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[COMBINED ICE HOUS?
Fig. td-Longitudinal Section of a
.(Prepared by the U. S. Department of
Even where for convenience and
. economy it is desirable to have the
dairy under the same roof as the ice
house it is not satisfactory to attempt
to combine the ice storage with a coln
store. When it is necessary to use
ice for chilling milk and other dairy
products it is better to remote the ice
from the ice house or compartment and
place it in a specially constructed ice
box or refrigerator, rather than to at
tempt to maintain a cold room by stor
ing the ice about and in contact with
it. The chief argument against the
combined arrangement i's that it pre
ven?s the storage of ice in a solid
mass. As a result the waste is much
greater. Again, the requirements of
the storage room and the refrigerator
vary from time to time. Advantage
can be taken of these fluctuations to
husband the ice supply when the two
sre separate. There are decided ad
Flg. 2.-Transverse Section of a Com
--, . ^bined Ice House.andj^ajry._
vantages in having the ice supply
convenient to the dairy house or re
frigerator, but it is poor ! economy to
build the refrigerator or cold store in
side the ice storage. The arrange
ment suggested in figures 1 and 2 is
to be preferred.
Where an abundant supply of
natural ice can be harvested annual
ly it will be u simple matter to main
tain high-claiss refrigeration by in
stalling a brine-circulating sysiem.
The principle on which this patented
sys:em works is the same as mechan
ical refrigeration, except that the cold
is secured through a freeling mixture
of ice and salt in a tank in which the
primary coib are located. :?.s shown at
B in figure 3. As the brine in these
coils becomes chilled it passes out
through the bottom of the col's and
slowly flows through the coils marked
C, which are located in the cooling
room. The heat of this room is ab
sorbed by these chilled pipes, and as
the brine warms up it passes out and
Fig. 3.-Diagram Showing a Combine
Tip'Into, the primary coils, and in this
way a continuous circu? tion is main
tained between the two ripe systems.
For convenience, the ice house can
be made a part of the structure, so
that the ice can be elevated above the
storage chamber and directly into the
.crusher, which can be located in the
attic above the primary coils indi
cated at B. As the drawing shows, the
spacA above the cooling room might
be utilized as a farm shop or for a
cooperage, if one were to ba installed
in connection with an apple orchard.
It would not be advisable to attempt
to install this system without having
an experienced engineer calculate the
piping necessary for any given storage
*TOom as well as the cooling tank. The
question of installation is also a very
important one, and should be carefully
This construction is adapted to
small or to very extensive plants^ The
department of agriculture used this
^6yr:tem in a plant which has been in
stalled at the Arlington experimental
i AND REFRIGERATOR
Combined Ice House and Dairy.
farm. The cooling room in this case
is 28 by 30 feet with eight-foot ceil
ings. Suffcient space is thereby pro
vided to store 800 barrels of apples.
Detailed information regarding the
storage of butter and cheese may be
had by those interested In two bulle
tins of the United States department
of agriculture. Bulletin 83, bureau of
animal industry,' gives information on
cheese, and Bulletin 84, bureau of ani
mal industry, on butter. These pamph
lets will be sent free of charge as long
as the supply lasts-, after which they
may be purchased for a small price
of the superintendent of documents.
GOOD QUALITIES OF MANURE
All Growing Plants Require Certain
Food Elements Which Must Be Se
cured From the Soil.
Some farmers used to have the no
tion that the only reason they had for
hauling manure onto the fields was
to get it out of their way. This class
of men would have thrown the fer
tilizer Into a hole had one been handy.
Of late it is difficult to find a farmer
who does not believe in the fertilizing
qualities of manure. Manure is the
cheapest and most efficient fertilizer
which the farmer can use upon his
Growing plants require certain food
elements which must be secured from
the soil. All plants require the same
Ingredients; but the amounts vary in
different plants. The farmer who puts
his land in good shape during the fall
and winter by fertilizing it with ma
nure will raise the big grain crops the
Live stock manure contains about
80 per cent of the plant food elements,
contained in the food eaten by the
stock. This food waa taken from the
soil; so lt is only reasonable that if it
is not returned in some form the soil
will become depleted. Barnyard ma
nure is mixed with bedding, which
contains the plant food elements taken
from the ground that produced its
growth. Naturally this combination is
not as strong in fertilizing elements
as pure manure: but it has immense
value as a fertilizer. The bedding ab
sorbs the liquids, which would other
wise be a loss. The organic portion of
a load of .manure is just as valuable
for fertilizing purposes as the nitro
gen. potash-, acid. etc.. contained in
the manure. Before the organic por
tion is of value as a fertilizer it must
pass through a process of rotting.
This process turns it into humus-one
of the elements in which many soils
arR most lacking.
Safest Kind of Farming.
The safest kind of farming is that
which makes it possible for the farm
er and his family to live well. Even
if large crops which must be turned
d Icc House and Cold-Storage Plant?
into ? ash are produced, unless a large
portion'of the food and feed be also
frown most of the cash must be used
to buy the necessaries which doubt
less could hay been raised cheaper
than the cash ^crops. It is not the
amount of cash we handle that gives
us profit, but the amount above the
cost of production and marketing. We
enjoy that which gives us the great
est comfort and convenience.
Ci in Field for Ducks.
Those . ho keep ducks should often
place the.a in a new run, and the one
just vaca!~d should be sown to rye.
Rje is an excellent crop for disinfect
ing the ri',.-; and, besides, it furnishes
considerable green feed.
Get Rid of Roosters.
It is a go :d plan to get rid of the
roosters, old and young, as soon as pos
sible. The old ones are eating their
heads off and the young ones should
not be kept long after they reach mar
It wouldn't, be possible not to be kind
In the Land of Beginning ?galn;
And the ones we misjudged, and the
ones whom we grudged
Their moments of victory here,
Would find in the grasp of our loving
Moro than penitent lips could ex
At the holiday season we delight
In sweetmeats, cakes and homemade
goodies. One of
the chief pleas
ures of the sea
son is getting
ready, m a k i n g
things, which is
also a good way of
keeping the chil
dren in the house
Interested and feeling that they have
a part in the preparations.
Orange or grapefruit peel makes
such a delightful confection which
may be used as a garnish or as a
Save tte skins from two or three
oranges, those which have thick, soft
skins are best. Remove all the fiber
and cut the skins with a sharp knife,
using a board. The English product
is so attractive because it is shred
ded so fin s. Put the skin on to cook
in cold water and allow it to boil half
an hour. Then change the water,
starting again with cold, repeat this
two or three times until- it has boiled
in ail about an hour and a half or un
til tender. Then pour off the water,
adding as much sugar as there is peel,
just cover with water and ret boil rap
idly until all the sirup has boiled
away. During the last five minutes
it must be watched constantly, pour
it out on a plate covered .with granu
lated sugar and toss it rapidly over
and over until every bit is covered
with the sugar. Set away to cool,
then put in tin boxes.
Orange Fromage.--Strain the juice
of five oranges and a lemon. Boil to
gether one cup of sugar and one cup
of water three minutes. Pour this
over a tablespoonful of gelatin which
has been softened in two tablespoon
fuls of cold water, stir until dissolved,
then add the fruit juice. Put this
ip a two quart ice-cream brick. It
should be about half full. Whip a
pint of cream until stiff, sweeten and
flavor to taste. Fold a buttered pa
per over the mold, put on the cover
and pack in ice and salt for four
hours. Tear off the paper that pro
jects, and grease with sweet lard. This
prevents the salt water from soaking
into the frozen mixture.
What use for the rope, if it be not
Till the swimmer's grasp to the rock
What worth is Eulogy's blandest
When whispered in ears that are
hushed in death?
No! no! if you have but a word of
Speak it while I am alive to hear.
NEW WAYS WITH CHESTNUTS.
At this season of the year, when
chestnuts are fresh and plentiful,
some different ways of
using them in dishes for
the table ma: be accept
able. After cooking un
til tender in boiling
werter the nuts may be
added to any fruit salad.
Cut in small pieces and
mixed with apple and
celery, with mayonnaise, a most ap
petising salad may be prepared.
Chestnut Fritters.-Cook the nuts,
?>eel and blanch them and pound or
mash fine. Add a fourth of a pound
of butter to a pound of the nuts, two
ounces of sugar, a beaten egg and four
ounces of flour; roll with the hand?
into little balls, dip in egg and crumbs
and fry to a delicate brown in butter
Preserved Chestnuts.-Roast or boil
the nuts, shell and remove the inner
skin. Make a sirup of a pint of water
and a pound of sugar, the Juice of
two lemons and the rind of one.
When the sirup has boiled well, add a
pint of blanched chestnuts, let sim
mer gently for half an hour or more,
then seal up boiling, hot in small jars.
These are delicious served in sherbet
glasses filled up with ice cream or
sherbet. They are s used over ice
cream or Jemon jelly, or may be put
into a mixture of any gelatin jelly
and served with cream.
Chestnut and Apple Dessert.-Boil
a pound of chestnuts, remove the
shells and skins and boil again in a
cupful of milk until soft enough to
press through a sieve. Butter a mold
well and line it thickly with sifted
nuts, then add a layer of thick sifted
apple sauce, sweetened and colored
pink with currant Jelly; then add an
other layer of nuts and one of apple,
squeeze over a little lemon juice and
bake in a moderate oven. Serve with
Pur-Great cats! That's a nerve!
Somebody has put up a builAmg right
wber9 I buried a bone!- tilk.
Better Light and More of It
J^EROSENE* light is best for young
and old eyes alike. RSOfO LAMPS
give you kerosene ligrit at its best - a
steady, generous glow that reaches every
corner of the room.
The RAYO does not smoke or smell. It is made of
solid brass, nickel-plated. It is ensy to light, easy to
clean, easy to rewick. At dealers everywhere.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington,D.C. (NEW JERSEY) Charlotte, N.C.
Norfolk. Va. DAI TI??r\n C Charlertots, W. Va.
Richmond. Va. BALTIMORE Charleston. S. C
llil.liiinl?v;,:.::, .: . : , , "..!,i!!,: 'l.T....'^;'!!?!
Ranges, Stoves, Grates
Now is the time to purchase a New Range, Stove,
Heater or Grate.
See Our Pretty Hockers and Pull Line
Prices in keeping with seven-cent cotton.
Jones & Son
Purchase your Wedding Presents from Augusta's
Largest Jewelry Store. Beautiful assortment of
SILVERWARE, CUT GLASS,
CHINA, CLOCKS AND
WATCHES, GOLD AND
NOVELTIES OF ALL KINDS.
Call to see us when in the city. Order hy mail if
you can't come. Write for catalogue.
A. J. RENKL
AUGUSTA, GEORGIA 706 BROAD STREET
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, [Mooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
Our Motto: JESS
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills. Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
In a Bottle
Straw is the only
best way to have
This insures uniform
ity in flavor-perfect
pure, wholesome and
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBY'S LIV-VER.LAX is
a natura!, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and mate
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Go to see
Before insuringjjelsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
N. E. Schedule figures published
only as information and jare no*
Trains depart to
209 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 a m
231 Trenton. Augusta 11:10 a m
229 Aiken, Charleston 12:20 pm
297 Trenton, Augusta 7:20 p m
Trains arrive from
208 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
230 Columbia, Trenton 11:55am
232 Charleston, Aiken 4:00 p m
20:6 Columbia, Tienton 8:05 p in
For additional information, Tick
ets, etc., Communicate with
Magruder Dent, District Passen
ger Agent, Augusta, Ga. J. A.
Townsend, Agent, Edgefield, S. C.