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TREES SCAVENGERS OF AIR
Besides, They Make Sumner Cooler
and Winter Warmer, Says
There is a New York Tree Planting
association and Dr. Stephen Smith ls
its president. Dr. Smith agrees with
the poet Pope, who extolled trees
which "furnish in summer shade, in
winter fire." More than that, man's
very life on this planet depends upon
the tree, which absorbs the poisonous
carbon dioxide which man exhales
and in return pours Into his lungs
the exhilarating and vitalizing oxygen
secreted by its leaves, says the Die
tetic and Hygienic Gazette. The tree
regulates the temperature of the air
In which we live by having itself a
fixed temperature of 54 degree Fah
renheit. The grateful shacie of trees
on a hot summer's day and the com
parative warmth of the forest in the
coldest winter's day is due in a de
gree to the arboreal temperature.
Therefore, if city ?;treets were filled
with vigorous trees; we should have
cooler summers and warmer winters.
And on hot days the tree sprays
into the air an immense amount of wa
ter-32.000 gallons for a tree of full
size and leafage. Here is an inestim
able cooling process. And such a tree
has in foliage the equivalent of five
acres of grass land-a fact further sug
gesting that a tree standing by our
dweilings in the city and lifting its
foliage in the air, story above story,
would bring to every window which
it passed acres of park scenery. In
the hot summer days and nights it
would purify the air entering the
chamber and cool it with a delicious
moisture. Finally, the tree can ab
sorb and thus remove from the air the
emanations from the street and from
putrefying waste matter. In this re
spect trees are the scavengers of the
air and protect us from "tilth dis
It should be sdded that trees are
valuable in that they provide homes
for birds who feed on destructive in
HOMES FOR BRITISH WORKERS
Plans That Are.in the Nature of Ex
periments Are Being Given Care
Evidently British cities do not pur
/^sjlpoe that the war shall iuterfere seri
ously with plans for housing their
workingmen. In Newcastle-on-Tyne,
for example, plans have recently been
prepared for furthering this move
ment. United States Consul Walter
C. Hamm recently reported that two
plans for the erection of workingman's
houses have been considered by the
hoi'.sing committee of the corporation
of Newcastle, and it approved by the
city council will be carried out.
One scheme proposes the erection
of S4 two-roomed houses, which will
rent for $1.15 per week, and 28 three
roomed houses, renting for $1.52 per
week. The second scheme proposes
the erection of eight two-roomed
dwellings, renting for $1.22 per week,
and eight three-roomed dwellings,
renting for $1.38 per week.
The total number of houses pro
posed by the two plans is 128, contain
ing 292 rooms. The total cost is esti
mated at $125.000, which includes the
cost of the buildings, the street work
and the rent of the land.
This plan, if realized, will be car
ried out under the "Housing of the
working class act" of 1870, and in this
case the periods of loan repayment
are to be as follows: Land, 80 years;
buildings. 60 years; sewerage, 30
years, and streets. 20 years. Tenders
for the erection of the buildings have
Uses of Tenement Houses.
Tf Cleveland shall follow the sugges
tions contained in a tenement house
code proposed by the chamber of com
merce of that city, life would be far
more worth the living for many peo
ple. Among other things, it provides
that no room in the cellar cf any tene
ment house shall be occupied for liv
ing purposes, and that no room in the
basement of such a dwelling shall be
used for any purpose other than cook
ing or laundry. No tenement house
or any part of it would be used for
lodging house under this code. Vari
ous provisions are made for safety
and health. Among them is the re
quirement that in rooms used for
sleeping purposes 500 feet of cubic
air space must be provided for ev
ery person of twelve years or more
and 300 cubic feet for each person
less than that age.
Trees for School Grounds.
Trees for beautifying school grounds
are furnished free to rural schools in
California by the Chico Normal school.
Chico will also send, on request, a
man to lay out school gardens in rural
Cheap at Any Price.
"Really, madam, this evening coat
makes an entirely different woman out
"That settles it, Clara, take it-never
mind the price."
SHEEP ARE NEGLECTED
Cur Dog, Parasites and Diseases
Good Management and Proper (?are
Will Control, if Not Elim?nale,
Are Good Scavengers.
(By E. L. SHAW and L L. HELLER.)
Many farmers have disposed of
their flocks and many others have re
frained from entering the business be
cause of some of the difficulties that
are peculiar to this industry. Among
the most important of these are cur
dogs, parasites and diseases. A cer
tain amount of trouble is inevitable
where these abound, but ordinarily
this should not be sufficient to dis
courage the flockmaster. Good man
agement and proper care, will control,
if not eliminate, these difficulties. The
flock that must rustle for itself is the
one that suffers most from these
sources. Sheep are good scavengers,
but should not be made to subsist
upon weeds alone, with little or no
attention on the part of the farmer.
The sooner the owner realizes that
his sheep cannot return satisfactory
profits under such conditions, the
Combination Rack for Feeding Hay
and Grain-Sheep Can Be Fed From
Either Side-Note Construction for
Keeping Chaff Out of Fleeces, by
the Solid Board at the Top.
. better it will be for him. Any extra
' care and feed given to the flock gen
erally yields the greatest returns,
j Sheep will increase the fertility of
i the soil if they are handled properly.
' To do this they should not be per
; mitted to crop off the grass too close
, ly, which they will do if the pasture is
overstocked or if they. are kept too
: long on one field. Sheep manure, with
I one exception, is the most valuable of
all farm manures. It is thinly and
evenly scattered over the ground and
does net produce a rank growth in
I spots of the pasture as do other ma
1 nures. The manure is also worked
into the soil by the sharp hoofs of
j the sheep, so that it is not washed
I away but becomes available as plant
food. This quality has well earned
for sheep the title of "golden hoof."
In England, land which c.uring Queen
Elizabeth's reign produced only six
bushels of wheat per acre has been
I made to yield 30 bushels at the pres
: ent time by the use of sheep. Better
cultural methods may be the cause of
' a portion of this increase, but without
i doubt the sheep are responsible for
the greater part of it.
Another equally important way that
sheep increase the productivity of the
i land is in their destruction of weeds.
Combination Hay and Grain Rack
Sheep Can Fed From Either Side.
; By eating the weeds they make more
I room for the cultivated crops and in
crease the supply of plant food and
i water available for them by prevent
I ing the weeds from using it. No
j other class of live stock, with the ex
j ception of goats, will eat as many
weeds as sheep. By converting these
I waste products into wool and mutton
they are a source of profit to the
CHICKEN COOP VENTILATION
Hole Covered With Thick Cloth Will
j Provide Necessary Fresh Air and
Exclude Snow and Sleet.
To provide proper1 ventilation for
? a chicken coop in the winter time is
a very difficult task, unless special ar
, rangement was made for it when the
! coop was built. A hole of any appre
ciable size is sure to ac.mit a lot jof
snow and sleet with every storm. Be
sides this being harmful for the chick
ens, it leaves a lot of snow and ice to
melt on the floor of the coop, which
soon causes it to rot and decay. We
have found, however, that by enlarg
ing the holes somewhat and then
tacking several thicknesses of cloth
over them, the proper amount of
fresh air will be admitted, while the
snow and sleet will be excluded. The
cloth should be a light color so as to
keep the interior of the coop lighter.
Follow Nature's Way.
The man who feeds leguminous
hays in connection with silage will, of
course, grow the legume crops on his
farm. When he does this he will fol
low nature's way, and the best way to
improve the fertility of the soil.
Have Some Sweet Clover.
Pian now to sow como sweet clover
next spring for 3heep pasture, lt is
equal io alfalfa in feeding value.
SAVE ALL POULTRY MANURE
Farmer Can Add Materially to Profits
by Properly Caring for Droppings
of Various Farm Fowls.
A recent bulletin of the Maine agri
cultural experiment station shows that
the poultryman or fanner can mate
rially add to the profits of his busi
ness by properly caring for the drop
pings of his fowls. Tor example, it is
shown that the droppings from 1,000
fowls if preserved without needless
loss are worth at least three hundred
dollars a year, and this estimate is
based on the assumption that less
than half of the droppings, or only 30
pounds per hen per year, can be col
According to the Maine station, the
droppings should be collected daily
and mixed with substances which will
(1) prevent loss of nitrogen, (2) add
sufficient potash and phosphoric acid
to make a better balanced fertilizer,
and (3) improve the mechanical con
dition of the manure so that it can
be applied to the land with a manure
This can be done as follows: To
each 30 pounds of the manure add ten
pounds of sawdust, good dried loam,
or peat. 16 pounds of acid phosphate,
and eight pounds of kainit Such a
mixture will contain about 1.25 per
cent of nitrogen, 4.5 per cent of phos
phoric acid, and two per cent of pot
ash, which, used at the rate of two
tons ber acre would furnish 50 pounds
of nitrogen. 185 pounds of phosphoric
acid, and 80 pounds of potash, and at
the present price of fertilizing in
gredients is worth about $10 per ton.
The mixture would furnish a well bal
anced stjable fertilizer, which, al
though not fine enough to work well
in drills, can be successfully applied
with a manure spreader. The treated
manure should be well sheltered until
time to apply to the land-that is,
shortly before plowing.
HORSE IS A POOR REASONER
Great Difficulty Experienced in Break
ing Anima! of Trick When Once
He Has Learned Lesson.
The horse is a poor reasoner. Men
tally it is the weakest of all our do
mestic animals except the sheep.
Therefore, when once taught a trick
or allowed to do a certain act not
Superior Draft Type.
wanted it is with great difficulty that
the horse can unlearn on account of
A horse kicks his master to death 1
when turned upside down with foot
in stirrup, because in that position1
the horse does not know what his I
master is, and suffers from imaginary :
fear. Ke kicks the shafts of a buggy
until his legs are broken because he '
does not know that the shafts are
harmless and that he himself is doing
the damage. He runs away in the !
saddle or in the harness because he
has not sense enough to know better, i
WINTER GARDEN IN CELLAR
Rhubarb Will Do Well With Tempera
ture of Fifty Degrees-Other Vege
tables Can Be Cultivated.
Several garden vegetables can be
successfully grown in the cellar dur
ing the winter and will furnish fresh
! material for the table when such
things are most appreciated. Rhubarb j
atjid asparagus roots are easily forced
into growth. Tike up vigorous roots 1
just before free/.ing, then allow them ,
tc freeze and remain in that condition j
for two weeks. Put them in boxes of '
earth in a cool cellar and they almost
immediately begin to furnish a sup- 1
ply of beautifully blanched stalks. A !
temperature of about fifty degrees is i
desirable. Rhubarb will do well at J
even a lower heat and should be kept
in absolute darkness.
Cellar windows that face east and
. south are good places to grow lettuce
that has been previously started out- !
side. Roots of parsley taken from the I
garden will thrive and furnish a sup- j
ply for salads and garnishes all win
ter. Clumps of chives are also easily
grown. These are doubly welcome in
winter for soups and anything requir
ing a mild flavor of onion.
Spearmint plants will grow abund
antly in a cellar heated by a furnace
or they may be taken to the kitchen
window. The fresh leaves are much
better than dried ones for making
mint sauce or anything requiring this I
particular flavor. Belated pepper and
j egg plants taken up before frost and 1
I potted will continue to bear fruit all
I winter if kept in a warm room.
The ideal farmer is first of all hap
py that he is a farmer; and then he
is happy because he can be and do all
he can be and do because he is an
The cow is a ?machine for the pro
duct!.: n milk: but, like other ma
chines, to be efficient she must have
GATE BUILT THROUGH FENCE
Much Inconvenience and Repairing
Can Be Saved by Adopting Meth
od Shown In Illustration.
(By M. COVERDEL.)
At the point where one Is in the
habit of crawling through the hog
fence the wires become sagged and
the woven fence is twisted out of
shape, to say nothing of the incon
venience attending this unhandy
method of getting through the fence.
Set an extra post in line with the
fence at such a point, stapling the
wires securely to lt. Brace the small
Gate Through Top of Hog Fence.
post and the one next to it as shown
in the illustration; cut the wires be
tween them; make a small gate to fit
this opening in the fence, and hang
it, using either iron hinges or strips
of leather, to support it and allow
a free swinging. Attach a hook latch,
as indicated, and you will sav? your
self much inconvenience and repairing
FOR FATTENING THE LAMBS
Experiments With Shelled Corn and
Alfalfa Hay Furnish Valuable
Comparison for Breeder.
W. C. Coffey, chief in sheep husband
ry at the University of Illinois, has
completed his experiments on the pro
portion of shelled corn and alfalfa hay
for fattening Western lambs. The ex
periment also furnishes a valuable
comparison of the feeding and market
qualities of wether and ewe lambs and
shows the effects of early and late
shearing on the feeding operations as
Western lambs which had been pur
chased on the Chicago market about a
year ago were used in the experiment.
These were divided into two main
groups. Group one was fed the largest
quantity of corn that it was possible
to get the lambs to consume, with just
enough hay to keep them healthy and
thriving. Group two was fed a large
amount of hay, with just enough corn
tu put them in choice market condi
In experiment or group one, four lots
of wether lambs were fed as nearly as j
possible like two of the lots of wether j
lambs. In experiment No. 2 three lots !
of lambs were shared early and three :
were sheared late.
In each experiment the lambs receiv- :
ing the largest proportion of corn made
the largest gains. The difference be
tween wether and ewe lambs in feed
lng and market qualities were slight.
Shorn lambs at? more feed than un-j
shorn lambs in warm weather, but
there was little difference between j
them in gains and no difference in I
market quality. Lambs left in the j
fleece until the end of the experiment j
sheared from 2 to 2.75 pounds per head j
more than early-shorn lambs, and on
this account returned more profit.
Feed for Weaning Colt.
Often the pastures are short and
dry when the young colt is weaned.
There is no food so nourishing to the
foal as is green grass. If a late pas
ture is available, the foal should have
free access to it. If the late pasture
is not at hand, wheat bran should be
fed twice each day, with good clover
Sheep will not bear neglect and
? ? .
Long and bard pulling makes wind
* ? *
Never punish a horse for something
he cannot help.
* . .
The surplus horses on many farms
eat up the profits.
* * ?
There is no animal more unprofit
able than poor sheep.
* * ?
If a sow breeds well and is a good
mother, keep her until she is old.
* * *
The farmer's team should be one
well adapted to his requirements.
* . *
The most profitable beef, pork or
mutton is that put upon the market
? * *
Badly constructed stable floors have
injured many more horses than hard
* . .
Keeping the wagon and buggies well
oiled is one way of being kind to the
* * *
Allowing the manure to accumulate
in the stable may be convenient, but
it i:; unhealthy for the animals.
,**Be ls a prosperan Unset
A telephone on
means convenience a
user, but it adds value
enable you to sell you
can be had at very lou
Write for our free
Farmers Line Depai
SOUTHERN BELL TE
& TELEGRAPH C
Sooth Pryor St., At)
We have accepted 1
Ford Automobiles foi
and will have constan
of Touring Cars and I
be pleased to show
ears defy Edgefield's
They are an All-th
We will also carry a
all parts of the Ford i
ders at our Garage w
to wait to get extn
Make your auto wan
we will satisfy them c
at reasonable prices.
Auto and R
A Nervous Woman Find?
Relief From Suffering.
Women who suffer from extreme
nervousness, often endure much
stiffcring before finding any relief.
Mrs. Joseph Snyder, of Tiffin, O.,
liad such an experience, regarding
which she says:
"Blx months I
was bedfast with
tion. I had sink
ing spells, a f.oid,
could not stand
noise. At times
I would almost
fly to pieces:
weak. My hus
band Insisted ca
my taking Dr.
Miles' Nervine, and I began to improvo
before I h:irf finished the iirst bottle
until I ws.s entirety cured."
MUS. JOSEPH SNYDER,
'ye Hudson Rt.. Tiffin, Ohio.
Many remedies arc recommended
for diseases of thc nervous system
that fail to produce results because
they do not reach thc seat of the
trouble. Dr. Miles' Nervine has
proven its value in such cases so
many times that it is unnecessary
to make ciaims for it. You can
prove its merits for yourself by
netting a bottle of your druggist,
who will return the price ii you
receive no beucht. 2
V'LES MED'CAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
the Farm not only
nd comfort for the
: to the land and will
r land to a better ad
service on the Farm
the agency for the
. Edgefield County,
tly on hand a stock
Inn-A bouts. Shall
them to those who
a ear. The Ford
. full assortment of
cars, and can fill or
ithout your having
i pars by express,
ts known to us, and
>r? short notice and
Mrs. Walter Vincent, fi?
of Pleasant Hill, N. C., [?si
writes: "For three sum- r!3j
mers. 1 suffered from rs
nervousness, dreadful l?^
pains in my back and d/&
sides, and weak sinking f@)
spells. Three bottles of
Cardui, the woman's
tonic, relieved me entire
ly. I feel like another
For over 50 years,
Cardui has been helping
to relieve women's un
necessary pains and
building weak women up
to health and strength.
lt wiri do the same for
you, If given a fair trial.
So, don't wait, but begin
taking Cardui today, for
its use cannot harm you,
and should surely do you
A. K. Curley,
Appointments at Tren ion