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MEANING OF 'DOUBLE MATING'
Subject of Interest to Fanciers of
Some Breeds, Particularly Barred
Real poultry fanciers often go into
details that have little interest for
the practical man and little real bear
ing on egg production. One subject
the fanciers of some breeds, particu
larly Barred Plymouth Rocks, have to
deal with is "double mating," or "pul
let mating," and "cockerel mating,"
which needs explanation for those not
familiar with the topic.
This is a result of the breed stand
ard calling for one color or shade for
the cock and another for the hen.
Plymouth Rock standards, for exam
: Barred Plymouth Rock Cockerel.
pler call for darker males than would
normally be produced by mating
properly colored males with properly
colored females, and they also call for
lighter colored females than would
he secured by the same mating. To
overeo nie this and to get results up
to breed qualifications it is customary
to mate rather comparatively dark
males and comparatively dark females
-when exhibition cockerels are desired,
and lighter than normal birds for ex
liibition pullets. The first is a "cock
erel mating," the second a "pullet
mating." The breed specifications
thus tend to make extra work for the
.breeder, who should be permitted to
breed only for color, form and egg
PREVENT SQFT-SHELLED EGGS
One Suggestion ls That Hens Are Not
Getting Enough Lime-Over-Feed
ing ls Another Cause.
Soft-shelled eggs may possibly be ;
a suggestion that tho hens are not
getting enough lime. Far more like
ly It Is, when your hens start laying
soft-shelled eggs, that you have been
'over-feeding, and in consequence the
:fowls are too fat. Therefore a re
duction in quantity, as well as a
change of diet is necessary.
I An excellent plan is to find out
:Wbich particular hen is at fault, and
confine her to a less fattening ration,
with only a small amount of water.
.At the end of a week restore her to
the flock, and generally increase
amount of lime given in food. A pe
riod of this dieting, followed by an
abundance of oyster shells ls almost
certain to speedily correct the trouble.
When the egg has a normal shell,
?trat one which is very thin, It Is a very
good indication that the hen is all
right, but that lime ls too scant In
this case supplying oyster shells, or
lime in another form, is quite sure to
make the egg shells thicker and
stronger very quickly.
; DAMPNESS DOES MUCH HARM
<Veung Duck or Gosling Cannot Stand
j Heavy Wetting-Cause of Rheu
matism and Colds.
I Getting the body wet in spring or
early summer will generally kill a
j young duck or gosling,
i Dampness will give them rheuma
tism and cold, and cold will bring on
A young duck caught in the rain
trill often raise its head, open its
month, and stand stone still until it
drowns, when but a few feet farther
along ft could have found shelter.
Feed Meat In Some Form.
There must be meat in some form
fa the daily bill of fare of laying and
growing stock. But that amount
should not exceed over 25 per cent of
the total amount of feed fed. Too
much meat and bone produces laxity
of the bowels, impairs the digestive
organs, and often results in soft
shelled, thin-shelled and Infertile eggs.
Value of Nest Eggs.
"While nest eggs have nothing to do
?with increased egg production, they
tutve a good mission in teaching the
hens to Icy in certain places, instead
of dropping their eggs any and every
ONE BA? OF REST
True Christian Meaning of the
Sabbath Has Not Been
Is lt not time for us to get over the
notion that Sabbath lawe are Puritan
blue laws, or that the purpose of men
who stand for the observance of the
Sabbath is to thrust it down the
throats of unwilling believers? Is lt
not time for Christian believers to end
their hesitation in,making the demand
for a wise and firm control of Sabbath
excesses? Sunday baseball and mov
ing pictures, and other forms of sport
are not so necessary to any life, noi
so helpful, that it is impertinent to
demand their cessation.
There it not much difference of opin
ion among thoughtful people about the
need of rest Ours is not the first
time when men have hurried too
much, and there are more people than
most of us suppose who are beginning
to slow down, to take things more
easily. Here ls the head of a large
business, who began in it as an office
boy, at $3 a week, and' became a part
ner while most of the men originally
in the firm were still living. He tells
that he noticed that the men who
actually did the most were not the
ones who were always nervously at
it, who never could get away, who
never had time for anything else, and
who had ao outside Interests.
Christian's Sabbath Spending.
He noticed instead that, the men
who died prematurely and' euddacfry
were those who felt they were so very
Important that they could not be
spared; so they drove themselves long
hours and as many days as possible.
Then they died, and the business
went right on. This young man de
cided that as a Christian he would be
steady and persistent, but never a
nervous worker. The Sabbath is sacred
to him, ar d he sees the common sende
of a real observance of it It gives
him a chance to let off his strain; He
points out that in his business the
men who spend the Sabbath loosely
come back on Monday in no condition
for work, while the men who epend it
in a Chrietian way are ready for their
Now, of course, the chief reason for
urging Sabbath observance is that
there is a great divine law that runs
under the whole race, which requires
not chiefly that there shall be a time
for rest, but that there shall be a time
for worship. The value of the Sabbath
from our Christian point of view ls
that it gives people a chance to wor
ship Almighty God, wnich they cannot
do if they work, and which they will
i not do if they play on Sunday. The
objection to seven-d?y work*"is that If
a man wants to worship he cannot di
it But after that there ls the large
value of the Sabbath as a time for the
building up of men. Our merchant
friend says that in theory he had al
ways held that pleasure resorts ought
to be open on Sunday for the sake of
the people who could not go to them
on week days, but the more he saw of
the result the less he believed in lt.
These are pleasures that use a man
up, instead of building him up.
Sensible View of the Matter.
One of the large business houses of
Chicago has a rule in its manual that
employes are to seek the right kind of
associations and the right kind of
pleasures outside of business hours.
That is for the sake of the business. It
is a safe rule that no man ought to do
on Sunday what wears him out for the
following week. The Sabbath was
made for man, Jesus said, and God In
tended it to be used for the highest
part of our manhood. Excesses on the
Sabbath, in any form, are a violation
not of God's law written in the Scrip
ture alone but of God's law written in
human nature. As Christian men we
are eager to upbuild the church. So
we insist upon the Sabbath. But equal
ly, as Christian men, we are eager to
develop and aid our race and civiliza
tion. So we insist again on the Sab
bath. We are not narrow-minded In
it; we are not petty and bigoted; we
are simply sensible. We are insisting
upon the thing which history and com
mon sense declare the race needs.
Editorial in The Continent
"Get the Ganj, Habit"
We were watching a gang of rail
road laborers loading rails on a fiat
car. It took about a dozen men to
carry the rail to the side of the car.
Then, at a word from the boss, all the
men lifted the iron together, and with
one synchronized snapping of their
muscles tossed lt aloft and dropped
it on the platform of the car. It was.
a striking illustration of the advan
tages of team work. So sailors, haul
ing on a rope, get the cutter aboard,
because they all heave and strain at
the same instant. If we are to pre
vail in educational, religious or social
fields of work, we must develop* the
team system. Get the gang habit
not the habit of the Bowery gang, or
of the hoodlum "bunch," but the habit
of ganging to church, to Sunday
school, to conventions, to any and all
scenes of useful labor. We can do it
al! if we all do lt.-Zion's Herald.
All Thread? of Gold.
Little self-denials, little honesties,
little passing words of sympathy, lit
tle nameless acts of kindness, little
silent victories over favorite tempta
tions-these are the silent threads of
gold which, when woven together,
gleam out so brightly In the pattern
of life that God approves. - Canon
When self is enthroned, Passion is
made prime minister, and Principle
becones court fool.-8. John Duncan
God Appointed Labor for the
Training of the Individual
Let ns consider the moral uses of
work. It acquaints man with nature,
and gives him a liberal education.
Man's knowledge of himself and the
world in which he lives, comes from
his work. Working with the soil for
food, man discovered the beginning of
agriculture. Working with a forked
stick, he invented his plow. Carrying
his burden across the rivers, he
thought out his boat Stooping un
der his load, he mastered the horse,
and made him bear his burden. Work
ing with wild roots, man found the
grape and apple. ' Working in stones,
be wrought out his house. All the fine
arts, all the knowledge, came from
the dally task. It is work that in
structs man and disciplines him in
the great university of daily life.
There is a culture to he found in the
school of toll. %
Work Means Training.
God has appointed work for the
training of the individual in morals.
Men speak of business as a sphere of
temptation and testing; but lt is also
a drill room in which youth may he
taught all the fundamental moral
qualities. Our Lord himself was
trained for his mission as a great re
ligious teacher in a handicraft. He
became the world's greatest reformer,
and his preparatory school was a car
penter shop. He developed all the
root moral qualities that blossomed
into the higher spiritualities in the
years of his toil, until the age of
thirty. In his association with men
he developed sympathy with them,
and an exquisite gentleness and ten
derness toward poor and weak. The
beginning of power over men is In
sensitiveness and sympathy. . Influ
ence is possibly only from personal
experience of the fallings, privileges,
ambitions, disappointments, and suc
cesses of our fellow-men. No self
centered man can develop sympathy
with his fellow. To break down the
walls of prejudice and develop a
knowedge of one's self and one's com
panions, is to develop the primary
moral qualities essential to the high
est character. God enters every child
in the school of work, that he may
become a Christian.
Tasks Are as We Make Them.
Nothing is more certain than that
we make our task beautiful or menial
by the spirit we put into lt. There
are two ways in which a house may
be approached. The contractor'3
view is one, and the owner's.
another. "The builder " tolls ^jfcs
money. He has no particular en
thusiasm for the structure, ever
thinking of the gold named as his
wage. How different the owner's at
titude! To him the walls and ceilings
are as the walls of heaven. They are
covered with pure ideals, holy affec
tions, and the solemn love and prayer
that happiness and beauty will fill
that home. There ie no decorator like
the heart. The soul can breathe the
spirit of beauty into any task. Re
member how Fra Angelico painted
upon his knees, and borrowed a di
vine luster for his canvas. Remem
ber how Milton, lifting his sightless
eyes towards the sky, saw the heav
ens open, and Christ standing at the
riKht hand of God: and from his
vision brought a splendor to his sol
emn poem. The time has come when
we must practice the art of carrying
our work up to the higher spiritual
level. Once, when the cathedral was
dedicated, the priests fell upon their
knees in solemn worship. In the fu
ture we shall learn to enter a shop or
store or factory In the spirit bf the
reverence of our great Master, who
said, "My Father worketh hitherto,
and I work." We shall then know
what it 1B to be diligent in business,
fervent in spirit, serving the Lord.
Rev. A. H. Lucas, D.D.
"He performeth the thing that ls ap
pointed for me."-Job 28:14.
The trails of time were appointed
In eternity. He that chose us into
eternal life, ordained the path by
which we were to reach it Nothing
ever happens to us by chance. Our
little trials, our great troubles, our
heavy crosses, and our painful losses,
are all a part of God's plan. Nor were
they appointed for us merely In the
exercise of divine sovereignty, but
because our God saw them to be nec
essary, and intended to make them
real blessings to us. Every cross is
a mercy, every loss a gain, every trou
ble a covenant blessing, every trial a
6eed of joy. We shall be better in fu
ture for what we suffer now. If we
sow in tears, we shall reap in joy. A
wet spring will introduce a glorious
harvest. Many of our present tears
will crystalize into pearls, and will be
an ornament to us in glory. And not
only so, but the same love that or
dained our trials, ordained our
strength to bear them.-Rev. Jos.
Good Deed Will Flourish.
We can furnish nothing in this life,
but we may make a beginning and
bequeath a noble example. Thus
character is the true antiseptic of so
ciety-the good deed leaves an in
delible stamp; it lives on and on,
and while the frame moulders and
disappears, the great worker lives for
ever in the memory of his. "Death,"
says the philosopher, "is a co-ming
ling of Eternity with Time. In the
death cf a good man, Eternity is
seen looking through Time."-Samuel
Southern Railway Schedule.
Premier Carrier of the South
Reduced Fares From Edgefield
$13.40 Charlottesville, Va., and re
turn. Account Summer School,
TJ. of Va. Tickets on sale June
20 to 28 inclusive. Return limit
16 days with privilege of exten
sion to Sept. 30, 1915, by depos
iting and payment of fee $1.00.
$6.05 Rock Hill, S. C. and Return
Account Winthrop College Sum
mer School. Tickets on sale
June 14, 15, 18 and 30, July 1
and 2. Return limit July 31,
$10.50 Knoxville, Tenn, and re
turn. Account Summer School,
U. of Tenn. Tickets on sale
June 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, July 2,
3, 10 and 17. Return limit 15
days with privilege extension to
Sept. 30, 1915, by depositing and
payment fee $1.00.
$7.10 Black Mountain, N. C., and
Return. On dale special dates in
June, July and August 1915, ac
count various meetings. Inquire
of agents for details.
Also Summer Tourist Fares to
many resort points. For additional
information communicate with
J. A. TOWNSEND, Ag'L
Edgefield, S. C., or Magruder
Dent, Dist-, Pass. Agent, Augus
business Wan Trohes
Dr. Miles' Heart Remedy
Successful Merchant After Investigation
Found a Remedy That Re
stored His Health.
"This ls Thanksgiving day 1n the
state of Pennsylvania, and I want to
devot? a pirt of
lt in writing a
letter to you.
On the 2Gth day
I was stricken
called it Angina
Pectoris. I had
from one to five
attacks in 24
hours, in the
latter part of
I wrote to th?
Miles Medical Co., for information con
cerning my case, end in reply 1 received
a very kind and instructive letter,
and he tolavme to ?se' yo?f" ft?m?meii^
In connection with the medicine ha
gave me. so I did. I used five bottles
of Dr. Miles' Heart Remedy'and seven
bottles of Dr. Miles' Nervine. I was
confined to the house for about four
months. The action of my heart is
now, and has been normal for the last
six month?. I can truly recommend
Dr. Miles' Nervine and Heart Remedy
to do what they are intended for, if
used according to directions. I thank
you kindly for ynur advice in answer to
my monthly reports. I am now sixty
seven years of age, have been In the
mercantile business for thirty-five years
and lived retired for the Inst thirteen
years." JL B. HOLUNGSR,
Dr. Mllen' Heart Remedy is sold and
guaranteed by all dru cc ?ste. is
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
should be "nipped in the
bud", for if allowed to run
unchecked, serious results
may follow. Numerous
cases of consumption, pneu
monia, and other fetal dis
eases, can be traced back to
a cold. At the first sign of a
cold, protect yourself by
thoroughly cleansing you
system with a few doses of
the old reliable, vegetable
Mr. Chas. A. Ragfand, o
Madison Heights. Va., says:
"1 have been using Thed
ford's Black-Draught for
stomach troubles, indiges
tion, and colds, and find it to
be the very best medicine I
ever used, lt makes an old
man feel like a young one."
Insist on Thedford's, thc
original and genuine. E-67
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
apply at once the wonderful old reliable Dk
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HEALING OIL. a sur
fical dressing that relieves pain and heals a
he same time. Not P liniment. 25c. f*K%Ot
To Ct re a Cold In One Day
Take LAXA'f rVE BROMO Quinine. It stops the
Cough and Headache and works off the Cold.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature on each box. 25c
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.
College of Charleston
South Carolina's Oldest College
131st Year Begins October
Entrance examinations at all the county seats on Friday, July
2, at 9:00 A. M.
Full four-year courses lead to the B. A. and B. S. degrees.
A two-year pre-medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is assigned to each county of the
Spacious buildings and athletic grounds. Well equipped
laboratories. Unexcelled library facilities.
Expenses moderate. For terms and catalogue address
HARRISON RANDOLPH, President.
Call for it
In a bottle
through a straw.
Notice to Farmers
For the benefit of our friends we wish to advise
that you can bring all of your live stock intended for
sale to our-^
North Augusta Abattoir
Just East of North Augusta Bridge
and sell them to our customers without charges.
t Express shipments of Live Calves, Hogs and Lambs
should be made to office in Augusta, Ga. No charge made
L. Scharff & Co, ,