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FARMERS' UNION OFFICIALS
THINK RAILROADS ARE EN
TITLED TO MORE REVENUE.
Products of Plow and Farmer Who
Liver at Home Should Be
Exempt From Increase.
; I -_
By Peter Radford.
Lecturer National Farxners' Union.
The recent action ot the Interstate
Commerce Commission in-granting an
increase in freight rates in the eastern
classification of territory; the applica
tion of the roads to state and inter
state commissions for an increase in
rates, and the utterances of President
Wilson on the subject bring the farm
ers of this nation face to face with the
problem of an increase in freight
rates. It is the policy of the Farmers'
Union to meet the issues affecting the
welfare of the farmers squarely and
we will do so in this instance.
The transportation facilities of the
United States are inadequate to ef
fectively meet the demands' of com
merce and particularly in the South
and West additional railway mileage
is needed to accommodate the move
ment of farm products. If in the wis
dom of our Railroad Commissions an
increase in freight rates is necessary
to bring about an improvement in our
transportation service, and an exten
sion of our mileage, then van increase
should b? granted, and the farmer is
willing to share such proportion of
the increase as justly belongs to him,
but we have some suggestions to make
as to the manner in which this in
crease shall be levied.
Rates Follow Lines of Least Resist
The freight rates of t'.ie nation have
been built up along lines of least re
sistance. The merchant, the manu
facturer, the miner, the miller, the
lumberman and the cattleman have
had their traffic bureaus thoroughly |
organized and in many instances they i
have pursued the railroad without '
mercy and with the power of organ- j
ized tonnage they have hammered the I
life out of the rates and with unre
strained greed they have eaten the (
vitals out of our transportation system |
and since we have had railroad com- j
missions, these interests, with skill
and cunning, are represented at every
hearing in which their business is
The farmer is seldom represented
at rate hearings, as his organizations
?A^ve never had the finances to em
ploy counsel to develop his side of
the case and, as a result, the products
of the plow bear an unequal burden
of the freight expense. A glance at
the freight tariffs abundantly proves |
thU assertion. Cotton, the leading ?
agricultural product c- the South, al
ready bears the highest freight rate of
any necessary commodity in com
merce, and the rate on agricultural
products as a whole is out of pro
portion with .that of the products of
the factory and the mine.
We offer no schedule of rates, but
hope the commission will be able to
give the railroad such an increase in j
rates as is necessary without levying
a further toll upon the products of
the plow. The instance seems to pre
sent an opportunity to the Railroad
Commissions to equalize the rates as
between agricultural and other classes
of freight, without disturbing the rates
on staple farm products.
What ls a Fair Rate?
We do not know what constitutes a
basis for rate making and have never
heard of anyone who did claim to
know much about it, but if the pros
perity of the farm is a factor to be
considered and the railroad commis
sion concludes that an increase in .
rates is necessary, we would prefer
that it come to us through articles of
consumption on their journey from
the factory to the farm. We would,
for example, prefer that the rate on |
nogs remain as at present and the ,
rate on meat bear the increase, for j
any farmer can then avoid the burden |
by raising his own meat, and a farm
er who wilkno't try to raise his own I
meat ought to be penalized. We I
think the rate on coal and brick can '
much better bear an increase than
the rate on cotton and flour. We
would prefer that the Tate on plows
remaiii the same, and machinery,
pianos and such articles as the poor-?
er farmer cannot hope to possess bear
th*? burden of increase.
The increase in rates should be so
arranged that the farmer who lives
at home will bear no part of the bur
den, but let the farmer who boards
in other states asd countries and
who feeds his stock in foreign lands,
pay the price of his folly.
A Sluggish Liver Needs Attention.
Let your Liver get torpid and
you are in for a spell of misery.
Everybody gets au attack now and
then. Thousands of people keep
their livers active and healthy by
using Dr. King's New life Pills.
Fine for the Stomach, too. Stop
the Dizziness, Constipation. Bilious
ness and Indigestion. Clear the
blond. Only v5c at your Drug
gist.- 1 \
The Edgefield Mercantile
Announces to the Public that it if now ready with ;
Fertilizers with Potash as an I
Royster's, Armour's, Swift's and
other Reliable Mar
Call on Mr. R. C. Padgett or Mr. A. E. Padgett. (
Om So HAPPY
To Have A
Copyright ism- -by C. ii..Zimmr:iman Co. - N'o. 14
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD _
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins,' C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
B. B. RUSSELL, JR.
R. E. ALLEN
Ship Your Cotton to
RUSSELL & ALLEN
COTTON FACTORS AND COMMISSION
Liberal Advances Made on Cotton in Store
Makes rain-water of the hardest water
and your ciothes 1st go tho cirt.
? SAVES CLOTHES
Red Devil Lye is powdered. L.nd dissolves fa
i.iaruly. Is in sifting-top cans i -.<! you er n v.'~c
r-.uch or little without wast?, lt in the up-to-date
lye Ho cuttir-c cf cans, co v.-mtinc.
SCured-no cutting:, no pain, no dancer, no detention
from business. Testimonials furnished from people
YOU know. Call on or write mc for particulars and
information regarding: my advanced method of treating
~" Piles, Nerve, Blood, Skin and special diseases of men
25 years' exoerience. Consultation Free. DR. W. R.
REGISTER, 506 Union National Bank Bjjililiny, Columbia. S. C
a full line of Fertilizers
Jifice at Farmers Bank
Nothing: is Better than
Dr. files' Anti-Pain Pills
They Give Relief Without
'?jcnn ."ny V::il Dr. Mit?** Rem
edies vc- been a godsend to me
and my far:: ? -I used to have
such terri! !" headacheft.,1 would al
most be wild for days at^time. I
began using Dr. Miles' Ah^l'ain 1
Pills ard never have those 'i,-^,'cl
aches any more. I can speak highly t*f
of Dr. Milos' Nervine also for lt [ \
cured one pf my children of a terrible ? I
nervous disorder. 1 can always f |
speak a got d word for your Rem
edies and haye recommended them
to a good many <>f my friends who
have been well pleased with them."
MRS. GCO. If. BRYAN,
9 Janesville, Iowa.
For Scle by All Druggists.
25 Doses, 25 Cents.
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
No doubt you are, if
you suffer from au y ot the
numerous ailments to
which an women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some of the symp
toms, and you must nd
yourself of them in order
to feel wen. Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you io
I Cardui I
The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
o? airton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking Cardui,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk? ana
the pain In my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
tryCarduL" Get a bottle
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at' Trenton
DR J. S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Cures Old Sores, Qt'nei turnstiles Won't Curt
Thc worst cases, no matter of how lons standing
are cured by th<: ,\onderful, old reliable Dr
Porter's Antiseptic Bealing Oil. It relieve
\-iiu and Heals at the same time. 25c, 50c, $1.C
"1 caa sell the eggs. Bow nany have wer**
Ifen dozen, aD tresa,"
The farmer who has a telephone in
his home can meet a business situation
whether, he be at home or in town. Gan
you call your home on the telephone like
this farmer is doing?
>v If not you are losing money by riot
using the greatest convenience of modern
times. The cost is so small that telephone
service is within reach of every one. Write
for our free booklet which tells all about
this economical service. Address
Farmers Line Department
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
& [TELEGRAPH COMPANY
South Pryor St., Atlanta, ?a.
We have accepted the agency for the
Ford Automobiles for Edgefield County,
and will have constantly on hand a stock
of Touring Cars and Run-Abouts. Shall
be pleased to show them to those who
contemplate buying a car. The Ford
cars defy Edgefield "s winter roads.
They ^are an All-the-Year-Round Car
We will, also carry a full assortment of
all parts of the Ford cars, and can fill or
ders at our GaT^gr-without~VOul hill ?hg' " """
to wait to get extra par s by express.
Make your auto wants known to us, and
we will satisfy them OE short notice and
at reasonable prices.
Auto and Repair Shop
Edgefield, South Carolina] BIP^ '
Plant Oats and Help Solve
the Cotton Problem
We have BEST of all Varieties:
Fulghum Genuine Texas
Your order or inquiry will
have our best attention.
ARRINGTON BROS, & CO.
See Charlie May. AUGUSTA^ GA.
MiiBiTiTimMiMHi^ II MU? i^mp^mfffflt
NO ADVANCE IN PRICE
SLUSKY'S ROOFING MATERIAL
ON ACCOUNT OF WAR
Our materials have advanced considerably, but having purchased im
mense stock before rise of market, we are offering the SAME AT
TRACTIVE LOW PRICES as formerly. Get our prices on METAL
SHINGLES, TIN PLATE, GALVANIZED CORRUGATED IRON and
RUBBER ROOFING, Etc. It will pay you to buy NOW as prices will
never be lower.
Phone 100. 1009 Broad Street