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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, April 14, 1915, Image 7

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Mt Zion School Picnic.
The Advertiser has been request
ed to announce that a school pic
nic will be given at Mt. Zion school
.house Saturday, April 24, and the
public is cordially invited to at
tend. With this session Miss Ma-i
mie Cheatham closes her second
year as teacher of the Mt. Zion
school and she has made her value
Iffelt to the entire community.
Received Commission
Last Thursday Hon. J. William
Thurmond received his commission
from Washington as district attor
ney for the western district of South
Oarolina. It was signed b.\ presi
dent Wilson and Attorney General
[<3regory. Mr. Thurmond will en
ter upon his duties during the term
of court which eonveues in Green
ville on or about April 20. He has
appointed Mr. J. Carroll Cogburn
as his private secretary.
_
Will be Candidates.
The terra of public cotton weigh
er for Edgefield will expire the first
of September, and early in August
the county surpervisor will order an
election to fiil the place. Up to
this time we have heard of two men,
3VIack Deal and Carr Williams, who
will be candidates for cotton weigh
er. Both of these gentlemen have
been identified with farming all of
their lives and are fully capable of
filling the place with entire satisfac
tion.
Gone to Denmark.
A very creditable number of la
dies and young women will attend
the meeting of the Western Divi
sion W. M. U. at Denmark on
Thursday and Friday of this week.
Among those who will attend are
Mrs. Mamie N. Tillman, vice presi
dent of this division, Miss Miriam
Norris who will add to the interest
of the !"ogram by furnishing the
solo music for the occasion. Miss
R?sela Parker will also assist by
her skillful use of the violin. Mrs.
Abner Broadwater will represent
the Edgefield society, as well as Mrs.
Fannie Tompkins, Mrs. A. E. Pad
gett, and probably others.
'Card of Thanks.
We take thu means of thanking
.our many friends far and near and
physicians for ' heir many manifes
tations of sympathy and for the
many kindnesses bestowed during
the illness and death of our beloved
>^busband and fa! her, Col. Jno. C.
Shaife^- We shall always treasure,
these kind acts in our memory and
trust that some day we can recipro
?ate.
Mrs. Gertie Shaw,
Miss Mattie Shaw,
Mrs. M. S. Lanham,
Mr. J S. L. Shaw,
Mr T. H. Shaw,
Lewis C. Shaw,
Wilburn ft. Shaw.
Miss Florence Peak Honored.
Miss Florence Pez.k has been
made one cf the editors of the new
Coke! College Quarterly, Bashaba,
a copy of which has recently come
to this office. Thia quarterly
periodical does credit to the splen
did institution from which it is
issued. An interesting incident in
?connection with this quarterly is
that recently when a selection was
being sought for the local oratorical
High School contest here, a student
found in " Bashaba a prose story
written by a Coker girl, which was
.chosen and used in the contest. The
selection won, and will be used at
the inter-high school oratorical
contest at batesbnrg this week,
where the Western Division High
School contests will be held. The
student of Edgefield High School is
greatly indebted to the Coker Col
lege student for furnishing the ma
terial for her success on this occa
sion.
To Represent Edgefield.
Some months ago the high schools
of Richland, Lexington, Saluda,
Edgefield and Aiken counties or
ganized themselves into the Athletic
and Oratorical Association of West
ern Carolina. An elocution and
oratorical contest will be conducted
nt Batesburg Friday night, April
16, and each high school in coun
ties named is entitled two contes
tants or representatives in the con
test-one girl and one boy. The
Edgefield high school held a con
test in its literary society Friday
afternoon to select two representa
tives to the Batesburg contest.
There were about a dozen to enter
this preliminary contest. Miss
Florence Miras was chosen to repre
sent the girls and Harold Norris to
.represent the boy3 of the high
school. The alternates or those
who won the second place are Miss
Ouida Pattison and Blondelle Hart.
The teachers of the high school
are delighted with the success of
the contest Friday afternoon, pro
nouncing the .exercises highly cred
itable.
Early History of Edgefield
(By Miss Sarah Rainsford''Collett.
Pursuant to the request of
state historian, to all chapter his
rians, to collect and preserve
history of our respective counti
I herewith present an article entit
"Early History of Edtretield."
During- the war ol' the Revoluti
when South Carolina was mobil
mc troop? from her scanty popu
tion, and sending supplies of fe
and ammunition to her army he:
quarters, tradition tells ns that 1
people of that part of Ninety ?
district which afterwards becai
Edgefield entered the fray, a
fought and suffered, perhaps mc
than in any other part pf the sta
One of the bloodiest episodes
that bitter war, which raged I
tween Whig and Tories in the fig
for American independence, ?
fought at Clouds Creek in 178
And here fell thirty-two martyrs
the American cause. A handsor
monument should mark this spc
but instead it is in an old fiel
overgrown with trees and shru
bery, and with nothing to tell t
coming generations of the blooc
massacre which occurred there.Th
took place in the eastern part
Edgefield district, just three mil
from the town of Leesville.
Another battle of note in th
district was fought at, or nea
"Old Pine House" only six rail?
from Edgefield. It has been sn;
gested that members of the Daugl
te rs of the American Revolution .1
Edgefield county have a marl:*
placed where this baitle was fough
Pine House, as a good many know
was, "until the completion of tl:
Charlotte, Columbia and August
railroad, the name of the post oftk
in that community, which, after th
building of said road, the post offic
and station were named Trenton
after the ancient and historic tow
of Trenton, N. J., and battle whic
took place there December 26", 1777
Old Pine House was the ancestra
home of the Weavers, a family not
ed for its wealth and lavish hot
pitality. 01d]Pine Hou*e, which ha<
become the property of the late Mr
Benjamin Bettis, was burned short
ly after the war between the state*
While these events are recorded
other operations were made tba
were of lesser importance, and th
early settlers of this county wer
massacred, their homes burned am
an earthly paradise changed int
utter desolation. It was during thes
troublous times, and while ber hue
band. James Scott, was fighting fo
American independence,- that Han
nah Beale. Scott, my great-great
grandmother, had buried in a pot
or other iron, vessel, all of the fami
ly silver-including coin as well at
silver plate-in an old field, which
owing to the death of the old ser
vant who assisted her, together witl
the long and continuous operation*
of the enemy, that the place when
the treasure was buried became
overgrown with briars and shrub
bery and was never recovered. Mrs.
Scott's home was frequently visited
by the Tories, demanding food and
other assistance, and on one occa
sion she, with her little grand
daughter, were alone in the house,
and just at the twilight hour she
had a visit from the marauding ene
my demanding money and other
valuables. Mrs. 'Scott stoutly de
clared that she had neither, which
was true, owing to the fact that a
few days previous she had had all
of her valuables buried-when, the
rascals discrediting her, turned to
the little granddaughter and de
manded that she tell where the
treasures were hidden, whereupon
the little girl, who was barefoot,
crawled under the bed to escape the
questions and threats of these out
rageous men. They persisted in their
search, and even punched the little
girl's bare feet with the < ends of
their bayonets, nut n?ither Mrs.
I Scott nor the little girl betrayed
themselves, and so the pillagers
were forced to leave without se
curing any booty. Mrs. Scott lived
on a large plantation on Turkey
Creek, three hundred acres of which
was granted to her husband, James
Sco.t, on the 13th day of .May,
17U.S. Washington's trail, leading
from Charleston to Washington, is
?said-to have passed near that part
of tlie district which became the
town of Edgefield. Efforts should
be m ide to discover this trail and
marki rs should, be erected along its
course.
In 1.788 an ordinance, was passed
by the lawmakers of South Carolina
appoint mg commissioners to divide
the dist nets of Charleston, George
town, C hera Wi Camden, Ninety Six,
Orangeburg and Beaufort into coun
ties of convenient size. In Ninety
Six the commissioner's were: John
son, Brandon, Levi Keysey (Casey),
Philemon Waters, Arthur Simkins,
Andrew J'iokens and Simon Ber
wick Under this ordinance Edge
field, Abbev ille and Newberry were
laid out. For in the Act of 1795,
"For laying off counties therein
mentioned, etc." Abbeville, Edge
field and Newberry are. spoken of
as existing counties. Edgefield dis
trict is in the western part of South
Carolina, bordering on the Sav;
nah river, which separates it fri
Georgia, and bad an area of ii ft?
hundred and forty square miles,
is bounded on tbe north by Salu
river and drained by the sources
Edisto and little Saluda rivers. T
surface moderately hilly, the s
productive, the staples being cott<
Indian corn, wheat, oats and sw?
potatoes. In 1820 the quantity
corn' and oats were the great?
raised by any one district in t
state and the quantity of cott
was not exceeded by any exceptii
Abbeville. Among the earl?
preachers in Edgefield district i
find the name of John B. Mitche
He was of the Methodist denomin
tion, and preached for fifty years
his life. He was a soldier of tl
Revolution, who, being cantun
and made a prisoner b\ the Britis
probably in New Jersey, aecomfi
nied their armies to the south as
servan*, to o*;e ot' their officers. A
other was William Eddins, wi
early became the subject of convei
ing grace, being received into tl
communion of the Baptist churcl
He was from early manhood unt
181G a most acceptable ministe
not only in Edgefield, but in oth<
parts of Souih Carolina. About th
time he removed to Tennes?e
where he died in 1837. William E<
dins was also a soldier of the Rev<
lulion, entering the service froi
Newberry county at the early ag
of kd. Not long after his service b<
gan he was taken prisoner, and wit
other prisoners sta -ted under
guard for Ninety Six. His hors
was taken from him and assigne
to one of-the guard. On their waj
his guard, who had possession o
his horse dismounted to take ;
"wee drop'' of dram and placed hi
musket against a tree. Young Fd
dins was allowed to halt, with him
he drank and repeated, until th
rest of the guard, who, with th
prisoners, among whom was Ed
din's father, had preceded the?
some distance, young Eddins ob
serving that his keeper had becomi
careles', seized his musket, mountet
his own horse, escaped. He returnee
home to inform his mother of hil
escape. He had the prudence to hid?
his gun in a hollow log. After night
and after the fimily had retired t<
bed, the Tories paid them a visit
William and bis brother secreted
themselves between the bed and the
wall; but the prying rascals, whe
were engaged in the search, dis
covered the foot of the boys, and
were in the act of dragging them
out when the mother said, **Do lei
the e?hildreu alone." Fora wondei
they desisted, and after a short time
left the house. William Eddins re
mained with Pickens till the doss
of the war and then entered upon
life without money or means of any
kind. While a resident of Edgefield
district he was engaged in the cul
ture of tobacco as well as ministe
rial work, and the first crop of to
bacco he made without a horse, but
preserving industry overcame all
difficulties, and during his residence
in Edgefield he realized quite a
comfortable foi tune.
One of the oldest house? now
standing in Edgefield county was
built by Stephen Tillman, a soldier
of the Revolution in 1760. The tall
white chimney at the end of the
house bears this date. This house is
at pre?ent owned and occupied by
Mr. S. L. Roper, a Confederate vet
eran of 77 j ears of age. The two
oldest churches in Edgefield county
are Little Stevens Creek church, a
little off the old Cambridge road,
and near Meeting Street, built about
the year 17 35, and Horn's Creek
church, abc ut five miles south of
Edgefield, on the old ''stage road,"
leading to Augusta, and built about
1792. Tradition states that the dedi
cation services of this church were
attended by persons from various
parts of the state, and that parties,
including ladies rode horseback
from Charleston, a distance of about
one hundred and fifty miles, to at
tend these services. Both of these
churches are of the Baptist denomi
nation and are built near the banks
of Stevens Creek and Horn's Creek,
respectively, from which the church
es took their names.
One of the first schools in Edge
field district was at Mount Enon.
This was a large male academy near
Coleman's Crossroads, and just a
f2W miles from the banks of Saluda
river.
The Hamburg South Carolina
railroad, one hundred and thirty
six miles in length at the time of
its completion in 1835, was the
longest railroad in the world. This
railroad had its western terminus
in Hamburg, at one time a thriving
post village of Edgefield district,
on the left bank of the Savannah
.river. A bridge connects this place
with Augusta. In days o f old Ham
burg was a great cotton .market and
business centre and planters and
trades people drove their wagons
and teams hundreds of miles, laden
with cotton and other farm prod
ucts, to market there. Tennesseeans
and Kentuckians regularly each fall
came through the county with
droves of horses, sheep, swine and
even turkeys, to the then popular
i
market of Hamborg. The first ban
in Ed ge fi eld district was at Ham
bur?.Tbe stock h o'de rs were wealth;
and prominent men and the bani
possessed large capital. A wurveyo
of prominence io the early days wa
Amos Blocker. Edg. field, the capi
tal of Edgefield district, is fifty-ai:
miles from Columbia. The villag
was the Cuunty seat in 1791 and th
first court was held here m 1792
Edgefield was incorporated a to wi
in 1880. One of the earliest teach
ers io the town of Edgefield wa
Charles N. Johnson, a gratuate o
Tale, who afterward became th?
founder of the Female college a
Anderson. The first post office a
Edgefield was established July 1
1795, with John Simkins as post
master.
Of the churches in the town ol
Edgefield the Methodist takes prece
dence over all others in point ol
age, though with no degree of ac
curacy can be given the date upon
which the first church was organiz
ed. Ic is understood, however, thal
tho first church was erected upon
the lot where now stands the home
of Mrs. J.' L. Mims. The next hou??
of worship was the Baptist faith.
The large and handgome new edi
fice just completed isjbuilt upon the
original site, the titles of which
were given nearly a century and
a half ago bv Capt. Arthur Simkins
who was also the generous donor
of several acres of land, on which
was erected Edgefield's first public
school building. To-day, on the his
toric ground, with its magnificent
stretch of woodland, stands a mod
ern brick high school building, thus
perpetuatinsr the use for which it
was given so many, many years ago.
The third church to be built in
Edgefield-and at the present time
the oldest one-is Trinity Episco
pal, church. This quaint little church
of brick, so loved by its thirty-fi\e
or forty communicants, was built
in the year 18:19. largely through
the efforts and generosity of Col.
Edmund Bacon, Mr. Whitfield
Brocks and his wife, Mrs. Mary
Parson Carroll Brooks, Mr. and
Mrs. Brooks generously donating
the lot not only on which to build
the church, but the rectory as well.
In 1839 the pastor of Trinity
church was the Rev. Edwin Reid,
followed by the Rev. Arthur Wig
fall, who 6erved the church in 1841.
The records of April 20,1848, give
the names of Whitfield Brooks, I.
Terry, E. B. Bacon, F. H. Ward
law, J. P. Carroll, Judge A. P. But
ler, Charles Meigs and N. Root as
members of Vthis church. On No
vember 1, 1885, the Rev: A.B.
Hankie baptized the following chil
?fg?*? Joseph" Hutchinson Terry,
Henry Eugene-Terry and Maryjane
Adelaide Terry. The first marriage
recorded is that of Edmund Bacon
and Mary Ann Randolph, on De
cember 10, 1835. Thus you will see
that a membership of Episcopali
ans existed several years before the
erection of their church.
Although this article is intended
to give early facts alone I cannot
refrain from mentioning the stately
gray stone church .of the Roman
Catholics, with its handsome altar
of Carolina marble, built about
1855 or 185?! This church has some
devoted members, but there is no
resident priest. Also the beautiful
little Gothic church of the Presby
terians, with its tasteful interior de
sign and finish, which was founded
about thirty years ago.
The first newspaper at Edgefield
was the Edgefield Bee Hive. This
paper was published at Potters vii le.,
near where now stands the home
of the late Dr. Horace Parker. Its
existence was of short duration, and
was followed by The Edgefield Ad
vertiser, which was established in
1835. The Advertiser is now the
oldest newspaper in South Carolina.
Among the wills first recorded
are: William Perrin, James McGit
tons, William Martin, Thomas Rob
erts, Edward Leder man, Francis
Posey, William Harvely, Sophia
Hiles*, Ellis Marcus, Robert Bel
cher, Richard Allison, William
Toi berts, Samuel Marsh, Samuel
Howard, Thomas Kirkland, Benja
min Cochran, David TribJey, Ed
ward Keating, Alexander McGreg
or, John Rivers, William Holmes,
Jacobs Fudge, John Canfield, James
Scott, Elizabeth Meyer, Peter Day.
Jonathan Wright and many others.
Most of the wills are recorded as
early as 1787 with Mr. M. Sirakins
as ordinary.
And now in closing this article
and reviewing it, I know much
more might be added about persons
of whom nothing has been said.
Many events have transpired in
the county unknown to me, and I
should be glad if the fstudy of local
history were continued-and trust
that some member of the chapter
more olever at research than I will
supplement this paper at some fu
ture meeting.
Rarely have I quoted from Chap
man's history of Edgefield, and al
though so replete with interest, only
a few of the facts that I have given
were recorded there.
Edgefield.
Edgefield, the belle of Carolina;
r
Of thy glory I love to sing;
From the. tongues of thy baave sons
Let thy commendation ring.
From the mountains to the seaboard
May we have thy endless praise,
From Carolina's orators
And in her poets lays.
South Carolina's bravest daughter!
All her song should thee admire,
For thy honor let us speak
And the poet tune his lyre.
Let us tell how thy heroes
Battled for their liberty,
Caring only for their right,
Dreading not eternity.
Dear old Edgefield! Banner county!
Of thy beauty we shall tell,
Of thy blooming fields of cotton,
And the sweet and balmy air;
With thy trees and rocky glens,
Flowery vales and hills so high, '.
Thy many winding, silvery streams,
Ever gently flowing by.
Edgefield! The proudest daughter
The Palmetto State has borne.
And with her regal grace and splendor,
She queenly sits upon her throne!
; Where e'er I go oft I'll ponder
! Upon thy light and lore,
j And may God s benedictions
Be on thee evermore!
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