for less than
twenty cents a gallon. It is worth 25
cents a gallon for its nutritive value
only. Successful dairymen consider
it a profitable food, and where in
ferior roughage is to be disposed of,
its value is hard to estimate.
Practical dairymen do not advise
the feeding ol poor ensilage alone;
they prefer to have it mixed with hay
or good straw. This seems to mod
ify the flavor and causes the mixture
to be eaten with greater relish. This
mixture is especially advisable v?hen
ensilage has been cut in an immature
stage. Corn cut too early never makes
ensilage of the highest quality.
POOR HAY IS QUITE COSTLY
More Noticeable in Dairying Than Al
mert Anything Else-Checks Milk
Flow and Injures Flavor.
'Too little attention is given to qual
ity ir. hay. More feeding value has
been wasted in that way than any
other fr.rm loss. Hay is spoiled by al
lowing it to become overripe, by too
much v "atheriiig and by exposure to
sun, de v and rain. It may also be
spoiled by putting up In such condi
tion thai it becomes mowburned.
With poor hay poor results are ob
tained in f eeding, not always because
stock do !:ot eat it readily, but rath
er because it is not so digestible. This
may redu<- . the feeding value by 50
per cent. I .ow grade hay always gives
poor result poor growth, a staring
coat and ii?:ihrlfty appearance. It is
more notice bia in dairying than al
most anythii-g else, as it checks trie"
milk flow an-! injures the flavor. In
aggravrt^d cuces it develops heaves in
horses and causes retention of after
birth in cows.
The Rayo Rests Your Eyes
THE bright, yet soft light of the RAYO Lamp
rests your eyes as surely as a harsh white glare
is injurious to them. Scientists recommend the light
of an oil lamp - and thc
is the best oil lamp made.
Ask your dealer to show you the Rayo. No
glare, no flicker. Easy to light and care for.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington. D. C. (NEW JERSEY) Charlotte. N. C
Norfolk, Va. nit TUlAnr Charleston. W. Va.
Richmond. Va. DAL 1 IMUKfc Charleston. S. C.
Ranges, Stoves, Grates
Now is the time to purchase a New Range, Stove,
Heater or Grate.
See Our Pretty liockers and Full Line
Prices in keeping wifth seven-cent cotton.
Jones & Son
I Wedding Presents
Purchase your Wedding Presents from Augusta's
Largest Jewelry Store. Beautiful assortment of
SILVERWARE, CUT GLASS,
CHINA, CLOCKS AND
WATCHES, GOLD AND
NOVELTIES OF ALL KINDS.
Call to see us when in the city. Order by mail if
you can't come. Write for catalogue.
A. J. RENKL
706 BROAD STREET
J. C. LEE, President *
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, [flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SS
Plant Oats ai
We have BEST of all Vs
Your order or
have our bes
See Charlie May.
NO ADV ANC]
Our materials have advanced consid
mense stock before rise of market,
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as formel
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVAN
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will r.
never be lower.
To become a uni
Chero-Cola had to be1
the perfect drink that
it is. Take yours from
the original bottle
through a straw. You
will enjoy its uniform
flavor and the certainty
of its cleanliness.
125 acres land near Hibernia
in Saluda county.
120 acres near Monetta, Sa
330 acres in Aiken county,
100 acres near Ropers.
300 acres near Celestia or
Davis' mills in Greenwood
and Saluda counties.
50 acres near Edgeiield C.
250 aeres near Trenton,S.C.
Several tract? near meeting
Street, and other tracts near
Monetta and Batesburg.
A. S. TOMPKINS,
Edgefield, S. C
Go to see'
Before insuringjelsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
id Help Solve
IROS. & CO.
E IN PRICE
T OF WAR
lerably, but having purchased im
we are offering the SAME AT
rly. Get our prices on METAL
IZED CORRUGATED IRON and
>ay you to buy NOW as prices will
Ideal Pressing Club
NEAT CLEANING AND
DYING AND REPAIRING.
Ladies Coat Suits Cleaned and
Ladies Pleated Skirts Cleaned and
Pressed _. _50c.
Ladie Plain Skirts Cleaned and
Ladies Evening Gowns Cleandd and
Ladies One-Piece Dress Cleaned and
Gents' Suiis Sleam Cleaned and
Gents' Suits Dry Cleaned and
Hats Cleaned and Pressed_25c.
Hats Cleaned and Blocked_50c.
Remember we are first-class in
every workmanship and can please
the most fastudist person. Work
done while you wait. Don't throw
away that old suit or hat. Bring it
to us and let us make it look like
new. We appreciateyour patronage
and guarantee satisfaction. *~
FRANK MAYNARD, Prop.,
Edgefield, South Carolina.
N. E. Schedule figures published
only as information andjare no
Trains depart to
209 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 a ra
231 Trenton. Augusta 11:10 am
229 Aiken, Charleston 12:20 p nt
297 Trenton, Augusta 7:20 pm
Trains arrive from
208 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
230 Columbia, Trenton 11:55 a ra
232 Charleston, Aiken 4:00 pm
20:6 Columbia, Tienton 8:05 p ra
For additional information, Tick
ets, etc., Communicate with
Magruder Dent., District Passen
ger Agent, Augusta, Ga. J. A.
Townsend, Agent, Edgefield, S. C.
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBY'S LIV-VER-LAX ia
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C. .