Newspaper Page Text
'FOUNDATION FOR GOOD ROAD
(First Thing Road Builder Should
Strive For ls to Have Ground
work Good and Solid.
<By E. TV. HOUSE. Colorado Agricultural
The good roads movement in Colo
Tado seems now to have acquired full
iswing and the next ten years will see
;most of our important roads surfaced
with gravel. It is important that this
?gravel be placed upon a good founda
tion or it will be mixed with the clay
Some time ago an important road
'was being surfaced and those in
charge were plowing up the old road,
:which was very hard, the lumps were
Ibeing broken as much as possible,
ithen the road was given a light roll
ing, wet thoroughly and the gravel
Ithen spread and rolled. When asked
?why they were putting the gravel on
?the soft mud foundation, the reply
Icame. "So that it will knit well with
Ithe clay." This is exactly what should
j be guarded against as much as possi
ble and is the very thing road builders
should seek to avoid.
I Let us remember that gravel will
j knit or mix with the cl ay below in
?spite of all we can do, but the harder
'the clay foundation surface is and the
! firmer it is compacted, tho longer will
Ithe gravel stay on top and give a j
' smooth wearing surface and the long
er the road will last
All authorities are agreed on this
i point and the first thing that a road
'builder should strive for is to have his
?earth foundation solid and hard and
Ithe drainage so fixed that it will re
CONVICTS FOR ROAD LABOR
Motorists Interested in Study Now Be
ing Conducted by National Prison
Road work for misdemeanant pris
oners is the subject of an investiga
tion which is being conducted under
?the joint direction of the National
I Committee on F:isons and Prison La
I bor and the gr. duate highways de
ipartment of Columbia university.
James Leland Stamford., who is in
Icharge of the investigation, has had
considerable experience in the road
i camps of Georgia, where the majority
of male prisoners are worked on the
The committee will consider in de
jtail such matters as the most econom
ical size of a road gang, the cost of
Convicts at Work on Public Highway.
guarding, supervising and mainte-J
! nance and the approximate value of I
la day's work. It will also show the
; possibility of increasing efficiency by
means of the payment of wages, recre
ation after work hours and the short
ening of sentence for good conduct.
Conditions in the different sections
of the country are to be dealt with,
espeoially as to the effect of the
weather and the cost of stock.
In Kalamazoo county, Mich., and
other counties where road work has
been tried, even under experimental
conditions, it has been found eminent
ly successful. In fact the knowledge
that a jail sentence will mean hard
work on the roads has a tendency
to decrease the number of commit
ments, vagrants keeping away from
.counties where they will be subjected
to work of this character.
Source of Information.
Persons interested in the good roads
problem, either from the engineering
or the legislative standpoint, will find
the report of the joint congressional
committee on federal aid to good
roads a convenient source of infor
mation. It not only contains the most
extensive data ever published on this
subject, but contains a bibliography
which gives a list pf books, pamphlets,
and speeches on all phases of the good
roads problem. The report ls printed
as House Document 1510, Sixty-third.
Congress, third session
He that hath a urade hath an estate,
and he that hath a calling hath an of
fice of profit and honor.-Benjamin
SOME SOUPS WITHOUT MEAT.
The purpose of a soup at the begin
ning of a meal is mainly to prepare
the stomach for the
heavier foods which
will follow by warming
it find stimulating the
flow o' gastric juices.
When soup is riven as
a food, taking the place
of other dishes, it
should be prepared with
that end in view. A
cream soup ls one of
these-a meal with bread and butter.
A puree of beans or peas is another
Asparagus Soup.-Take a bundle of
asparagus, cut off the heads and put
them aside for a more delicate dish
or to be used a3 a garnish for the
soup. Cover the shoots, after cutting
in small pieces, with a quan. of water;
boil up and drain off the water, throw
ing this away. Cover with boiling
salted water and cook until the as
paragus is tender. Rub through a col
ander, add this to the liquor in which
it was cooked and with a pint of milk
put on to heat. Cook together two
tablespoonfuls of flour and butter, add
to the heated soup and cook for five
minutes. Serve very hot with crou
When you have boiled cabbage for
dinner, save the water in which it
was cooked for
Celery Soup.-Put two tablespoon
fuls of butter in s. saucepan, and when
bubbling hot add a slice of onion;
cook until brown, then add the cab
bage water (a pint) and four good
sized carrots, put through the meat
grinder (fine). Stew gently for an
hour in a tightly covered kettle, theu
add two ta.blespoonfuls of butter; put
the puree through a sieve, reheat,
season wich a dash of lemon juice
and salt, and serre piping hot.
Cream of Celery Soup.-This, per
haps is the soup which is the best
liked of all the cream soups. Take
three bunches cf celery, wash and
cut into small pieces and cook slowly
for half an hour; press through a col
ander, using as much of the celery as
can be pushed through. Put this into
a double boiler with a quart of milk.
Cook together three tablespoonfuls
each of butter and flour and add to
the puree. Cook Ufctil smooth; add
seasoning of salt and dash of paprika.
Men who look on nature and their
fellow men, and cry that all is dark
and gloomy, are in the right; but the
somber colors are reflections from
their own Jaundiced eyes and hearts.
APPETIZING DISHES FOR SUNDAY
The meals for Sunday are best pre
pared largely the day before when
possible, so that
the day may be a
day of rest. If a
roast is to be
served it may be
cooked on Satur
day and reheated.
The salad may be
prepared, all ex
cept putting together. A dessert is
often better to serve if made the day
before, especially gelatin desserts.
Veal With Sour Cream.-Take a
loin of veal for roasting and lard with
strips of fat salt pork, lay some in the
pan before putting in the meat. Brown
in a hot oven or sear over in a hot
pan on toi? of tho stove, dredge with
flour and season and baste freely with
sour cream the first half hour, then
cook slowly. The flour will thicken
the gravy suffciently and it may be
served either poured around the roast
or in a sauceboat.
Cherry and Grapefruit Salad.-Cut ,
the chilled fruit in halves. Take out
the pulp with a spoon and dress with
French dressing. The juice of the
grapefruit may be used in the place
of French dressing. Serve on lettuce
leaves or return to the skin from
which the pulp was removed. Take
half a cupful of canned cherries or
maraschino cherries and add to the
Grape-Nuts Pudding.-One cupful
of grape-nuts, one quart of milk, two
eggs beaten until light, half a cupful
of sugar and hall! a cupful of raisins.
Bake slowly in a moderate oven. Serve
with sauce as follows: Two table
spoonfuls of flour added to two of
bubbling hot butter, add the juice of
one lemon and enough water to make
a thick sauce, sweeten to taste. This
will serve eight guests.
Italian Potatoes.-Cut potatoes in
cubes and cook in boiling, salted wa
ter. Drain and arrange in layers with
a rich white sauce and a generous
sprinkling of cheese. Bake until the
buttered crumbs over the top are
tn France farmers are experiment
ing with a prolific potato from Uru
guay, which perpetuates with roots
left in the soil.
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBY'S LIV-VER-LAX is
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
I effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
Land for Sale
Life is too short to go on
renting land, when you can
buy a small farm for almost
the rent money.
I have land in small lots
around Johnston, and near
Batesburg, Meeting Street,
Celestia, Rocky Creek or
Fruit Hill, Ropers and near
Edgefield, and lots and
stores in the town of Edge
Arthur S. Tompkins
Edgefield, S. C. ;
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
A Pee G
Partial List of
Pee Gea Flattest! for Interior Wall
Pea Gee Clona Enamel far bterie
Pea Gea Specification Vanishes
Pea Gee floor Wu
Pee Gea Penetrating Dystain
Pee Gee Porch Paint
Pee Gea Semi-Paste Reef and Ber
Pee Gee Creo-Stain far Roofs
Pee Gee Adamant Floor Paint
Pee Gee Wagon and Implement Pain
Pea Gee Portlanite for Concreta
Pea Gee Blue Ribbon Family Paint
Pee Gee Screen Enamel
Notice of Final Dis
To All Whom These Presents
Whereas, S. J. Watson has made
application unto this Court foi Fi
nal Discharge as Guardian in re
the Person & Estate of Emma B.
Bouknight, who is now twenty-one
years of ape, on this the 26th day
of May, 1915.
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause he
fore me at my office at Edgetield
Court House. South Carolina, on
the 29th day of June, 1915 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order of
Discharge should not be granted.
You are further notified that the
said S. J. Watson will make a final
settlement at said time and place.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
Probate Judge, E. C. ?S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
DR- J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVEK POSTOFFICE.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Cures OW So:c.. ? . aamiats Won't Curt
f he worst ca' cs. :io nutter of how long standing,
are cured 'ny thc ?.ouderiul, cid reliable Dr.
Porter's Antiseptic Heilidg Oil. It relieve!
""ainacd Keals -nih- . . . . r:-r.e 25c, 50c, $1.0*
iweiy S roo That Couoh.
A New Model Typewriter
Tte Standard Visible Writer
BUY IT NOW
Yes, the crowning typewriter triumph is here!
It is just out-and comes years before experts expected it!
For makers have striven a life-time to attain this ideal machine. And Oliver has won
again, as we scored when we gave the world its first visible writing.
There is truly no other typewriter on earth like this new Oliver "9." Think of
touch so light that the tread of a kitten will run the keys !
The new-day advances that come alone on this machine are all controlled
by Oliver. Even our own previous models-famous in their day-never
had the Optional Duplex Shift. It put the whole control of 84 letters and characters in the little fin
gers of the right and left hands. And it lets you write them all with only 28 keys, the least to operate
of any standard typewriter. Thus writers of all other machines can immediately run the Oliver Num
ber "9" with more speed and greater ease.
This brilliant new Oliver comes at the old-time price. It costs no
more than lesser makes-now out-of-date when compared with this
discovery. For while the Oliver's splendid new features are costly-we have eqaulized the added ex
pense to us by simplifying construction. Resolve right now to see this great achievement before you
spend a dollar for any typewriter. If you are using some other make you will want to see how much
more this one does. If you are using an Oliver, it naturally follows that you want the finest model.
1 *7 f*ov%l^ H f Remember this brand-new Oliver "9" is the greatest value ever given m a
*'? wCfil? CI ty tty m typewriter. It has all our previous special inventions-visible writing, auto
matic spacer, 6 1-2-onnce touch-plus the Optionsl Duplex Shift. Selective Color Attachment and all these other
Yet we have decided to sell it to everyone everywhere on our famous payment plan-17 cents a diy! Now
every user can easily afford to have the world's crack visible writer, with the famous PRINTYPE, that writes
like print, included FREE if desired.
TO-DA Y-Write for Full Details
and be among the first to know about this
marvel of writing machines. See why typ
ists, employers, and individuals everywhere are flocking to the Oliver. Just mail a postal at once. No obligation.
It's a pleasure for us to tell you about it.
The Oliver Typewriter Co., olioer Typ^?^ak
You can rent the Oliver Typewriter three (3) months for $4.00
iee Finish For Every Purpose
If you are intending to buildjj repaint or redecorate, you should investigate the merits
of Pee Gee Finishes. Remember the cost of labor is the same whether you use poor paints
and varnishes or the Pe? Geo kind. You want your buildings, inside and outside, to
look attractive. You want to avoid the expense and trouble of frequent refinishing.
Specify Pee Gee Finishes-the kind that has stood the test for almost a half a century.
.The Kind That Lasts"
COVERS more surface, lasts longer, looks better
and is more economical than Keg Lead and
Oil, hand mixed paint or ordinary ready mixed
paint MASTIC PAINT is made of pure White
Lead, re-inforced with Zinc Oxide in the corree
proportions, and pure Linseed Oil. It does not
scale and keeps its color for years. The formula
appears on every can.
Ask us for beautifully illustrated booklet, "Homes and How to Paint Them.
Also for color cards, booklets of any Pee Gee Finish you may desire, or write
for them to PEASLEE-GAULBERT CO., Incorporated, Louisville, Kentucky.
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, SOUTH CAROLINA