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I HEREFORD BREED OF CATTLE
! Represents Type Suitable "'or Largest
Production of Beef-Han No Su
perior on Range.
The Hereford derives Its name from
Its native district in England. The
most popular color and markings are
dark claret or cherry, white face,
throat, chest, legs, belly and small
stripe of white on neck and before
'the shoulders. The hons are rue
dium to long, white and generally
This breed represents the type that
is suitable for the largest production
of beet as lt is low set and broad,
heavy in forequarters; full, deep
chest, level wide back, wide thick
loin and quarters. The form repre
sents that which is associated with a
strong constitution, vigor and pre
potency, and one of the strong points
of the breed is its grazing attributes.
The Hereford probably has no super
ior on the range. The cows of this
breed give only milk enough to raise
a very thrifty calf.
DONT KEEP TOO MANY HOGS
Overstocked Farm Is Unprofitable One
-Give Every Pig or Other Ani
mal a Fair Chance.
It ls a mistake to overstock your
place with pigs or any other animals.
Too many farmers in attempting to
make money by increasing the num
ber of animals do so at the expense
of quality. An overstocked farm is
not a profitable one. A farm that ls
overstocked is one that has more
animals of any character than can be
properly cared for or kept in good,
thrifty, growing condition. Wherever
the numbers interfere with the growth
or with the attention that should be
given them it is overstocked. If the
'pastures are too small for them or
too short, necessitating the purchase
-.pl^ieed, the profits are cut with a two-1
edged sword, firet because cf purchas
ing feed, second because of Injury to
the thrift and growth of the animals.
More money can be made with half the
animals properly fed and cared for
and kept in a thrifty, growing condi
tion. Every pig or other animal
should have a chance, and if they are
crowded it is impossible to give them
a good show. Numbers sometimes
are the sole cause of losses instead of
GREEDY HOGS ARE DESIRABLE
Oregon Station Finds by Actual Feed
ing Test* That Heaviest Eater ls
The Oregon agricultural station has
found out by actual feeding tests that
the hog which eats moat greedily is
the most profitable. Thirty pigs were
divided into three lots, the heaviest
eaters in one lot. and others graded
according to their capacity for con
A hundred hogs like the heaviest
eaters at the rate of gain made and
present prices, would make a profit
of $297.65, or almost exactly $3 a
head. A hundred like the poorest
feeders would have made a profit of
$115.65, or only a little mere than a
dollar u head. They were evenly
graded as to size and sex. If there
ls this great difference beuween the
heavy-eating hogs and the light eat
ers-thea most hog growers will agree
that the breeders might wall devote
themselves to breeding appetite in
hogs, instead of color or fancy points.
If the appetite makes the profits,
Niever let the colt nurse ll the mare
. . .
Early and thorough training makes
gentle, safe and tractable horses.
? . ?
Keep young stock growing and lt
will bc earning something every day.
. . .
No profitable animals should be
kept a moment longer than necessity
. . .
The profitable mutton breeds of
.heep are those of early maturity,
rapid growth and necessarily short
. . .
It takes longer and costs more to
make up a pound of IOBS than it does
to add five pcunda of gain under fa
TOWN FORESTS IN GERMANY
Convincing Proofs of What May Be
Accomplished Under Scientific
A feature of municipal government
which has been brought to a high de
gree of perfection In Qermany is the
town forest The town forest is a sec
tion of woodland set aside by a city
for the propagation of forest trees and
operated by and for the profit of the
townspeople. Germany has many that
are paying all the community taxes
and something over. Harris A. Rey
nolds, secretary of the Massachusetts
Fore Rt ry association, has made a sur
vey of such institutions in Germany
and publishes his findings in the
American City Magazine.
Forbach, a town of 1,900 people, has
a town forest of 1,482 acres, or about
four-fifths of an acre to each inhabi
ant. This forest makes a profit of
$12.14 an acre annually, sufficient to
pay all the communal taxes and leave
some over for local improvements.
A section of the forest, in this case, is
Bet aside and when extraordinary ex
penditures are called for, such as the
building a new schoolhouse or a
town hall, enough timber is cut and
sold from the reserve to meet the
cost. Besides paying for taxes and
certain Improvements, this town for
est, in keeping with an old German
custom, pays the heads of the older
families, 250 of them in thiB instance,
the sum of $36 yearly. All work in
the forest is done under the super
vision of a trained forester, appointed
by the state. Many men and women
are employed in cutting, hoeing, etc.,
and are paid wages by the town. The
management is based on the most
scientific and modern principles, and
extraordinary means are taken to pre
vent the ravages of Insects and ani
mals. A forest fire ls unknown, all
dead limbs and waste from the cutting
being quickly disposed of. The profits
of the forests visited by Mr. Reynolds
average $6.20 an acre.
In addition to being commercially
profitable, the forests s.re used as
recreational centers. On Sundays and
holidays they are thronged with pic
nickers and merrymakers, as the
woods, always located within easy
reach town, offer unequaled ad
vantages for outdoor sports.
PUSH GARDEN SCHOOL IDEA
Federal Bureau of Education Formu
lating Comprehensive Plan for
The United States bureau of educa
tion is beginning a special work of
the promotion of home and school
gardens, having received an appropria
tion from congress for the purpose.
It appears that many cities have al
ready made experiments and consid
erable progress in school gardens, but
there is little concrete information
available at present for exchange and
distribution among schools. By cor
respondence and personal visits the
bureau of education proposes to co
operate with schofl boards through
out the United States on this subject
and collate and distribute such infor
mation as will be of service in extend
ing the work.
It is proposed that every city school
shall have a teacher employed 12
months in the year who understands
gardening both theoretically and prac
tically. During term time the teacher
is to give instruction in nature study,
elementary science and gardening,
and in the afternoon direct the work
in gardens at the children's homes.
During the summer vacation the
teacher on duty will employ all her
time in directing the practical garden
work. Such teachers, according to the
system of the bureau, will be able to
give a personal supervision, which
will insure greater success for the
gardens and can familiarize the chil
dren with the problems of plant pro
duction and utilization. A co-opera
tive plan for disposing advantageously
of the surplus vegetables and fruits
ls included in the general scheme.
Cities Lack Air Space.
The United States census calls "met
ropolitan districts" the land within the
city boundaries of large cities and
within a radius of ten miles outside of
city boundaries. The metropolitan
district of New York comprises 617,00t
acres; of Philadelphia, 437,000 acres;
of Chicago, 409,000 acres; of Pitts
burgh, 405,000 acres; of Boston, 335,000
acres, and of San Francisco and Oak
land, 289,000. In order to understand
what these big figures mean one must
remember that the city of Paris at
the time of the French revolution com
prised only 8,325 acres, on which 600,
000 people were crowded. Even today
the city of Paris proper crowds its
2,840.000 people on an area of only
19,500 acres and Berlin proper crowds
over two million people on 15,008 acres.
How can any standard'of air space
in private or public buildings, and es
pecially in gardens, public playgrounds
and parks, that has been developed by
these antiquated cities ever be used in
looking for the solution of the prob
lms of the new city?
New times demand now measures and
The time is ripe, and rotten-ripe for
-James Russell Lowell.
IT MARES HOME,
To nave A
Ccpyrisbt 1909. kr C. E. Zimmerman Co.--No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mime, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier. h
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
B. B. RUSSELL, JR.
R. E. ALLEN
Ship Your Cotton to
RUSSELL & ALLEN
COTTON FACTORS AND COMMISSION
Liberal Advances Made on Cotton in Store
"Homes and Eow to Paint Them"
Will be very helpful to you and you? Painter
Contains beautiful illustrations of attractively
painted homes, shows floor plans, gives specifications
how to select the right colors, also information for
painting* roofs, barns, buggies, wagons, implements,
refinishing woodwork and floors, decorating walls.
This valuable Paint Booklet tells ail about the merits of
"The Kind That Lasts"
This o d reliable pain* protects and beautifies your property and
enhances its value. lt is just Pure White Lead, Zinc Oxide, and
Genuine Linseed Oil, in the correct proportions, which make it the best
and most economical paint to use.
There's A Pee Gee Fr?h For Every Purpose
Tee Gee Creo-Stain for Shingle Roof?, Pee Gee Carriage
?-md Was on and Implement i .iint, Pee Gee Adamant Floor
Paint, and other popular Poe Cee Paints and Varnishes.
Arie For FV?Q Ccl^r
Stewart & Kernaghan
EDGEFIELD, SOUTH CAROLINA
Tile telephone mal
large family for business
aids in church work ar
neighbors to social gath?
the Bell System enables
most anywhere without ]
Write to nearest Bel
Farmers* Line Dc
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
SOUTH PRYOR STRE
We have accepted
Ford Automobiles f(
and will have constai
of Touring Cars and
be pleased to show
cars defy Edgefield's
They are an All-tl
We will also carry
all parts of the Ford
ders at our Garage y
to wait to get ext]
Make your auto wai
we will satisfy them
at reasonable prices.
Auto and I
Guard Your Children
Against Bowel Trouble
Many children at an carly agc
become constipated, and frequently
serious consequences result Not
being able to realize his own con
dition, a child's bowels should be
constantly watched, and a gentle
laxative given when necessary.
Dr. Miles' Laxative Tablets are
especially well adapted to women
and children. Thc Sisters of
Christian Charity, 531 Charles St.,
Luzerne, Pa., who attend many
cases of sickness say of them:
"Some time ago we beean using Dr.
Miles' Laxative Tablets and find that
we like them very much. Their action
is excellent and we are grateful for
having been made acquainted with
tit em. "We have had good results In
every case and the Sisters are very
The form and flavor of any medi
cine is very important, no matter
who is to take it. The taste and
appearance are especially important
when children arc concerned. All
parents know how hard it ts to give
the average child "medicine," even
though the taste is partially dis
guised. In using Dr. Miles' Lax
ative Tablets, however, this diffi
culty is overcome. The shape of
the tablets, their appearance and
candy-like taste at once appeal to
any child, with the result that they
are taken without objection.
The rich chocolate flavor and
absence of other taste, make Dr.
Miles' Laxative Tablets the ideal
remedy for children. s
If the first box fails to benefit,
the price is returned. Ask your
druggist. A box of 25 doses costs
only 25 cents. Never sold in bulk.
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVEB POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
??lt TfcS RS ANDKIDNEIS
hen Remove It!,
kes the community one
and social purposes. It
id summons friends and
;rings. Connection with
you to reach anybody al
leaving your home.
ll Telephone Manager, or
AND TELEGRAPH CO.
ET. ATLANTA. GA.
the agency for the
>r Edgefield County,
ntly on hand a stock
them to those who
a car. The Ford
? winter roads.
a full assortment of
cars, and can fill or
without your having
ra par s by express,
tits known to us, and
on short notice and
bead ached nearly
all the time. Our family
doctor treated me, but
only gave me temporary
relief. 1 was certainly in
bad health. My school
teacher advised me to
The Woman's Tonic
1 took two bottles, in an,
and was cured. 1 shall
always praise Cardui to
sick and suffering wo
men." li you suffer from
pains peculiar to weak
women, such as head
ache, backache, or other
symptoms of womanly
trouble, or if you merely
need a tonic for that tired,
nervous, worn-out feel
ing, try Cardui. E-?5
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton